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  • This is all of the trash that I've produced in the past 3 years.

    這是我過去三年所製造的垃圾

  • When I say that, people think that I'm crazy, or that I'm lying,

    通常我這麼說的時候其他人覺得我瘋了,或我騙人

  • or they'll ask me questions like:

    或他們會問我:

  • "Hey. So, how do you wipe your butt?"

    「嘿,那你怎麼擦屁股?」

  • I live a zero waste lifestyle,

    我過著零垃圾的生活

  • and I have for the past 3 years.

    而且我已經這樣生活三年了

  • Now, zero waste, that's a pretty big idea. Right?

    零垃圾,聽起來是個很籠統的想法,對吧?

  • So let me define it for you.

    讓我解釋給你們聽

  • To me living zero waste means that I don't make any trash.

    對我來說,零垃圾生活就是不製造任何垃圾

  • So no sending anything to landfill, no sending anything in a garbage can,

    不送任何東西到掩埋場、不丟任何東西到垃圾桶

  • and no spitting gum on the ground, and walking away.

    不吐口香糖在地上然後走掉

  • Right? No trash.

    對吧?沒有垃圾

  • This is a big concept, and this all started

    這是很宏觀的概念,而這一切開始於

  • when I was an environmental study student at NYU.

    我在紐約大學主修環境研究的時候

  • My senior year, I was taking a course called:

    大四那年我修了一門課,叫做:

  • "The Environmental Studies Capstone course",

    「高等環境研究實務課程」

  • which is the culminating course that all environmental study students need to take

    這是所有主修環境研究的學生都必須修的課

  • in order to go out into the world, and make it a more sustainable place.

    目的是要我們在世界各地散播理念以及致力讓世界變得更永續發展

  • Well, there was a girl in this class,

    班上有個女生

  • and every class she would have this big plastic bag,

    每次上課她都會提著大塑膠袋

  • with a plastic clamshell full of food,

    裡面有裝滿食物的塑膠瓶罐

  • a plastic fork and knife, a plastic water bottle,

    塑膠刀叉、塑膠水瓶

  • and a plastic bag of chips,

    還有塑膠袋裝的洋芋片

  • and she would eat all of this,

    她會把這些全部吃掉

  • and then class after class, would just throw it in the trash.

    然後每次都直接全部丟進垃圾桶

  • This was really frustrating, because here we were

    這讓我覺得很失落,因為我們身為

  • these environmental study students trying to make the world a better place,

    環境研究的學生,我們應該要努力讓世界變得更好

  • and there she was, throwing all this stuff into the garbage.

    但是她卻這樣不斷把這些東西丟進垃圾桶

  • One day after class,

    有一天下課後

  • feeling still particularly upset about watching her throw everything away,

    看著她再次把全部塑膠製品丟到垃圾桶,我感到特別難過

  • I went home to make dinner,

    我回家準備做晚餐

  • and I opened my fridge,

    我打開冰箱

  • and noticed something that I had never seen before.

    發現我從沒注意過的事情

  • Every single thing in my fridge was in one way or another packaged in plastic,

    我冰箱裡的每一樣東西都用各種塑膠包裝著

  • and I couldn't believe it.

    我難以置信

  • You know I was getting so mad at this girl for making so much plastic trash,

    我剛剛還因為那個製造很多塑膠垃圾的女生而生氣

  • and it turns out that I was just as bad.

    但實際上我跟她做的事是一樣的。

  • I was that girl, and so I made a decision in that moment.

    我就是那個女生,所以我當下做了一個決定

  • I was going to stop using plastic.

    我不要再用塑膠了

  • Well, quitting plastic --

    恩,戒掉塑膠...

  • not so easy of a thing. Right?

    不是件容易的事,對吧?

  • When you think about your everyday life,

    你想想看自己的日常生活

  • when you wake up in the morning, go into the bathroom, and you brush your teeth.

    早上醒來後走進浴室開始刷牙

  • What is your toothbrush made out of?

    牙刷是用什麼做的?

  • Plastic.

    塑膠

  • What is your toothpaste probably packaged in?

    牙膏是用什麼裝的?

  • (Audience) Plastic.

    (觀眾說) 塑膠

  • Your face wash, your moisturizer, your contact solution.

