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  • In this short video, we're going to show you how we constructed and animated a pop-up book to explain Earth's tectonic plates.

    在這個簡短的影片中, 我們將告訴你我們是如何製作以及利用活潑的立體書來解釋地球的板塊構造。

  • The supercontinent Pangaea broke apart 200,000,000 years ago, but the pieces haven't stopped shifting.

    盤古大陸在兩億年前分裂開,但它們並沒有停止移動。

  • Although with animation we can show this movement easily with drawings,

    雖然利用動畫可使板塊運動較容易理解,

  • we thought it'd be more interesting to depict gigantic sliding slabs of rock using a tangible object that also moves and shifts, and the pop-up book idea was born.

    我們認為利用真實物體的變化與移動展示巨大板塊的滑動會更加有趣,於是有了利用立體書的點子。

  • To make your own pop-up book, you'll need some basic paper tools,

    要動手做屬於你的立體書, 你會需要一些基本的工具,

  • such as scissors, an X-Acto knife, glue, double-sided Scotch tape, a ruler, a bone folder or other creasing tool, and, of course, some paper.

    像是剪刀、雕刻刀、膠水、雙面膠及尺摺紙棒,或是其他可以拿來折壓的工具, 當然還有...紙。

  • For this lesson, we first determined the visual style by making illustrations and deciding on the overall design, colors, shapes and elements we wanted on each page, or spread.

    在這一課中,首先我們藉由每一頁面及跳出圖片的插圖、整體設計、顏色、形態及元件來確定視覺風格。

  • You can have more detailed illustrations, but we wanted to illustrate this lesson simply by playing with shapes and colors.

    你可以做出更細節的插圖,但我們僅想藉由形狀和顏色來說明這一課。

  • When you visualize your pop-up and choose a visual style, you will want to make a bunch of good old pencil sketches on paper and plan each movement for each spread.

    當你構思好你的立體書並確定視覺風格後,你需要在紙上畫出許多鉛筆草圖並且需為每一頁的展開設定動作。

  • Plan as much as you can:

    盡你所能去構思:

  • all the basic shapes and how they connect and how you want them to move, which parts you want to pop-up first.

    所有的基本圖片及它們如何連結, 及你希望它們怎麼移動你希望哪個部分最先「跳出來」。

  • Challenge yourself, and explore multiple possibilities of how your main element on the spread can pop up.

    自我挑戰並且探討各種讓主要元件彈出的方式。

  • For the next step, make a mock-up spread and see if your masterful paper engineering ideas translate from a sketch to the actual prototype.

    接下來,做出一個模擬彈出元件來看看你高超的紙雕工藝從鉛筆草圖轉變成實際的原型。

  • Instead of using fancy paper, start with the cheap stuff and allow yourself to make mistakes and adjustments.

    不要使用花俏的紙,由簡單的材料開始,允許自己犯錯誤並進行調整。

  • This prototype lets you see how your preliminary sketches will come to life.

    這個原型讓你看到先前簡單的草圖如何變成真實的物品。

  • You will want to first draw all individual parts on a single sheet, including all your main pieces, all the supporting pieces and the folds.

    你需先在紙上畫出各個部分,包括你所有的主要元件、 支撐零件及摺痕。

  • You may be surprised that there are only two types of folds that can make your elements pop up the way you want: a step fold and a V-fold.

    你可能會驚訝只要有兩種摺痕就可以讓元件依你想要的方式彈出:就是階狀摺痕及 V 形摺痕。

  • Here, you can see how we used a step fold to make each layer of the Earth step out.

    這裡,你可以看到我們摺出階狀摺痕使地球的每一層可以跳出來。

  • Then, cut all your individual elements and assemble using glue or double-sided Scotch tape.

    然後,剪下所有個別元件, 用膠水或是雙面膠把它們全部組合起來。

  • Through trial and error, make sure that all the elements, shapes, and placements are moving the way you imagined, and that they fold properly when closed and opened.

    經過反覆試驗, 確保所有的元件、形狀和展示位置都符合你所構想的樣子,並且確保它們可以正確開合。

  • Once your prototype is tested and complete, you can proceed to making the final product in color.

    一旦你的原型完成且試驗成功,你就可以著手上色。

  • Draw or paint on your main pop-up elements as you see fit.

    把彈出的元件塗上適當的顏色。

  • For this lesson, we decided to just play with simple shapes in different colors to create the world of shifting continents we imagined.

    在這一課程中,我們決定只為簡單的基本形狀配上不同的顏色,來創造出我們想像中的大陸移動。

  • When we were planning each spread, we knew we wanted some elements to move independently of the typical pop-up book using slight manipulations and animations.

    當編排書的展示步驟時, 我們知道需要讓一些元件可以像典型的立體書那樣, 利用細微的操作和動畫 來使它獨立移動。

  • We had to plan well, but also use a few tricks.

    我們必須計畫好,而且善用技巧。

  • As always, when you're making stop-motion, you may have to be creative and use all sorts of unusual tools and props to achieve the effect that you want.

    跟往常一樣,當你製作靜止圖片時,你可能要勇於創新 , 使用各種不尋常的工具和道具達到你想要的效果。

  • In this shot, the birds had to fly across and off the edge of the book, so we used Fun-Tak to move the clouds across the page.

    在這個場景中, 鳥群必須橫跨並飛進書的邊緣,所以我們使用了 Fun-Tak 黏土使雲從此頁飄到隔壁頁面。

  • Once they left the page, they had to be trimmed to get the illusion they flew off.

    一旦離開頁面,他們就必須被調整成讓他們看起來像飛走一樣。

  • When the pages of the book close at the end, we had to flip each page, supporting it in each position long enough to be photographed as an individual frame.

    當書最後闔上時,我們為每個頁面製作單獨的架子,讓我們在拍攝時可以支撐它。

  • We used binder clips, wedges, Fun-Tak, and almost every handy little thing you can think of.

    我們使用長尾夾、楔子、Fun-Tak 還有幾乎你可以想像到所有隨手可得的小東西。

  • Once all the individual frames were photographed, we put them all together and composited to make our pop-up book look like it's moving on its own.

    當所有單獨的頁都已拍攝完畢,我們把相片以電腦合成,讓我們的立體書像是自己在動一樣。

  • So now, think of a special occasion where you can surprise someone with your own unique pop-up card, or an entire story that you want to tell,

    現在,想像一個特別的時,你可以用獨特的立體卡片給某人一個驚喜,或是一個你想跟別人說的完整故事,

  • and start plotting the ins and outs of your pop-up book.

    開始去策劃及製作屬於你的立體書吧!

In this short video, we're going to show you how we constructed and animated a pop-up book to explain Earth's tectonic plates.

在這個簡短的影片中, 我們將告訴你我們是如何製作以及利用活潑的立體書來解釋地球的板塊構造。

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 TED-Ed 元件 板塊 頁面 草圖 利用

【TED-Ed】製作TED-Ed課程:讓一本立體書活起來 (【TED-Ed】Making a TED-Ed Lesson: Bringing a pop-up book to life)

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    Ann 發佈於 2021 年 06 月 15 日
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