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  • Welcome to English Grammar Spot. This lesson is about the past perfect.

    歡迎來到英語語法點。這節課講的是過去完成時。

  • In this lesson I am going to teach you how to

    在本課中,我將教你如何進行

  • form a past perfect

    成了過去式

  • and when to use

    以及何時使用

  • a past perfect.

    a過去式。

  • But before we get started it's good to know that in the English language we have

    但在我們開始之前,很高興知道在英語中,我們有了

  • regular,

    定期。

  • and irregular verbs.

    和不規則動詞。

  • It is advisable that you study the most commonly used irregular verbs.

    建議你學習最常用的不規則動詞。

  • Now let's get started.

    現在讓我們開始吧。

  • Take a look at these sentences:

    看看這些句子。

  • I had painted the door yellow.

    我把門刷成了黃色。

  • They had paid for dinner themselves.

    他們自己支付了晚餐的費用。

  • Both these sentences are in the past perfect tense.

    這兩個句子都是過去完成時。

  • How do we form a past perfect?

    我們如何形成過去的完形?

  • For the regular verbs we use to auxiliary verb to have

    對於常規的動詞,我們用助動詞來助詞有

  • in it's past form which is had,

    在它'的過去形式是有。

  • and the past participle.

    和過去分詞。

  • The past participle can be made by adding -ed to the base form of the verb.

    過去分詞可以在動詞的基礎形式上加上-ed。

  • For example I had kissed her.

    比如我吻過她。

  • You had worked late.

    你工作到很晚。

  • He had cleared the table.

    他已經清理了桌子。

  • She had placed it on the floor.

    她把它放在了地上。

  • It had snowed.

    下雪了。

  • For the plural forms we do the same.

    對於複數形式,我們也是這樣做的。

  • We had walked to school.

    我們是步行去學校的。

  • You had watched the tennis match and they had marked the tests. they have marked the tests

    你看了網球比賽,他們也做了標記。

  • No we need to pay extra attention attention to verbs that end in an -e, such as live,

    不,我們需要格外注意以-e結尾的動詞,如live。

  • close and wipe.

    合,並擦拭。

  • The verbs use had

    動詞使用了

  • and a part participle

    和分詞

  • but,

    但是,

  • when forming a past particple we only use the base form of the verb and add a 'd'.

    當形成過去分詞時,我們只用動詞的基本形式,並加上一個'd'。

  • For example:

    例如:

  • I had lived there

    我在那裡住過

  • He had closed the window

    他把窗戶關上了

  • They had wiped the floor.

    他們已經把地板擦乾淨了。

  • We also need to pay

    我們還需要支付

  • extra attention to verbs that end a - y,

    格外注意a-y結尾的動詞。

  • especially those preceded by consonant such as spy and study.

    特別是那些以輔音為前綴的,如間諜和學習。

  • Here the 'y' becomes an 'i'

    這裡的'y'變成了'i&#39。

  • For example:

    例如:

  • He had spied on his neighbours

    他曾監視他的鄰居

  • and we had studied hard.

    而我們也曾努力學習。

  • Now let's have a look at the past perfect for the irregular verbs,

    現在我們來看看不規則動詞的過去完成時。

  • again we use the past simple form of

    再用過去的簡單形式

  • to have

    具備

  • and a past participle

    和過去分詞

  • but here the past participle has a unique past perfect form.

    但這裡的過去分詞有一個獨特的過去完成式。

  • For example:

    例如:

  • I had built that shed with my own two hands.

    那個棚子是我親手搭建的。

  • The infinitive form of the verb is 'to build.'

    動詞的不定式是'建立.&#39。

  • She had bought some flowers at the market. The infinitve form of the verb is 'to buy.'

    她在市場上買了一些花。該動詞的不定式是'買.&#39。

  • We had run the marathon.

    我們已經跑完了馬拉松。

  • The infinitive form of the verb is 'to run.'