    洗面乳、乳液、隱形眼鏡藥水

  • So many things that are in our everyday lives come packaged in plastic,

    我們的日常生活中有這麼多東西用塑膠包裝

  • and so I realized that if I was going to move away from plastic,

    所以我發現如果我想要遠離塑膠

  • the only way that I was going to be able to do that

    唯一可行的方法就是

  • was to learn how to make my products myself.

    學會自己做這些東西

  • Well, I don't know about you,

    恩,我不知道你們會不會

  • but I certainly didn't know how to make deodorant.

    但我完全不知道怎麼做除臭劑

  • I didn't have the recipe just hanging out in my back pocket,

    我口袋裡沒有現成的製作方法

  • and so I realized that I had to do some research,

    所以我發現我必須先做一些研究

  • and while I was doing research online, I came across a blog called

    我在網路找資料的時候看到一個部落格叫做

  • the "Zero Waste Home" started by a woman named Bea Johnson

    「零垃圾家庭」,是由一名叫貝雅強森的女性建立的

  • who is a wife, and mother of 2 kids, out in Mill Valley, California,

    她住在加州密爾維利,不僅是妻子,也是兩個孩子的媽

  • and the 4 of them live a completely zero waste life.

    他們一家四口過著完全零垃圾的生活

  • When I learned about Bea, and her family, my mind was completely blown.

    我進一步了解貝雅和她的家庭之後,我如夢初醒

  • I thought that I was doing the best thing for the planet

    我以為不用任何塑膠就是

  • by not using any plastic.

    對地球最好的了

  • But the idea that I didn't have to produce any trash,

    但是我不用製造任何垃圾的這個想法

  • was so empowering, and so inspiring,

    太強而有力,太令人雀躍了

  • and it made perfect sense. Right?

    這很有道理,對吧?

  • Because I was this Environmental Studies student,

    因為我是環境研究的學生

  • I cared about the environment, studied sustainability,

    我在乎環境,我研究過

  • talked about sustainability, protested for sustainability.

    與人討論過永續發展,也為此抗議過

  • But I realized, that I wasn't actually implementing any of those values

    但我到那時候才發現,我其實沒有在我日常生活中

  • into my day-to-day life, and so I made the decision to go zero waste.

    真正實現其中的任何一項理念,所以我決定開始零垃圾生活

  • Let me break it down for you, and tell you some of the things

    我會一部分一部分說明,告訴你們一些

  • that I did in order to make this transition a little easier.

    我已經做過的事情好讓想開始零垃圾生活的人生活轉變時更容易些

  • The first thing that I did was I stopped buying packaged food.

    我做的第一件事就是不再買包裝好的食物

  • So instead of going to the store, and buying things packaged

    我不再去商店買包裝好的東西

  • in paper, and glass, and plastic, I started bringing my own jars,

    不論包裝是紙、玻璃還是塑膠,我開始帶自己的罐子

  • and bags to the store to fill with bulk, or package-free items.

    還有袋子去店裡裝東西

  • I also started buying my fruit, and vegetables from the farmer's market.

    我同時也開始自己到農產品市場買水果還有蔬菜

  • So, package-free.

    這樣就免除包裝了

  • The second thing that I started doing

    第二件事情是

  • was I started making all of my own products.

    我開始自己製作所有的生活用品

  • Before I started living this lifestyle, my boyfriend at the time,

    在我開始這個生活方式之前,我當時的男朋友

  • used to brush his teeth using baking soda,

    用小蘇打刷牙

  • and I thought he was probably the grossest person in the entire world. Right?

    我當時覺得他應該是世界上最噁心的人,對吧?

  • There's no way that you can get your teeth clean

    用小蘇打這種東西根本不可能

  • using something like baking soda, it's gross.

    把牙齒刷乾淨,這太噁心了

  • Well fast-forward, and it turns out that the first product that I made

    然而後來,我做的第一個東西就是

  • was toothpaste, made with baking soda.

    用小蘇打做的牙膏

  • So overtime I started making all of my own products.

    我慢慢開始製作我需要的全部日用品

  • When I would run out of something, instead of going to the store,

    我用完其中一項東西的時候,我不會去商店

  • and buying a new one, I would learn how to make it myself.

    買新的,而是學會自己製作

  • So when I would run out of lotion, I learned how to make it myself.

    乳液用完的時候,我學會自製乳液

  • Run out of deodorant, learn how to make it myself.

