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  • Hi. Welcome again to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson comes as a request, because

    嗨, 歡迎再次來到www.engiv.com. 我是Adam. 今天的課程來自特別的請求, 因為

  • I know that there are actually quite a few of you who are teachers of English, and you

    我知道有許多來看的人都是英文老師, 而且你們

  • wanted to know some classroom English. So, today, we're going to look at classroom English.

    都想要知道一些教室英文. 所以今天, 我們要來看一些跟教室英文有關的事情.

  • This is more for beginners, especially people who have just joined an English class, an

    這堂課是專門給初學者的, 尤其是那些剛加入一門如英語課程,

  • ESL class, EFL class, etc. and you're starting to get used to the classroom environment,

    以英語為第二語言課程, 以英語為外語課程, 等等的人. 而你們正開始熟悉教室的環境,

  • and you're not exactly sure what the teacher is saying, what you should say, etc.

    且你不太確定老師在說什麼,你應該說什麼, 等等.

  • We're going to start with the teachers. What do teachers say that you need to understand?

    我們先從老師說的話開始. 哪些老師說的話是你應該了解的?

  • Okay? [Clears throat] Excuse me. First, the teacher will take attendance, or the teacher

    好嗎?[清喉嚨] 不好意思. 首先, 老師會先檢查出席狀況, 或老師

  • will take roll call. Sorry, these are two separate words, "roll call". Basically, they

    會點名. 不好意思, 這是2個分開的單字, "點名". 基本上, 他們

  • want to know who is here and who is not here. Okay? So, if a student is in the class, he

    想知道誰有到場和誰沒有到場. 好嗎? 所以, 如果一個學生在這堂課有到場, 表示他

  • or she is present. So, if the teacher says: -"Bill?" -"Present." -"Mary?" -"Present."

    或她有出席. 所以, 如果老師說:"Bill?" "有." "Mary?" "有."

  • -"Bueller? Bueller? Bueller?" Bueller is absent. He or she is not in the class. So, "absent",

    "Buller? Buller? Buller?" Buller 曠課了. 他或她沒有出席這堂課. 所以,"缺席",

  • not here. "Present", here.

    沒有到場. "出席", 有到場.

  • If the teacher has finished with attendance and starts to teach the class, and a student

    如果老師點完名且開始上課了, 然後一名學生

  • comes in then, that student is late. And they get a little check. Too many lates, you get

    才進來, 那這位學生就是遲到了. 此時他們會被做上記號. 太多遲到, 你會有些

  • into trouble. Now, you could be absent, but you can have an excused absent, means that

    麻煩. 現在, 你可能曠課了, 但你可以請假, 表示

  • you have a note from your parents, from your doctor, from your boss, or the teacher just

    你有家長, 醫生, 老闆的證明, 或老師就是

  • knows that you're not coming today and it's okay; it's excused.

    知道你不會出席而沒關係. 這是有理由的.

  • Now, the teacher will give you commands. He or she will tell you to do things. Okay? So,

    現在, 老師會給你指示. 他或她會請你做些事. 好嗎? 所以,

  • it's very important that you understand what to do. If a teacher says: "Put up your hand",

    知道你要做什麼是非常重要的. 如果老師說:"舉起你的手",

  • or: "Raise your hand to ask a question, to make a comment, to ask to go to the bathroom",

    或:"舉手問問題, 發表意見, 詢問是否能去洗手間",

  • put up your hand. Raise your hand. Don't speak out. Because if everybody speaks out, it's

    舉手就好. 舉手. 不要直接說出來. 因為如果大家都不舉手直接發言, 那

  • just noise. Put up your hand, ask your question, get your answer. Okay?

    只是製造噪音. 先舉手, 問問題, 然後得到答覆. 好嗎?

  • Then, the teacher will ask you: "Take out your notebooks. Take out your pens. Take out

    接著, 老師會請你:"拿出你的筆記本. 拿出你的簽字筆. 拿出

  • your earphones." Basically, get them ready, we are going to use them. Okay.

