字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Hi, my name is Antonia Romaker! Anв you study English and Russian with me. Today we are going to talk about English! And namely we are going to discuss the crazy magical word 'would'! Sometimes you see it in a sentence and you just have no idea why it's there. Today we are going to discuss all functions, all general functions of this verb. And it will get better, it will get easier. Now, let's get cracking! So the first function, I want to talk about, is when you imagine things. When things are not real, and you are imagining things, it's not like that! So you can say: 'I would study English every day, but I don't have time.' Actually I do! I hope you do too! By the way, when you talk about imagining things, an imaginary situation, you can also talk about conditional sentences, the sentences, where you see 'if'. Like 'I would study English every day, if I were in your shoes. However, as I have already pointed out, you can also use it just without the 'if' clause. You can simply say: 'I would date him, he's hot!' You are imagining things, you are not going to date him. OK... So once again, we imagine a situation or an action. Then we can use 'would', let's take a look at an example. Well, what's the job? Assistant buyer! Oh! I would be shopping! For a living! So tell me something, mom... If you had to do it all over again, I mean if she was here right now. Would you tell her? We can also talk about the past. However, in this case we are supposed to use a perfect infinitive after 'would', so we say 'would have done'. And it is connected with the past. So it works for conditional sentences, OK, like 'I would have gone out with my friends, if I had had some free time.' Or you can use it in usual sentences, where there's no an 'if' clause. So 'I would have gone out with my friends, but, unfortunately, I was swamped. I didn't have any free time.' So see the difference: present - we say 'would do', past - we say 'would have done'. Let's take a look at an example. ...we can go to Aruba! When I went there on what would've been our honeymoon... ...it was really nice. You would've liked it. I had a bra... So stop yelling! All I'm saying is that If you'd told me vegetarian lasagna, I would've made vegetarian lasagna. Now let's compare 'will' and 'would'. If you say: 'I will help you! Where do you want me?' So you are going to help this person, you've agreed, this is certain, you will help. 'I will help you.' But if you say: 'I would help you.' Usually there is a but. There's always a butt. It's always about a butt. Anyway, joking! Once again if you say: 'I would help you.' Then you say: 'But, unfortunately, I'm swamped. I do not have any free time, I should go to the dentist, I should do something. So there is a but. I would if I could... but I can't so I shan't. So... By the way, this phrase was said by Sheldon. ...Sheldon. If I could I would, but I can't so I shan't. Moving on, the next function: 'would' is used in sequence of tenses. So when you talk about future but... you talk about future in the past. There's such a construction - future in the past. And it's used here, so you can say something like 'And then my boss said he'd kill me if I do not send the order the following day.' I'm still alive, so I guess he hadn't killed me yet. OK, so he said he would kill, he said he'd kill. So if the first part of the sentence is in the past, the second part of the sentence, if it's a... well... sentence where two parts are connected, you should start... you should use 'would', not I... Not 'he will kill me', but 'he would'. 'He said he would kill me'. Well, he was not going to, and it's all a made-up situation. So do not worry about me. Well, is it what we thought it would be? Uh-huh. Hey! What?... What..? OK, what did we think it's gonna be? Moving on to the next function, and it is Well, you can say: 'I would go to school every day when I was a kid.' In this case you talk about a regular action in the past. So you can use 'would'. 'I would do something' basically means 'I used to do something'. In the past, it happened regularly in the past. If you say: 'I wouldn't...' 'He wouldn't stop crying', 'she wouldn't stop crying'. You mean that this person refused to do something. So that's basically it, now an example... After school we would organize snowball fights every day. And the second example with 'wouldn't': When the roads are icy my car wouldn't move! Or for example, 'when it's too cold, like 30 degrees below zero my car wouldn't start.' OK, not let's take a look at an example from series. Two examples. ..you always have been, even when you were a kid, and you were chubby, and you had no friends, you were just fine! And you would read alone in your room, and your puzzles... ...evil or anything... She's just, you know... she's always braking my stuff! When I was 8, I wouldn't let her have my Judy Jetson thermos, so she threw it under the bus. And the last, but certainly not the least, the function of a modal verb. So 'would' can be a modal verb, and it can have quite many meanings. Let's take a look at them very quickly. The first one is persistence, an example: 'He would still smoke!' It means that he can't quit! He would still smoke! And usually you talk about the past. Wish! You are talking about wishing to do something! I would I were a kid again! It's like 'I wish I were a kid again.' So the meaning is very close to 'wish', 'I wish I were...' I would I were... But this construction is not very often... I should say. So 'I wish' is much more popular. Then possibility - 'that would be his sister.' Imagine that you see a guy, whom you like. And you see him with a girl! And you say: 'Well, that would be his sister.' You are not sure, but you hope that it is true. It's a possibility. Moving on, a polite request, like: Would you do me a favor? Would you... I don't know... give me some money. Would you lend me some money. So and the last one is preferences, like I would rather be a virgin than date Joey. 'I would rather', 'I would sooner'. This is the expression that used here And you talk about your preferences. OK, that's basically it, today we discussed different functions of this magical word 'would'. Not I hope that it got a little bit clearer And you understand it better and you w... And when you see this word, you won't freak out! Well, OK, that's it, hope that you liked this video. If you did, please, push the button, like it, share it, subscribe to my YouTube channel, follow me. Keep studying English with me! Keep studying Russian with me! Hope to see you soon! Happy English and Russian practice! Bye-bye!