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This episode of DNews is proudly brought to you by Subaru.
More than six million adults in the United States take a sleeping pill at least once
a month before they go to bed at night, and that number is increasing. But do we even
know what they're doing to our brains?!
Hey there friends, Trace here for DNews. Sleeping pills, or more accurately, sleep aids - are
growing in popularity, but are they helping us? A study from the CDC called the National Health
and Nutrition Examination Survey - found sleep aid use increased in the first decade
of this century significantly, with more women than men using the sleep aids.
They come in a variety of types, but most common are "sedative hypnotics" which
means it's a pill which mimics being knocked out for a surgical procedure. Benzodiazepines
and Non-benzodiazepines are in this type, they're sometimes called Z-drugs, because
they all have Z's in them. Other than these, some people are prescribed antidepressants,
or powerful antihistamines because they make you drowsy.
Some of these aids succeed in knocking you out by depressing the central nervous system
function, others, like the antihistamine increase drowsiness. There's a newer drug class of
"Orexin receptor antagonists" which block a brain chemical which keeps you aware and
wakeful. Each of these drugs are great for knocking a human out, but being unconscious
isn't SLEEP.
Professor Matthew Walker from University of California Berkeley told Probably Science
if you want to "lose consciousness," these drugs are fine, but it's not natural sleep;
it's simulated sleep. Drugs alter the "sleep structure" or natural patterns and rhythms
of sleep. When you're sleeping, your brain is still active. It's organizing your days, making dreams
and cleaning itself. Most of the newest drugs will allow the brain into REM sleep, but they
DON'T allow the brain to go through the full natural sleep process, which means the brain
doesn't have a chance to clean up and process memories from the day before; cementing them
for future reference.
According to the National Institutes of Health, you should never take sleep aids more than
three times in a week, and make sure you address any other mental health issues like anxiety
or depression before ever taking a sleep aid. The problem is many of these pills can be habit-forming
- and accidental overdoses are possible - though at least they're usually not lethal.
A popular alternative to drugs is melatonin; a natural hormone which resets your circadian rhythm
clock. Everyone produces melatonin. They comes from the pineal gland in the middle
of the brain. When the sun drops, melatonin production ramp up for the next 12 hours - helping
you feel less aware and awake - usually starting around 9 PM. The problem with melatonin pills
is they're not regulated by the FDA - so the amount of the hormone in the pill isn't
standardized. If you take too much, your body may get used to higher levels than you naturally
produce. This isn't a drug to take willy-nilly, because it won't MAKE you sleep, it only HELPS
you to fall asleep. Scientific tests done with placebos and melatonin, by the way, found there is actually no difference between
the two.
For people who don't like pills, psychological or behavioral training can help encourage
sleep, and has the added benefit of encouraging FULL NATURAL sleep rather than sedation. The training
starts with things as simple as cutting caffeine six hours before bed, and turning off screens
three hours before, as well as using redshift software like Flux to simulate evening sun
on your computer screen. I use it, and it works well. I like it a lot.
Have you ever taken a sleeping pill? Do you find a bedtime routine helps you? I find simply SAYING
the word sleepy actually makes me more sleepy... is that weird? I guess it's kind of weird.
One place where you DON'T want to sleep is behind the wheel, so why not make your car
even MORE awesome! Check out Tekzilla's Patrick Norton who teamed up with Subaru to customize
3 high-mileage Subaru cars, so their charity-minded owners can keep doin' their thing & helping
the world. Check out his handy work on the Second Chance Subaru series at revision3.com/subaru.
Share your sleepy time routines down below. Make sure you subscribe. And thanks for watching DNews, buddy. Sweet dreams!!
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安眠藥真的能幫助睡眠?(Do Sleeping Pills Really Help You Sleep?)

33086 分類 收藏
王健安 發佈於 2016 年 9 月 27 日    emily 翻譯    Chloe Tyan 審核
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