Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Hello everyone, this is Andrew

  • from Crown Academy of English and today I am going to

  • explain to you all about

  • an English Christmas because Christmas

  • is very soon and

  • this is a very big celebration

  • in England. So I thought some of you might be interested

  • in knowing about what we do

  • in England for Christmas and

  • what is a traditional Christmas in England.

  • So we're going to start,

  • and I'm going to first of all show you just a few scenes

  • of Christmas

  • with some music and then I'll start with the lesson.

  • Okay? Let's get started!

  • So

  • Christmas is

  • a Christian celebration

  • ok... and Christmas

  • is actually a celebration of

  • the birth of Jesus.

  • Okay, so Christians believe

  • that Christmas Day

  • is the day when

  • Jesus was born okay? Now

  • this is not going to be a religious video

  • but I have to just explain this obviously

  • ... to explain what Christmas is.

  • So Christmas

  • is the birth of Jesus and

  • Christians believe that Jesus was born

  • in a stable. So this is a

  • stable. The stable is a building

  • which is for animals,

  • in fact. A stable is where...

  • animals like cows

  • and donkeys live

  • and sleep okay? So Jesus

  • was born there because there wasn't enough room

  • in the inn. So he had to be

  • born in the stable and

  • this is Jesus' mother,

  • called Mary and

  • this is Mary's husband,

  • Joseph and

  • Jesus was actually born in a manger.

  • So here he is sleeping in a manger...

  • and a manger is in fact where

  • animals eat from because that was the only...

  • according to the story, that was the only

  • place that they could find to put him.

  • And...

  • here on the left, these three men,

  • we call them the three wise men

  • or the three magi.

  • They were people who came

  • ... to bring gifts

  • in fact. They heard the news that Jesus

  • had been born and they wanted to bring some

  • gifts. So you can see they are carrying

  • gifts in their arms and

  • the three gifts that they brought were

  • gold, frankincense

  • and myrhh okay?

  • And this

  • whole scene, this scene here, this

  • of the model in fact these are

  • models obviously.. So this scene with Jesus,

  • Mary, Joseph in the stable,

  • we call this a "nativity scene" and sometimes

  • we call it a "crèche" okay?

  • We often see this during the month of December

  • in churches and

  • in cathedrals, for example. Okay, so when

  • is Christmas? Well let's have a look at the calendar.

  • So this is a calendar

  • for December 2013

  • so this is the month that we are in

  • now, and these two

  • days in red are

  • public holidays. So the 25th of

  • December is Christmas Day. So that is

  • the official day of Christmas.

  • That is the celebration of

  • the birth of Jesus and

  • we call the day before Christmas...

  • we call this Christmas Eve

  • okay? So this is a special name

  • and it is called Christmas Eve.

  • So that falls on the 24th

  • December but that is not

  • a public holiday. Then Christmas Day is a public holiday.

  • So people do not work on

  • Christmas Day and

  • the day after Christmas Day, the 26th

  • December is called "Boxing Day."

  • Okay this is the name that we give the 26th.

  • Now no-one really knows why

  • we call it "Boxing Day" okay. It is nothing to do with

  • the sport of boxing! That is not the reason.

  • But one theory is

  • that, a long long time ago

  • in history ... (excuse me)

  • rich people had servants,

  • and those servants were working...

  • could not celebrate Christmas Day

  • because they were working for their master.

  • And so the servants

  • celebrate Christmas on

  • the 26th December and on that day,

  • their masters used to give them

  • a box. And in the box,

  • there were gifts and some money

  • and some food to give to their families.

  • And so we think perhaps because of those boxes,

  • that is why we call it "Boxing Day"

  • Now

  • Christmas lasts for

  • twelve days. Officially,

  • there are twelve days of Christmas

  • celebration. And it starts

  • on the 25th December and

  • it finishes on the 5th of January.

  • Now

  • Christmas decorations.

  • A big tradition during Christmas is

  • that we decorate our homes...

  • and the

  • the main way that we decorate our home

  • is with a Christmas tree.

  • And this is a Christmas tree here.

  • And you can either have

  • an artificial Christmas tree

  • like this one, made of plastic...

  • or some people have a real

  • Christmas tree and

  • if it is a real Christmas tree,

  • then it is a pine tree.

  • So on the Christmas tree,

  • at the top, there is a star.

  • So this is a star...

  • and also we can see, on the tree,

  • are some Christmas decorations.

