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  • Hi I'm Craig. My large forehead sparkles like a diamond, and this is Mental Floss on Youtube.

    嗨我是 Craig!我超大的額頭亮得跟鑽石一樣,你現在收看的是 Youtube 的 Mental Floss。

  • Today I'm gonna answer Butterwitt's big question.

    今天我將回覆 Butterwitt 的問題。

  • Why are white diamonds so expensive?

    為什麼白色鑽石如此昂貴呢?

  • Well Mr. Butterwitt, a few things determine a diamond's quality therefore its price.

    是這樣的 Butterwitt 先生,有許多因素決定了一顆鑽石的品質,接著才決定價錢。

  • These are what the diamond experts refer to as the 4Cs, color, cut, clarity, and carat.

    這些是鑽石專家所說的 4C:顏色、切面、淨度以及克拉。 (克拉 carat 與紅蘿蔔 carrot 發音相近)

  • There's a fifth optional, which is Craig.

    還有第五個選項,Craig。

  • You asked specifically about color, but I'm gonna tell you a little bit about all of them because all four affect the diamonds' cost.

    你主要問的是顏色,但我四種面向都會帶到一點,因為這四個因素都會影響鑽石的價格。

  • Let's get started.

    讓我們開始吧!

  • Okay listen up fellows, I just proposed to my girlfriend and buying a ring was the hardest part.

    人們聽好啦!我向女友求婚了,而買戒指真的是最難的地方。

  • This is important.

    這很重要。

  • A diamond's cut refers to how symmetrical and well-polished the diamond is.

    鑽石切面好壞代表鑽石有沒有做好對稱及拋光。

  • This is important because it determines how light reflects off of the diamond.

    這很重要,因為它會影響鑽石反射光線的樣子。

  • Unlike the other Cs, diamond-cut doesn't have a standardized grading scale.

    不像其他的 C ,鑽石切面並沒有標準化的評量指標。

  • Some of the most popular ones are the round cut, oval cut, princess cut, Mario-Luigi and Toad.

    這些是比較有名的切面:圓形、橢圓形及公主正方形車工,還有瑪莉兄弟。

  • Currently round cut diamonds are more pricey because they're popular and more expensive to make.

    目前來說圓形鑽石比較昂貴,因為它們較受歡迎,製作成本也相對較高。

  • So if you choose a white diamond in a different cut, it would be less expensive.

    因此如果你選擇不同切面的白鑽,價格會親民許多。

  • A diamond's clarity determines if it has blemishes, cloudiness, cracks, and so on.

    從一顆鑽石的淨度可以看得出它是否有汙點、混濁及裂痕等等跡象。

  • This is the diamond's clarity scale.

    這就是鑽石的淨度指標。

  • If the diamond has scales on it, you got that diamond from a dragon, and I salute you brave sir or madam.

    假如你有顆鑽石上面有指標等級,而且又是從神龍那邊拿來的,我在此向你致敬。 (指卡通七龍珠之龍珠)

  • Ideally the diamond is flawless if you can't see any of that stuff under ten times the magnification. The higher the clarity, the more rare and expensive it is.

    理想來說一顆鑽石在放大了十倍之後還沒看到任何雜質,它就完美無瑕了,鑽石的淨度越高,數量就會越少,價格也更昂貴。

  • Moving on to carat, which describes the diamonds' mass.

    接下來是克拉數,它用來形容鑽石的質量。

  • One carat equals two hundred milligrams.

    一克拉相當於兩百毫克。

  • A diamond with a higher carat is more expensive.

    一顆鑽石的克拉數越高,價格也越高。

  • Are you starting to see a pattern here?

    你大概懂這種模式了嗎?

  • As for color it has a scale as well.

    鑽石色調也有自己的衡量指標。

  • A white diamond is known as colorless, which is ideal on that scale.

    白色也就是無色,是在那指標上最理想的色調。

  • Why? Well, let me throw a fifth C at you.

    為什麼呢?恩,讓我把第五個 C 請出來吧。

  • Carbon. I threw Craig at you earlier but that's not real, so no...

    碳。我之前是說 Craig 可是那其實不是真的,所以不 ...。

  • Diamonds are completely made up of carbon.

    鑽石全是由碳所組成的。

  • A white diamond is pure carbon, which means it has no impurities, and then that means it's more expensive.

    白色鑽石代表它的碳十分純淨,代表沒有任何雜質,也因此它會比較貴。

  • Most of the diamonds that are found fall lower on the color scale with a yellow or brown tint to them.

    在色調衡量指標中,較差的鑽石大多是黃色或棕色。

  • This is nitrogen, and even a small amount of it can change the color, making the diamond impure.

    這物質是氮,只要一點點就可以改變整個顏色,讓這顆鑽石變得不純淨。

  • Once you go beyond Z on that scale, you reach what is known as Now I Know my ABCs.

    只要你達到 Z 的指標,你就學會念 ABC 啦。 (這個也是講者的玩笑)

  • No, fancy color diamonds.

    不是啦,是花俏顏色的鑽石。

  • As you probably know, some of the most expensive diamonds in the world are pink, red, and blue.

    你或許知道這件事,一些比較昂貴的鑽石顏色為粉紅、紅及藍色。

  • The dark blue Hope Diamond is worth over two hundred million dollars.

    深藍色的希望之鑽甚至價值超過兩億美元。

  • That's simply because these diamond colors are more rare and more expensive.

    不過那純粹只是因為這些鑽石的顏色比較罕見,才會相對昂貴許多。

  • Thanks for watching Mental Floss on Youtube made with the help of these lovely diamonds.

    謝謝你觀賞 Mental Floss 的 Youtube 頻道,這些美麗的鑽石也幫了今天的節目許多忙。

  • If you have a question of your own that you'd like an answer such as "will you marry me," leave it in the comments below.

    如果你有些問題想尋求答案,像是「你願意和我結婚嗎?」,就在下方留言吧!

  • The answer to that one is no. I'm already getting married. Sorry about that.

    不過那問題的答案是「不願意」,因為我已經要結婚啦,真抱歉。

  • See you next week!

    我們下週見!

Hi I'm Craig. My large forehead sparkles like a diamond, and this is Mental Floss on Youtube.

嗨我是 Craig!我超大的額頭亮得跟鑽石一樣,你現在收看的是 Youtube 的 Mental Floss。

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 鑽石 指標 昂貴 顏色 價格 白色

想買鑽石嗎?看看白鑽特別貴的原因是什麼! Why Are White Diamonds So Expensive?

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    Lily Chou 發佈於 2015 年 07 月 06 日
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