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  • they were designed to be the best

    她們被設計成最好的戰艦

  • they made enemies face to face

    她們讓敵人直接面對死亡

  • endured tragedies and enjoyed victories

    忍受悲劇和享受勝利

  • they went down in history due to the bravery of their crews

    她們因為船員的英勇行為而被載入史書

  • and deserve to be called

    她們值得被稱為

  • naval legends

    「海上傳奇」

  • in this episode

    這一集

  • Kidd, a pirate's tour of duty

    跟著海盜 Kidd 來一趟巡禮

  • my name is Tim Nessma, I'm the ship's superintendent for the USS Kidd

    我是 Tim Nessma Kidd 號的管理員

  • DD 661 the kid is a Fletcher class destroyer to serve in World War two from 1943 to 1946

    DD-661 Kidd 號是 Fletcher 級驅逐艦

  • she served again during the Korean War starting in 1951

    從 1943 年到 1946 年在第二次世界大戰時服役

  • and ended her service and 1964 during the Cold War

    自 1951 年起因韓戰爆發而再度編入現役

  • the ship derive surname from rear admiral

    在 1964 年冷戰期間退役

  • Isaac C. kid who died on the bridge of the USS Arizona flagship during the attack on Pearl Harbor

    她的名字源自於一名海軍少將

  • the Arizona sank after magazines were directly hit by a bomb from the air

    在珍珠港事件中在旗艦 Arizona 號艦橋上陣亡的 Isaac C. kidd 少將

  • pass to his leave, Kidd was awarded with the Medal of Honor

    Arizona 號在從被空中投擲的炸彈擊中彈藥庫後迅速沉沒

  • the highest US military honor

    Kidd 少將身後追綬榮譽勳章

  • after the vessel was built, the crew decided to choose a lucky talisman and decided upon the namesake Pirate Captain William Kidd

    美國最高的軍事榮銜

  • An English sailor who lived in the 17th century who is widely known in folklore

    服役之後 船員決定選擇跟船艦同名的英國海盜船長 William Kidd 作為幸運艦徽

  • he is even considered to be one other direct inspirations for captain Flint

    一位民間熟知的17世紀民俗人物

  • from the novel Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson

    他甚至被認為是 Robert Louis Stevenson 所著的小說「金銀島」中

  • Mrs. Kidd thought that was a great idea and got permission for them

    Flint 船長的靈感來源之一

  • to fly our flag and also to paint a pirate upon the Fort smokestack

    Kidd 夫人也認為是個好點子 也允許船員們這麼做

  • Admiral Kidd nickname as it turns out part of the reason

    在船上升起海盜旗和在前煙囪畫上海盜圖案

  • that this actually worked in the Navy gave permission

    Kidd 少將的暱稱在一部分上

  • was cap after Captain Kidd the pirate

    也讓海軍接受這樣的做法

  • initially they ship served in the Atlantic protecting convoys

    Kidd 少將被暱稱為「海盜 Kidd」

  • then she was included in the 48th destroyer squadron and transferred to the Pacific

    最初她在大西洋戰區服役 負責保護船團

  • consequently she participated in the battles of Bougainville

    之後他加入第 48 驅逐艦隊並移防至太平洋戰區

  • Rabaul, Philippines, Tenyan, Guam and Okinawa

    因此參與 Bougainville

  • Width: 12 meters

    Rabaul 、菲律賓、天延島、關島和沖繩等戰役

  • Length: 150 meters

    全寬:12 公尺

  • gross displacement: up to 3,000 tons

    全長:150 公尺

  • Draft: 4 meters

    最大排水量:3,000 噸

  • Armament: major caliber: 5 turrets with 127 millimeter MK.12 versatile cannons

    吃水:4 公尺

  • low caliber AA guns: 5 chained Bofors auto cannons 40 millimeter

    武裝:主炮 - 5 座 127mm MK.12 高平兩用炮

  • and seven 20 millimeter Oerlikon

    對空次口徑武裝: 5 座 40mm 雙聯裝 Bofors 快炮

  • torpedo tube: a couple of 5 tube launchers

    7 座 20mm Oerlikon 對空機炮

  • anti-submarine weapons: K-Gun howitzers with 28d bombs

    魚雷:2 座五聯裝魚雷發射器

  • hull armor: up to 90 millimeters

    反潛武器:可發射 28 枚深水炸彈反潛迫擊砲

  • Proportion: 60,000 SHP

    船身裝甲:最厚 90 公厘

  • with speed up to 38 knots and range of 6,500 NMI

    功率:60,000 匹馬力

  • people of certain age could be poured into military service

    極速:38 節 續航力: 6,500 海浬

  • came from all walks of life they might have ended the Navy without any

    特定年齡層的人們都可能被徵招入伍

  • particular skill

    各行各業的人們剛加入海軍時可能沒有

  • they were trained in boot camp

    特殊技能

  • or they once got on board ship

    他們投入新兵訓練營

  • there was a phrase called striking to rate the 330 people coming from all walks of life

