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  • In literature, a conceit is an extended metaphor with a complex logic that

  • governs a poetic passage or entire poem. By juxtaposing, usurping and

  • manipulating images and ideas in surprising ways, a conceit invites the

  • reader into a more sophisticated understanding of an object of

  • comparison. Extended conceits in English are part of the poetic idiom of

  • Mannerism, during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century.

  • Metaphysical conceit In English literature the term is

  • generally associated with the 17th century metaphysical poets, an extension

  • of contemporary usage. The metaphysical conceit differs from an extended analogy

  • in the sense that it does not have a clear-cut relationship between the

  • things being compared. Helen Gardner observed that "a conceit is a comparison

  • whose ingenuity is more striking than its justness" and that "a comparison

  • becomes a conceit when we are made to concede likeness while being strongly

  • conscious of unlikeness." An example of the latter would be John Donne's "A

  • Valediction: Forbidding Mourning ", in which a romantic couple is likened to a

  • compass. The metaphysical conceit is often

  • imaginative, exploring specific parts of an experience. John Donne's "The Flea"

  • is a poem seemingly about fleas in a bed. When Sir Philip Sidney begins a

  • sonnet with the conventional idiomatic expression "My true-love hath my heart

  • and I have his". He takes the metaphor literally and teases out a number of

  • literal possibilities in the exchange of hearts. The result is a fully formed

  • conceit. Petrarchan conceit

  • The Petrarchan conceit is a form of love poetry wherein a man's love interest is

  • referred to in hyperbole. For instance, the lover is a ship on a stormy sea, and

  • his mistress is either "a cloud of dark disdain" or the sun.

  • The paradoxical pain and pleasure of lovesickness is often described using

  • oxymoron, for instance uniting peace and war, burning and freezing, and so forth.

  • But images which were novel in the sonnets of Petrarch became clichés in

  • the poetry of later imitators. Romeo uses hackneyed Petrarchan conceits when

  • describing his love for Rosaline as "bright smoke, cold fire, sick health".

  • Etymology In the Renaissance, the term indicated

  • any particularly fanciful expression of wit, and was later used pejoratively of

  • outlandish poetic metaphors. Recent literary critics have used the

  • term to mean simply the style of extended and heightened metaphor common

  • in the Renaissance and particularly in the 17th century, without any particular

  • indication of value. Within this critical sense, the Princeton

  • Encyclopedia makes a distinction between two kinds of conceits: the Metaphysical

  • conceit, described above, and the Petrarchan conceit. In the latter, human

  • experiences are described in terms of an outsized metaphor, like the stock

  • comparison of eyes to the sun, which Shakespeare makes light of in his sonnet

  • 130: "My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun."

  • Notes ^ Stephen Cushman; Clare Cavanagh; Jahan

  • Ramazani; Paul Rouzer. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics:

  • Fourth Edition. Princeton University Press. p. 290. ISBN 1-4008-4142-9.

  • ^ Helen Gardner, The Metaphysical Poets, 1961, "Introduction" p. xxiii.

  • ^ Robert H. Ray. An Andrew Marvell Companion. Taylor & Francis. p. 106.

  • ISBN 978-0-8240-6248-4. ^ "Sir Philip Sidney. "My true love hath

  • my heart, and I have his." Love sonnet from "Arcadia."". Luminarium.org.

  • Retrieved 2013-07-05. ^ Najat Ismaeel Sayakhan. THE TEACHING

  • PROBLEMS OF ENGLISH POETRY IN THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENTS. Author House. p.

  • 58. ISBN 978-1-4969-8399-2. References

  • Lakoff, George and Mark Turner. More than Cool Reason: A Field Guide to

  • Poetic Metaphor. Princeton, NJ: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

  • Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan. The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and

  • Poetics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993.

  • External links George Herbert, "Praise"

  • Shakespeare's Sonnet 130, from Wikisource.

In literature, a conceit is an extended metaphor with a complex logic that

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理念 (Conceit)

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    Chia-Yin Huang 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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