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  • Jon: You've probably heard the word "holy" before

    Jon: 你可能曾經聽過「神聖」這個詞,

  • or at least sang it in a church song once or twice.

    或在教會唱過一兩次。

  • And for most people, this idea is really just connected to being a morally good person...

    對大部份的人來說, 「神聖」指的是一個道德良善的人。

  • SoGod is 'holy' because he's morally perfect.

    所以上帝是神聖的,祂在道德上沒有瑕疵。

  • Tim: Yeah, that is part of it...

    Tim: 是的,但那只是其中一部分。

  • but in the Bible the idea of 'holiness' is even bigger and more rich.

    但在聖經中,「神聖」的意思是更為廣泛和豐富的。

  • What it's really describing is how God is the creative force behind the whole universe.

    它在描述上帝是整個宇宙的創造者。

  • He's the one and only being with the power to make a world full of such beauty and life.

    上帝是讓世界充滿美好和生命的唯一力量。

  • And so all these abilities they may God utterly unique, which is the meaning of the word 'holy'.

    這些能力突顯上帝的獨特,這也就是「神聖」的意思。

  • A helpful way to think about God's holiness is by using the sun as a metaphor.

    將上帝的「神聖」想像為太陽,是很有力的隱喻。

  • The sun is unique, at least within our solar system,

    至少在太陽系中,太陽是獨特的

  • And its really powerful. Its the source of all this beautiful life on our planet.

    它充滿能量,而且是地球上所有美麗事物的來源。

  • And so you could say that the sun is 'holy'.

    所以你可以說太陽是「神聖」的。

  • And you can actually take this metaphor even further

    接著,我們可以更進一步地來解釋太陽這個隱喻。

  • in that the whole area around the sun is also 'holy'.

    太陽的四周也是「神聖」的。

  • Jon: Yeah because the closer you get to the sun the more intense it gets.

    Jon: 是的,因為你越接近太陽,你的感受就越強烈。

  • Tim: yeah, exactly. So that very power and goodness that generates all this life is also dangerous.

    Tim: 沒錯! 所以那神奇的能量能夠創造生命, 美善卻也危險。

  • I mean the sun, if you get too close, will annihilate you.

    假如你太接近太陽,你會被消滅。

  • And in the same way there's this paradox at the heart of God's own holiness

    同樣地,上帝的「神聖」也有這種看似矛盾的狀態。

  • because if you're impure his presence is dangerous to you

    如果你不純真,你在上帝的旁邊就很危險。

  • and not because it's bad, but because its so good.

    並不是因為上帝的存在是不好的,而是因為祂太好了。

  • And so the first time we see this paradox of God's holiness, it's in the story of Moses and the burning bush.

    所以我們第一次看到上帝的「神聖」, 出現在摩西和荊棘火中。

  • Jon: So God tells Moses to take off his sandals because he's standing on holy ground.

    Jon: 上帝告訴摩西脫下腳上的鞋, 因為他所站的地方是聖地。

  • And Moses covers his face in fear and God says

    摩西害怕而蒙上了臉,上帝說:

  • "hey don't come any closer". Its intense. likely that intensity of God's holiness

    「不要近前來。」,好強烈的陳述。

  • Tim: It's actually that intensity of God's holiness that's explored even more in the stories of Israel's temple

    Tim: 上帝的「神聖」在以色列的殿中更為彰顯。

  • which was the main place where God's holy presence was located

    祂的「神聖」主要顯現在以色列的殿中,

  • and at the center the temple was this room called the Most Holy Place

    而「至高的聖地」就在殿的正中央,

  • it's the hotspot of God's presence.

    那裡就是上帝的榮耀。

  • and whether you're an Israelite living in the land around the temple

    不論你是住在聖殿附近的以色列人,

  • or a priest working right in the temple, you are in proximity to God's holy presence.

    或者是在聖殿中服事的祭司, 這些人都和神聖的上帝很接近,

  • which is dangerous.

    所以很危險。

  • Jon: Yeah, this is a problem. So how is it supposed to work?

    Jon: 是啊,這是個問題,所以要如何解決哩?

  • Tim: Well in the Bible the solution is that you need to become "pure".

    Tim: 聖經說我們必須"純潔",這就是解答。

  • Jon: So like being Morally Pure?

    Jon: 所以是道德上要純潔?

  • Tim: Yeah, and that's easy enough to understand...

    Tim: 是的! 這很容易懂,

  • ...but the Bible spends a lot of time talking about another kind of purity

    但聖經中長長地記述了不一樣的純潔,

  • being Ritually Pure

    那就是儀式上的純潔。

  • which is a state where you separate yourself from anything related to death

    這樣的狀態是指我們要隔開與死亡有關的事物,

  • like touching things like diseased skin, or dead bodies, or even certain bodily fluids.

    譬如: 觸摸患病的皮膚、屍體、或某些體液。

  • all these make you impure.

    這些東西都使我們不純潔。

  • And becoming ritually impure isn't necessarily sinful.

    儀式上的不純潔並不一定是有罪的,

  • What's wrong is waltzing into God's presence when you're in an impure state.

    但是進入上帝的殿中,你卻不純潔,這就不對了。

  • And so that's why God gave the Israelites very clear instructions for knowing when they were impure...

    所以上帝告訴以色列人非常清楚的律例: 何時他們是不純潔的、

  • steps to become pure, so that they could go into the temple again.

    如何變純潔,所以以色列人才能進入上帝的聖殿中。

  • Jon: So that's what the book of Leviticus is about.

    Jon: 所以《利未記》就是在記述這個。

  • Tim: Right. But it doesn't stop there. This idea keeps developing

    Tim: 沒錯! 但還沒結束喔! 儀式上純潔的觀念繼續延續。

  • So later in the scriptures we find this really interesting story by a prophet named Isaiah.

