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  • The human body is a wonder, but perhaps the most curious and quintessential aspect of the human experience is the orgasm.

    人類身體是很驚奇的,但是或許最令人好奇和最典型的人類經驗的方面就是「高潮」

  • The body's sexual response is typically broken down in four stages:

    人體對於性的回應通常會分為四個階段

  • excitement, plateau of arousal, orgasm, and resolution.

    興奮、生理激動階段、高潮,和釋放

  • Following arousal, the brain stimulates bloodflow to the genitals, your heartbeat and breathing increase,

    緊接在生理激動之後,大腦刺激將血流運輸到生殖器官,你的心跳和呼吸一邊變得越來越急促

  • and the central nervous system is fully engaged, sending signals of enjoyment to the brain's reward system.

    同時中央神經系統是全神貫注的在工作,發送享受的訊號到大腦的獎勵系統

  • These thousands of nerve endings constantly relay pleasure signals to the brain, resulting in an orgasm.

    數以千計的神經末稍不停傳輸愉悅訊號到大腦中,最後形成了「高潮」

  • For men, the orgasm includes rapid contractions of the anal sphincter, the prostate, and the muscles of the penis.

    對男人來說,高潮包含了肛門括約肌、前列腺、陰莖肌肉的急速收縮

  • In conjunction with ejaculation, which sees the release of sperm and other seminal fluid,

    最後連同著射精,也就是精液以及其他生殖液體的釋出

  • the whole process for men involves around three to ten seconds of intense pleasure.

    對男人來說,整個過程大概有3到10秒鐘強烈地愉快感覺

  • This is followed by a refractory period for minutes to hours in which another orgasm cannot be achieved.

    接著伴隨而來的就是從數分鐘到幾小時的不反應期,也就是在此期間無法在達到另一個高潮

  • Women, on the other hand, do not experience a refractory period,

    反之,女人並沒有所謂的不反應期

  • allowing them to experience multiple consecutive orgasms.

    使得她們能夠經歷多重連續的高潮

  • On avarage, these last for around twenty seconds (but sometimes much longer) and consist of

    平均來說,這大概持續大約20秒(雖然有時候也會更長),並且包括了

  • rhythmic contractions between the uterus, vagina, anus, and pelvic muscles.

    有節奏性的收縮,包含了子宮、陰道、肛門、骨盆底肌肉之間的收縮

  • But it's the brain that takes control -- or rather, lack thereof -- during orgasm.

    但是在高潮的時候,大腦會控制一切,或者...根本沒有控制

  • Using functional MRI scans, scientists are able to see brain activity in over 30 discrete regions.

    利用核磁共振成像掃描,科學家可以看到大腦超過30個獨立區域的活動狀態

  • It's flooded with the anticipatory and feel-good chemical dopamine which makes you crave the feeling again.

    會讓人感到愉悅的預期化學多巴胺充斥在腦中,讓你渴望再次感受那快感

  • This is in tandem with the release of oxytocin; a hormone that mediates bonding and love between mates.

    催產素的釋放是和這個是同時發生的。賀爾蒙則是兩人的愛與關係之間的調和劑

  • PET scans show (surprisingly) that brain activity during an orgasm is the same between men and women.

    正子掃描令人驚訝地顯示了大腦在高潮時候的活動是男女都一樣的

  • In both genders, the lateral orbitofrontal cortex is turned off which controls self-evaluation, reason, and control.

    兩性在高潮時候,旁邊的眼窩前額皮質是關閉著的,這部分平常是控制自評、理智,以及自我控管

  • Makes sense, as you often lose control during orgasm.

    聽起來很合理,就像你在高潮的時候會無法控制

  • This shuts down fear and anxiety, which is seen as the most essential aspect leading up to orgasm.

    也把恐懼和焦慮感阻隔了,也被認為是引起高潮最核心的關鍵

  • The relaxation of the amygdala and hippocampus in women further reduce emotions,

    扁桃腺和海馬體的鬆弛對於女性來說會減少更多情緒

  • producing a trance-like state, while in men, it dampens aggressiveness

    引起如同昏眩的狀態;然而對男人來說,此舉減低的男性的侵略性

  • Many areas of a woman's brain are shut down completely during an orgasm.

    女性大腦中的許多區域在高潮的時候是完全失去功能的

  • These effects are less striking in men, likely because of the shorter duration

    這些效應對男性來說影響較小,很有可能是因為持續的時間比較短

  • and difficulty with measuring during brain scan.

    和大腦掃描時候要評估的困難

  • In women, an area called the periaqueductal gray (or PAG) is activated, stimulating the flight or fight response

    女性有一個區域叫做中腦導水管旁灰質(或是PAG)被啟動了,刺激了所謂的戰鬥或逃跑反應

  • while the cortex -- which is associated with pain -- lights up,

    當跟疼痛有關係的皮質被啟動的時候

  • suggesting that there is a connection between pain and pleasure.

    此顯示了在疼痛與快樂之間的確是有關連的

  • Following this climax and muscle contraction, the body experiences deep relaxation,

    緊接在高潮和肌肉收縮之後,身體會經歷深度放鬆

  • and heart rate slows to a resting pace.

    同時心跳減緩到一個休息的速度

  • Who knew science could be so sexy?

    誰當初會知道科學也可以變得如此性感呢?

  • Got a burning question you want answered? Ask them in the comments or on Facebook and Twitter, and subscribe for more weekly science videos.

    有一個急需解決的問題想要解決?在影片下面回應提問或是上Facebook和Twitter提問,也別忘了追蹤每週科學的更多影片

The human body is a wonder, but perhaps the most curious and quintessential aspect of the human experience is the orgasm.

人類身體是很驚奇的,但是或許最令人好奇和最典型的人類經驗的方面就是「高潮」

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B2 中高級 中文 高潮 大腦 掃描 肛門 肌肉 皮質

性高潮的科學 (The Science of Orgasms)

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    簡宇謙 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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