中級 美國腔 17863 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
On first glance, this painting might not seem terribly special,
but it's actually one of the most analyzed paintings in the history of art.
It's called "Las Meninas," or "The Maids of Honor,"
painted by Diego Velázquez in 1656,
and it depicts a scene in the life of the Spanish Royal Court.
A well-dressed child princess refuses a glass of water from a handmaid,
while a dwarf teases a dog.
A second dwarf stands next to them,
while the artist himself pauses at his canvas.
Two more people whisper in the background,
while a third appears to be exiting the room,
and why wouldn't he when there seems to be so little going on?
Even the dog looks bored.
But look more closely.
The two people reflected in the blurry mirror at the back,
easily missed at first glance,
are none other than King Philip IV and Queen Mariana,
seemingly changing the scene from a simple depiction of court life
to that of a royal portrait.
And with this piece of information,
we can begin to understand far more about the painting
and why it has captivated viewers for centuries.
First, there's the historical context.
When "Las Meninas" was painted at the end of Philip's reign,
the Spanish Empire was in a period of decline,
having suffered defeat in The Thirty Years War,
as well as economic and political difficulties.
The King himself had also suffered misfortune,
losing both his first wife and his only heir to the throne before remarrying.
But the painting obscures their struggle to provide food for their household.
Even the monarch's advanced age is concealed through the blurring of the mirror.
What we do see in the geometric center of the canvas,
brightly illuminated by the light from the window,
is the Infanta Margarita Teresa,
the King's only living legitimate child at the time.
Her glowing and healthy appearance
is an idealized view of the struggling empire's future.
However, the Infanta is not the only center of the painting.
Through the clever use of perspective,
as well as painting the work life-sized, on a 10.5 x 9 foot canvas,
Velázquez blurs the boundary between art and reality,
creating the sense of a three-dimensional picture that we can walk into.
The line between the ceiling and the wall converges to the open door,
further creating the perception
of the painting as a physical space seen from the viewer's perspective.
In this sense, the audience and the real world are the focus,
underlined by the three figures looking straight at the viewer.
But there is still another focal point.
The line formed by the light fixtures leads to the center of the back wall
to the mirror reflecting the royal couple.
And its positioning relative to the viewer
has led to radically different interpretations of the entire work.
The mirror could be reflecting the King and Queen posing for their portrait,
or is it reflecting the canvas?
And what do we make of the fact that Velázquez never painted the royal portrait implied here?
Could the painting actually be depicting its own creation instead?
With the incorporation of the mirror into his work,
Velázquez elevated the art of painting from its perception as a simple craft
to an intellectual endeavor.
With its three competing center points,
"Las Meninas" captures the contrast between the ideal,
the real,
and the reflected worlds,
maintaining an unresolved tension between them
to tell a more complex story than any mirror can provide.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

載入中…

【TED-Ed】《宮女》這幅畫有什麼神奇魅力? (Why is this painting so captivating? - James Earle and Christina Bozsik)

17863 分類 收藏
YSI 發佈於 2016 年 3 月 31 日    YSI 翻譯    Kristi Yang 審核
看更多推薦影片

影片討論

載入中…
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