    或到了船上後

  • a lot of people different religions different ethnicities

    對 330 人來自各行各業的人進行所謂的「震撼教育」

  • that had different cultural backgrounds to the mix

    很多來自不同地區不同種族

  • in a small little ship

    不同文化背景的人們

  • it’s an interesting time for a lot of

    要在這艘小船上融為一體

  • a major part of world war two she spent in hot moist climates

    這是一段相當有趣的時光

  • the crew had a really hard time facing temperatures up to 35 to 40 degrees Celsius

    在第二次世界大戰的多數時間她待在炎熱潮濕氣候的地區

  • and even hotter inside the hull

    水兵要面對艱困的攝氏 35 到 40 度氣溫

  • at the beginning of World War two five weeks after pearl harbor

    在船內甚至更熱

  • and 17 years old i join the Navy

    在第二次世界大戰爆發 珍珠港事件五週以後

  • I went through training center in San Diego

    在 17 歲那一年我加入海軍

  • and welded up in Pearl Harbor Hawaii

    在 San Diego 的新兵訓練營

  • on savage crew savage the sunken ship that was sunk during attack on December 7th 1941

    完成新訓後被派往珍珠港

  • I work for sixty days without stopping

    為了清除 1941 年 12 月 7 日日本空襲造成的船艦殘骸和水兵屍體

  • 10 to 12 hours a day cleaning up removing ammunition

    我連續工作 60 天

  • standing by while they picked up bodies and never did that

    每天工作 10 到 12 小時清理並移除彈藥

  • us young boys school with the bodies thankfully

    並在他們清出水兵屍體時待命協助搬動屍體

  • destroyers those days really lacked internal space

    還好我們從未遇到

  • the placement of living space was predominantly ruled by ships design and convenience was secondary

    那個年代的驅逐艦內部空間狹小

  • enlisting crew slept on top in the magazine that they took it

    起居空間明顯地被船艦設計所限制 舒適性居次

  • there and there's an explosion

    水兵們就睡在彈藥庫上方

  • unfortunately you would lose those crew members

    如果彈藥庫不幸被擊中

  • and for that reason

    那區的水兵就會全數陣亡

  • the crew did not sleep

    因為這個原因

  • segregated according to their division all the engineers wouldn't be in one spot

    船員不會睡在一起

  • all the Gunners would be in another spot

    相同部門的像是輪機兵不會睡在同一區域

  • you would have them scattered throughout the ship so that if he did take a hit like that

    炮手不會睡在同一區域

  • you wouldn't lose a large percentage one area

    因此水兵們的起居空間分散在船上各處 如果不幸被擊中

  • the US fleet has always longed to maximize survivability events vessels

    就不會損失大量特定部門的水兵

  • all expedient equipment was designed in order to help the crew to repair any damage possible

    美軍船艦設計時一直追求存活力最大化

  • for instance the cruise hammocks were made water and fireproof

    所有應急設備的目的都是為了協助水兵修復任何可能的戰損

  • these could easily be used to plug modest sized holes in the ship and stamp out a fire

    舉例來說 水兵的吊床使用防水防火材質

  • we are in radio central here bored the Kidd

    這樣就可以輕易用來堵住小型漏洞 並悶滅火災

  • during the kamikaze attack in 1945

    我們現在在 Kidd 號的無線電通訊室

  • this area was hit pretty hard by the bomb blast that shredded the entire portside

    在 1945 年的神風特攻隊攻擊下

  • a lot of the wounded from that attack came from this area

    這區在攻擊時被炸彈命中 左舷部分整個被夷平

  • the situation in the pacific became quite heated by the end of the 1930

    那次攻擊的傷亡主要來自於這一區

  • Japan had invaded China and was preparing to advance towards the US

    1930 年代太平洋的局勢逐漸升溫

  • moreover the Japanese fleet grew very rapidly

    日本入侵中國並準備攻擊美國

  • the thread didn't remain unnoticed from over the ocean

    更甚者 日本艦隊的規模迅速成長

  • the US military machine developed classes have ships

    太平洋對岸也感受到這股威脅

  • one after another gradually improving their characteristics

    美軍設計各級船艦

  • all the ships in the Navy the battle wagons get all the attention and

    一級一級地逐步改善性能

  • the aircraft carriers all the glory but arguably the backbone in the fleet has always been destroyers

