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  • Hi, again. I'm Adam. Welcome to www.engvid.com. Today's lesson is very common I think -

    嗨,又見面了。我是Adam。歡迎來到engvid,今天的課程很常見,我認為

  • a very popular question. I get asked this all the time by students who are learning English:

    是常被問到的問題,學習英文的學生總是問我:

  • when to use "-er", when to use "more" when we are comparing things, for example with

    在比較事物時,何時使用“-er”,何時要用"more",用形容詞來當例子

  • adjectives. When do I say "better", for example, or "happier" or "more expensive"? How do you

    什麼時候會用"better","happier",或者"more expensive"? 你怎麼

  • know which one to use? Okay? So it's very, very simple, okay? We're going to look at

    知道該用哪個?這其實非常簡單,我們會看到

  • syllables. To use "-er", we use -- sorry. We use "-er"

    音節。我們用"-er"的時機是

  • with words that have one or two syllables. We use "more" with words that have two or

    遇到一個或兩個音節的字。當碰到有兩個或以上音節的字,我們會用"more"

  • more syllables. Now, before I explain that, what are syllables?

    現在,在開始解釋文法前,什麼是音節呢?

  • "Syllables" are vowel sounds in a word, okay? They're not the number of vowels; they're

    音節就是一個字裡的元音發音,了解嗎?這並非指母音的數量,他們

  • the number of vowel sounds. But first, what is a "vowel"?

    是元音的數量,首先,什麼是母音

  • Just in case you're not familiar: A, E, I, O, U; these are the vowels in English. Consonants

    假如你還不熟悉:A, E, I, O, U;這些是英文中的母音。子音

  • are B, C, D, F, G, and so on. Keep in mind "Y" is a consonant even though it sounds often

    則是B, C, D, F, G, 等等。要留心,Y是子音,雖然它聽起來更

  • like a vowel. Okay, so back to syllables. So these are the

    像母音。好的,回到音節。所以這些是

  • vowel sounds. So for example, the word "cat". How many vowel sounds are in the word "cat"?

    元音。舉個例子,cat 這個字裡有幾個元音呢?

  • One: "ah" -- "cat". Keep in mind -- here's another one-syllable word: "leak". Two vowels,

    一個:"ah"-- "cat"。注意-- 這裡還有另外一個單音節的字:"leak"。兩個母音,

  • one vowel sound, "leak", "eeee", okay? Can you think of a two-syllable word? How

    一個元音發音,"leak","eeee",對吧?你可以想看看有兩個音節的字嗎?

  • do you feel right now? I bet you feel "happy". I'm sure you feel happy because you're watching

    你現在感覺如何?我敢說你一定很"happy"。因為你正在看

  • www.engvid.com, right? "Happy". The two vowel sounds: "ha", "py" -- sorry. My mistake. "Hap",

    engvid,是吧?"Happy",兩個元音,"ha","py" -- 不對,搞錯了,是"Hap",

  • "py", "ah", "eeee", okay? How about a three-vowel sound word? How about

    "py", "ah", "eeee",懂了嗎?那麼三個音節的字呢?

  • three syllables? "Beautiful". Sorry. I'm not having the best day spelling today. "Beau",

    "Beautiful",抱歉啦,今天一直搞錯拼音。"Beau",

  • "ti", "ful". Three syllables. How about four? "Ex", "cep", "tio", "nal"

    "ti","ful",三個音節。那麼四個音節的字呢?"Ex", "cep", "tio", "nal",

  • -- "exceptional". Great. Very good. Okay. One more -- five. Very common word: "International".

    -- "exceptional",非常好。再來-- 五個音節。一個很常見的字: "International"

  • Can you divide them up into the syllables? Try it. "In", "ter", "na", "tio", "nal" -- "international",

    你可以把它們用音節分割嗎?試試看, "In", "ter", "na", "tio", "nal" -- "international",

  • five syllables. So now, here we go back. We see one or two

    五個音節。現在,我們回到前面,我們看到一或兩個

  • syllables or two or more syllables. So now, you're thinking, "Okay, well if I have a two-syllable

    音節,或者兩個以上的音節。現在你可能會想,如果我碰到兩個音節的

  • word, I still don't know which one to use, right?" Well, here is the answer. One or two

    單字,我還是不知道該用哪個,對吧?答案就在這裡,一至兩個

  • syllables: If the word ends in "Y" -- I'll put it here. Sorry about the mess. If the

    音節:如果單字以“Y”結尾--我寫在這,抱歉有點亂,如果這個

  • word ends in "Y", use "-er". So "happy" -- if you want to compare two things; who's happier?