    除臭劑用完的時候,我學會自製除臭劑

  • Over time, all of the things I had previously purchased,

    日復一日,我以前購買的所有東西

  • were now, ones that I made myself.

    現在都換成我自製的了

  • The third thing that I started doing, was shopping second-hand.

    第三件事情是逛二手店

  • So instead of buying new clothing,

    我不再買新衣服

  • and putting new waste into the waste cycle,

    或對廢棄物循環增加新垃圾

  • I would buy things that were totally recycled, second-hand.

    我轉而買回收的、二手的東西

  • So not making any new trash.

    這樣就不會製造新垃圾了

  • The fourth thing that I did was I downsized.

    第四件事是輕化生活

  • So I focused on having only the things that were truly necessary,

    我只留下真的必須

  • and that I really needed.

    或需要的東西

  • Well this was really, really hard

    這真的真的很難

  • because I'm the kind of person who's really sentimental,

    因為我是非常感性的人

  • and I can tell you as to why a toothpick needs to be in my life.

    我可以告訴你為什麼一隻牙籤必須在我的生活中

  • But after I really got through that process, and I completely downsized,

    但我真的經歷這個過程之後,我完全輕化我的生活了

  • I realized that I had so many fewer things in my life,

    我發現我生活中少了好多東西

  • my home was less cluttered, and everything was easier to clean.

    我的家變得更整齊,而且全部的東西都更好清理了

  • And when you have fewer things

    擁有較少東西的時候

  • you realize that you take better care of them. Right?

    往往更能用心照顧這些東西,對吧?

  • So, when you take better care of your things you don't have this mentality like:

    如果你更用心照顧你的東西,就不會有這種想法:

  • "If I don't want this anymore, I'll just throw it out and I get a new thing later."

    「如果我不想要這個了,我可以丟掉再買新的。」

  • No, I only had a few things and so I took care of them,

    不,我只有這些東西,我要好好照顧他們

  • and wasn't sending anything to the landfill.

    我不會丟掉任何一樣

  • All this must sound pretty difficult. Right?

    這些聽起來都很難,對吧?

  • I assure you, it's not that hard.

    我跟你們保證,沒有那麼難

  • I'm just an average, lazy person,

    我是一個懶惰的平凡 人

  • and I wouldn't live this lifestyle if it was difficult.

    如果這種生活方式很難,我就不會這樣做了

  • In fact the benefits of living this lifestyle

    事實上這種生活方式的好處遠比

  • far outweigh any of the negatives that you can imagine.

    你可以想到的壞處多

  • The first benefit is that I save money.

    首先,我因此能夠存錢

  • So I save money when I buy my food,

    我買食物還有商品的同時就在存錢

  • and the products, and when I make my own products,

    還有我自製生活用品的時候

  • because I'm not paying for the embedded cost a packaging,

    因為我不用支付包含在商品價格中的包裝費

  • so things are cheaper.

    這樣一來東西變得更便宜了

  • I'm also saving money by shopping completely second-hand,

    同時,逛二手店也是我可以存錢的原因

  • because second-hand clothing is usually less expensive than new clothing.

    二手衣物通常都比新的便宜

  • I'm also saving money because I've downsized.

    而輕化生活也能讓我存錢

  • I don't go shopping all the time now

    我現在不常逛街

  • and you know just buy things on impulse.

    也不會衝動購物

  • I only have what I really need.

    我只有我真正需要的東西

  • The second benefit is that I eat better.

    第二個好處是我吃得更健康了

  • When I go shopping now I don't have the option to buy processed food products,

    現在我每次買東西的時候,我不會考慮要買加工食品

  • package-free, and so now my diet consists of things like fresh fruit and vegetables,

    或是未包裝商品,所以我的飲食現在只有像是新鮮蔬果類

  • or bulk greens, and nuts that I buy with my jars and my bags.

    或是大量葉菜類、堅果類等等我能用我的罐子和袋子裝的東西

  • And so when you eat better, you feel better.

    吃得健康就會活得健康

  • Over these past few years, I've noticed that my weight has stabilized,

    過去這幾年來我發現我的體重趨於穩定

  • I have more energy, I need less sleep,

    我更有精神,也不需要大量睡眠補充體力

  • and when you're eating better, and you feel better,

    吃得健康就會活得健康

  • and you save money, you're happier.

