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  • Hi, again. I'm Adam. Welcome to Today's lesson is very common I think -


  • a very popular question. I get asked this all the time by students who are learning English:


  • when to use "-er", when to use "more" when we are comparing things, for example with


  • adjectives. When do I say "better", for example, or "happier" or "more expensive"? How do you

    什麼時候會用"better","happier",或者"more expensive"? 你怎麼

  • know which one to use? Okay? So it's very, very simple, okay? We're going to look at


  • syllables. To use "-er", we use -- sorry. We use "-er"


  • with words that have one or two syllables. We use "more" with words that have two or


  • more syllables. Now, before I explain that, what are syllables?


  • "Syllables" are vowel sounds in a word, okay? They're not the number of vowels; they're


  • the number of vowel sounds. But first, what is a "vowel"?


  • Just in case you're not familiar: A, E, I, O, U; these are the vowels in English. Consonants

    假如你還不熟悉:A, E, I, O, U;這些是英文中的母音。子音

  • are B, C, D, F, G, and so on. Keep in mind "Y" is a consonant even though it sounds often

    則是B, C, D, F, G, 等等。要留心,Y是子音,雖然它聽起來更

  • like a vowel. Okay, so back to syllables. So these are the


  • vowel sounds. So for example, the word "cat". How many vowel sounds are in the word "cat"?

    元音。舉個例子,cat 這個字裡有幾個元音呢?

  • One: "ah" -- "cat". Keep in mind -- here's another one-syllable word: "leak". Two vowels,

    一個:"ah"-- "cat"。注意-- 這裡還有另外一個單音節的字:"leak"。兩個母音,

  • one vowel sound, "leak", "eeee", okay? Can you think of a two-syllable word? How


  • do you feel right now? I bet you feel "happy". I'm sure you feel happy because you're watching


  •, right? "Happy". The two vowel sounds: "ha", "py" -- sorry. My mistake. "Hap",

    engvid,是吧?"Happy",兩個元音,"ha","py" -- 不對,搞錯了,是"Hap",

  • "py", "ah", "eeee", okay? How about a three-vowel sound word? How about

    "py", "ah", "eeee",懂了嗎?那麼三個音節的字呢?

  • three syllables? "Beautiful". Sorry. I'm not having the best day spelling today. "Beau",


  • "ti", "ful". Three syllables. How about four? "Ex", "cep", "tio", "nal"

    "ti","ful",三個音節。那麼四個音節的字呢?"Ex", "cep", "tio", "nal",

  • -- "exceptional". Great. Very good. Okay. One more -- five. Very common word: "International".

    -- "exceptional",非常好。再來-- 五個音節。一個很常見的字: "International"

  • Can you divide them up into the syllables? Try it. "In", "ter", "na", "tio", "nal" -- "international",

    你可以把它們用音節分割嗎?試試看, "In", "ter", "na", "tio", "nal" -- "international",

  • five syllables. So now, here we go back. We see one or two


  • syllables or two or more syllables. So now, you're thinking, "Okay, well if I have a two-syllable


  • word, I still don't know which one to use, right?" Well, here is the answer. One or two


  • syllables: If the word ends in "Y" -- I'll put it here. Sorry about the mess. If the


  • word ends in "Y", use "-er". So "happy" -- if you want to compare two things; who's happier?


  • Me or my friend? Then you drop the "Y"; then you put "ier". "Happier". Okay?


  • If the word -- the two-syllable word -- ends in a consonant, okay, then you use "more".


  • Okay? So "gentle" is technically a two-syllable word, but it ends in a vowel, so "gentler".

    "gentle" 技術上來說是兩音節的字,但它是以母音結尾,所以是"gentler"

  • I'll think of an example of a consonant-ending word.


  • Now, there are, of course, exceptions. "Good" does not take "-er" or "more". "Good" becomes

    當然,也有些例外。像"Good"就不用"-er"或者 "more"。"Good"變成

  • "better". "Bad" becomes "worse". "Far" becomes "farther". I'll write this one down. "Far"

    "better",而"Bad"成為"worse"。"Far" 改為 "farther",我要把這個寫下來,"Far"

  • becomes "farther", so you have the extra addition here. "Much" becomes "more". "Little" becomes


  • "less", okay? Now -- oh, I put it twice. Sorry. Now, "fun" is a one-syllable word, but you

    "less",對吧?現在-- 喔我寫了兩個,抱歉。"fun"是單音節的字,但你

  • will never hear anybody say "funner". Why? Because it sounds like "funnier". So this


  • is an exception. We usually say "more fun". Now here's an example of a two-syllable word

    也是個例外。我們通常會說"more fun"。現在看到兩音節單字的例子,

  • that ends in a consonant, so you think "cleverer". Now, some people will say "cleverer", but


  • because of the "r-r" ending, it's a little bit hard to say, so many people will say "more

    因為 "r-r"結果很難發音,許多人會說成"more

  • clever". "He is more clever than she is", okay? For example. I still can't think of


  • a word that ends in a consonant. "Feather". No. That's not -- it's a noun; I can't use

    以子音結尾的子。"Feather",不對,這不是-- 這是名詞;我不能用

  • that. Okay. It'll come to me. I'll put it on the comments on


  • And if you want to practice more of these, go to There's a quiz there,


  • and you can practice these and come back, and we'll do some more lessons. So don't forget


  • to check out my YouTube page and subscribe. See you then.


Hi, again. I'm Adam. Welcome to Today's lesson is very common I think -


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【英文文法】比較級文法到底怎麼用? (English Grammar - Comparing: funner & faster or more fun & more fast?)

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    cindy 發佈於 2015 年 06 月 23 日