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  • In this short video we'll be discussing object relative clauses,

  • the second type of relative clause. Before we start discussing object

  • relative clauses,

  • let's quickly review subject relative clauses so we can see the difference

  • between subject and object relative clauses.

  • So, if you remember from the last video, we had these two sentences

  • "SMC is a community college. It is located close to UCLA."

  • So, we know that the second clause becomes the relative clause, and we know

  • that the subject "it" is replaced with the relative pronoun "that"

  • The subject is the same as the community college. When we take a look at object

  • relative clauses we look at these two sentences

  • "He is the professor. You saw him last week."

  • We're focusing on not the subject "you" instead we're focusing on the object.

  • Ok so, in this sentence "him" is referring to "the professor",

  • so the object in this sentence is the same as this noun in the first sentence

  • so when we put together these sentences, the second sentence will become the relative

  • clause, but we put it together a little bit differently.

  • We have "He is the professor WHOM you saw last week," and we'll take apart each

  • sentence to make it a little bit more clear.

  • Here's another example. "The textbook is heavy.

  • "The students bought it" So, again we have the first independent clause and

  • the second clause will become the relative clause, and in the second clause

  • here,

  • "It" is the object. We have subject "the students"

  • verb "bought" and then the object "it"

  • So when we put them together we have "The textbook which the students bought is heavy."

  • So you can see that this sentence right here fits into this sentence right after

  • the noun it is trying to describe. When we write object relative clauses we use the

  • relative pronouns

  • "who" "whom" "which" and "that".

  • So, we have an additional relative pronoun "whom". We use "who" for people, "whom"

  • for people, "which" for things and also places and as we said "ideas", and that for,

  • everything.

  • So let's take a look at a couple of practice problems. We have "The student is

  • Chinese."

  • "You met her yesterday". So, we have again two sentences, and we want to describe a

  • noun in this first sentence with this second sentence.

  • So we want to describe the noun "the student" with the second sentence

  • Now if you read the second sentence, "You met her yesterday" were focusing on again

  • the object. "The student

  • you met her yesterday is Chinese", so we want to combine these two sentences but

  • we still have the object we need to get rid of it.

  • We need to use a relative clause to connect the second sentence to first

  • sentence,

  • so we come up with "The student whom you met yesterday is Chinese."

  • So, we have all the parts of the original sentence here but we just moved the

  • object right after "the student" and we leave the

  • rest of the sentence.

  • So when we

  • get the complete sentence, we have "The student whom you met yesterday is

  • Chinese." Let's take a look at another example. "We have "The university is located in

  • Arizona."

  • "She attends this University." So if we try to guess which noun we're trying to

  • describe, in the first sentence with the second sentence we look for the noun

  • that's the same in both sentences. So we have "the university" has a subject in the

  • first sentence and in this sentence, "this university" is the object.

  • So, if we combine these sentences we just start by putting this whole sentence in

  • right after the noun we want to describe.

  • which is the university we get "The university

  • she attended this university is located in Arizona."

  • Of course thissentence is incorrect we need to delete "the University" and replace it

  • with a relative pronoun.

  • So, we have "The University which she attended is located in Arizona."

  • So again, you see that we have replaced "this university" since University is a

  • thing we use "which" the relative pronoun "which". We move it to a position right

  • after the noun we're trying to describe, and we get "The University which she

  • attended is located in Arizona.

  • Now you try this practice problem.

In this short video we'll be discussing object relative clauses,


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A2 初級 英國腔

賓語關係句 (Object Relative (Adjective) Clauses)

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    Cai Xin Liu 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日