Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.

    Neil: 哈囉!歡迎來到6分鐘英語。我是Neil。

  • Alice: and I'm Alice. Now Neil, how do you get to work?

    Alice: 我是Alice。現在Neil,你都怎麼來上班呢?

  • Neil: I cycle.

    Neil: 我騎腳踏車。

  • Alice: I didn't know that! Somehow I hadn't imagined you as a cyclist.

    Alice: 我都不知道這件事耶!不知怎地,我從未想像過你是個腳踏車騎士

  • And where's all your bike gear?


  • Neil: Well, I sneak in the mornings, have a shower, and get changed.

    Neil: 嗯…我在早晨偷偷起床,沖個澡,再換裝。

  • That's my bike in the corner over there.


  • Alice: Oh, you've got a foldaway bike

    Alice: 喔!你有一部摺疊腳踏車

  • which means it folds up so it's easy to carry or put away.


  • Do you wear lycra, Neil?


  • Neil: Yes, I do... it's very comfortable. I wear lycra as often as I can.

    Neil: 有,這非常舒服。我盡可能常穿萊卡纖維。

  • Lycra by the way is a stretchy fabric used in tight-fitting sports clothes.


  • Alice: Well, I'll have to see if I can catch you on your way into the building

    Alice: 恩,我一定要來看看你進公司的樣子

  • I'm intrigued about this sporty Neil I didn't know about!


  • Neil: 'Intrigued' means to be very interested in something. Well, Alice, I'm flattered.

    Neil: Intrigued意思是非常感興趣。恩,Alice我感到受寵若驚。

  • And today's show is about commutingor travelling between your home and your work.


  • So how did you commute this morning, Alice?


  • Alice: I got the Tubethat's the subway system here in London, also known as the underground

    Alice: 我用Tube,那是倫敦這裡的地鐵系統也就是地下鐵,

  • and it was a nightmare.


  • We stopped in a tunnel for so long that people started talking to each other.


  • Neil: And for those of you who aren't Londoners, that's unusual!

    Neil: 對於那些不是倫敦人的你們,這是不尋常的。

  • Do you ever talk to people on the train?


  • Alice: No. People think you're crazy if you talk to strangers.


  • Neil: Well, maybe now's a good time to talk about today's quiz question, Alice.

    Neil: 恩,或許現在是說今日小測驗的時間了,Alice。

  • What question do you have for me?


  • Alice: Alright then. I know you like my questions, Neil. So here we go:

    Alice: 好的。我知道你喜歡我的問題,Neil。所以,我們開始吧!

  • What did the word 'commuter' originally describe? Was it someone who


  • a) travelled with other people?

    a) 和別人旅行

  • b) paid a reduced fare to travel?

    b) 旅行付了優惠的費用

  • Or c) travelled by train to work?

    或者 c) 搭火車去上班

  • Neil: Oh, that's easy. I'm going to go for c) travelled by train to work.

    Neil: 喔!那很簡單我選 c) 搭火車去上班

  • Alice: Well, we'll find out later whether you're right or not.

    Alice: 恩,我們等等會知道你是否答對了。

  • Now let's listen to a commuter in Nairobi who takes a matatu to get to work.


  • These are minibuses used as shared taxis in East Africa.


  • Can you spot a word that means being quick to notice things going on around you?


  • Nairobi, Kenya: When I'm stuck in the matatu

    在肯亞的Nairobi: 當我卡在matatu的時候

  • there is a lot of strange things happen around you,


  • so you have to be alert in Nairobi.


  • When you open... when you leave your window open somebody can run away with your belongings.


  • You may be speaking... using the phone... somebody just snatch your phone...


  • you may expect the unexpected!


  • Neil: The word used by this commuter in Kenya is alert.

    Neil: 這位在肯亞的通勤者用的字是,警覺的。

  • And in these noisy, crowded buses you need to be alert in case someone runs away with


  • your belongingsbelongings are the things that you own.


  • Alice: Right. Somebody might snatch your phonesnatch means to take something quickly.

    Alice: 沒錯。有人會搶走你的手機-snatch(搶奪)就是很快地取走東西

  • Neil: Public transport in Nairobi sounds stressful!

    Neil: 在Nairobi的公共運輸聽起來壓力好大!

  • If I was taking the bus I'd want to have a napor short sleep.

