中級 3216 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
In July 2016, a knife attack in Japan killing 19 people sent shockwaves across the country.
This was the largest mass killing ever seen in Japan’s modern history.
In fact, over the last 60 years, Japan’s violent crime rate has steadily declined,
and today, the country has one of the lowest homicide rates in the world.
So why is it that Japan is so safe?
Well, many attribute the low rate of crime to the low rate of gun ownership.
According to separate reports by the University of Chicago and the United Nations, just one
in 175 households in Japan own firearms, compared to the United States, where it is one in three.
This is largely because Japan makes purchasing a gun extremely difficult.
Most firearms are illegal, as the country’s 1958 Weapons Control Law states that "No person
shall possess firearms or swords" and even exceptions to this law are heavily regulated.
According to the Atlantic, buying a gun in Japan requires a rigorous background check,
screenings for mental illness and sobriety, as well as an all-day class ending in a written exam.
What’s more, gun owners must provide law enforcement with the exact location of their weapon and ammunition,
both of which much be locked and stored separately.
Gun owners are even required to retake the class every three years, and hand over their
weapon to police for annual exams.
Others credit Japan’s safety to its highly efficient criminal justice system.
Police extract confessions from 95 percent of those arrested, and according to their
own data, solve 98 percent of homicide cases.
The conviction rate is also reportedly very high at 99 percent as juries do not exist
but Japan's criminal justice system is not perfect. Courthouses are understaffed and judges are reportedly promoted according
to the speed by which they process cases.
This pressure to convict provides the illusion that every crime is investigated and solved,
but many allege that the system does not paint an accurate picture of violent crime rates in Japan.
This is all against the backdrop of Japan’s uniquely non-violent culture, which strongly
emphasizes honor and politeness, and considers anger and aggression shameful, even childish.
Some experts link this to the aftermath of World War Two, when Japan constitutionally
and philosophically rejected violence after being victim to two nuclear attacks.
Soon after, the crime rate began to steadily drop and today, Japanese men commit roughly
a tenth of the homicides than they did in the mid-20th century.
There are a slew of other reasons why the Japanese are, for the most part, abiding by the law.
Some experts point to the country’s low rates of poverty, unemployment and drug use.
But it's likely that not one but a combination of these factors make Japan one of the
safest countries in the world.
But while Japan is safe, it is also home to one of the largest criminal organizations
in the world: the Yakuza.
Find out just how powerful the Yakuza really are by watching this video. Thanks
for watching Seeker Daily, make sure you like and subscribe so you get new videos from us every day!
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

為什麼日本的犯罪率如此低? (Why Japan's Crime Rate Is So Low)

3216 分類 收藏
羅紹桀 發佈於 2016 年 8 月 21 日    Su Kids 翻譯    Chloe Tyan 審核
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