    這樣不僅能存錢,心情也會變好

  • But besides those things I'm happier, because for the first time in my life,

    但排除這些不說,我感到開心的原因是我人生中第一次

  • I'm living in direct alignment with my values.

    完全與我的價值理念為伍

  • And why is this important? Right? Waste.

    為什麼這很重要,對吧?垃圾

  • Well, waste is a really big problem.

    垃圾是個很大的問題

  • In fact the average American person

    其實一般美國人

  • produces approximately 4.4 pounds of trash per person per day.

    平均每人每天製造出大約4.4磅的垃圾(大約2公斤)

  • Over the course of a year, that's like taking 8.5 of your best friends,

    一整年下來,就是像把8.5個好朋友

  • and throwing them in the trash.

    丟到垃圾桶裡

  • Don't do that, it's not nice.

    不要這樣,這樣不好

  • So, if you care about your friends, and you don't throw them away,

    所以如果你在乎你的朋友,你不想把他們丟掉

  • and you think that it's possible for you

    而且你認為自己有可能

  • to reduce how much trash you're producing,

    減少多少正在製造的垃圾量

  • I have 3 simple steps for you.

    我可以給你三個簡單的步驟

  • The first step is to actually look at your trash, and understand what it is.

    第一步是實際去觀察你的垃圾,了解都是些什麼東西

  • Because you can't solve a problem of having a lot of waste

    除非你知道你的垃圾裡面有什麼

  • until you know what is it.

    不然你沒辦法解決製造很多垃圾這個問題

  • So when I did this exercise,

    我這麼做的時候

  • I realized that I had 3 main sources of trash.

    我發現我的垃圾主要有三個來源

  • The first was food packaging,

    第一個是食品包裝

  • and so I learned how to shop in bulk or package-free.

    所以我學會不買包裝好的食物

  • The second was product packaging,

    第二個是日用品包裝

  • and so I learned how to make all of my own products.

    所以我學會自製日用品

  • And the third was organic food waste, and so I learned how to compost.

    第三個是廚餘,所以我學會堆肥

  • And just by identifying those 3 sources of waste and eliminating them,

    光是分析出三種垃圾來源並日漸減少它們的量直到幾乎沒有

  • I have reduced my trash by about 90%.

    我就已經減少大概90%的垃圾了

  • The second thing that I'd like to suggest is picking at the low-hanging fruit.

    第二步,我建議先挑可以輕易達成的事情做

  • So doing little things, one-time changes in your everyday life

    也就是做一些小事情,從日常生活中慢慢一小步一小步改變

  • that have a large-scale, and long-term positive impact.

    其實卻有巨大又長遠的正面影響

  • This includes things like using a reusable bag instead of a plastic or paper bag.

    就像是不用塑膠袋或紙袋,改用可重複使用的袋子

  • Or using a stainless steel, or glass water bottle,

    用不鏽鋼或是玻璃製的水瓶

  • instead of buying plastic water bottles.

    不要買塑膠瓶裝水

  • Over the course of however long, you realize that these little changes

    長期下來,你會發現這些小小的改變

  • actually add up, and make a big difference.

    其實會日積月累,讓生活變得非常不一樣

  • The third thing that I'd like to suggest is the DIY

    第三步是DIY

  • or actually learning how to make your products yourself.

    或真的去學怎麼自製東西

  • Now I absolutely love doing this because when you go to a store,

    我真的很愛做這些東西,因為當你進去一間店

  • and you have to buy products you kind of have to settle,

    你需要買東西,但是常常必須屈服

  • and accept them as they are. Right?

    被迫接受商品的樣貌,對吧?

  • If you don't like the way they smell, too bad.

    如果你不喜歡它們的味道,那很糟但沒得選

  • If you don't like the way they feel, sorry.

    如果你不喜歡它們的觸感,很抱歉但也沒的選

  • If you don't like what they're packaged in, you don't have a choice.

    如果你不喜歡它們的包裝,那也沒辦法

  • But for me, since I make all my own products,

    但我呢,自從我自製所有的東西之後

  • If I don't like the way they smell, I change the scent.

    如果我不喜歡它們的味道,我可以改變它

  • If I don't like the ingredients in them, I change it.

    如果我不喜歡它們的成分,我可以改變它

  • If I don't like the packaging, it's my choice.

