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  • Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video I am going to teach you

    嗨大家好,我是Emma,在今天的影片當中

  • an amazing way to listen and take notes.

    我將會教你們如何有效聽課和作筆記

  • This method I am going to teach you today is really, really going

    我即將教給你們的方法絕對能讓你們獲益良多,

  • to help you, and I know this because I use this method myself, and I found it has really,

    我會這麼說是因為,從大學開始我就一直使用這個方式學習,

  • really helped me when I was in university, during meetings, during all sorts of different

    直到現在無論在任何場合都仍然很有幫助,在會議上,不同的活動當中,

  • situations. This method really works.

    只要運用這個方法都無往不利

  • So, first, before I teach you about the method, I want you to think about yourself and I want

    那接下來,在我開始講解這個方法之前,我希望你們去思考一件事:

  • you to think about: When do you take notes? Okay? So, when do you listen and when do you

    你什麼時候會做筆記? 好了嗎 ? 那麼,當你在聽講的時候,你都什麼時候做筆記?

  • take notes? So, some of you might think... Maybe you're in university, maybe you're in

    你們當中有些人可能會想....可能你在大學裡,可能你在某個學院,

  • college, maybe you're in high school, and you have to listen to your teacher talk, and

    或許你處於高中階段,而你必須聆聽老師的講解,同時,

  • you have to take notes to help you remember what they are saying. Maybe you've graduated

    你也要做筆記方便之後再複習老師授課內容

  • and you're working in a business, and you have meetings and... Or presentations, and

    或許你已經是在企業工作的社會人士,而你有很多會議必須參加,或者做簡報,

  • you also need to take notes. So, this method will work for whether you're working or you're

    你也需要做筆記。不論你是社會人士或者是學生,這個方法都很有用

  • studying. Maybe you're taking the IELTS or the TOEFL, this can also help you on the TOEFL

    或許你正在準備雅思或托福考試,這個方法也能幫助你訓練

  • test in terms of improving your listening and taking notes.

    並改善托福的聽力,以及作筆記的技巧

  • So, how do you take notes? Okay? I know some students, they watch their professor or their

    那麼,你怎麼做筆記呢? 想好了嗎? 我知道有些學生,他們習慣看著教授、老師講課,

  • teacher talk, and they use their computer, and they just type everything their professor

    同時使用筆記型電腦,他們每字每句都輸入電腦裡

  • or teacher says. Is this something you do? Maybe you write your notes, and you write

    你是這麼做的嗎?又或者,你在筆記本上寫下所有講課內容,

  • every single thing your professor says down on a piece of paper, or anything somebody

    甚至是其他人說的話嗎 ?

  • says. Well, there are a couple of problems with these methods, and I'm going to explain

    其實呢,這些方法都有一些盲點,我將會一一解釋給你們聽

  • to you some of the problems now. So, for people who like to take notes by computer, there

    那麼,對於使用筆記型電腦做筆記的同學來說,你們有幾個優勢

  • are some advantages of this. You're able to type really quickly and you're able to get

    你能夠以最快速的方法記下所有你聽到的內容,而且很容易收藏保存

  • a lot of what you hear down on your computer, and it's easy to save. But the problem with

    但這個方法的缺點是,你都只是在「被動地聽講」

  • this is it's a type of passive listening. So, a lot of the times you're not actually

    因此,你利用了很多時間在轉換自己所聽到的內容,並輸入電腦裡,

  • using your brain to interpret what you're listening to, and you're not actively listening.

