字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 CCUS Special: The 4th of July Hi, I’m John Green, and today we’re talking about the 4th of July, which in the United States, is called Independence Day. This is the day that Americans celebrate our independence from Great Britain by doing what Americans do best; blowing stuff up, offering significant discounts on mattresses, driving long distances for uncomfortable family interactions, and eating A LOT of grilled meat. Right, so, the story goes that the founders of this nation signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4th, 1776, parting ways with King George to found the free-est, finest nation on the face of the Earth. Libertage Except, the Continental Congress approved a resolution of independence on July 2nd. The Lee resolution was proposed by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia in June, 1776, and was a simple legal declaration of separation from England. John Adams got so excited about it that he wrote to his wife Abigail, “The second day of July, 1776, will be the most memorable epoch in the history of America. I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of deliverance, by solemn acts of devotion to God Almighty. It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations, from one end of this continent to the other, from this time forward forever more.” So, what happened on the 4th? The Declaration of Independence was the formal announcement of independence, and its text was approved on July 4th, 1776. The fancy parchment version with all the pretty calligraphy wouldn’t get drawn up until July 19th, and most members of congress signed the Declaration on August 2nd. Adams may have been wrong about the date, but he was definitely right about the celebration. Americans started celebrating the 4th as early as 1777. As Adams predicted, the holiday was observed with feasts, 13 gun salutes, and fireworks. In 1778, George Washington celebrated the 4th by giving his soldiers a double ration of rum. Also, there was more shooting. While the people celebrated the anniversary from the beginning, the federal government took its sweet time formalizing the holiday. Independence Day became an unpaid holiday for federal employees in 1870, and it became a paid day off in 1938. 4th of July observances evolved over the years, but they generally involve patriotic displays, including decorations, fire, and explosions. Early observances were marked by huge bonfires. The litigious nature of modern american society has greatly reduced the number of celebratory bonfires we see, but fireworks are still a huge part of the 4th of July. Many cities and towns across the country put on fireworks displays on the 4th. New York’s fireworks display is the largest in the nation. Detroit is even so kind as to share its fireworks with neighboring Windsor, Ontario. They call it a joint celebration of Independence Day and Canada Day, which has something to do with the convoluted establishment of Canada’s so-called independence. It’s very confusing, because this lady is still their head of state. Despite the grandeur of these officially sanctioned displays, many, many individuals across the nation feel the need to blow stuff up in their yards. A lot of states have restricted the sale and personal use of fireworks, but in the spirit of freedom, would be patriots find their way to marginal neighborhoods every year to buy fireworks out of the backs of vans. Where I live, these pyrotechnic celebrations start about mid-May, and continue into August, causing my dog to have a very stressful summer. Adams’s prediction about gunfire holds true as well. On most military bases fifty gunshots, one for each state, are fired at noon on July 4th as a “Salute to the Union.” In Stan’s neighborhood, where you go to buy the fireworks out of the back of a van, celebratory gunfire is common. Here is an actual bullet hole in Stan’s actual window. In the 19th century, many ex-presidents celebrated the 4th by dying. Both Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died on July 4th, 1826, and James Madison died on the 4th in 1831. Calvin Coolidge was born on July 4th, 1876, but as he was never demonstrably alive, no one really cares much. Lest we forget, Americans also celebrate the 4th by eating. Millions of Americans host cookouts to celebrate independence, and the greatest spectacle in professional sport happens on the 4th of July as well. Nathan’s Hot Dogs hosts its annual hot dog eating contest each year on the 4th. The world record, incidentally is 68 HDBs (hot dog and bun) in 10 minutes. That means the record holder, Joey Chestnut, consumed xxx calories in 10 minutes.