    如果我不喜歡它們的包裝,我完全可以選擇其他容器

  • And so by making my own products I have complete control

    所以自製東西讓我可以完全控制

  • over what I'm putting in my body.

    放進我體內的東西

  • Now I started living this lifestyle while I was still in college.

    我從大學時期就開始過這樣的生活

  • And when I graduated, I had a real job, a real-person job in sustainability,

    畢業後,我有了工作,是一份促進永續發展的真正工作

  • which is exactly what you'd think I'd want to be doing. Right?

    就是你們覺得我想要做的那種工作,對吧?

  • Well, at the same time I was still running my blog: "Trash is for tossers"

    同時我還是繼續經營我的部落格:「Trash is for tossers」

  • and I noticed that I was getting a recurring question,

    我發現常常有人問我一個問題

  • and it went something like this:

    像是:

  • "Dear Lauren, I absolutely love the products that you're making,

    「親愛的蘿倫,我真的很喜歡你做的東西

  • and I too want truly natural products.

    我自己也很想要純天然的用品

  • But because of life, family, friends, blah, blah, blah, blah,

    但是因為我的生活、家庭、朋友OOXX

  • I just don't have time to make them myself.

    我真的沒有時間製作

  • Do you have any product that I can buy that are equivalent?

    你有沒有可供購買的產品呢?

  • Thanks for your help. Lots of love. Person XYZ."

    感謝你的幫忙。祝安好。路人甲敬上」

  • So I went to stores, and I started looking at products,

    所以我到一間店裡,開始觀察各種產品

  • and while I found that they were beauty products

    我發現它們跟我自製的那些類似

  • that were reminiscent of the ones that I was making myself,

    不過有華麗的包裝

  • I didn't notice the same trend for cleaning products.

    但我沒注意到清潔用品的某種趨勢

  • When I looked at the ingredients of cleaning products,

    我看到清潔用品的成分的時候

  • even the "natural" cleaning products

    即便是標榜「天然」的清潔產品

  • contained ingredient that were really harmful.

    也含有真的有害的成分

  • Things that were carcinogenic, and endocrine-disruptive.

    像是致癌物或影響內分泌的成分

  • You know, when I looked into it further,

    我對此狀況更深入調查之後

  • I learned that cleaning product manufacturers

    我發現清潔用品製造商

  • aren't even legally required

    依法並不需要

  • to disclose the ingredients of their products

    在包裝上明列出

  • on the product packaging,

    產品成分

  • and so when we go and buy a product,

    所以我們購買產品的時候

  • we're at the complete mercy of the company,

    我們是用對製造商慈悲的心情購買

  • hoping that they have our best interest in mind.

    希望他們內心有我們最美好的良善

  • I feel that we, as consumers, have a right to products that are transparent

    我覺得我們消費者有權利要求產品要明列成分

  • and that aren't bad for us,

    要求對我們無害的產品

  • and so I started thinking about my own products,

    所以我開始思考我的產品

  • the ones that I've been making for years.

    那些我已經自製好幾年的產品

  • That are safe, and effective, and have ingredients that I use to do things

    它們既安全又實用,而且其中的成分

  • like brush my teeth, or make salad dressing.

    是我自己用來刷牙或做沙拉醬的

  • And I realized that I had an opportunity,

    於是我發現我有了機會

  • and so I quit my job, and started a company.

    所以我辭掉工作,開了一間公司

  • Because I feel like we, as human beings, have a right to products that are safe

    因為我覺得我們身為人類,應該使用對我們的家

  • for our homes, and our bodies, and the environment.

    我們的身體還有環境安全的產品

  • I get comments all the time, that I'm doing this for attention.

    我一直以來受到各種評論,有人說我這麼做只是為了譁眾取寵

  • But I live this lifestyle for myself.

    但我是為了自己而過這樣的生活

  • I would never tell anyone how to live

    我從不告訴別人怎麼生活

  • or how much trash that they should produce.

    或他們應該製造多少垃圾

  • I just want to provide tools,

    我只是想要提供工具

  • through my blog and my business,

    透過我的部落格跟我的公司

  • for people, who like me,

    為像我一樣

  • want to reduce how much trash they're producing.

    想要垃圾減量的人們提供方法

  • I live a zero waste lifestyle, because to me,

    我過零垃圾的生活,因為對我來說

  • it's the best way I know, how to live a life

    這是與我相信的價值最一致的