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  • Before he turned physics upside down,

    在他顛覆物理學領域之前,

  • a young Albert Einstein supposedly showed off his genius by devising a complex riddle involving this list of clues.

    據說年輕的亞伯特.愛因斯坦將他的天份展現於設計一個有一長串線索的複雜謎題。

  • Can you resist tackling a brain teaser written by one of the smartest people in history?

    你抗拒得了解開歷史上最聰明的人其中之一所設計的謎題的誘惑嗎?

  • Let's give it a shot.

    我們來試試看吧。

  • The world's rarest fish has been stolen from the city aquarium.

    市立水族館中,世界上最稀有的魚被偷走了。

  • The police have followed the scent to a street with five identical looking houses.

    警方跟隨氣味,來到有五棟一模一樣房子的街道。

  • But they can't search all the houses at once,

    但他們不能同時搜查所有的房子,

  • and if they pick the wrong one, the thief will know they're on his trail.

    而且如果他們找錯了房子,就會打草驚蛇。

  • It's up to you, the city's best detective, to solve the case.

    一切就靠你這位市內最頂尖的警探來解決案件了。

  • When you arrive on the scene, the police tell you what they know.

    當你到達現場時, 警察向你說明目前的情況。

  • One: each house's owner is of a different nationality, drinks a different beverage, and smokes a different type of cigar.

    第一件事:每個房子的主人,各有不同的國籍, 喝不一樣的飲料, 抽不一樣品牌的雪茄。

  • Two: each house's interior walls are painted a different color.

    第二件事:每個房屋的內牆,漆著不同顏色的油漆。

  • Three: each house contains a different animal, one of which is the fish.

    第三件事:每個屋子裡,分別住著不同的動物,其中之一就是我們在找的魚。

  • After a few hours of expert sleuthing, you gather some clues.

    經過幾個小時仔細的偵查, 你收集到以下線索。

  • It may look like a lot of information, but there's a clear logical path to the solution.

    也許看起來很繁雜,但其中有一條合乎邏輯的解答途徑。

  • Solving the puzzle will be a lot like Sudoku,

    解開這個謎題,就像在解九宮格數獨一樣,

  • so you may find it helpful to organize your information in a grid, like this:

    把所有的線索用表格列出, 可能對你有幫助,就像這樣。

  • (Pause the video on the following screen to examine your clues and solve the riddle.)

    (請在下個畫面將影片暫停, 好好研究你的線索,並解開謎題。)

  • (Answer in: 3)

    (答案公佈倒數:3)

  • (Answer in: 2)

    (答案公佈倒數:2)

  • (Answer in: 1)

    (答案公佈倒數:1)

  • To start, you fill in the information from clues eight and nine.

    一開始,你填入線索 8 和 9 所提供的資訊。

  • Immediately, you also realize that since the Norwegian is at the end of the street,

    馬上就能了解,既然挪威人住在街尾的那棟房子,

  • there's only one house next to him,

    隔壁就只會有一棟房子,

  • which must be the one with the blue walls in clue fourteen.

    那一定就是線索 14 中有藍色內牆的房子。

  • Clue five says the green-walled house's owner drinks coffee.

    線索 5 提到綠色內牆的屋主喝咖啡。

  • It can't be the center house since you already know its owner drinks milk,

    因此不可能是中間的房子, 因為你知道這間屋主喝牛奶,

  • but it also can't be the second house, which you know has blue walls.

    也不可能是第二棟房子, 因為你知道它有藍色內牆,

  • And since clue four says the green-walled house must be directly to the left of the white-walled one,

    而且線索 4 提到有綠色內牆的房子就在有白色內牆房子的正左邊,

  • it can't be the first or fifth house either.

    表示它一定不是第一棟或是第五棟房子。

  • The only place left for the green-walled house with the coffee drinker is the fourth spot,

    唯一可能有綠色內牆的房子且屋主喝咖啡的,就是第四棟房子,

  • meaning the white-walled house is the fifth.

    這也表示第五棟房子有著白色內牆。

  • Clue one gives you a nationality and a color.

    線索1提供屋主的國籍和內牆的顏色。

  • Since the only column missing both these values is the center one, this must be the Brit's red-walled home.

    因為只有中間的房子同時缺少這兩個資訊,所以它必定是英國人住的有紅色內牆的房子。

  • Now that the only unassigned wall color is yellow, this must be applied to the first house, where clue seven says the Dunhill smoker lives.

