Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

已審核 字幕已審核
  • If you've spent any time at all on YouTube looking for study advice, then you've probably come across this video called Study Less, Study Smart.

    如果你有在 YouTube 上搜索讀書的建議,那你大概會看到這部叫「讀得省時,讀得聰明」的影片。

  • This is a recorded lecture from Professor Dr. Marty Lobdell, who is a former psychology professor at Pierce College, and wanted to give his thoughts on how to be an effective student.

    這部影片是 Marty Lobdell 教授的課程, Marty Lobdell 以前是皮爾斯學院的心理學教授,他想教大家如何當個有效率的學生。

  • And the video came out when I was a sophomore in college, and I wanted to watch it.


  • But the problem was, it was an entire hour long.


  • I could just never make the time.


  • I've seen a lot of students say the exact same thing about the video.


  • So what I want to do with this video is try to give you about 80-90% of the value packed within the lecture, in about 1/10th of the time.

    所以我想要用十分之一的時間,把這部影片裡 80~90% 的精華傳授給大家。

  • So, to do that, I first watched the lecture myself, and took detailed notes on it.


  • If you want those notes, I've actually included them at the end of this video.


  • But first, let's get into the tips.


  • So, tip number 1 is to break your studying into chunked sessions.


  • And the reason for this is that the average student can only really pay attention for about 25-30 minutes.

    這麼做的原因是因為大多數的學生只能專注 25~30 分鐘。

  • This goes across the board, from lectures, to reading, to studying.


  • After about 25-30 minutes, your efficiency starts to really taper off.

    過了大約 25~30 分鐘之後,你的效率就會逐漸下降。

  • And that's why the advice to simply "study more" is not effective at all.


  • Instead, you want to break your study sessions into about 20-30 minute chunks.

    反之,你要將你的讀書時間切成每 20~30 分鐘一段。

  • And after those are done, take 5 minute breaks where you do something fun, or at least away from your studies.

    讀完每 20~30 分鐘後就休息 5 分鐘,這 5 分鐘你可以做一些有趣的事,或至少好好遠離你的書本。

  • Also, once your study sessions are done for the entire day, you want to give yourself a real, tangible reward for doing it.


  • As Dr. Lobdell says in the lecture, reinforcement of positive things builds good study habits.

    Lobdell 博士在課程中提到,給予自己正面回饋可以建立良好的讀書習慣。

  • And as an added benefit, you're training yourself to study.


  • As you keep doing this, you're going to able to study for longer and longer on each session.


  • Tip number 2 is to create a dedicated study area.


  • The the reason for this is that our environment, the context that we're in, largely determines our behavior.


  • So think about when you're in class.


  • When the professor presents a question to the entire class, you instinctively raise your hand.


  • But if he asks you specifically, you're going to give a verbal response.


  • And this is automatic.


  • You're conditioned to do it.


  • Well, your studying area is the exact same.


  • If you do it in a place where you're conditioned to do other things, like sleep, or play video games, or hang out with friends, it's going to be really hard to get into your studying.


  • What you want to do is find an area that is specifically used for studying, so the context of the situation makes it easy for you to get into your studies.


  • Dr. Lobdell's third tip is to study actively, and it's best summed up with this quote, straight from the lecture:

    Lobdell 博士的第三個技巧是「主動學習」,直接用課程裡的一段句話來總結就是:

  • The more active you are in your learning, the more effective you'll be.


  • The best way to do this, rather than going through rote memorization, or reading and rereading chapters from your book, is to first ask yourself:


  • Before studying, what is it that I'm learning?


  • What you're learning is going to fall into one of two categories, either facts or concepts.


  • A concept is something like, what does this particular bone in the human body do?


  • You have to understand it.


  • And a fact is just something you need to remember.


  • What the name of this bone is?


  • Now, concepts are more important than facts because once you learn a concept, once you truly understand its inner workings, it's with you forever.


  • You're going to remember it.


  • Facts, on the other hand, can sort of drift away over time, and the good thing about that is that we have Google.

    而事實可能會隨著時間忘記,但好在我們有 Google。

  • We can look up facts very easily.


  • Unfortunately, in a testing situation in class, you have to remember both facts and concepts, and you don't have access to Google, usually.

    不幸的是,在考試的情況下,你必須同時記得事實和概念,而且通常你沒辦法用 Google 幫你。

  • But still, concepts are going to be more important to learn first.


  • The best way to learn these concepts and to be sure you know them is to put them in your own words.


  • Test yourself and learn actively.


  • There's one thing he gives as an example, which I think is one of the most important parts from the entire lecture, and it's his example about highlighting.

    Lobdell 博士舉了一個例子,我覺得這是他課程中最重要的一部分,這個例子是關於「畫重點」。

  • Most students know not to highlight entire sections of the book because if you do that, you're basically highlighting nothing at all.


  • But if you highlight really important terms, and then you go back after your first read and highlight session, and study them.


  • And just simply recognize the thing you highlighted before, and say, "Oh, I know it."


  • Then you're getting into this dangerous territory where you don't know whether you're actually recalling something, or simply recognizing it.


  • The human brain is very good at recognizing things.


