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  • Hi again. Welcome back to I'm Adam. Today's lesson is a bit more practical,

  • especially if you're going to be going to travel in an English-speaking country, you

  • might want to know some of these words. We're going to look at some medical vocabulary,

  • and to talk about the issues that you're facing. Okay?

  • First of all, let's break down the medical vocabulary to three sections. We have injuries,

  • we have illnesses, we have diseases. Okay? First thing to understand, an injury is always

  • about the physical body. Okay? It's bones, it's tissues, it's skin, it's all these things.

  • Illness is inside the body, but it's usually shorter. Okay? It doesn't last a long time,

  • and you can usually get rid of it; you can fix it somehow. Diseases, on the other hand,

  • they're also inside, but they take a long time and quite often they can kill you. Okay?

  • Some diseases, nothing you can do about them; there's no cure for them. But some diseases,

  • you can treat. Okay? We'll talk about that as well.

  • You can treat them, but there's no cure necessarily.

  • So, let's start with injury. An injury to your physical body can come in different forms.

  • All of these are called "wound", "wound", it sounds like an "oo" sound. "Wound". Okay?

  • A wound is when you do something to physically harm your body.

  • A "burn". If you touch the stove... You're pulling out bread from the oven, you touch

  • it. Or the stove, you're cooking something and you touch the hot plate, you will burn

  • your hand. Okay? So, if you burn your hand, it'll stink a little bit, it will hurt a lot,

  • but you can put some lotion on it, take care of it.

  • A "break". Now, if you go skiing and by accident you fall down, you can break your leg. Or

  • if you go bicycling, like off-road, like trail biking, you fall down, you break your leg,

  • break your arm, break something. Like: "crack", a bone inside somewhere broke.

  • But you could also fall and "sprain" something. A sprain means like almost a break. Like,

  • for example, you fall down on your ankle... You can't see my ankle. It's down there, but

  • I'm like twisting it. If I fall down on it, I won't break my bone, but it will get all

  • swollen. Okay? It'll puff up. It'll be blue and black, and very, very painful. And maybe

  • I won't be able to walk on it, but I didn't break anything. Okay? So, these are examples

  • of injuries.

  • Next, we have illness. Now, everybody gets ill at some time. If you say "sickness", it

  • means the same thing. Sickness/illness, exactly the same thing. You can get a "cold". [Coughs]

  • And sneezing, and coughing, and whatever.

  • You can get a "flu" will usually be with a... Usually comes with a fever. Many of you know

  • "influenza", so we just say "flu" for short. Okay? This is not very fun. You sit in bed

  • for a few days, but eventually it goes away, hopefully.

  • And we always... We often talk about a "bug". Now, when we talk about a bug, we're talking

  • usually about a virus. So we say: "There's a bug going around." So during certain times

  • of the year, you'll get on the bus and somebody on the bus is sick or somebody coughed and

  • then grabbed onto the handle. Then you come on the bus, you grab the handle. The bug comes

  • inside you, and then the next day you're ill. You have a flu. You have a cold. You have

  • something. So we say there's a bug going around.

  • Next, we have a disease. Now, a disease is a very harsh thing. Okay? There is mental

  • diseases, there is physical diseases. Something that is "chronic" means that it continues

  • for a long time; it doesn't go away. Like even if I have-[coughs]-a chronic cough, it

  • means I'm always coughing; it doesn't go away.

  • Then, if you get tested and you find out that, for example, you had a tumour let's say. You

  • had something growing inside you, you think maybe it's cancer, you go get it tested and

  • then you find out it's "benign". It means it's not dangerous. It's not going to do anything

  • to you. It won't develop into the disease.

  • But then there are some diseases that are "terminal". "Terminal" means end. So, basically,

  • if you have a terminal disease, you're going to die. Okay? Sad, but true. That's how it

  • works. Cancer is a terminal disease in most cases. In some cases, it goes away for a little

  • while, but it can come back. But if you have a terminal disease, you're probably going

  • to pass away.

  • Now, we "heal" injuries. Okay? You go to a doctor, you go to the hospital, they do something,

  • they fix your arm. Then eventually, after a little bit of time, your broken arm, your

  • broken bone heals.

  • For an illness, you go to a doctor and he prescribes a remedy. We'll talk about different

  • types of treatments another time, but a remedy is something that you use to fix an illness.

  • "Remedy" can be a noun. You go for a remedy. Or a verb, you can remedy the illness.

  • Now, a disease, you "treat" over time. You do all kinds of things to treat the disease,

  • and you hope that somebody finds a cure. I mean, some diseases have cures. You go to

  • the doctor, he gives you something and you're cured. This can also be a noun or a verb.

  • Lastly, when we talk about doctors, everybody thinks there's only one word. For example,

  • if you're writing an essay, see: "Doctor, doctor, doctor, doctor". Other ways to say

  • "doctor", "doctor", of course. "Physician", a physician is somebody who takes care of

  • sick people. A "pediatrician", now this is just one type of doctor, but this is the most

  • common type. If you have a family doctor, he or she is a pediatrician. And, of course,

  • we can just go by their qualifications, "MD", "Medical Doctor", "Doctor of Medicine", however

  • you want to say it. Okay?

  • So here's a start to your medical vocabulary learning. Join us again another time. We'll

  • look at different treatments for different types of medical situations.

  • Don't forget to go to There's a quiz there. You can try that out.

  • You can ask questions in the comments section.

  • Don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel, and I'll see you again soon. Bye-bye.

Hi again. Welcome back to I'm Adam. Today's lesson is a bit more practical,


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A2 初級

學習英語中的MEDICAL詞彙 (Learn MEDICAL Vocabulary in English)

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    Sam 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日