    現在黃色是唯一沒有被分配到的顏色,那一定是第一棟房子的顏色, 而線索 7 提到, 黃色內牆的屋主抽 Dunhill 的煙。

  • And clue eleven tells you that the owner of the horse is next door, which can only be the second house.

    線索 11 提到,養馬的屋主就住在他隔壁,那一定是第二棟房子了。

  • The next step is to figure out what the Norwegian in the first house drinks.

    接下來要分析第一棟房子的挪威人喝甚麼飲料。

  • It can't be tea, clue three tells you that's the Dane.

    不可能是茶,因為線索 3 告訴你喝茶的是丹麥人。

  • As per clue twelve, it can't be root beer since that person smokes Bluemaster,

    也不可能是麥根沙士,因為線索 12 說喝麥根沙士的人抽 Bluemaster 的雪茄。

  • and since you already assigned milk and coffee, it must be water.

    既然你已經知道喝牛奶和咖啡的是那兩位,那就一定是喝水了。

  • From clue fifteen, you know that the Norwegian's neighbor, who can only be in the second house, smokes Blends.

    從線索 15 你知道挪威人的鄰居, 就是第二棟房子的屋主,抽的是 Blends 的雪茄。

  • Now that the only spot in the grid without a cigar and a drink is in the fifth column,

    現在表格內唯一缺少雪茄和飲料的就是第五列,

  • that must be the home of the person in clue twelve.

    那一定就是線索 12 中提到的屋主了。

  • And since this leaves only the second house without a drink, the tea-drinking Dane must live there.

    既然只剩第二間房子沒有飲料,所以喝茶的丹麥人一定就住這兒。

  • The fourth house is now the only one missing a nationality and a cigar brand,

    第四間房子是唯一沒有屋主國籍和雪茄品牌的,

  • so the Prince-smoking German from clue thirteen must live there.

    所以線索 13 中抽 Prince 牌雪茄的德國人必定住在這裡。

  • Through elimination, you can conclude that the Brit smokes Pall Mall

    通過消去法,你可以推斷出英國人抽 Pall Mall 牌雪茄,

  • and the Swede lives in the fifth house,

    而瑞典人住在第五間房子裡。

  • while clue six and clue two tell you that these two have a bird and a dog, respectively.

    根據線索 6 和線索 2,這兩個屋主分別有一隻鳥和一隻狗。

  • Clue ten tells you that the cat owner lives next to the Blend-smoking Dane, putting him in the first house.

    線索 10 告訴你養貓的人住在抽 Blend 牌雪茄的丹麥人隔壁,因此他是第一棟房子的主人。

  • Now with only one spot left on the grid,

    最後,表格中現在只剩下一個空格,

  • you know that the German in the green-walled house must be the culprit.

    你知道住在有綠色內牆的德國人一定是犯人。

  • You and the police burst into the house, catching the thief fish-handed.

    你和警察一起衝入屋內,抓住偷魚的小偷。

  • While that explanation was straightforward,

    雖然這解釋淺顯易懂,

  • solving puzzles like this often involves false starts and dead ends.

    但解決像這樣的謎題, 常有錯誤的開始或是走入死胡同。

  • Part of the trick is to use the process of elimination

    解題的部分技巧是要善用消去法,

  • and lots of trial and error to hone in on the right pieces,

    以及不斷的嘗試, 抽絲剝繭後導向正確的方向。

  • and the more logic puzzles you solve,

    解開邏輯性謎題愈多,

  • the better your intuition will be for when and where there's enough information to make your deductions.

    當有充分的資訊供作推論時,你的直覺就會越來越好。

  • And did young Einstein really write this puzzle?

    年輕的愛因斯坦真的創造了這道謎題嗎?

  • Probably not.

    大概沒有。

  • There's no evidence he did, and some of the brands mentioned are too recent.

    沒有證據證明是他寫的,而且謎題中出現了一些近代品牌。

  • But the logic here is not so different from what you'd use to solve equations with multiple variables,

    但是這裡所使用的邏輯跟解開多元方程式會用到的並非相差很多,

  • even those describing the nature of the universe.

    甚至是解釋宇宙自然現象的方法,都是一樣的。

Before he turned physics upside down,

在他顛覆物理學領域之前,

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 TED-Ed 線索 房子 屋主 謎題 解開

【TED-Ed】你可以解開「愛因斯坦的謎題」嗎? (Can you solve "Einstein’s Riddle"? - Dan Van der Vieren)

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    Ann 發佈於 2021 年 06 月 13 日
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