    動詞的不定式是'跑.&#39。

  • Let's have a look at the past perfect in questions for the regular forms

    讓我們來看看過去的完形填空題的常規形式

  • again we use the past simple form of the auxiliary verb to have

    又用過去簡單的助動詞形式來表示 "有"。

  • and the past participle.

    和過去分詞。

  • Again

    再來

  • the base form of the verb and 'ed.'

    動詞的基本形式和'ed.&#39。

  • Had she talked to him?

    她和他談過了嗎?

  • Had you kicked the ball?

    你把球踢了嗎?

  • Had they worked on a farm?

    他們在農場工作過嗎?

  • For the irregular verbs,

    對於不規則動詞。

  • we also use

    我們也用

  • the auxiliary verb to have, so had

    的助動詞,所以曾

  • and the past participle and again the unique past perfect form

    和過去分詞以及獨特的過去完成式

  • Had she quit her job?

    她辭職了嗎?

  • Had you driven her car?

    你開過她的車嗎?

  • Had they paid for dinner?

    他們付了晚餐的錢嗎?

  • Let's have alook at the past perfect in negations.

    讓我們來看看否定式中的過去完成式。

  • First the regular verbs,

    先說常規動詞。

  • we use had

    我們用的是

  • plus not contracting it into hadn't

    再加上沒有把它承包到hadn't。

  • and the past participle

    和過去分詞

  • which again is made by adding 'ed' to the base form of the verb.

    這又是通過在動詞的基礎形式上加上'ed'來實現的。

  • I hadn't listened to the news.

    我沒有'聽過新聞。

  • It hadn't rained since Friday. They hadn't closed the window.

    從週五開始就沒下過雨。 他們沒有'關窗。

  • For the irregular verbs we use had and not contracting it into hadn't,

    對於不規則的動詞,我們用had,而不是把它收縮成hadn't。

  • and the past participle

    和過去分詞

  • but again here

    但這裡

  • the past participle has a unique past perfect form.

    過去分詞有一個獨特的過去完成式。

  • For example

    比如說

  • She hadn't quit her job.

    她沒有辭掉工作。

  • You hadn't ever driven her car

    你從來沒有開過她的車。

  • and they hadn't paid for dinner.

    而且他們還沒有支付晚餐的費用。

  • Now let's have a look at when we use a past perfect.

    現在讓我們來看看什麼時候使用過去式。

  • We use a past perfect for things that happened in the past but before something

    我們用過去完成時來表示過去發生的事情,但在某件事情之前

  • else in the past. So we use it to co-ordinate the past. We have two things

    其他的過去。所以我們用它來協調過去。我們有兩件事

  • happening in the past perfect

    過去的事

  • and the past perfect happened

    而過去的完美髮生

  • at the furthest point in the past. For example I had brushed my teeth before I went to bed.

    在過去的最遠處。比如我睡覺前刷了牙。

  • So first I brushed my teeth and then I went to bed and both these things happened

    所以我先刷牙,然後睡覺,這兩件事都發生了。

  • in the past.

    在過去,。

  • Another example is: They decided to buy a car after the old one had broken down.

    另一個例子是。他們決定在舊車壞了之後買一輛車。

  • So first their old car broke down

    所以先是他們的舊車壞了

  • and then they decided to buy a car.

    然後他們決定買一輛車。

  • I thank you for your attention. For regular updates please subscribe to

    謝謝您的關注。定期更新請訂閱

  • youtube.com/englishgrammarspot

    youtube.com/englishgrammarspot

  • or go to www.englishgrammarspot.com

    或登錄www.englishgrammarspot.com

Welcome to English Grammar Spot. This lesson is about the past perfect.

歡迎來到英語語法點。這節課講的是過去完成時。

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過去完成式 (Past Perfect Tense - English grammar tutorial video lesson)

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    Cai Xin Liu 發佈於 2016 年 08 月 20 日
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