字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Hello everyone, this is Andrew from Crown Academy of English and today I am going to explain to you all about an English Christmas because Christmas is very soon and this is a very big celebration in England. So I thought some of you might be interested in knowing about what we do in England for Christmas and what is a traditional Christmas in England. So we're going to start, and I'm going to first of all show you just a few scenes of Christmas with some music and then I'll start with the lesson. Okay? Let's get started! So Christmas is a Christian celebration ok... and Christmas is actually a celebration of the birth of Jesus. Okay, so Christians believe that Christmas Day is the day when Jesus was born okay? Now this is not going to be a religious video but I have to just explain this obviously ... to explain what Christmas is. So Christmas is the birth of Jesus and Christians believe that Jesus was born in a stable. So this is a stable. The stable is a building which is for animals, in fact. A stable is where... animals like cows and donkeys live and sleep okay? So Jesus was born there because there wasn't enough room in the inn. So he had to be born in the stable and this is Jesus' mother, called Mary and this is Mary's husband, Joseph and Jesus was actually born in a manger. So here he is sleeping in a manger... and a manger is in fact where animals eat from because that was the only... according to the story, that was the only place that they could find to put him. And... here on the left, these three men, we call them the three wise men or the three magi. They were people who came ... to bring gifts in fact. They heard the news that Jesus had been born and they wanted to bring some gifts. So you can see they are carrying gifts in their arms and the three gifts that they brought were gold, frankincense and myrhh okay? And this whole scene, this scene here, this of the model in fact these are models obviously.. So this scene with Jesus, Mary, Joseph in the stable, we call this a "nativity scene" and sometimes we call it a "crèche" okay? We often see this during the month of December in churches and in cathedrals, for example. Okay, so when is Christmas? Well let's have a look at the calendar. So this is a calendar for December 2013 so this is the month that we are in now, and these two days in red are public holidays. So the 25th of December is Christmas Day. So that is the official day of Christmas. That is the celebration of the birth of Jesus and we call the day before Christmas... we call this Christmas Eve okay? So this is a special name and it is called Christmas Eve. So that falls on the 24th December but that is not a public holiday. Then Christmas Day is a public holiday. So people do not work on Christmas Day and the day after Christmas Day, the 26th December is called "Boxing Day." Okay this is the name that we give the 26th. Now no-one really knows why we call it "Boxing Day" okay. It is nothing to do with the sport of boxing! That is not the reason. But one theory is that, a long long time ago in history ... (excuse me) rich people had servants, and those servants were working... could not celebrate Christmas Day because they were working for their master. And so the servants celebrate Christmas on the 26th December and on that day, their masters used to give them a box. And in the box, there were gifts and some money and some food to give to their families. And so we think perhaps because of those boxes, that is why we call it "Boxing Day" Now Christmas lasts for twelve days. Officially, there are twelve days of Christmas celebration. And it starts on the 25th December and it finishes on the 5th of January. Now Christmas decorations. A big tradition during Christmas is that we decorate our homes... and the the main way that we decorate our home is with a Christmas tree. And this is a Christmas tree here. And you can either have an artificial Christmas tree like this one, made of plastic... or some people have a real Christmas tree and if it is a real Christmas tree, then it is a pine tree. So on the Christmas tree, at the top, there is a star. So this is a star... and also we can see, on the tree, are some Christmas decorations. And this yellow thing is called "tinsel". "Tinsel" And also, hanging on the tree, you can see there are some balls. Well these glass balls are called "baubles" "bauble" Here is a bigger picture here. So this is a bauble and we hang baubles on the tree with string. And on the Christmas tree, there are also some lights, some small lights... and we call those lights.. "fairy lights". So these are "fairy lights" and we hang the fairy lights on the tree. And sometimes, the lights flash on the tree. "to flash" - That means that the lights come on and then off. So on and off. That means the lights are flashing. And some other Christmas decorations are... we sometimes put this plant in the house... and this plant is called "holly". So "holly" has these green leaves which ... have... sort of prickly green leaves and also red berries. So very often during Christmas, people decorate their house with holly. And, also with another plant called "mistletoe". So this is mistletoe. And mistletoe.. we have a tradition with mistletoe where we put it, for example, on the ceiling and then, if two people pass under the mistletoe, then they can kiss each other. Okay so they can kiss each other. So this is a tradition during Christmas and we think that tradition is because mistletoe is a symbol of fertility. So mistletoe is used for romantic couples and so they pass underneath it, and they can kiss each other. And also we can also decorate our house with Christmas cards. So another tradition during Christmas is that people write a message inside the Christmas card and they send the Christmas card to people. To friends and family. And so, during Christmas, people receive lots and lots of Christmas cards from people, and so often we decorate our homes with the cards. For example, we can put them on the mantelpiece in the living room or we can hang them with string on the walls. And also during Christmas, or just before Christmas, we can hang a Christmas stocking. So this is a Christmas stocking and we put these stockings in the living room, close to the fireplace and that is for Father Christmas. So Father Christmas will put presents and gifts inside the stocking. And here, this is called a "wreath", a "wreath" And a wreath is a round shape of... it can be holly or pine or some other plants. And we put a wreath on the front door of the house okay. So, on the wreath, on this wreath, there is a ribbon. A red ribbon. And now, I'm going to just show you a short film of some Christmas decorations in a town. So I'm going to show you some decorations in a town at night... And here is Father Christmas. And we can also call Father Christmas Santa Claus. Santa Claus is used more in America, and in England, and in Britain we call him Father Christmas... and... Father Christmas has a big white beard. This is his beard and he's also carrying a sack, and inside the sack are presents. So Father Christmas is a fictional character and the legend is that if children are well-behaved during the year, so if the children are good during the year, then on Christmas Day, Father Christmas will deliver presents to their home. And if the child... if the children are not well behaved, if children...some children are naughty, then parents tell them that they will not have any presents. And the legend is that Father Christmas delivers his presents on the night of Christmas Eve... and he does this on a sleigh. So this is his sleigh. And the sleigh is pulled by some animals. And these animals are called reindeer. Reindeer. So on the night of Christmas Eve, the reindeer and Father Christmas go all over the world and deliver presents to all the children who have been well-behaved. And Father Christmas, to enter the house, he goes down the chimney. So Father Christmas, to enter inside the house, he climbs down this chimney, and then he enters the living room. And when he's in the living room, he puts the gifts under the tree. So Father Christmas comes down the chimney, goes into the living room, and he puts the presents under the tree for the children. Christmas music During Christmas, we often hear lots of traditional Christmas music. And Christmas songs are called Christmas carols. So a carol is a Christmas song. Three examples are: "Silent night", "We wish you a Merry Christmas" and "Good King Wenceslas"