    但你並沒有很積極、主動的在聽課

  • You're just copying word for word, you're not actually doing anything active with the

    你只是將所有話都輸入電腦,你沒有將講課內容內化整理後再作筆記

  • material you're listening to. So, working with a computer-and I've seen this in my university-a

    所以,至少在我看來,很多用電腦做筆記的同學,

  • lot of students also end up going on Facebook during the lesson or lecture. So, a lot of

    最後都變成在課堂上使用facebook,也就是說,大部分的時間他們其實都不專心

  • the times they get very distracted. When they should be listening, they're actually not. So,

    他們並沒有在該認真聽講的時間點上專注

  • for me personally and I think for a lot of people, using a computer to take notes is

    我個人認為,對許多人而言,用電腦做筆記是很好的方式

  • not the best method. Again, for some people it might work, but for a lot of people it

    但我必須再次強調,這對有些人是有用的,但對很多人來說,這是個不明智的選擇

  • doesn't. A lot of the times it's actually better to take notes by hand, and the reason

    從多方角度來看,手寫筆記是很好的方式,原因是因為,

  • is when you take notes by hand, you have to think about what you're writing because writing

    當你手做筆記,你必須先經過大腦思考要如何書寫,

  • takes a bit longer than typing. So you're organizing the material, therefore it's more

    因為手寫花的時間稍微長一點。這樣一來,當你在整理思緒的時候,

  • of an active way to listen. Okay? And they've done psychology studies on this, and they

    相對於打字而言是更主動地去聽講並思考,懂嗎 ? 有心理學家也對這些方式做了研究,

  • do find that taking your notes by hand is often better than taking notes by a computer.

    他們也發現,手寫筆記確實比電腦打字輸入的效果好很多

  • So, today I am going to teach you a way to take notes by hand using what is called

    那麼,今天我將要教你手寫筆記的方式叫做

  • "The Cornell Method". This method was developed at Cornell University, and a lot of universities

    「康乃爾筆記術」。這是由康乃爾大學發展出來的筆記法,因為成效很好

  • actually encourage students to use this method because it is very good. So, what is the Cornell

    很多大學也鼓勵學生用這個方法做筆記,那麼,什麼是康乃爾筆記術呢?

  • Method? Okay, well, I'm glad you asked. So, I have here an example of how you would organize

    我很高興你有這個怡疑問,我會舉一個例子來告訴你應該如何整理筆記

  • your paper. Imagine this is your paper that you take your notes on. What you can do is

    想像一下,這是你用來做筆記的紙張

  • you can make a box just like this where you have a box where you write the title and the

    你可以畫一個像這樣的表格,你可以寫下標題、上課日期

  • date of the lesson, you have a square or a rectangle here, you have a rectangle here,

    你會看到有一個正方形或長方形表格,這邊也是一個長方形,

  • and you have a rectangle at the bottom. Okay? So, in total you have-one, two, three, four

    最後,在底部也有一個長方形,好了嗎?那麼你總共有-一、二、三、四,

  • -four different rectangles.

    四個不同的長方形

  • Now, what do you do? So, I already said you write the title here and the date here. In

    那麼現在應該怎麼做? 我已經告訴過你們要將標題和日期寫在這個區塊

  • this column, you're going to write the main idea or the keyword a professor is using.

    在這個表格內,你必須寫下主旨,或是教授說出的重點句

  • Now, if this is confusing, that's okay because I will show you an example of a finished note.

    如果你覺得很困惑,沒關係,因為我給你們看的是一個完成的筆記

  • Okay? But for now, just to explain, in this column we're going to write any big, important

    懂嗎? 但為了方便解釋,在這個表格內我們只會寫下最重要的字,好嗎?

  • words. Okay? So if you're learning about, you know, gravity, you might write the word:

    所以如果你正在學重力,你可能必須寫下的單字就有:

  • "gravity" here. Okay? You can also write questions here. "What is gravity?" Or you can write

    「重力」,可以嗎? 你也可以寫下一些問句,例如「重力是什麼?」

  • the main idea. So this is just almost like the big ideas that you're listening to.

