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  • You're most likely familiar with the Ten Commandments in the Bible stuff we

    你對聖經中的十誡必定不陌生,

  • generally take as good advice don't murder, don't steal, honor your parents the list

    它記載著好的律例,像不能謀殺、 不偷竊、孝敬父母,等等…

  • goes on and those are just the first 10 they're actually a total of six hundred

    這才十條誡而已,總共算起來應該有613條,

  • and thirteen commands all given to ancient Israel found in the first five

    而且在聖經的前五本書中,告訴了所有以色列人,

  • books of the Bible which in hebrew are called the torah now the word Torah is

    這五本書希伯來文稱之為《妥拉》,

  • usually translated in english as the law because it has all of these laws in it

    在英文中《妥拉》通常被翻成《律法》, 因為它包含所有的律例,

  • as you read through them you wonder am I supposed to obey some of these all of these

    當你在閱讀時, 你會思考是否要遵守這些?或全部?

  • and what's the purpose of the law well that translation is kind of confusing

    《律法》的目的是甚麼?其實翻成《律法》會造成疑惑,

  • because while the torah has laws in it the book itself is fundamentally a story

    因為《妥拉》一方面是在講述律法, 另一方面是在說明,

  • about how God is creating new kinds of people who are fully able to love God

    上帝如何創造一群能夠愛上帝和愛別人的新人類。

  • and love others and when Jesus taught about the torah he said he was bringing that

    當耶穌在教導《妥拉》時,

  • story to its fulfillment. So walk me through the story and how it's fulfilled. So the

    他說他是來實踐《妥拉》。所以他是如何實踐的?

  • story begins with God creating humanity who rebels and God chooses Abraham to bless

    故事的開始上帝創造的人類反抗祂, 上帝揀擇亞伯拉罕來祝福人類,

  • all of the nations through his family who end up in slavery down in Egypt and so

    後來他們在埃及做了奴隸,

  • Guard rescues them then at Mount Sinai God makes a covenant with Israel like an

    上帝拯救他們,然後在西奈山和以色列人立約。

  • agreement

    摩西告訴以色列人所有的律法,

  • and all the laws that Moses gives to Israel are the terms of that agreement

    這些律法就像憲法,有一些是有關儀式和禮俗,

  • they're like a constitution. So some of the laws they are about rituals and customs

    有些則是和社會公義和道德有關,

  • that set Israel apart from the nation other laws are about social justice or

    藉由遵守這些律法,以色列人才能讓其他人認識上帝。

  • morality and by following these Israel would show the other nations what God is

    所以《妥拉》的後半只是完整記載 那些摩西告知以色列人的律例嗎?

  • like. Okay so the rest of the Torah is just the complete list of laws that Moses

    不是,《妥拉》的後半是故事的延續,

  • gives Israel? No, the rest of the Torah just continues the story and the six

    這613條律例只是從那原本的"憲法"中截取出來的,

  • hundred and thirteen commands are only a selection from that original

    這些律例有計畫性地被放在故事中,

  • Constitution and even these have been broken up and placed at strategic points

    注意囉!你現在會發現很明顯的模式,

  • within the story now pay attention because you'll see a really clear

    摩西告訴了以色列人第一條律法: 不要崇拜別的神,不要造偶像,

  • pattern Moses gives the first laws to Israel. Don't worship other gods and don't make idols and

    在那之後以色列人馬上違背第一條律法,

  • then right after that there's a story of Israel breaking those very laws they

    他們拜金牛,所以摩西告訴他們其他律法,

  • worship the golden calf and so Moses gives some more laws and then you get

    然後我們看到更多反抗、更多律法、 更多反抗、更多律法、更多反抗,

  • more stories of rebellion. Some more laws, rebellion again, more laws more

    而後我們注意到重點了,不論有多少的律法,

  • rebellion and you start to see the point right no matter how many laws they're

    他們持續反抗,所以《妥拉》的結尾是,

  • just gonna continue to rebel. So at the conclusion of the torah's story of

    摩西對以色列人演說了他最後的話, 他們正要進入他們的新家,

  • Moses gives this final speech to Israel as they prepared to go into their new

    摩西告訴他們,他知道以色列人不會遵守上帝的律法,

  • home and he tells them you guys I know that you're not going to follow all of

    他們已經證明給摩西看了,他們做不到,

  • God's laws you've proven to me that you're incapable and Moses says the

    摩西說問題出在以色列人的心太硬,

  • problem is that the hearts are hard and that they're going to need new

    他們需要更新的心來真實地跟隨上帝的律法,

  • transformed hearts if they're ever going to truly follow God's law and he was

    摩西是對的,故事繼續述說著以色列人的失敗。

  • right to me the story goes on to recount Israel's total failure. They go into the

    以色列人進入了新家,他們違背所有的律法。 接著,在以色列人的傳統中,

  • land they break all the laws. Right now the next section of books in the Jewish

