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  • In 1965 Singapore gained its independence from Malaysia.

    1965年新加坡從馬來西亞獨立

  • Since then, the tiny city-state island has been industrializing and growing at an unprecedented rate.

    自此之後,這個城邦式小島經歷了工業化並以空前的效率成長著

  • This year, they were voted the most expensive city in the world for the second year running.

    今年,它們連續二年被選為世界上最繁榮的城市

  • So we wanted to know, how powerful is Singapore?

    所以我們想知道新加坡究竟有多厲害

  • Well, for starters, Singapore is a tiny island in Southeast Asia, with a population of a little over 5 million packed into 277 square miles.

    首先,新加坡是一個東南亞的小島,在 277 平方英哩的土地上有略多於5百萬的人口

  • That’s roughly if everyone in Minnesota squeezed into an area the size of San Francisco.

    那大概相當於把明尼蘇達州的人都擠進像舊金山一樣大小的地方

  • Along with South Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, Singapore is one of the Four Asian Tigers;

    新加坡和南韓、臺灣以及香港並列亞洲四小龍(英文有誤)

  • nations that have experienced significant growth since the 1960s and have high-income economies.

    這些國家從1960年代開始有著顯著的成長並為高收入經濟體

  • Their GDP is nearly $300 billion dollars.

    他們的國內生產總值近乎 3 千億

  • And they are 9th in the world in terms of per-capita GDP, although overall they rank 37th in the global economy.

    雖然他們全球經濟排名第 37 名,但國內平均每人生產總值世界排名第 9,

  • One of the primary reasons for Singapore’s wealth is that they operate the largest, and busiest, transshipment port in the world.

    新加坡之所有富有的原因之一是他們擁有最大、進出口最頻繁的轉運港口

  • In short, Singapore is rich. So what are they spending their money on? Well, mostly defense and guns.

    簡而言之,新加坡是個富有的國家。那他們都把資金用在什麼地方呢?大部分花在國防和武力上

  • According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

    根據斯德哥爾摩國際和平研究所指出

  • Singapore is the 5th largest arms importer in the world, after India, China, Pakistan and South Korea.

    新加坡是世界排名第 5 大的軍火進口國,僅次於印度、中國、巴基斯坦和南韓

  • Singapore has a formidable military force.

    新加坡擁有強大的軍事武力

  • In particular, the Singaporean Royal Air Force is the largest, best trained, and most equipped flying force in Southeast Asia.

    尤其新加坡皇家空軍是東南亞陣容最大、訓練最精良而且設備最好的飛行部隊

  • Singapore also has mandatory two-year conscription of all 18-year-old males.

    新加坡召募所有 18 歲的男性服役二年

  • Meaning that Singapore sits on more than a million reserve troops, should they ever need them.

    也就是說如果他們需要,新加坡擁有人數超過一百萬的軍隊

  • As a result of this military stockpiling, Singapore has a very close relationship with the United States.

    基於這樣的軍事力量累積,新加坡和美國有著密切的關係

  • In fact, the US is the primary buyer of Singaporean military equipment, making up 43% of their total sales.

    事實上,美國是新加坡軍事裝備主要的買主,占了美國百分之 43 的銷售量

  • Singapore also enjoys friendly, diplomatic relations with most of the developed Western world, with the exception of their neighbor, Malaysia.

    新加坡和大部分西方的己開發國家也有良好的外交關係,除了他們的鄰國馬來西亞以外

  • This primarily stems from having been expelled from Malaysian rule in 1965 over policy disputes,

    1965 年,印尼的政策阻撓使得新加坡脫離馬來西亞

  • and later, disagreements over land ownership in the South China Sea.

    在那之後,兩國對於中國南海的島嶼擁有權也有爭論

  • However the two countries rely on each other heavily for trade,

    無論如何,這兩個國家在貿易方面彼此非常依賴

  • and in recent years have largely resolved their issues through new leadership.

    而且這幾年在新的領導政策下解決了許多問題

  • With a huge cash surplus, tremendous military and close relations with the United States, Singapore might not be a traditional international behemoth in regards to land size.

    新加坡土地面積小,因此它也許不被視為傳統的世界強國,但由於它龐大的現金盈餘、強大的軍事力量以及和美國的密切關係

  • But it certainly stands on its own as one of the best equipped and most powerful countries in Southeast Asia.

    它確實成為東南亞建設最完善也最強大的國家之一

  • To find out just what makes Singapore so expensive, check out our video here.

    想了解什麼原因讓新加坡這麼繁榮可以看我們這裡的影片

  • If youre on your phone, there’s a link to that video right at the top of the description, so check it out!

    若你正在使用你的手機,在這個描述上面有一個影片的連結,快打開來看吧

  • Thank you for watching TestTube! Please subscribe for all our videos every day.

    感謝你收看 TestTube!請訂閱我們的每日影片

In 1965 Singapore gained its independence from Malaysia.

1965年新加坡從馬來西亞獨立

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 新加坡 軍事 馬來西亞 東南亞 排名 國家

新加坡有多厲害! (How Powerful is Singapore?)

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    鄭祐晨 發佈於 2016 年 08 月 20 日
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