    或者你也可以寫出主旨。因此大致來說,這個欄位是讓你寫下課堂大重點的

  • This is where we write the smaller ideas, the details. So if you're learning about history

    而這個部分,我們可以寫下小提醒,以及細節內容。那如果你在學歷史相關的東西,

  • or, you know, something like that, you can write the dates here. Okay? Maybe you're learning

    你可以在這邊寫下日期,可以嗎? 或許你正在學關於莎士比亞的東西,

  • about Shakespeare, so you might write, you know: "Shakespeare" here and when he was born,

    因此你就可能會在這邊寫下「莎士比亞」,並且記錄他的出生、死亡日期

  • when he died. You can write details, details about what you're learning. Definitions. If

    你可以寫下所有你學到與他相關的細節,接下來是定義

  • you're learning a new word, you can write the meaning here. If you're taking a science

    如果你學到了一個新的單字,你可以把他的意思寫在這邊

  • class, you can write your formulas here. You can write examples here. Maybe if they're

    如果你在上自然科學,你可以把公式、或是解釋寫在這裡

  • explaining, you know, something about science and something about, you know, planets, you

    他們可以是對星球的解釋,或者你也可以寫關於有關水星的內容

  • can write an example here about Mercury. And you can also draw pictures here. A lot of

    你也可以在這一個格子裡面畫圖

  • students, they don't put pictures in their notes, but it actually is a great idea to

    很多學生不習慣在筆記上畫畫,但它能夠幫助我們更理解、

  • help with understanding and to also help you remember what you're... What you're learning.

    有效記住我們所學的內容

  • So here you write the big ideas or the keywords, here is the detail, and finally at the bottom,

    所以在左邊是寫下主旨、大重點,右方欄位是寫下細節、內容,接下來是底部,

  • after, you know, you've gone through the notes... So while you're listening to your professor

    在你看完了筆記之後...記得,當你在課堂上聽講的時候,

  • or your teacher, you're writing here and here. And then once the class is over, you think

    你使用的是這兩個欄位。課程結束之後,你必須思考自己學到了什麼,並且複習課堂上的筆記

  • about what you learned, and you look. You look here, you look here, and then you can

    看一下左邊欄位,接著再看看右邊來為,接著你可以寫下4到5項今天所學的內容

  • write maybe four or five things that you learned today. Just by thinking about that at the

    只要靠這樣思考,

  • end of each class will really, really help you to remember, you know, the material.

    真的可以幫助自己有效記憶上課所學

  • So this is a very active way to take notes because you're organizing things, you're using

    這是以主動思考的方式去做筆記,因為你會整理事件,你有效運用了大腦,

  • a lot of brain power which is good, and you're going to remember a lot more than if you just

    因此,你能夠記住的東西將比只是把所有資訊輸入電腦,

  • type up everything the professor says on the computer or if you just write everything the

    或是記下教授所有上課內容還要豐富,多元

  • professor says on the computer. The other great thing about this method is it's so easy

    這個方法的另一個優點是,你很容易運用這個筆記為考試做準備

  • when you're studying for a test or an exam. You can find ideas very quickly. So, if you

    你可以快速複習

  • want to go back to about gravity, you can look for:

    舉例來說,如果你想要複習有關重力的東西,你可以看:

  • "Okay, where is gravity? Oh, here's gravity."

    「什麼是重力呢....? 啊,找到了,有關重力的筆記!」

  • And then you can read up on some of the details about gravity. So it's very,

    接下來,你可以閱讀以下之前自己記下有關重力的細節

  • very good for organizing your notes, which will help you in terms of your test. So now

    所以,這實在是一個很有用的筆記術,也能讓你有效準備考試

  • I'm going to show you an actual example of the Cornell Method with actual notes in them.

    那麼現在,我要讓你們看一下利用康乃爾比技術所做出的筆記

  • Okay, so imagine I'm actually listening to a teacher talk about the history of English,

    那現在請你們想像,我正在上一堂講解英文發展歷史的課程,

  • and I've just written my notes. Okay? So now I'm going to talk about what I wrote. So here

    而我也已經將筆記寫好了,好嗎? 那我現在要和你們討論我寫了什麼東西

  • is the title. The lesson I listened to is called "English 101". Whenever you see "101"

    這邊是寫下標題,課程名稱是「英文101」。只要你看到「101」,

  • that usually means it's an introduction to something. I've written the date here. This

    通常都代表這是對某項事情的介紹。那這個部份我寫下了日期

  • isn't the real date. It's not 2060, but I have no idea when you're going to watch this,

    這不是真的日期,現在不是2060,但我不知道你什麼時候才會看到這個影片,

  • so I've decided to just make up a date. So, here, again, are the key ideas or main words.

