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  • Hey there, welcome to Life Noggin

    你好,歡迎來到Life Noggin

  • My name is Blocko, your virtual tour guide, and we are about to explore the human body.

    我是Blocko, 你的虛擬導遊,我們即將探索人類的身體

  • You probably can't tell right now but we're inside the body of a giant

    你可能還沒辦法分辨,不過我們現在在一個巨人的身體裡

  • Luckily for us, we caught him while he's sleeping.

    幸運的是,我們在他睡覺時進來的

  • I'm pretty sure he was dreaming earlier, because his arms and leg muscles were temporarily paralyzed,

    我敢肯定他剛剛在作夢,因為他四肢肌肉都暫時動不了

  • and he kept mumbling something about dinosaurs.

    他一直喃喃自語說恐龍什麼的

  • So, needless to say, this is a pretty cool giant.

    所以不用多說,這是一位很酷的巨人

  • Oh no, I think he's waking up now.

    不,我想他要醒來了

  • And he's running, judging by how fast he's breathing, of course.

    他現在在跑步,當然是從他呼吸急促的狀況來判斷的

  • Let's go take a look.

    我們去看一下

  • The air this giant is breathing is flowing down his trachea, and into the tubes called the bronchioles

    這個巨人吸人的空氣正流入氣管中,然後進入所謂的細支氣管的管子

  • And if you look ahead, you can see where the alveoli are located.

    如果再往前看,你可以看到肺泡的位置

  • Surrounding these air-filled sacks are a bunch of capillaries where the red blood cell pass by.

    包覆這些氣囊的是一些紅血球會經過的毛細血管

  • The blood is capturing oxygen from the air around us while carbon dioxide is being released into the sack.

    血液正捕捉我們周遭空氣裡的氧氣,同時將二氧化碳釋放到氣囊裡

  • And we better get out of here soon because this guy is going to exhale.

    我們最好趕緊離開這裡,因為他很快就要吐氣了

  • Quick, let's jump into the capillary.

    快點,我們跳到毛細血管裡

  • Woo, welcome to the roller coaster that is your circulatory system.

    好險,歡迎搭乘循環系統雲霄飛車

  • The oxygenated blood around us is traveling through the pulmonary vein to the left side of the heart.

    我們身體裡的充氧血會透過肺靜脈傳到心臟的左邊

  • From there, it gets pumped to the rest of the body,

    再從那裡輸入至身體的其他部位

  • giving the giant's muscles the oxygen they need to turn glucose into energy

    提供巨人的肌肉所需的氧氣,好把葡萄糖轉換成能量

  • And see those little molecules?

    看到這些小分子嗎?

  • That's carbon dioxide being released into the blood

    那是二氧化碳正被釋放到血液中

  • It will eventually reach the right side of the heart

    最終會到達心臟的右邊

  • and get pumped back over to the lungs, where it'll be breathed out.

    然後灌注回肺部裡再被吐出

  • And this process just keeps going on and on and on, until, well, you stop breathing.

    這樣的過程會一直反覆地進行,直到你停止呼吸為止

  • Hmm, it seems like the giant has stopped running

    巨人好像停止跑步了

  • Let's go up a little higher and see what's going on, shall we?

    我們往上一點,看看發生什麼事了,好嗎?

  • Okay, I don't want to alarm you.

    好吧,我不想要嚇你

  • But there is a massive boulder of chewed food above us.

    但是有一球巨大咀嚼過的食物在我們的上方

  • And I think it's pizza. Definitely pizza.

    而且我覺得是比薩,一定是比薩。

  • Not the best post-workout meal, but I approve.

    不是健身後最佳的食物,但我勉強可以接受

  • As you can see, the food isn't just falling down the esophagus

    你可以看到,食物不是只是掉入食管

  • It's being shuttled down as the muscles in the walls contract

    而是管壁的肌肉來回收縮將食物往下推

  • And if we fast forward a bit we can see the food pass through a sphincter and into the stomach

    如果我們快轉一點就可以看到食物通過括約肌然後進到胃裡

  • Now isn't that amazing

    是不是很神奇

  • Okay. Now don't get too close to that juice down there.