    你的耳機." 基本上, 把這些東西準備好, 我們會需要用到它們. 好嗎.

  • "Take your seats." Basically means sit down, sit. Okay? So, he's trying to get organized,

    "請坐下" 基本上表示坐下, 坐下. 好嗎? 所以, 他想讓大家準備好.

  • or she is trying to get organized.

    或她想讓大家準備好.

  • Next, they'll say: "Take out your book. Turn to page 37." Means open your book, page 37,

    接著, 他們會說:"拿出你的課本, 翻到第37頁." 表示翻開你的課本至第37頁.

  • let's start reading, working, etc.

    開始閱讀, 做習題, 等等.

  • Now, if the teacher wants you to do things, but not alone. For example, if you're doing

    現在, 如果老師要請你做一些事情, 但不是你獨自做. 例如, 如果你在做

  • math, yeah, you do it alone no problem. If you're doing ESL, the teacher will want you

    數學, 沒錯, 你一個人做沒問題. 但如果你在做以英語為第二語言課程, 老師會希望你們

  • to work in pairs. It means two people together, so you can speak. "Work in groups", means

    2人一組作業. 表示2人一起, 所以你們可以討論. "小組作業", 表示

  • get into a few people together; three, four, five.

    一群人一起作業, 3人, 4人, 5人.

  • If he wants a specific number, he will say: "Get into groups of", or: "Work in groups

    如果他要特定的組員數, 他會說:"以3人分為一組", 或:"

  • of three." So, you find your two friends, three sit together, do the exercise.

    3人分為一組." 所以, 你會找2個朋友, 3個人坐在一起, 做習題.

  • Now, if the teacher... As everybody's talking, the teacher wants everybody be quiet and listen

    現在, 如果老師要... 當大家在討論, 而老師希望大家安靜來聽

  • to one student, he will say or she will say: "Please pay attention to Jack. Jack is going

    某位特定的學生說話, 他或她會說:"請大家注意Jack 這邊. Jack要

  • to speak. Everybody, please pay attention to Jack." Or if you're doing exercise, if

    說話. 大家, 請注意Jack這邊." 或如果你們在做習題,

  • the teacher wants you to be careful about one word or one grammar structure: "Pay attention

    而老師希望你們特別注意1個單字或1個文法:" 注意

  • to the independent clause." Means be very focused, be aware. Okay?

    這個獨立片語." 表示你必續十分專注, 注意. 好嗎?

  • So, these are the basic things you need to know what... That your teacher will say. Now,

    所以, 這些就是你基本上該知道老師會說的話. 現在

  • you're the student, you have questions or you don't understand something, what are you

    你是一名學生, 你有疑問或你不了解某事, 你

  • going to say or what are you going to ask? Let's see.

    應該要說什麼或你應該如何發問? 我們來看看.

  • Okay, so now, you're the student and, you know, sometimes you don't understand everything

    好, 所以現在, 你是一名學生, 且你曉得, 有時你不會聽懂

  • the teacher says. So, there are things you can say or ask from the teacher, of course, to help you.

    老師所說的話. 所以, 這些是你可以向老師說或問, 來幫你.

  • If you didn't hear something, what will you say? You could say: "I didn't catch the last part."

    如果你沒有聽到某句話, 你可以說什麼? 你可以說:"我沒有聽到最後那句話."

  • Now, if you say: "I didn't hear", and I'm the teacher, I have been speaking for

    現在, 如果你說:"我沒聽到", 而如果我是老師, 我已經講了

  • 10 minutes, and you say: "I didn't hear." I'll say: "What? Everything? 10 minutes?"

    10分鐘, 然後你說:"我沒聽到." 我會說:"什麼? 我剛剛10分鐘所說的你都沒聽到?"

