字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 What’s in a name? And can our names really affect our outcomes in life? Hey guys, Tara here for Dnews - and have you ever noticed how we tend to associate certain names with personalities? I’m reminded a 30 Rock quote, where Alec Baldwin’s character points out "There will never be a president Ashton.” Which seems probable - but is there any science behind that? And can our names really predict our futures? It’s an interesting question - and there have been a lot of studies over the years, trying to figure out how our names affect our lives. A recent one, published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences, looked at over 300 pairs of twins in China, and found that not only is liking your own name predictive of your well-being, it’s also determined in large part, by your genetic and environmental background. Another study, published in 2005, found that boys who were given girl’s names, were more likely to have behavioral problems, and as a result - generally do poorer in school. There have also been a bevy of studies examining the racial aspects of naming. A 2004 study in The American Economic Review, found that job applicants with white-sounding names, as opposed to characteristically black names - received 50% more callbacks for interviews - even if their qualifications were the same. So often times, it’s more about the stereotypes of other people, than it is about your actual name. There was another study in 2003 on the topic of racial naming conventions, which argued that even if stereotypes like that do affect job callbacks - it’s unlikely they would make a difference beyond the interview stage, since our perceptions of people’s names don’t matter as much, once we’ve personally met them. Racial stereotypes aside, though - how does all of this work? I mean, it’s our parents who name us, after all - and history shows that parents tend to name their kids after people they like. But is it really just about preference, or is there some social status at play? According to social psychologist Martin Skinner, "The real consequence is not in the actual name itself, but in the intentions behind it.” He says that "Names usually reflect parental aspirations, so someone who wants their child to be taken seriously will give them a name that has weight and is not frivolous - whatever class they are." So in a sense, our names reveal more about our parents, than they do about us. Here’s a perfect example. There was a series of studies done in the mid 1900s, that found that kids with unusual or uncommon first names were more likely to experience mental illness, and in particular - psychosis and neurosis. Now if we’re operating under the assumption that those names are a reflection of the psychological state of their parents, then it’s likely that the parents chose those names, as a way of unconsciously signaling that their kids are peculiar and perhaps even deserving of ridicule. If that is the case, then it’s equally as likely that those parents sent their kids other negative messages over the years - unconscious or not - that could’ve led to them developing a mental illness. And to look at it from another angle, it’s also entirely possible that the parents who gave their kids unusual names, also experienced similar illnesses, which were then passed down to their kids through their genes. Whatever the case may be - it’s generally agreed that the outcome your name has on your success levels is pretty negligible. In the long run, your own personal efforts can easily outweigh the impact of your name. What do you guys think? Do you feel like your name has contributed to your personality? Let us know your thoughts in the comments below, and as always - thank you guys for watching!