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  • Dung, doo doo, droppings, crap, scat.

    糞便、大便、排泄物、屎糞。

  • Whatever you want to call it.

    隨便你想怎麼形容。

  • Poop is pretty useful.

    它有很大的益處。

  • Hey everyone, Julia here for DNews.

    大家好,歡迎收看 DNews,我叫 Julia。

  • While we tend to think of excrement as extremely gross and want to get it as far away from us as possible, nature has a different way of dealing with doo doo.

    當你想到排泄物,你就會覺得極度噁心,想盡辦法要遠離它,而大自然對便便卻有不同的看法。

  • In a closed ecosystem,nothing goes to waste. Not even waste.

    在自然生態系統中什麼都不會被浪費掉,甚至是排泄物也可以充分利用。

  • For some animals it’s normal and healthy to eat their own poop, which is called coprophagy.

    對於有些動物而言,吃自己的排泄物是很健康且正常的,這稱作「食便行為」。

  • Mice and capybaras eat their own waste to get some nutrient that passed through their body once that have missed for the first time.

    老鼠和水豚會吃自己的排泄物,以獲得無法一次就被吸收而喪失的營養。

  • And farmers know the importance of waste in raising their crops.

    對於栽培農作物的農夫來說,排泄物是非常重要的。

  • but feces aren’t just for fertilizing.

    但是排泄物不只可以用來施肥。

  • According to some research millions of tons of dung enters Africa’s aquatic ecosystems every year.

    根據研究顯示,每年有數百萬噸的糞便排入非洲的水生態系統。

  • Some researchers think high concentrations of excrement leads to fish die offs.

    部分研究人員認為高濃度的排泄物會導致魚群死亡。

  • But new research suggests it might be good for the fish!

    但最新的研究顯示糞便對魚是有益的 !

  • A recent study published in the journal Ecosphere found that hippo poop feeds river fish.

    最近在 Ecosphere 期刊中有一項研究發現,河馬的糞便可以餵食河川裡的魚群。

  • Researchers from the UC Santa Barbara used chemical markers to follow the trail from beneath the hippos tail to the tissue of fish in the river.

    來自美國聖巴巴拉市的研究人員,從河馬尾巴下方做化學性記號一路追蹤到河裡的魚群。

  • The research showed that the fish were getting important nutrients from the poo.

    而研究也顯示魚能從糞便中攝取重要的營養。

  • This was especially true when water levels were low.

    尤其是當水位較低時。

  • Then the hippo poo was more concentrated and the fish could make better use of the nutrients.

    河馬的糞便濃度更高,魚群能獲得更多的養分。

  • The research confirms that hippos can have a huge impact on the ecosystem.

    而研究也證實河馬對於生態系統是有重要影響的。

  • Some scat helps to spread seeds. Lots of birds eat seeds then drop them off in some distant wood.

    有些糞便的排泄還可以幫助種子的散播。許多的鳥會吃下種子,然後將它排出在遙遠的森林中。

  • This helps spread the species further than it normally would.

    這樣一來會種子能散播得比平常更遠、更快。

  • One study published in the journal Ecology Letters found that passing through the gut of a sky bird changes the seeds for the better.

    一項在 Ecology Letters 期刊中的研究指出,經歷過飛鳥腸胃排洩出的的種子,比一般的種子來得優良。

  • A small tropical bird, Elaenias, feeds on the seeds of a wild chili pepper plant.

    有一種典型的熱帶鳥類,叫做霸鶲,會吃辣椒中的種子。

  • After going through the bowels of the bird, the seeds chances of survival increase 370 percent!

    種子經過鳥的腸胃道,存活率增加了 3.7 倍。

  • The researchers found that being eaten and then passed made the seed less aromatic and appealing to seed-eating ants and it removed some of the harmful pathogens that could kill the seed.

    研究人員發現種子被吃下經由排泄後,對於以種子維生的螞蟻來說就不那麼香,也不那麼美味了,此外,也消除了一些可能對種子產生傷害的病原體。

  • Fish feces even builds beaches! You know how beautiful those pristine white beaches in Hawaii are?

    魚的排泄物甚至創造了海灘!你知道夏威夷的美麗海邊如何形成嗎?

  • Yeah. That’s fish poop. Seriously. Parrot fish, so named because they have sharp,beak-like teeth, naw off algae that grows on corals. Along with the algae, the fish gets a mouthful of the coral’s calcium carbonate, which it expels as waste.

    沒錯。就那是由魚糞便組成。不開玩笑的,鸚鵡魚,牠們因為有鳥一般尖銳的牙齒而被命名,會吃掉珊瑚上的藻類。吃了藻類,鸚鵡魚會攝取許多珊瑚上的碳酸鈣並連同排泄物一起排出。

  • Some estimates say that a single parrot fish can poop out 800 pounds of sand a year!

    據估計一隻鸚鵡魚每年會排出 800 磅 (註:約 360 公斤) 的沙!

  • Thatll be fun to think about on your next vacation.

    下次到夏威夷旅行別忘了注意一下。

  • And don’t think humans are immune to this.

    不要想說人類跟排泄物一點關係都沒有。

  • I mean we love our fertilizer.

    我指的是我們都知道肥料的重要。

  • Cat poop coffee exists.

    真的有貓便便咖啡。

  • In the Sumatran Jungle lives a small-cat like critter called the civet.

    在蘇門達獵島的叢林有一種叫麝香貓的動物。

  • This cat loves coffee berries, but its gut doesn’t digest the bean.

    麝香貓喜歡咖啡果實,但牠的腸胃道無法消化咖啡豆。

  • Tthe cat passes the bean, its anal glands release a musky scent onto the bean.

    當麝香貓排出豆子,貓的肛腺會釋放出具有麝香的味道在豆子上。

  • And this makes for apparently good, well.. at least expensive coffee.

    很顯然地,牠有許多的好處。嗯 ... 至少是昂貴的咖啡。

  • It can cost as much as 600 bucks a pound!

    一磅的咖啡大概要花 600 元。

  • I… I uh.. I think I’ll stick to my cup of Earl Grey.

    啊 .... 我想我還是喝伯爵茶就好。

  • Speaking of all the good things poop can do, human fecal transplants can save lives!

    談到糞便還有什麼好處,移植人類糞便能夠挽救性命!

  • Get the scoop on this miracle cure from our sister show Seeker Stories.

    從我們的姊妹節目 Seeker Stories 中來看看有什麼神奇療效。

  • Check out that video here.

    你可以點選下方短片的連結。

  • Many people with Ryan's condition have turned to an unique procedure known as a fecal transplant which involves taking poops form healthy donner and insert it into a patient's colon to recolonize good bacteria into their system.

    很多和 Ryan 有相同病症的人,都開始接受這種稱為排泄物移植的特殊療程,由身體健康的捐贈者提供糞便,再將糞便植入病患的結腸中,讓好菌重新移植在患者的生理系統中。

  • What do you think about all the great things doo doo can do?

    你還想得到糞便有什麼絕佳的功能嗎?

  • Would you drink a cup of crappy coffee in the morning?

    你早上想來杯令人頭皮發毛的便便咖啡嗎?

  • Let us know in the comments below

    在下方寫下你的評論 ...

Dung, doo doo, droppings, crap, scat.

糞便、大便、排泄物、屎糞。

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 排泄物 種子 河馬 魚群 研究 咖啡

冷知識:動物便便的奇特功能 (The Weird Unusual Benefits Of Animal Poop)

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    Jonathan Tan 發佈於 2015 年 11 月 19 日
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