  • I can't say again. So, "I didn't hear", or: "I didn't catch the last part." So, I will

    我沒辦法再說一遍. 所以, 不要只說"我沒聽到" ,應該說"我沒聽到最後那句話." 那我就會

  • go back and say again the last part, or: "I didn't hear the part about what to ask." Or:

    再說一遍剛剛最後所說的地方. 或說:"我沒有聽到你問的是什麼." 或

  • "I didn't hear the part about independent clauses", or whatever the lesson is about.

    "我沒有聽到有關獨立片語的那段", 或是關於你那段課程有關的問題.

  • So, be specific. Tell the teacher which part you didn't hear. He or she will say it again.

    所以, 問題要具體. 告訴老師你哪個部分你沒聽到. 他或她會在說明一遍.

  • Or you can just say: "Could you repeat that please?" Repeat, say again. If you didn't

    或你可以就說:"你可以再說一遍剛剛的話嗎?" 重複, 再說一遍. 如果你沒有

  • hear: "Could you repeat that please? Could you say that again?" But again, say which

    聽到:"你可以重複剛剛的話嗎? 你可以再說一遍剛剛的話嗎?" 但記得, 指定

  • part. Be specific.

    重複的部分. 問題要具體.

  • Or: "I didn't hear/catch what you said after here." So, tell the teacher you heard everything

    或說,"我沒有聽到從這個地方以後的部分." 所以, 告訴老師你聽到這地方以前的部分,

  • until here, and from here, you didn't hear, you didn't catch. "Catch" means hear or understand. Okay?

    而從這地方以後的部分你沒有聽到, 沒有聽懂. "抓到" 在這裡表示聽到或了解. 好嗎?

  • And if you're having a lot of trouble, ask a teacher: "Can you please speak more slowly?"

    如果你跟不上課程, 問老師:"可以放慢講課速度嗎?"

  • And the teacher will slow down, and it will be much easier for you to understand.

    那老師就會放慢講課速度, 讓你比較容易能理解.

  • Okay, now, if you are learning something... And again, we're learning English and you're

    好, 現在, 如果你正在學習某個東西...記得, 我們在學英語而你

  • not familiar with what the teacher says... It's something new or you don't really know

    不熟悉老師所說的話...對你而言這是很新的或你不清楚的,

  • what it is, first of all, make sure you know how to spell the word. If it's a new word,

    首先, 先確定你會拼這個字. 如果這是一個新的單字,

  • ask the teacher: "How do you spell that?" And the teacher will say: "S-p-e-l-l." Spell.

    問老師:"這字要怎麼拼?" 那老師就會回答:"S-p-e-l-l." 拼字.

  • Okay? "How do you spell that?" Now, if you don't know the meaning of the word and the

    好嗎?"這字要怎麼拼?" 現在, 如果你不知道這字的意思而

  • teacher just continues speaking, put up your hand, say: "I'm sorry. What does this word

    老師就繼續講下去, 舉手問說:"不好意思. 剛剛這字

  • mean?" And the teacher will explain to you.

    是什麼意思?" 那老師就會說明給你聽.

  • Now, if you're learning in another country, you're learning EFL, English as a foreign

    現在, 如果你在其他國家學習, 你正在學習EFL, 以英語為外語課程,

  • language, you can say: "How do you say this word in your language?" If you're learning

    你可以說:"如何用你們的語言說這個字?" 如果你在

  • in Japan: "How do you say 'spell' in Japanese?", "How do you say 'spell' in Spanish?", "How

    日本學習:"你如何用日文說'拼音'?", "你如何用西班牙文說'拼音'?"

  • do you say 'spell'" in any language? And: "What is this word in Japanese?", "What is

    "你如何用這個語言說'拼音'?" 而:"如何用日語說這個字?"

  • 'spell' in Japanese?" So, these two basically mean the same thing.

    "如何用日語來拼這個字?" 這2個基本上是相同的意思.

  • By the way, these marks means same as what was above, just so you know. What is the word

    順帶一提, 這些符號表示跟上面一樣, 只是讓你知道. 如何用你們的語言說這個字?

