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  • There are many stories that can be told about World War II, from the tragic to the inspiring.


  • But perhaps one of the most heartrending experiences was that of the Akune family,


  • divided by the war against each other and against their own identities.


  • Ichiro Akune and his wife Yukiye immigrated to America from Japan in 1918 in search of opportunity,

    阿久根一郎和他的妻子雪屋在 1918 年,由日本移民到美國,為了追求更好機遇。

  • opening a small grocery store in central California and raising nine children.

    他們在加州中部開了一家小雜貨店,並養育了 9 個子女 。

  • But when Mrs. Akune died in 1933, the children were sent to live with relatives in Japan, their father following soon after.

    然而在 1933 年,阿久根太太去世了,他們的孩子被送回日本與親戚同住,而父親則隨後回國。

  • Though the move was a difficult adjustment after having been born and raised in America,


  • the oldest son, Harry, formed a close bond with his grand uncle, who taught him the Japanese language, culture and values.


  • Nevertheless, as soon as Harry and his brother Ken were old enough to work,


  • they returned to the country they considered home, settling near Los Angeles.


  • But then, December 7, 1941, the attack on Pearl Harbor.

    可是,1941 年 12 月 7 日發生了珍珠港事件。

  • Now at war with Japan, the United States government did not trust the loyalty of those citizens who had family or ancestral ties to the enemy country.


  • In 1942, about 120,000 Japanese Americans living on the West Coast were stripped of their civil rights and forcibly relocated to internment camps,

    於 1942 年,約 12 萬住在西岸的日裔美國人被褫奪公民權,並被逼遷至拘留營,

  • even though most of them, like Harry and Ken, were Nisei American or dual citizens who had been born in the US to Japanese immigrant parents.

    儘管他們大多數都像哈利和阿肯一樣生於美國,是第二代日裔美國人,或者持有雙重國籍的居民 有著日本移民的父母。

  • The brothers not only had very limited contact with their family in Japan, but found themselves confined to a camp in a remote part of Colorado.

    兄弟倆不僅只能非常有限地和日本的親戚聯絡,還被監禁在科羅拉多州 一個遙遠的營地裏。

  • But their story took another twist when recruiters from the US Army's military intelligence service arrived at the camp looking for Japanese-speaking volunteers.


  • Despite their treatment by the government, Harry and Ken jumped at the chance to leave the camp and prove their loyalty as American citizens.


  • Having been schooled in Japan, they soon began their service, translating captured documents, interrogating Japanese soldiers,


  • and producing Japanese language propaganda aimed at persuading enemy forces to surrender.


  • The brothers' work was invaluable to the war effort, providing vital strategic information about the size and location of Japanese forces.


  • But they still faced discrimination and mistrust from their fellow soldiers.


  • Harry recalled an instance where his combat gear was mysteriously misplaced just prior to parachuting into enemy territory,


  • with the white officer reluctant to give him a weapon.


  • Nevertheless, both brothers continued to serve loyally through the end of the war.


  • But Harry and Ken were not the only Akune brothers fighting in the Pacific.


  • Unbeknownst to them, two younger brothers, the third and fourth of the five Akune boys were serving dutifully in the Imperial Japanese Navy,


  • Saburo in the Naval Airforce, and 15-year-old Shiro as an orientation trainer for new recruits.


  • When the war ended, Harry and Ken served in the allied occupational forces and were seen as traitors by the locals.


  • When all the Akune brothers gathered at a family reunion in Kagoshima for the first time in a decade,


  • it was revealed that the two pairs had fought on opposing sides.


  • Tempers flared and a fight almost broke out until their father stepped in.


  • The brothers managed to make peace and Saburo and Shiro joined Harry and Ken in California, and later fought for the US Army in Korea.


  • It took until 1988 for the US government to acknowledge the injustice of its internment camps and approve reparations payments to survivors.

    直至 1988 年,美國政府才承認拘留營的不公平行為,然後對倖存者予以賠款補償。

  • For Harry, though, his greatest regret was not having the courage to thank his Japanese grand uncle who had taught him so much.


  • The story of the Akune brothers is many things:


  • a family divided by circumstance, the unjust treatment of Japanese Americans, and the personal struggle of reconciling two national identities.


  • But it also reveals a larger story about American history:

    然而這故事顯示出 一部分美國歷史的更大層面:

  • the oppression faced by immigrant groups and their perseverance in overcoming it.


There are many stories that can be told about World War II, from the tragic to the inspiring.


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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 TED-Ed 哈利 兄弟 日本 美國 故事

【TED-Ed】戰爭中敵對的阿久根兄弟 (【TED-Ed】The Akune brothers: Siblings on opposite sides of war - Wendell Oshiro)

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    Ann 發佈於 2021 年 06 月 18 日