    接下是15本的先知書,他們在反思之前的事, 舉例來說,

  • tradition are the fifteen books of the Prophets and they reflect back on the

    先知以西結說如果以色列人能夠遵守上帝的法律,

  • story for example Ezekiel he said that if Israel is ever going to obey the law

    上帝的靈便能將他們鋼硬的心轉化成柔軟,

  • God's Spirit would have to transform their hard hearts into soft hearts and

    先知耶利米說當以色列人不覺得遵守法律是義務時,

  • Jeremiah said that's when obedience to God's commands

    他們才能真心地銘記在心,

  • wouldn't feel like a duty that they would be written deep in their hearts

    先知以賽亞說將來會有一位以色列人的彌賽亞,

  • and Isaiah he promised a future leader Israel's Messiah who will lead all of

    在猶太的傳統中,帶領所有的人遵循律法。

  • the people in obedience to the law. Now in Jewish tradition all of these books

    我們稱這些書為先知書或是史書,

  • together are called the prophets even historical books because they're

    因為這些書是以先知們的觀點所寫成。

  • continuing the story told from the perspective of the profits ok so we have

    所以我們看到了律法和先知, 集合起來講述一個有關聯的故事,

  • the law and the prophets and they're telling one connected story about God's desire to

    那就是上帝想要透過被揀選的以色列來祝福全世界,

  • bless the whole world through a people Israel who it turns out needs a new

    但他們需要新的心,所以耶穌是來完成這件事,

  • heart yes and Jesus saw himself as continuing that story so he agreed with

    他遵守律法和認同先知們的想法, 當他得知人性的醜陋,

  • the law and the prophets when he taught that it's out of the human heart that

    是來自人心,那就好像預先設定在我們的心中,

  • come the most ugly parts of human nature is like the default setting of our

    它會違背上帝的律法,但耶穌說他是來解決這個問題,

  • hearts is opposed to God's law but Jesus also said that he came to solve that problem

    而且來實踐律法的。那麼耶穌說的實踐律法是甚麼意思?

  • and in his words to fulfill the law. So what does he mean there to fulfill the law? Well, first he said

    耶穌說《妥拉》中律法都能夠被完成, 但要藉由一個美好的戒命,

  • that the demand of all of the laws in the Torah could be fulfilled by what he

    那就是愛上帝和愛你的鄰人,看起來很簡單,

  • called the great command, that we are to love God and love others. So that seems pretty easy

    我們都想去愛,以為知道愛是甚麼, 不過,耶穌告訴我們,

  • I mean we all want to love. Well, we think we want to love, but Jesus showed how love this far more

    愛其實比我們想的嚴謹。

  • demanding than we realize.

    他引用律法說「不能殺人」,不殺人就是愛人,

  • So he quotes the law do not murder and he says yes not killing someone is very

    他也說如果我們不尊重別人,

  • loving thing to do, but then he also says that when you treat someone with

    或者對別人懷恨在心,這樣也是違背上帝的理想道德,

  • disrespect or when you nurse resentment against them you're also violating God's

    因為這樣就是對別人沒有愛,所以耶穌說,

  • moral ideal because you're not treating that person with love. So Jesus said true love

    真實的愛要能擴及到愛敵人,這條戒命看似簡單,

  • ought to extend even to our own enemies so even though this command seems very

    但我們的心,並沒有準備好來完成如此簡單的戒命,

  • simple Jesus showed how our hearts are not currently equipped to fulfill even this

    這真是令人沮喪,雖然以色列人失敗了,

  • basic command of God to love others. And that's kind of a downer. But where Israel

    耶穌身為以色列人的彌賽亞卻實踐了戒命,

  • failed Jesus brought the story to it's fulfillment as Israel's Messiah he fully loved

    那就是愛上帝和愛鄰人,他讓所有人認識上帝。

  • God and others and he showed all of the nation's what God is truly like. He did

    他透過憐憫慈悲來愛他的敵人,

  • this through his acts of compassion and mercy and ultimately by loving his

    甚至為他們而死,他死而復活後,他告訴他的信徒,

  • enemies even unto death and after his resurrection he told his followers that

    他會降聖靈轉化他們的心,

  • he would send God's Spirit to transform their hearts so that they could follow

    所以他們會跟隨他並且實踐律法,去愛上帝和鄰人。

  • him and fulfill the purpose of the law to love God and to love their neighbor. So

    這樣做就是完成先知書和律法書所說的,換句話說,

  • this fulfills the story of the law and the prophets. Or, in the words of the

    如同使徒保羅說的:「要彼此相愛, 因為愛人的完全了律法 。」

  • Apostle Paul the one who loves fulfills the law. This video was made possible by

  • over 1,300 people who chipped in and most of those are monthly givers to the

  • Bible project thank you guys so much! We make a lot of videos like this one the trace

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You're most likely familiar with the Ten Commandments in the Bible stuff we

你對聖經中的十誡必定不陌生,

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法律的動畫解釋 (Animated Explanation of The Law)

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    PAPAYA 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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