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  • Well, we're all familiar with the first Internet, the communication Internet. We've been on

  • it for 24/25 years most of us. We use the Internet all the time to communicate and send

  • information. The energy Internet is very, very new. It's now actually being built out

  • in places like Germany, in Denmark and across Europe so it's no longer academic. Here's

  • how it works.

  • We are moving toward renewable energy across Europe. We have millions and millions now

  • of buildings, homes, offices, factories, retail stores that have been transformed into micro

  • power plants and they are producing their own green electricity on site, solar panels

  • on the roof, vertical wind on the property, geothermal pumps for energy underneath the

  • ground, bio converters to convert garbage to biomass energy in the kitchens, et cetera.

  • In Germany alone we've retrofitted one million buildings, made them efficient, put in the

  • insulation and put these new renewable technologies on the building. A million buildings are producing

  • their own greens electricity. And there's a feed-in tariff that gives them premium for

  • sending their electricity back to the grid, they get more than the market price. So now

  • we're setting up storage and an energy Internet. You have to store these energies. The sun

  • isn't always shining. Sometimes the wind blows at night, you want the electricity during

  • the day so we're putting in all sorts of storage technologies like batteries, flywheels, capacitors

  • and hydrogen. We're most bullish on hydrogen as a storage technology to store these energies

  • so that you can use them when you need them. Because if the suns under the clouds you're

  • in trouble, you've got to store it when the sun is out.

  • And now we're taking the electricity grid of Europe, the whole transmission grid and

  • we're transforming it to an energy Internet using the same technology we used with the

  • communication Internet. You know, today everywhere in the world, the transmission electricity

  • grid is servo mechanical; it's 60 years old. It isn't even digitalized. It's designed to

  • be centralized and go in one direction. Where the power is generated, nuclear fossil fuel

  • power, then you send it to the passive consumer at the end of the line. So this old transmission

  • grid wasn't designed to handle millions of small players generating green electricity

  • on site, solar wind, et cetera, and sending it back and then controlling the peak and

  • base flows. So we are actually transforming the entire electricity grid of Europe to an

  • energy Internet. So when millions of buildings are producing just tiny amounts of green electricity,

  • storing it in hydrogen like we stored media in digital, then if you don't need some of

  • that green electricity in your home, office or factory at a given moment you can actually

  • send your green electricity across that energy Internet from the Irish Sea all the way to

  • the edge of Eastern Europe just like we create information, store it in digital, share it

  • online. That actual energy Internet is now coming on line in real-time. It's already

  • out there in places like Denmark and Germany and other places.

  • So, the energy Internet is really the Internet brought to energy and it's a perfect fit.

  • The great economic revolutions in history occur when new energy regimes emerge and new

  • communication revolutions emerged to organize them. In the 19th century as we said you had

  • to have steam power printing to come together with coal and steam power and the locomotive.

  • In the 20th century we had to have centralized electricity and the telephone to manage the

  • complexities of an oil, auto and suburban era. So here in the 21st century the distributive

  • collaborative peer-to-peer Internet communication, and that's its signature, is now converging

  • with energies that are distributed, had to be organized collaboratively and scale peer-to-peer.

  • Renewable energies are distributed, they're found everywhere but they're small amounts.

  • So you have to create critical mass by collaborating across entire continents to organize that

  • energy and then you share them in lateral economies and scale. So, this is the energy

  • Internet that's going along with the communication Internet to form the beginning of this neural

  • network. And this is already happening in real time.

Well, we're all familiar with the first Internet, the communication Internet. We've been on


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B1 中級

傑里米-裡夫金的《能源互聯網解讀》。 (The Energy Internet Explained, with Jeremy Rifkin)

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