    單字以Y結尾,使用"-er"。所以"happy",如果要比較倆人事物;誰比較開心?

  • Me or my friend? Then you drop the "Y"; then you put "ier". "Happier". Okay?

    我還是我的朋友?你就去掉"Y",加上"ier",變成"Happier",懂嗎?

  • If the word -- the two-syllable word -- ends in a consonant, okay, then you use "more".

    如果這個兩音節的單字,是以母音結尾的,那麼就使用”more"

  • Okay? So "gentle" is technically a two-syllable word, but it ends in a vowel, so "gentler".

    "gentle" 技術上來說是兩音節的字,但它是以母音結尾,所以是"gentler"

  • I'll think of an example of a consonant-ending word.

    我會想出個以子音結尾的字

  • Now, there are, of course, exceptions. "Good" does not take "-er" or "more". "Good" becomes

    當然,也有些例外。像"Good"就不用"-er"或者 "more"。"Good"變成

  • "better". "Bad" becomes "worse". "Far" becomes "farther". I'll write this one down. "Far"

    "better",而"Bad"成為"worse"。"Far" 改為 "farther",我要把這個寫下來,"Far"

  • becomes "farther", so you have the extra addition here. "Much" becomes "more". "Little" becomes

    變成"farther",所以這裡加了些字。"Much"變成"more","Little"改成

  • "less", okay? Now -- oh, I put it twice. Sorry. Now, "fun" is a one-syllable word, but you

    "less",對吧?現在-- 喔我寫了兩個,抱歉。"fun"是單音節的字,但你

  • will never hear anybody say "funner". Why? Because it sounds like "funnier". So this

    永遠不會聽到任何人說"funner"。因為這聽起來很像"funnier",所以這

  • is an exception. We usually say "more fun". Now here's an example of a two-syllable word

    也是個例外。我們通常會說"more fun"。現在看到兩音節單字的例子,

  • that ends in a consonant, so you think "cleverer". Now, some people will say "cleverer", but

    以子音結尾,你可能會以為是"cleverer",有些人是會用"cleverer",但

  • because of the "r-r" ending, it's a little bit hard to say, so many people will say "more

    因為 "r-r"結果很難發音,許多人會說成"more

  • clever". "He is more clever than she is", okay? For example. I still can't think of

    clever"。"他比她來得更聰明",對吧?舉例來說,我還是想不到

  • a word that ends in a consonant. "Feather". No. That's not -- it's a noun; I can't use

    以子音結尾的子。"Feather",不對,這不是-- 這是名詞;我不能用

  • that. Okay. It'll come to me. I'll put it on the comments on www.engvid.com.

    我總會想到的,到時再將放上engvid的回應區

  • And if you want to practice more of these, go to www.engvid.com. There's a quiz there,

    如果你想要練習更多,上engvid吧,那邊有更多測驗

  • and you can practice these and come back, and we'll do some more lessons. So don't forget

    你也可以練習後再繼續收看,我們會有更多課程。別忘了

  • to check out my YouTube page and subscribe. See you then.

    訂閱我的YouTube頻道,到時見

Hi, again. I'm Adam. Welcome to www.engvid.com. Today's lesson is very common I think -

嗨,又見面了。我是Adam。歡迎來到engvid,今天的課程很常見,我認為

字幕與單字
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單字即點即查 點擊單字可以查詢單字解釋

B1 中級 中文 美國腔 音節 母音 元音 子音 結尾 單字

【英文文法】比較級文法到底怎麼用? (English Grammar - Comparing: funner & faster or more fun & more fast?)

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    cindy 發佈於 2015 年 06 月 23 日
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