    如果我搭公車,我會想have a nap,或者短暫的睡一下

  • Alice: Yes. Well, people have done research on commuting and stress levels

    Alice: 對。恩,有人做了通勤與壓力感受等級上的研究,

  • and interestingly women are more likely to experience stress during their journey than men.


  • Neil: Why's that?

    Neil: 為什麼會那樣?

  • Alice: Well, they're more likely to do something which is being called 'trip chaining'

    Alice: 恩,她們更可能做些叫旅程鏈的事情

  • where they make one or more stops on the way to work or going home


  • for example to drop off or pick up the kids from school


  • and this makes it more likely that something will go wrong with their journey.


  • Neil: Even if you aren't trip chaining it's no fun being stuck in a traffic jam

    Neil: 即使你不在旅程鏈中,但是卡在壅塞的交通中也不是件有趣的事情

  • that's a large number of vehicles close together moving slowly


  • or being packed into a crowded train like sardines.


  • Let's face ittravelling by car or by public transport can be really miserable!


  • Alice: Yes. Packed in like sardines describes people standing so close together that they

    Alice: 對阿!像沙丁魚一樣被塞著,是形容人們站得很近,使得他們

  • can't movelike fish in a can!


  • So let's hear how longer commutes can affect your health from US researcher Christine Hoehner.

    所以我們一起來聽美國研究者Christine Hoehner說通勤多久會影響你的健康吧!

  • Christine Hoehner: My study found that adults who commuted longer distances from home to work

    Christine Hoehner: 我的研究發現從家裡到工作地通勤距離較長的成人

  • were less physically active, less physically fit, weighed more and had higher blood pressure


  • than those people who had shorter commutes.


  • Neil: The American researcher must be talking about commuters who aren't engaged in active travel, mustn't she?

    Neil: 美國的研究者一定是在說那些不從事動態旅行的通勤者,不是嗎?

  • Because if you cycle a longer distance then you're being more physically active.


  • Alice: I think you're right, for once, Neil!

    Alice: 就這麼一次,我認為你是對的,Neil!

  • Neil: Yeah.

    Neil: 耶!

  • Alice: And I'd better start going to the gym more. I don't like the sound of high blood pressure.

    Alice: 那我最好開始更頻繁地去健身房了!我不喜歡高血壓的聲音。

  • Neil: Why don't you hop on your bike, Alice? Then we can both wear lycra to work.

    Neil: 何不跳上你的腳踏車呢?Alice?那我們就可以一起穿萊卡纖維去上班。

  • Alice: That's a fantastic idea, Neil! Moving on!

    Alice: 那真是個好主意,Neil! 還是繼續吧!

  • Here's the answer to today's quiz question.


  • I asked: What did the word 'commuter' originally describe? Was it someone who


  • a) travelled with other people? b) paid a reduced fare to travel? Or c) travelled by train to work?

    a) 和別人旅行 b) 旅行付了優惠的費用 或 c) 搭火車去上班

  • Neil: And I said c) travelled by train to work. It must be right.

    Neil: 而我說 c) 搭火車去上班。這一定是對的。

  • Alice: And you were wrong I'm afraid, Neil! It's b) someone who paid a reduced fare to travel.

    Alice: 恐怕你錯了,答案是 b) 旅行付了優惠的費用

  • The Oxford Dictionary says the word 'commute' comes from from Latin commutare,


  • from com- 'altogether' + mutare 'to change'.


  • The word was used in the US in the 1840s, when people paid a reduced or commuted fare


  • to travel by rail from the suburbs into the city.


  • Neil: OK. Can you tell us the words we heard today again, Alice?

    Neil: 好吧!你可以再告訴我們,我們今天聽到的字嗎?Alice?

  • Alice: Of course I can. Here they are:

    Alice: 當然可以。它們是:

  • foldaway bike


  • lycra


  • intrigued


  • commuting


  • the Tube


  • alert


  • belongings


  • snatch


  • nap


  • traffic jam


  • packed in like sardines


  • commuted


  • Neil: Well, that's the end of today's journey with 6 Minute English.

    Neil: 恩,那我們就結束今天6分鐘英語的旅程吧!

  • Please do join us again soon.


  • Both: Bye.


Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.

Neil: 哈囉!歡迎來到6分鐘英語。我是Neil。


單字即點即查 點擊單字可以查詢單字解釋