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  • Whether its Mozart, Joni Mitchell, Adele or newcomers like Frank Ocean,

    不管是莫扎特,Joni Mitchell, Adele或是向Frank Ocean一樣的新手,

  • music is powerful and has existed in all cultures throughout history.

    音樂的力量很強並長久存在於 所有的歷史文化之中。

  • But why do humans find music so addictive and pleasurable?

    但為何人們覺得音樂那麼 有吸引力又令人快樂?

  • At its core, music is the combination of audio frequencies and intricate patterns

    音樂的核心,是聲音頻率和 精密型態的結合,

  • floating through the air and clashing together in your ear.

    從空氣中飄動過來並 在你的耳朵中碰撞作聲。

  • Much like your eyes process light, your ears process waves of sound

    就像是你的眼睛處理光線一樣, 你的耳朵會處理音波,

  • and trigger a state of excitement and sometimes pleasure in your brain.

    並在腦中產生一種時而刺激, 時而愉悅的狀態。

  • Humans experience pleasure from many stimulants such as food, sex and drugs.

    人們從很多的刺激物中感受到滿足, 諸如食物、性和藥物。

  • But because many of these stimulants are necessary for human survival

    但因為很多刺激物是 人類生存不可或缺的,

  • the body has created a system in which it rewards you for achieving them.

    身體創造出一個只要你完成它 就有回饋的系統。

  • What's really happening is a release of a neurotransmitter in the brain called dopamine.

    實際上發生的是大腦釋出一個 叫做多巴胺的神經傳遞介質。

  • Dopamine is a chemical responsible for making you feel good.

    多巴胺是種會讓你 感覺良好的化學成分。

  • When dopamine is released following a reward such as a delicious meal or winning the lottery,

    當多巴胺在接收到諸如一頓美味的大餐或 贏得樂透之類的獎勵之後被釋放出來,

  • the neurotransmitter causes a feeling of pleasure and satisfaction.

    神經傳遞介質引起一個 快樂和滿足的感覺。

  • Drugs, such as cocaine, take advantage of this pathway by increasing the amount of dopamine,

    藥物,像是古柯鹼,藉由增加多巴胺的量 圖利於這條捷徑,

  • or rather, preventing its removal,

    或甚至,阻礙它被排出,

  • causing continual stimulation of your neurons, which creates intense moments of pleasure.

    造成對你的神經細胞連續不斷的刺激, 產生強烈的快感時光。

  • Music has the ability to create a state of arousal

    音樂有創造出一種 激動狀態的能力,

  • causing pupils to dilate

    使瞳孔擴張,

  • blood pressure to rise,

    血壓上升,

  • and the brain to fire in auditory, movement and emotional regions.

    並激發腦部在聽覺、運動 以及情感等領域的能力。

  • And even though music does not have a direct survival benefit,

    而且即使音樂沒有直接的 生存所需的好處,

  • this emotional reaction causes a release of the feel good chemical dopamine.

    這樣的情感反應讓身體釋出 令人感覺良好的化學多巴胺。

  • Though the exact evolutionary reasoning is unclear,

    即便真正的發展原因不明,

  • the amazing fact remains,

    這驚人的事實仍然存在,

  • music chemically alters our body and makes us feel great.

    音樂讓我們的身體產生化學變化 又使我們感覺很棒。

  • And in the same way that a drug induced dopamine surge leaves you craving more,

    跟藥物引起的多巴胺激增 讓你更渴望是一樣的道理,

  • music becomes addictive.

    音樂令人上癮。

  • The dopamine tells your body it was rewarded

    多巴胺告知身體收到獎勵

  • and creates the desire to seek out more.

    並創造出尋求更多的慾望。

  • Even though music enjoyment is entirely subjective and intertwined with cultural and personal experience

    即使音樂享受是完全主觀的而且 和文化以及個人經驗糾結在一起,

  • The chemical effects remain consistent amongst the human race,

    它那化學反應在人類之中保持一致,

  • a perfectly natural drug of happiness.

    一種完全天然的快樂良藥。

  • Got a burning question you want answered?

    有燃眉之急的問題需要解答嗎?

  • Ask it in the comments or on facebook and twitter.

    在留言中或是在facebook 和twitter上發問。

  • And subscribe for more weekly science videos.

    並訂閱我們以獲得 更多每周科學影片。

Whether its Mozart, Joni Mitchell, Adele or newcomers like Frank Ocean,

不管是莫扎特,Joni Mitchell, Adele或是向Frank Ocean一樣的新手,

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B2 中高級 中文 多巴胺 化學 藥物 創造出 神經 身體

音樂具有的科學力量 (The Scientific Power of Music)

  • 1802 84
    Fu Jung Lai 發佈於 2012 年 12 月 20 日
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