    不要太接近下面的液體

  • It's filled with mucus, enzymes, and hydrochloric acid

    它充滿著黏液、酵素及鹽酸

  • And that stuff burns

    那是會灼傷的

  • The stomach is breaking down that pizza into a liquefied consistency called "chyme"

    胃會把比薩分解成液化的物質稱之為食糜

  • Oh no, the blood vessels around the stomach seem to be closing

    哦不,胃四周的血管好像要開始閉合了

  • This guy is feeling some serious butterflies in here

    這個人感覺非常的緊張

  • Let's go find out what he's doing

    我們去看看他在做什麼

  • Oh, it looks like he's on a date

    哦,他好像在約會

  • You're probably wondering why everything is upside down, though, right?

    你可能在納悶為什麼影像都是顛倒的,對吧?

  • Well you see, when the light is entering the eye,

    是這樣的,當光進入眼睛

  • it passes through the cornea and the lens, inverting the image when it reaches the retina of your eye

    通過角膜和晶狀體,到達眼睛的視網膜時就會使影像上下顛倒

  • It's the brain's job to make sense of this information, and flip the image back around

    大腦的工作就是要讓這個訊息合理化,並且將影像翻轉過來

  • And speaking of the brain, let's go give it a visit.

    說到大腦,我們去探訪一下吧

  • So back in the opptical lobe is where the brain perceives vision, including the site of this guy's amazing date.

    回到視葉,它是大腦接收影像的地方,包括這個人超棒的約會地點

  • And speaking of his date, if you look closely over here,

    說到他的約會,如果你仔細看這裡

  • you can see the feel good neurotransmitter dopamine being released into the synapse between neurons

    你可以看到感覺良好的神經遞質「多巴胺」,正釋放到神經元間的突觸

  • It's making me so happy just watching them.

    光是看著它們讓我感到很快樂

  • Okay let's... let's give this guy some privacy and fast foward a few more hours

    好了,我們…我們給這個人一些隱私,快轉幾個小時吧

  • And while we do so, let's check up on that pizza he ate earlier

    同時,我們去看一下他稍早吃的比薩

  • Now that it's reached the small intestine, the fun can really begin.

    它現在已經到了小腸,有趣的事才要開始

  • Enzymes from the pancreas and bile produced by the liver, help break down the carbs, fats, and proteins in the chyme.

    胰臟酵素和肝臟分泌出的膽汁,都可以幫助分解食糜裡的碳水化合物、脂肪和蛋白質

  • Any water and nutrients from the incredibly nutritious pizza is absorbed by the tiny villi and sent to the blood stream.

    在營養豐富的比薩中,任何的水和養份會被微小絨毛吸收,再傳送到血液

  • Now according to my thermometer here,

    根據我這裡的溫度計

  • the giant's body temperature is going down a tiny bit,

    巨人的體溫下降了一點點

  • which means it's about time for bed.

    也就是說睡覺時間到了

  • The body and mind need to heal for the night so we'd better get out of here

    身體和頭腦需要在晚上進行修復,所以我們最好趕快離開

  • This was really fun. Thank you for exploring the human body with me

    真的很有趣,謝謝你和我一起探索人類的身體

  • I'm Blocko, this has been Life Noggin, and don't forget to keep on thinking.

    我是Blocko,這裡是Life Noggin,不要忘記要多動動腦

Hey there, welcome to Life Noggin

你好,歡迎來到Life Noggin

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 巨人 比薩 影像 身體 血管 食物

用 360度 VR 探索人體的奧秘!(What Happens Inside Your Body? - VR 360°)

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    Ruby Lu 發佈於 2016 年 08 月 14 日
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