    在海軍船艦中戰艦吸引了所有注意力

  • small fast maneuverable ships with dual purpose armament

    航空母艦獲得所有榮耀 但實際上艦隊的骨幹一直是驅逐艦

  • which can often pack at punch quite above their weight

    短小、迅速、機動力強 配有兩用兵裝

  • when the most numerous classes was the Fletcher class destroyer 175 were built

    常常能製造比自身龐大的輸出

  • and we r on one right now USS Kidd

    其中數量最龐大的是 Fletcher 級驅除艦 一共建造了 175 艘

  • which is pretty much 1945 configuration is it wasn't the end the war

    我們現在就在其中本級其中一艘 Kidd 號上

  • work on Fletcher class ships was initiated in 1939

    現在的裝備大多與 1945 年戰爭結束時相同

  • right before world war two broke up

    Fletcher 級的設計工作在 1939 年開始

  • they turned out to be larger than their predecessors

    正好在第二次世界大戰爆發前

  • allowing for an increase in their battle potential

    最終比她的前身還要龐大

  • a number of additional measures were introduced to so as to increase sustainability

    預留足夠的潛能來提高戰力

  • the decks armor was up to 90 millimeters thick

    同時引進一些額外措施來增強生存性

  • the engine and boiler rooms were placed far away from each other

    甲板裝甲最厚有 90 公厘

  • such an arrangement lowered the chances are the ship's immobilization

    輪機和鍋爐室分開配置

  • even if heavily damaged

    這樣的設計可以降低船艦癱瘓的機率

  • Fletchers turned out to be outstandingly robust withstanding multiple successful

    就算受到嚴重損害

  • a fact that really lifted the spirits of the crews onboard

    Fletcher 級極其兼顧,能成功抵抗多重攻擊

  • major caliber canons were designed to engage both aerial and ground targets

    這能大幅提升艦上水兵的士氣

  • the shells were clipped with remote fuses that significantly increased the power of the ship's artillery fire

    主炮被設計為可以同時攻擊平面和空中目標

  • with a good selection of weaponry from dual-purpose 5 inchess guns and anti-ship torpedoes 90 submarines depth charges

    炮彈使用近發引信 可以有效提升火力

  • At least I had a fair chance of being a danger to pretty much anything that a matter on the high seas

    優異的武器配置 從高平兩用 5 吋炮到魚雷、反潛深水炸彈

  • despite the high battle potential

    幾乎能對海上任何目標造成威脅

  • Fletchers were never designed for solo operations

    儘管擁有極高的戰鬥力

  • as a rule, they were used in squadrons similar to any other destroyers

    Fletcher 級設計上從未要求單獨作戰

  • destroyers will be in divisions have three in four squadrons rate of 9

    通常她們會和其他驅逐艦一樣編成驅逐艦隊使用

  • the usual task were escort duty

    分艦隊通常會由三到四個驅逐艦隊組成,總共九艘

  • anti-submarine warfare pickets ships reconnaissance screening and pretty much anything that as ship could do it or could be asked to do

    她們通常會被賦予

  • based on their powerful armament unique survivability sophisticated fire control systems

    護衛船團、反潛、哨戒艦、偵查、施放煙幕和任何她能完成的任務

  • long operational range and decency keeping

    因為她強大的火力、獨特的生存性、精密的火控系統

  • Fletchers are rightfully considered one of the best ships at this time

    廣大的行動範圍和優異的耐海性

  • of course along with many other classes of ships they also had their fair share of casualties during the war