    所以我就隨邊挑了一個時間。接下來,這的地方,我再一次強調,是要寫下大意、主旨

  • So... Or questions. I have here: "What is English?", "Dialects", and "American vs. British".

    呃..或者是問題。我這邊寫的是:「英文是什麼?」「方言」「美式vs英式」

  • So, the beauty about this is when I'm studying for my test, I can quickly find the material.

    那麼,這邊的優點就是,如果我需要準備考試,我可以迅速找到自己想複習的內容

  • If I need to find out: What's the difference between America vs. British, I can just scan

    如果我想要讀:美式英語和英式英語有什麼不同,我可以找到關鍵字,

  • and go right here. Okay?

    就開始閱讀細節,了解嗎?

  • Here I have all the details. So, notice this has a lot more words than this. This is just

    我在這裡寫下了詳盡內容,那麼,注意一下,右方表格內的文字比左方多上許多

  • one or two words, whereas this is a lot more information. So, here under the question:

    左邊只有一兩個關鍵字,然而右方欄位我們可以寫下很多資訊

  • "What is English?" I wrote: It's official... It's the official language in 60 countries.

    那看一下這邊,「英文是什麼?」 我寫的是:「他再60個國家裡被當作官方語言使用」

  • It's the most widely learned second language, and it's an Indo-European language. Okay?

    「這是世界上第二大語言,屬於印歐語系」了解嗎?

  • So you'll notice I didn't write full sentences here. There's no point. You're trying to write

    你會注意到我沒有寫下所有句子。那樣做並沒有重點,你必須盡你所能的快速寫下

  • as quickly as you can. So instead of, you know, writing:

    上課內容。所以與其寫下:

  • "It's the official language of 60 countries", I just put: "60 countries = official",

    「它在60個國家是官方語言」,我只有寫:「60個國家=官方」,

  • and I could write "lang" here.

    我可以在這邊寫下「lan」,

  • This is short for "language". If you can and you keep hearing the same words again and

    也就是「language」的縮寫。如果在一堂課中,你持續聽到某一個單字,

  • again in your lecture, you don't have to write them out fully. You can find a short form

    你就不需要將他們完整的寫下,你可以寫下那個單字的縮寫

  • to write. Any time I see this, I know: "Okay, language." Just like down here: "diff", for

    每次我只要看到這個所寫,我就知道:「好的,這是關於語言」。那下面這個「diff」,

  • me that's "difference". So I don't have to waste time writing it all out. Okay, so this

    對我來說就是「difference」的縮寫。這樣一來我就不用浪費時間把他們完整的寫下

  • is: "What is English?"

    那麼接下來「什麼是英文?」

  • And then I have dialects: Jamaican, Indian, Australian, New Zealand, Canadian, etc. A

    我就註記了一些方言:雅買加、印度,澳洲、紐西蘭、加拿大等等

  • dialect is a type of English. There are many different types of English. And maybe the

    各個方言都是英文的一種。而世界上有很多不同形式的英文

  • professor talks too quickly and you have no idea: "What is a dialect? I don't understand."

    或許教授講太快,你也沒有聽清楚:「什麼是方言?我不了解」

  • That's... That's good. What you can do with that is down here you can also write questions

    這是很好的,你可以在左方欄位寫下問題

  • you have about the material. You know: "I don't know what a dialect is. Look up later."

    並且寫下:「我不知道什麼是方言,等一下要查」

  • Or something like this. So this can also help you see what you need to look into or what

    或者用任何類似的句子。 這樣一來,你就能記得你等一下應該要查什麼資料,

  • you can ask your teacher or professor about. Okay.

