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  • Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is writing paragraphs. And I'm

  • going to give you a structure you can use in the IELTS writing paper, in the discursive essay

  • section. And you can also use what I'm teaching you today in the CAE exam, but also more generally

  • in discursive essays because people who don't have much experience writing essays or plus

  • writing essays in English can often lose control of the essay because they're not really writing

  • with a structure in mind. And when that happens, you just start talking about something else

  • that's not even related to the question. So you don't actually get very good marks when

  • you write an essay that's not about the question. Did you know that? Well, anyway, it happens sometimes.

  • So this structure is very fixed, and it's repetitive. So you would follow the structure

  • in your first paragraph. And then, you'd do three or four similar ones. It's fixed for

  • a reason, to keep your essay under control, to keep you answering the question.

  • So let's have a look at a typical IELTS kind of question. "These days, many students decide

  • to attend university in a foreign country. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of

  • attending university in a foreign country."

  • So first, what we need to do is we need to make a little plan. And I know the advantages

  • and disadvantages based on my personal experience because I was lucky enough to study in a foreign

  • country when I was a student. Yeah. I spent a year in Amsterdam. So what were the pros?

  • Make friends from other countries. "Make friends -- other countries." I'm not going to -- actually,

  • I'm just going to write a shortened version because it doesn't fit here. Make friends

  • from other countries. Learn a language. What else? Challenge yourself. What else? Travel.

  • Also, sometimes, expense might be a factor. Now, university is really, really expensive

  • in the UK, so it may be an advantage to go study in a different country where it's a

  • bit cheaper. So potentially, it could be cost.

  • What are the disadvantages, then? You might get homesick. You might miss your parents,

  • or you might miss your dog or something. You get homesick. You know, it might actually

  • be more expensive for you. If you go to -- if you move to a country where university is

  • really expensive. So it could be expensive. Maybe learning a language is a disadvantage

  • for some people because your grades might not be as good.

  • So we could put in the language barrier.

  • So this is the really quick plan for when you're writing a discursive essay like this.

  • It really helps, especially if it's about advantages and disadvantages. You've got them

  • all down here. So when you're writing the essay, you can just take any one of those.

  • It's not important to have, like, highly original ideas. You don't have to think of something

  • really amazing. It's just an IELTS essay or similar.

  • So here's the basic plan, and here is the simple structure to follow. We're going to

  • use a set phrase. Then, we're going to elaborate on that. That means say it a little bit more.

  • Then, we're going to do a sentence with "however" where we show a complicating factor or something

  • is that, maybe, shows that what we're talking about we're not so clear about. And then,

  • as an optional sentence, you can share your experience. And this can be altogether one

  • paragraph. You finish that. Then, you do the same thing, but you pick a different point,

  • either an advantage or a disadvantage.

  • So let's have a look at the set phrases. You can just learn these set phrases to use in

  • your essays. "One of the reasons" -- well, obviously, it won't be about studying abroad.

  • You just change it to fit your question. "One of the reasons to study abroad..."

  • "The main advantage of studying abroad..." "A good reason to study in a foreign country is..." So we

  • just take one of the pros because these are all positive statements. "One of the reasons

  • to study abroad is so you can make friends with people from other countries." "The main

  • advantage of studying abroad is to challenge yourself." "A good reason to study in a foreign

  • country is to learn a foreign language."

  • Okay? Then, you've got the first part of your introduction written.

  • Then, you go on to elaborate, so a little bit more about it. This bit is more general.

  • So let's imagine we're writing this point about making friends. "When one studies in

  • a foreign country, it is possible to make friends from different countries, which can

  • be interesting." Okay. Let's talk about this a little bit because again, it's not the world's

  • most highly original sentence, but for the IELTS, it's good. You're making a -- you're

  • still talking generally, and you're elaborating on your point. When you write like this, you

  • keep your sentence quite short and controlled, and that means you don't lose control of them.

  • Why am I saying "one" here? In just normal speech, I would say "when you study in a foreign

  • country". But essays are more formal, so that's why I've written "one" there for the general

  • "you". "When one studies in a foreign country, it is possible to make friends from different

  • countries." Okay. We still haven't said that much. But now, we can do a relative clause

  • using "which". You can always use "which" after a comma. And, you know, I'm not saying

  • anything amazing here. "Which can be interesting." I'm just using a relative clause in a grammatically

  • correct way. I mean, you could be more original. "When one studies in a foreign country, it

  • is possible to make friends from different countries, which can be highly fulfilling

  • on a personal and deep, inspiring level." But you don't need to write that.

  • Moving on. Now, you can show the opposite side of the coin, the complicating factor.

  • You can say "however". So what are the disadvantages here? So you can take one of the -- see what

  • you write the plan for? You can just take one of these. "However, it may be difficult

  • to make friends due to the language barrier." When you're writing this kind of essay, you

  • can just say things. You don't have to believe that it's true. It's okay to write something

  • that's not necessarily your opinion. Some people find that really hard to do. It's like,

  • "I don't really think that." Just -- it's okay in this kind of essay.

  • And then, the optional part, you maybe want to make your paragraph slightly longer. Or

  • maybe you've already written two or three short paragraphs, so this one, you can vary

  • the length and make it a little bit different by sharing your experience. And that's a good

  • thing to do in an IELTS exam anyway. So you can use one of these set phrases. "In my opinion",

  • "in my experience", "in my view". For me, it would be quite easy to say "in my experience",

  • okay? Related to what we've already talked about. "In my experience, it is not difficult

  • to make friends when attending university in a foreign country because everybody is

  • very open to meeting new people." And there, that brings it to a close. Put that all together,

  • and you've got a paragraph.

  • Now, what do you need to do? You need to do the same thing three more times, and then

  • you should have enough. And then, you get to the conclusion.

  • So if you follow this pattern, you'll be okay when you do your IELTS exam

  • or CAE or similar discursive essay.

  • So what I'd like you to do now is go do the quiz on the website. Do the quiz. Take this

  • lesson a little bit further. Plus, I would like you to subscribe here on my EngVid channel.

  • I would also like you to subscribe on my personal channel as well where there's more stuff for

  • you to improve your English and your communication. And

  • -- yes. That's everything; isn't it?

  • What am I going to do now? I don't know what we're going to do now.

  • I am going to do some tug of war. Okay.

Hi, everyone. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is writing paragraphs. And I'm

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A2 初級 英國腔

雅思成功。寫出有效的段落 (IELTS Success: Writing Effective Paragraphs)

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    Lo Koop 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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