    Fletcher 級被認為當時最優秀的船艦之一

  • there were 25 Fletcher class destroyers that were sunk during world war 2

    當然和其他級船艦一樣 她們在戰爭中也承受了一定的傷亡

  • Japanese kamikaze tactics became their major headache

    在第二次世界大戰中有 25 艘 Fletcher 級驅逐艦戰沉

  • the ships were quite an easy target patrolling far away from major forces

    日本神風攻擊戰術成為她們主要的問題

  • and it was April 1945 that our Pacific piratefirst encountered kamikaze pilots

    和主力艦隊分開巡邏的驅逐艦是簡單的目標

  • Kidd was patrolling in a group of four destroyers

    1945 年 4 月她首次遭遇神風攻擊

  • a couple aircraft were spotted in the sky

    Kidd 號和其他三艘驅逐艦執行巡邏任務時

  • seemingly having a dog fight with one another

    在天空發現兩架敵機的蹤影

  • perplexed to have detected an allied plane

    看起來在相互纏鬥

  • the ship's ceased fire and kept observing

    誤以為目標是己方戰機的驅逐艦

  • Only when the couple started to descend accrues realize

    停止開火並持續觀察

  • The realize it was a trap set by Kamikaze

    當這兩架戰機開始下降時 水兵們才意識到

  • 1 of the plane was shut down but the other one hit the USS kids Deck

    這是神風特攻隊設下的陷阱

  • almost a third of the crew was incapacitated

    其中一架被擊落 但另一架撞上 Kidd 號的甲板

  • 38 killed 45 wounded

    將近 1/3 的水兵非死即傷

  • the chief mechanic was boiled alive in the ship's boiler rooms

    38 名陣亡  45 名受傷

  • the ship's doctor was cut by a bomb fragment and lost his eyes

    輪機長在鍋爐艙內被活活燒死

  • making him unable to fulfill his duty

    艦上醫官炸彈碎片擊中雙眼失去視力

  • he was carrying a camera that he used to shoot the battle

    無法繼續救治傷患

  • after the explosion its film was mostly burnt

    他身上戴著一具相機記錄戰鬥場景

  • except for the pregnant displaying the kamikaze plane directly before the impact

    在爆炸後他多數的底片都被焚毀

  • the young boy and all the young boys who put in the most dangerous

    除了這張顯示自殺飛機撞擊前一刻的底片碎片

  • dirtiest jobs

    所有年輕人負責最危險

  • on my shield I was in the proud a magazine

    最骯髒的工作

  • I had no idea was gonna be here I don't know what happened

    我當時在彈藥庫搬運彈藥

  • well all I know is a bang the lights went out

    我不知道接下來會發生什麼事也不知道發生了什麼事

  • I went out I woke up

    我知道的只是一聲巨大的「砰」 燈光暗下來

  • could say anything cuz it was so dark

    我出去後醒來

  • despite all these casualties the Kidd managed to move away for repairs under her own steam

    看不到任何東西 周遭一片黑暗

  • this surely outlines the outstanding construction of Fletchers

    儘管傷亡慘重  Kidd 號仍依靠自己的動力離開戰場接受維修

  • and to the high skill the crews aboard

    這彰顯了 Fletcher 級的不凡設計

  • however this was the end of world war two for the USS Kidd

    和艦上水兵的高超技術

  • later she would participate in the Korean War supporting ground force with her cannon

    但對 Kidd 號來說 第二次世界大戰結束了

  • during her service years the USS Kidd was awarded with 12 battle stars

    之後她參加韓戰 以艦上火力掩護陸上部隊

  • 8 during world war 2 and the rest in the Korean events

    服役生涯中 Kidd 號一共獲得 12 枚戰鬥之星勳章

  • the ship also participated in numerous landing operations across the Pacific Ocean island's

    其中 8 枚在二戰中取得 其餘則是在韓戰取得

  • repel aerial attacks of the Japanese and even scored a film role in"run silent run deep"

    她也參與太平洋地區無數次的登陸行動

  • a movie dedicated to US submarines

    擊退日本空襲 甚至參與電影「太平洋喋血記」

  • in 1964 after 20 years of service the destroyer now inferior in certain parameters was finally decommissioned

    描述美軍潛水艇的電影

  • nevertheless a lucky fate save the pirate ship from the doc cutters

    1964 年 再服役20年後 這艘性能已經落伍的驅逐艦終於退役

  • as it was decided to leave her among three Fletchers said to be renovated

    但運氣將她從拆解場中拯救回來

  • and turned into floating museums

    當時決定修復 3 艘 Fletcher 級

  • she's been brought here to Baton Rouge

    並做為海上博物館

  • as a memorial for the States' veterans

    她被帶到 Baton Rouge

  • destroyer Navy veterans all around the country

    來紀念本州

  • and as rated one of the most accurate historical ships

    驅逐艦和全國海軍榮民

  • in the historically which spent about five come

    她被認為是所有紀念艦中

  • the name USS Kidd now belongs to the new Arleigh-Burkeclass a ship

    歷史考證最為精確的一艘

  • the sole pirate it may now sleep well for flaggers and reliable hands

    Kidd 這個名字現在屬於全新 Arleigh Burke 級驅逐艦

they were designed to be the best

她們被設計成最好的戰艦

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海軍傳奇-紀德號驅逐艦 (Naval Legends - USS Kidd)

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    噹噹 發佈於 2016 年 02 月 05 日
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