字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 In this American English pronunciation video, we're going to go over how to pronounce the -er ending of words. Today we're talking about word stress and -er ending words that are two or more syllables. The -er ending will always be unstressed. So it will be lower in pitch and quicker than the stressed syllable in the word. For example, 'father'. Fath-er, fath-er. I'm sure you can hear the BIG-small contrast. So the stressed syllable will have shape in it, but the unstressed -er,-er, will be very flat, -er, and low in pitch. Father. This ending is written in IPA with the schwa and American R symbols. But you definitely don't want to make a separate schwa sound: uh-rr, uh-rr, it's just one sound, -er, -er. Let's look at a few more example words. Louder. Loud-er, louder. Further, furth-er, furth-er. Further. Sister. Sist-er, sist-er, sister. Computer. Compud-er, computer. Ever, ev-er, ever. Over. Ov-er, over. Singer, sing-er, singer. So don't forget, when you see this -er ending, to make it nice and short with just the rr sound in it. No other vowel, no shape. It's a very flat, quick, low sound. That's it, and thanks so much for using Rachel's English. I'd like to take moment for a quick plug for a new course I'm developing. It's going to be an 8-week conversation course that runs in April and May of 2012. It will bring together videos, audio clips, and exercise PDFs that I've made for my private students. So, I'll be pulling in the topics that I find I work on the most with my students. Each week is structured with certain topics. There will be a lot of drilling practice, and also opportunity for you to record yourself and upload it for my comment. There will also be group projects, where you'll be engaging in conversation with one another. Because this is my first time running such a course, I am offering it at a discount, and I'm also limiting the number of students to 30. So visit my website for more information, and do consider signing up. I really think it will take you a long way in your pronunciation practice.