  • in your language? If you're learning outside. If you're learning in Canada, for example,

    如果你在國外學習. 例如你在加拿大學習.

  • and you say: "How do you say this word in Spanish?" I don't know. I don't actually speak

    然後你問:"如何用西班牙文來說這個字?" 我不知道. 我不說

  • Spanish. I wish I spoke Spanish. I will learn one day, but for now, I don't. So, you have

    西班牙文. 我希望我會說西班牙文, 我也會找時間來學, 但現在我不會. 所以, 你要

  • to be careful. Okay.

    特別小心. 好嗎.

  • Finally, if you need a bit more information, you want the teacher to explain a little bit

    最後, 如果你需要更多資訊, 你希望老師多解釋一點,

  • more, maybe you understand or you heard, but you're not really sure. So, you can always

    或許你聽懂或聽到, 但不是很確定. 此時, 你可以

  • ask for more specifics. "Can you use this word in a sentence?" So, for example, you

    問得更具體:"你可以用這個字造一個句子嗎?" 所以, 例如,你

  • heard the word, you understand the word, but you're not sure how it would fit in a sentence,

    聽過這個單字, 也懂這字的意思, 但不知道如何放進句子裡,

  • how to use it. Ask. "Can you use...?" Like, for the teacher: "Can you please use this

    如何用它. 問說"你可以用...?" 像問老師:"你可以用

  • word in a sentence so I can see how it works?" Or: "Can you give me", or: "Can you give us",

    這字來造個句子讓我比較能理解如何使用它嗎?" 或說"你可以給我", 或"你可以給我們",

  • the class, "an example of this?" Okay?

    表示班級,"一個例子嗎?" 好嗎?

  • So, for example, the teacher taught you about some new technology. You understand, but you

    所以, 例如, 老師教了一種新的科技. 你了解了, 但你

  • want to see in real life what this means. So, you want examples of things that use this

    想知道在真實生活中它代表的意思. 所以, 你想要一個在生活中實際應用這項科技的例子,

  • technology, so you ask.

    那你就可以提問.

  • Now, this is everything you need to know, teachers, students entering the classroom,

    現在, 這些是所以你應該知道的, 包括老師, 出席的學生,

  • but the most important thing you need to remember: if you don't understand something, ask. There's

    但你需要記得最重要的事是: 如果你有不懂的地方, 就提問.

  • no such thing as a bad question or a stupid question, or you're not sure about. If you're

    沒有爛問題或蠢問題, 或你不確定的事. 如果有事情你不確定,

  • not sure, ask. The teacher will be happy to tell you the answer. He or she will be happy

    就提問. 老師會很開心能幫你解答問題. 他或她會很開心

  • to repeat a few times until you understand. I'm sure that other... Your classmates, other

    去重複幾次他所說過的話直到你能理解. 我很確定其他人...你的同學, 教室裡的其他學生,

  • people in the class, they also have questions, but they are too shy to ask. You ask. You

    他們也會有疑問, 但他們太害羞導致不敢提問. 你提問.

  • get the answer, you move on. Okay?

    你得到解答, 那你就會進步. 好嗎?

  • Go to www.engvid.com. If you have any questions for me, write them in the comments box. I

    造訪www.engvid.com. 如果你有任何疑問, 就在意見欄裡寫下裡的問題. 我

  • will answer them. Do the quiz, make sure you understand everything.

    會回答它們. 作測驗, 確保你理解這堂課的所有內容.

  • And come back again to www.engvid.com. Bye.

    接著再次回來www.engvid.com. Bye.

Hi. Welcome again to www.engvid.com. I'm Adam. Today's lesson comes as a request, because

嗨, 歡迎再次來到www.engiv.com. 我是Adam. 今天的課程來自特別的請求, 因為

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 老師 聽到 提問 學生 西班牙文 英語

【活用英文】翻轉英文:要怎麼用英文教英文? (Classroom English: Vocabulary & Expressions for Students)

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    maximilien 發佈於 2015 年 07 月 13 日
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