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  • On March 22 2016, ISIS terrorists killed over two dozen people in Brussels - Belgium’s

    2016年3月,ISIS恐怖份子在比利時首都布魯塞爾殺死20多人

  • capital. These attacks come just a few days after the capture of Salah Abdeslam, one of

    恐怖攻擊發生在Salah Abdeslam被捕後幾天

  • the terrorists involved in the recent Paris attacks. Abdeslam was found in a controversial

    他是參與巴黎恐攻的兇嫌之一,Abdeslam被捕地點

  • Belgian neighborhood known for Muslim extremism. With terrorist activity both starting and

    在比利時一處以穆斯林極端份子聞名的社區內,恐怖活動的開始

  • ending in Belgium, we wanted to know, why do so many terrorists come from Belgium?

    和結束都在比利時,究竟比利時為何有如此多恐怖份子?

  • Well, over the past few years, more than 500 Belgians have reportedly left their country

    過去幾年,據報有500多名比利時人離開國家

  • to fight alongside Sunni extremist terror groups in Iraq and Syria. And while other

    前往伊拉克或敘利亞參與遜尼派極端恐怖組織作戰

  • European countries face the same issue, Belgium produces considerably more foreign fighters

    雖然歐洲各國也有相同問題,但比利時出身的人均恐怖份子人數

  • per capita than any other nation in the European Union: Roughly 46 Belgians for every million

    卻大幅超越歐盟各國,每一百萬比利時人就有46個成為恐怖份子

  • residents become foreign fighters, compared to just 18 per million for France, and even

    相較法國每百萬人只有18人,巴勒斯坦甚至只有

  • 28 per million for Palestine.

    百萬分之28人

  • And while there is no clear concrete reason why Belgium has a disproportionate share of

    雖然比利時的激進份子人數比例如此高,沒有清楚明確的原因

  • extremists, there are a few proposed explanations. One contributing factor is the neighborhood

    但還是有人提出幾個解釋,其中一個是莫倫貝克社區

  • of Molenbeek. This is a predominantly Muslim area, with a very high percentage of foreign

    此處居民大部分是穆斯林,外國居民比例極高

  • residents. This neighborhood has been implicated in at least three terror attacks since 2014.

    從2014年起,莫倫貝克就和至少3起恐攻扯上關係

  • Following the Paris attacks, the now-captured Abdeslam was able to hide with the help of

    巴黎恐攻後,現已被捕的Abdeslam就在此處居民幫助下躲藏起來

  • neighborhood residents. Police have been attacked in the neighborhood, and even stabbed by Belgian-born

    警察也曾在此遭受攻擊,甚至遭到生於比利時的激進份子刺傷

  • extremists, with little recourse by law enforcement.

    連執法單位也無法處理問題

  • Another proposed reason focuses on the actual Islamic teachings found in Belgium. Belgian

    另一個理由指向出現在比利時的伊斯蘭教教義

  • security agencies suggest that Saudi Arabia has a large hand in sponsoring their sect

    比利時安全單位指出,沙烏地阿拉伯大手筆贊助布魯塞爾的伊斯蘭教派

  • of Islam in Brussels, called Wahhabism. This ultraconservative, fundamentalist branch is

    瓦哈比教派,此教派極端保守、尊崇基本教義

  • followed by terror groups like ISIS and Al-Qaeda. The Great Mosque of Brussels, the largest

    受到ISIS和蓋達組織所信奉,布魯塞爾大清真寺是比利時境內最大清真寺

  • in the country, is sponsored by Saudi Arabia.

    也得到沙烏地阿拉伯的贊助

  • But one of the biggest factors in Islamic extremism in Europe is the two-sided isolation

    但造成歐洲伊斯蘭激進份子的最大原因是外國居民

  • encountered by foreign residents. As in France, incoming ethnic minorities often find themselves

    面臨的兩面孤立處境,例如在法國,移入的族裔弱勢團體

  • living in poorer regions, and separated from long time residents. In neighborhoods like

    時常住在窮困地區,並與當地的原本居民間有隔閡

  • Molenbeek, the unemployment rate is around 30% and even higher for the youth. And while

    在類似莫倫貝克的社區裡,失業率約30%,年輕人失業率則更高

  • right wing parties use minorities as a scapegoat for crime, violence, and cultural disruption,

    而右翼政黨指責弱勢團體犯罪、暴力、擾亂文化

  • left wing parties ignore religious intolerance. Not only does this polarize Muslim communities,

    左翼政黨又忽略宗教衝突問題,這不只將穆斯林團體推向極點

  • but it also further alienates everyday Muslims, who see little support from either side. Without

    也疏離了普通穆斯林,他們在兩方都得不到支持

  • moderate empowerment to stand up against extremism, extremism flourishes.

    在政府沒有適當壓制激進份子的狀況下,激進勢力蓬勃發展

  • On top of all that, Brussels is a central target for terrorism, as it hosts both the

    除此之外,布魯塞爾是恐怖攻擊的重點目標

  • EU and NATO headquarters. In the end, while Belgium does have a disproportionate number

    歐盟和北約總部都在這裡,結論是,比利時雖然有很多恐怖份子

  • of foreign fighters and terrorists, the problems faced by the country are not unique. Other

    其他國家卻也有相同問題

  • European countries like France and Germany struggle with many of the exact same issues.

    其他歐洲國家像法國和德國也為同樣問題頭痛

  • But Belgium may be the country suffering the most.

    只是比利時的問題可能最為嚴重

  • This isn’t the first time Wahhabism has been tied back to terrorist organizations

    這已經不是瓦哈比教派第一次和恐怖組織扯上關係

  • and it also has a huge influence in Saudi Arabia. Learn more about the strict ideology

    而該教派在沙烏地阿拉伯也有極大影響力,想看瓦哈比的嚴格教義

  • in our video at the top. To find out why so many foreign fighters have joined ISIS, check

    請看上方影片,想知道為何有如此多外國人加入ISIS

  • out our video at the bottom. Thanks for tuning in to TestTube News! Make sure to subscribe

    請看下方影片,感謝收看TestTube News,別忘了訂閱

  • so you can watch new videos every day.

    不錯過每日最新影片

On March 22 2016, ISIS terrorists killed over two dozen people in Brussels - Belgium’s

2016年3月,ISIS恐怖份子在比利時首都布魯塞爾殺死20多人

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 比利時 恐怖份子 教派 布魯塞爾 激進 居民

比利時是恐怖份子大本營嗎? (Is Belgium A Terrorist Hotspot?)

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    劉宜佳 發佈於 2016 年 05 月 30 日
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