  • We can recognize people's faces, even if we haven't seen them in a long time.


  • But the difference between recognition and recollection is that recognition requires an initial trigger, a cue.


  • And if you're in a test, there is no trigger or cue, you have to actually pull it forth from your memory.


  • To test and make sure that you're actually recalling something, instead of just recognizing it, you need to quiz yourself.


  • You need to do active studying and active learning.


  • The 4th tip is to take more effective notes, and he's really brief on this one.

    技巧四是有效率地做筆記,針對這點,Lobdell 博士只是簡單說明了一下。

  • Basically, he says, after class, as soon as possible, and truly as soon as possible, flesh out your notes a bit.


  • Add some more to them so you can actually solidify the concepts in your mind.


  • If you're fuzzy on something, ask another classmate who also took good notes, or go to office hours.


  • Or wait until the next lecture and ask the professor before he starts if he can clarify something that you don't really have a good grasp on.


  • The 5th tip is to summarize or teach what you learned.


  • He says the best way to actually learn something is to teach it.

    Lobdell 博士說,最好的學習方式就是教導他人。

  • The reason for this is twofold.


  • Number 1, it's a great form of active studying because you're forcing your brain to recall all the information, so you can basically summarize it for somebody.


  • And number 2, you're really making sure that you fully understand the subject.


  • If you're explaining it to somebody who has absolutely no idea about the the topic, and they're coming at it from a beginner's perspective.


  • Then you're really going to have an easy time of pinpointing gaps in your own understanding.


  • Tip number 6 is to use your textbooks correctly.


  • In this part of the lecture, he goes over the SQ3R method, which stand for survey, question, read, recite, and review.

    在這個部分,他提到 SQ3R 法,這四個字分別代表:概覽、發問、精讀、背誦、複習。

  • And as I talked about in my active reading video, I think overarching systems like this are actually kind of cumbersome and time consuming.


  • But I do think it's important that you take individual portions of these systems and see if they're worth it for your studying methods.


  • As an example, the survey portion of SQ3R, surveying the chapter before you read it.

    比方說 SQ3R 的「概覽」,要你在開始細讀之前先大略瀏覽這個章節。

  • Especially going to the end and looking at the review questions and the vocabulary, can really prime your brain for picking out the most important information when you actually do the reading.


  • And Dr. Lobdell's 7th and final tip is to use mnemonics when studying facts.

    Lobdell 博士的第七個技巧,也是最後一個技巧是,當你在記憶事實時要善用「助記法」。

  • Now, facts, as opposed to concepts, are a lot harder to tie actual meaning to.


  • And as a result, a lot of students often turn to simple rote memorization to remember them.


  • But a better way to go about it is to use mnemonics.


  • And a mnemonic is really any system that facilitates recall, but he goes over three specific types of mnemonics in the video.

    可以幫助你回想的任何一種系統都算是助記法,但 Lobdell 博士在課程中提了三種助記法。

  • And those three are acronyms, things like Roy G. Biv for remembering the color spectrum.

    這三種包括「首字母縮略字」,像 Roy G. Biv (紅橙黃綠藍靛紫) 的口訣就是為了記憶色譜。

  • Coined sayings, things like, "In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue."

    自創短語,像是「哥倫布在 1492 年航向湛藍大海。」

  • And the third one, which both I and Dr. Lobdell think is the best one, image associations.

    第三個是我跟 Lobdell 博士覺得最好的方法——運用圖像聯想。

  • Another way to think about image associations are just interacting images, including the thing you're trying to study, that create a ridiculous picture or story in your head.


  • The more emotionally evocative or weird it is, the more easily you're going to be able to recall that piece of information.


  • So that is my summary of Dr. Lobdell's lecture.

    以上就是我對 Lobdell 課程的概述。

  • If you want to see the entire hour long video, I have it linked down in the description.


  • Otherwise, you can get my notes and other things in the end card.


  • Thanks for watching this video, and I will see you in the next one.


  • Hey guys, thanks for sticking around to the end of my video.


  • Now, if you want to get even more study tips, I made a video about advanced study tips last week and you can see those by clicking the thumbnail.


  • Also, if you want to get new study tips every single week, and ways to be an awesome college student, then just click the big, red subscribe button, right there.


  • As I said in this video, you can get the detailed notes on the entire lecture by clicking the orange button to go to the companion blog post for this video.


  • Also, if you want to become an awesome studier, I wrote a hundred-plus page book on how to get better grades, and you can get it for free by clicking the picture of the book.


  • Lastly, if you want to connect with me, or have ideas for new videos, you can either connect with me on Twitter @Tom Frankly, or just leave a comment on this video.

    最後,如果你想跟我聯繫或對影片有任何想法,你可以透過 Twitter @Tom Frankly 找到我,或直接在影片下方留言。

If you've spent any time at all on YouTube looking for study advice, then you've probably come across this video called Study Less, Study Smart.

如果你有在 YouTube 上搜索讀書的建議,那你大概會看到這部叫「讀得省時,讀得聰明」的影片。

已審核 字幕已審核

單字即點即查 點擊單字可以查詢單字解釋