    或是下課要問教授或老師什麼問題,好的。

  • And then over here I have: "American vs. British". So, the teacher was talking about American

    那在這邊,我又寫了:「美式vs英系」。也就是說,老師那時候在討論美式跟英式英文的不同

  • vs. British English. So I wrote: "er" pronunciation, it's different between American and British

    所以我就寫下「er」的發音,因為在兩種方式內發音方式不一樣

  • English. The vocabulary can be different. And again, I would write a bunch of examples

    運用用的單字可能也會不一樣,所以我會寫下很多不同的範例

  • here. You know, maybe I might write: "lift vs. elevator is different", or you know, real

    我可能會寫「lift跟elevator的不同」,或者,一些實際的範例

  • examples. This is just an example. It's not totally filled out. You would have a lot more

    這都只是舉例,不是從課堂中聽來的。

  • detail when you listen to a lecture or a lesson.

    上課的時候你可能會有更多的細節要補充

  • So if you're actually interested in American vs. British English

    因此,如果你真的對美式以及英式英文之間的比較很有興趣

  • and the differences, we do have a video on that at www.engvid.com.

    我們有一個關於這類比較的影片在www.engvid.com上

  • And what I actually highly recommend is for you to try to listen to that video,

    我也很建議你們可以去看看那個影片,

  • and you know, practice this method. Write the title of the video, the date, write some of the

    並且同時練習這個筆記術,寫下影片標題,日期,還有一些老師提到的關鍵字,

  • key points the teacher is going to talk about, and some of the details. You can do that with

    最後在填齊一些細節內容

  • any videos on our website and, you know, for practice and it will actually help you learn

    你可以利用我們網站的所有影片練習這個技巧,它也能夠幫你更有效率的學系,並且背誦

  • the material better and remember the material more. And then you can use this again

    而且這個方法適用於大學、學院、中學、公司會議,

  • in high school, in university, in college, in business meetings, wherever you need to take notes.

    或者任何你需要做筆記的場合

  • The last thing I wanted to say is: "Today I learned". Once you have listened to the

    最後一個我想補充的是「今天我學了什麼」。在你上完課之後,

  • lecture, think about the material and think about: "What did I learn today?" So maybe

    想想上課內容,並思考「我今天學到什麼?」

  • today I learned that there are many types of English. There's Jamaican, Indian, Australian,

    或許我今天學到了英文的種類。有雅買加、印度、澳洲,或各種其他的方言

  • there's so many different types. Maybe today I learned there's a difference between American

    又或者我今天學到了美式以及英式英文「er」發音的相異之處

  • English and British English in terms of "er" pronunciation. I recommend writing, you know,

    我建議你可以寫下各種不同的例子

  • multiple things here. You usually learn at least four or five things in a lesson, probably

    一堂課的時間,通常最少都能學到4到5件事情,或者還能更多

  • more. But what you can do is think about: What are the four most important things I

    而你可以思考的是:「今天我學到最重要的事情是什麼?」

  • learned today? And write those four of the most important things down. This will really,

    並且寫下最重要的四點下來

  • really help you to remember the material.

    你一定會從這個方法中獲益良多

  • So, I'd like you to come visit our website at www.engvid.com.

    那麼,我非常希望你可以造訪我們的網站:www.engvid.com

  • There, we have a lot more resources on all sorts of different topics

    我們有各式各樣不同的學習影片公布在上面,

  • where you can practice using this method while you watch our videos.

    你可以透過觀看我們的影片,來練習怎麼做這樣的筆記

  • You can also subscribe to my YouTube channel where you'll find a lot of other resources,

    你也可以訂閱我在YouTube的頻道,

  • a lot of great resources on all sorts of different topics about English.

    並且從各種不同主題的影片挑選一個自己喜歡的來看

  • So until next time, thank you for watching and take care.

    那麼,下次見了,謝謝你們的觀賞,大家保重 !

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video I am going to teach you

嗨大家好,我是Emma,在今天的影片當中

字幕與單字
已審核 字幕已審核

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 寫下 內容 重力 方言 日期 電腦

提高學習效率終極秘法:康乃爾筆記法 (How to study efficiently: The Cornell Notes Method)

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    keep seeing 發佈於 2016 年 10 月 17 日
影片單字