    我們在聖經中發現一個有趣的故事, 一位名叫以賽亞的先知,

  • And he has this crazy vision where he's in the temple

    他在聖殿中看到驚人的異象,

  • and he's right in God's presence. He's totally terrified.

    上帝與他同在,先知以賽亞很驚恐。

  • Jon: Yeah. He knows the rules. He shouldn't even be in there.

    Jon: 是的,他清楚上帝的律例,他不應該在那的,

  • And he's worried about being destroyed.

    他很擔心自己會被消滅。

  • Tim: And then this crazy creature called a Seraphim.

    Tim: 突然有個神奇的生物撒拉弗出現了。

  • Jon: Yeah, that is a crazy creature.

    Jon: 真的是個神奇的生物。

  • Tim: Totally. So it flies over with a hot coal.

    Tim: 沒錯! 它向先知以賽亞飛去,手上拿著燒紅的炭,

  • And then it sears Isaiah's lips with the coal and says something really weird...

    撒拉弗拿炭沾先知以賽亞的嘴說:

  • "Your guilt is taken away and your sin is atoned for."

    「 你的罪孽便除掉 、 你的罪惡就赦免了 。」

  • Jon: So this burning coal somehow makes Isaiah pure.

    Jon: 所以這個燒紅的炭讓以賽亞變純潔了。

  • Tim: Yeah, its remarkable

    Tim: 嗯! 很不平凡!

  • because normally if you touch something impure it transfers its impurity to you.

    一般來說,如果你碰到不潔的事物,它會使你不潔。

  • But now here's this new idea where you have this coal,

    但我們發現了新的想法,燒紅的炭,

  • this very holy and pure object, and it touches Isaiah

    這個非常神聖純潔的物體碰觸了以賽亞,

  • and it transfers its purity to him.

    它使以賽亞變純潔了。

  • Isaiah is not destroyed by God's holiness, he's transformed by it.

    以賽亞沒有被上帝的神聖摧毀,反而被轉變了。

  • I mean the implications of this are just huge.

    意涵很深刻。

  • But there's one more development, this time from another prophet, Ezekiel.

    故事還有另一個發展,我們遇見了先知以西結。

  • And he has this vision where he's standing at the temple

    他預見自己站在聖殿的異象,

  • and he sees water trickling out from it.

    它看見水緩緩留出來,

  • And then that water turns into a stream

    細水變成水流,

  • and then a grows into a deep river that starts flowing through the desert

    然後慢慢變成深河,流向沙漠。

  • leaving this trail of green trees behind it.

    樹隨著長出來了。

  • And then it flows into the Dead Sea making everything fresh and alive.

    水流向鹽海,使一切欣欣向榮。

  • Jon: So, instead of becoming pure first and then going into the temple...

    Jon: 所以我們不用先變純潔才能進入聖殿,

  • ...here God's holiness comes out from the temple making things pure bringing them to life.

    上帝的神聖從聖殿發出,使一切純潔有生氣。

  • What does it all mean?

    所以這代表甚麼?

  • Tim: So, we don't know. Until we meet this man Jesus.

    Tim: 我們還不知道,直到我們遇見耶穌。

  • And he claims that he's fulfilling all of these ancient visions but in surprising new ways.

    耶穌說他會用一種特別的方法來履行這些異象。

  • So Jesus, he went around touching people who are impure...

    所以他到處接觸不潔的人,

  • ... people with skin diseases, a woman with chronic bleeding, or dead people...

    皮膚有病的人、患漏血的女人、或亡者。

  • and when he touches them, their impurity should transfer over to Jesus ...

    當他碰觸他們時,他們的不潔應該會轉移到耶穌身上,

  • ... but instead, Jesus' purity transfers to them and actually heals their bodies.

    但是沒有,耶穌的純潔反而改變了他們, 並且治療他們的身體。

  • Jon: Jesus is like that holy coal in Isaiah's vision.

    Jon: 耶穌就好比以賽亞異象中的那塊燒紅的炭。

  • Tim: Right. And Jesus claimed that he was the human embodiment of God's own holiness.

    Tim: 沒錯! 耶穌說他就是上帝神聖的化身,

  • and that he and his followers were now God's temple

    他和他的門徒就是上帝的聖殿。

  • so that through them God's holy presence would go out into the world

    透過他們,上帝的神聖會在世上存在,

  • and bring life and healing and hope.

    並且帶來生命、治癒、和希望。

  • And so this is why Jesus described his followers as having streams of living water flowing out of them.

    所以耶穌描述他的門徒如同活水一樣,流向大家。

  • Jon: So this is our part of the story where we find ourselves now, but where is it all heading?

    Jon: 所以我們現在就處在這世界, 這會帶領我們到哪呢?

  • Tim: so the last pages of the Bible end with a final vision about God's holiness...

    Tim: 聖經的最後在描寫上帝神聖的最後異象。

  • This time it's by a guy named John.

    這次是一個名叫約翰的人。

  • And in his vision we see the whole world made completely new.

    約翰在他的異象中看到一個全新的世界,

  • The entire earth has become God's temple.

    整個世界成為上帝的聖殿。

  • And Ezekiel's river is there flowing out of God's presence,

    以西結看到的河流,從上帝那湧出,

  • immersing all of creation,

    浸潤所有事物,

  • removing all impurity and bringing everything back to life.

    移除所有不潔,使一切充滿生氣。

Jon: You've probably heard the word "holy" before

Jon: 你可能曾經聽過「神聖」這個詞,

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B1 中級 中文 上帝 神聖 賽亞 聖殿 耶穌 先知

神的聖潔的動畫解釋。 (Animated Explanation of God's Holiness)

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    PAPAYA 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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