  • And this yellow thing is called

  • "tinsel". "Tinsel"

  • And also, hanging on the tree, you can see

  • there are some balls. Well these glass

  • balls are called "baubles"

  • "bauble"

  • Here is a bigger picture here.

  • So this is a bauble and we hang

  • baubles on the tree with string.

  • And on the Christmas tree, there are also

  • some lights, some small lights...

  • and we call those lights..

  • "fairy lights". So these are

  • "fairy lights" and we hang the fairy lights

  • on the tree. And sometimes,

  • the lights flash

  • on the tree. "to flash" -

  • That means that the lights come on and then

  • off. So on and off. That means the lights are flashing.

  • And some other Christmas decorations are...

  • we sometimes put this plant in the house...

  • and this plant is called "holly". So "holly"

  • has these green leaves

  • which ... have... sort of prickly green leaves

  • and also red berries.

  • So very often during Christmas,

  • people decorate their house with holly.

  • And, also with another plant called "mistletoe".

  • So this is mistletoe. And mistletoe.. we

  • have a tradition with mistletoe where

  • we put it, for example, on the ceiling and

  • then, if two people pass under the mistletoe,

  • then they can kiss each other.

  • Okay so they can kiss each other.

  • So this is a tradition during Christmas

  • and we think that tradition is because

  • mistletoe is a symbol of fertility.

  • So mistletoe is used for

  • romantic couples and so they pass underneath it,

  • and they can kiss each other.

  • And also we can also decorate

  • our house with Christmas cards.

  • So another tradition during Christmas is that people

  • write a message inside

  • the Christmas card and they send

  • the Christmas card to people.

  • To friends and family. And so,

  • during Christmas, people

  • receive lots and lots of Christmas cards

  • from people, and so often

  • we decorate our homes with the cards.

  • For example, we can put them

  • on the mantelpiece in the living room

  • or we can hang them

  • with string on the walls.

  • And also during Christmas, or

  • just before Christmas, we can

  • hang a Christmas stocking. So this is

  • a Christmas stocking and

  • we put these stockings in

  • the living room, close to the fireplace and that

  • is for Father Christmas. So Father Christmas

  • will put presents and gifts inside the stocking.

  • And here, this is called a "wreath", a "wreath"

  • And a wreath is a round shape of... it can be

  • holly or pine or some other plants.

  • And we put a wreath on the front door

  • of the house okay. So,

  • on the wreath, on this wreath, there is

  • a ribbon. A red ribbon. And now,

  • I'm going to just show you a short

  • film of some Christmas decorations

  • in a town. So I'm going to show you some decorations

  • in a town at night...

  • And here is Father Christmas.

  • And we can also call Father Christmas

  • Santa Claus. Santa Claus

  • is used more in America,

  • and in England, and in Britain

  • we call him Father Christmas...

  • and...

  • Father Christmas has a big

  • white beard. This is his beard

  • and he's also carrying a sack, and

  • inside the sack are presents.

  • So Father Christmas is a fictional character

  • and the legend is that

  • if children are well-behaved during the year,

  • so if the children are good during the year,

  • then on Christmas Day,

  • Father Christmas will deliver presents to their

  • home. And if the child... if the children are not well behaved,

  • if children...some children are naughty,

  • then parents tell them that they will not

  • have any presents.

  • And the legend is that Father Christmas

  • delivers his presents on the night of Christmas Eve...

  • and he does this on a sleigh. So this

  • is his sleigh. And the sleigh is pulled by some

  • animals. And these animals are called reindeer. Reindeer.

  • So on the night of Christmas Eve, the reindeer

  • and Father Christmas go all over the world and

  • deliver presents to all the children

  • who have been well-behaved.

  • And Father Christmas, to enter the house, he

  • goes down the chimney. So Father Christmas,

  • to enter inside the house,

  • he climbs down this chimney, and then he

  • enters the living room. And when he's in the living room,

  • he puts the gifts under the tree.

  • So Father Christmas comes down the chimney,

  • goes into the living room, and he puts the presents

  • under the tree for the children.

  • Christmas music

  • During Christmas, we often hear

  • lots of traditional Christmas music.

  • And Christmas songs are called Christmas carols.

  • So a carol is a Christmas song.

  • Three examples are: "Silent night",

  • "We wish you a Merry Christmas"

  • and "Good King Wenceslas"