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字幕列表 影片播放

  • Oh! Hi James from engVid.

    噢!嗨!我是engVid的詹姆士

  • This doesn't happen often, because we usually practice it.

    這種事不常發生,因為我們通常會排練幾次

  • Mr. E, who I can’t tell you, usually gives me a thumbs-up signal then I know I have to go

    E先生,他是誰我不能告訴你,他通常會比個讚的手勢告訴我可以開始

  • Hi, James from engVid’. I was actually looking at the paper, alright, anyway time to do a lesson.

    嗨!我是engVid的詹姆士,我通常都會看報紙,好的,不管怎樣,來上課吧!

  • If you are at this lesson, it’s because you probably have trouble with vocabulary,

    如果你來上這堂課,代表你對背生字有一些困擾

  • and what do I mean you have trouble with vocabulary

    怎麼樣子叫有困擾呢?

  • you are probably saying ‘I learn all these words

    你可能會說,這些字我都學過

  • they teach me these things and within hours, days, weeks I forget everything

    這個都有教過了,但過了幾個小時、幾天、幾星期我就全忘記了

  • Well it makes sense, it’s not your fault, it’s not your teacher’s fault, there is a method for things to work

    嗯…這是很合理的!這不是你的錯,也不是老師的錯,這可以透過一些方法來解決

  • I mean there is always a way to make things work a little better than something else.

    總是會有一些方法能讓事情更順利的對吧

  • Writing out a word 20 times is not going to help you.

    重複抄寫單字20遍不會幫助你

  • Later on if you check we will have the three-U method and that will teach you how to remember vocabulary

    等一下我們會告訴你3U的方法,教你如何記住生字

  • that you won’t forget it, but right now what I want you to do is master vocabulary and what do I mean by master it.

    而且不會忘記,但是現在我要你做的是熟悉一個單字,怎麼樣是熟悉呢?

  • Lot of students don’t take the time to actually get a full picture.

    很多的學生不會花時間了解一個單字

  • Imagine a picture that’s got a rose, and it’s in a beautiful red, it’s glorious, great color

    想像一張圖片裡有個玫瑰,它是漂亮的紅色,是嬌貴的、飽滿的顏色

  • you know the sun behind it, you can see everything,

    你還看到後面有陽光,你可以看到整個畫面

  • now imagine that picture black-and-white, what are you going to miss?

    現在,如果這張圖片是黑白的,你會錯過哪些?

  • You think you have the picture because there is a rose, but do you see the beautiful yellow,

    你知道會有個玫瑰,但是你能看到美麗的金黃色嗎?

  • no because it’s black-and-white, so there is something missing from that picture

    不會,因為是黑白的畫面,所以有一個部分你錯過了

  • and what’s missing from that picture can sometimes be depth, color and brightness.

    而你忽略的可能是深度、顏色、亮度

  • Once you have that it’s hard to forget, because when I said imagine a rose, you imagine it in color

    當你有個畫面就很難忘記,因為當我要你想像一朵玫瑰,你想到顏色

  • maybe with a little water on it, maybe someone holding it, but that’s what you need to remember it.

    或者一點水滴在花上面,或許有人拿著他,但是那些是幫助你記住的

  • So we are going to work with vocabulary and look at the four things you need to do to say I have mastered vocabulary

    所以我們現在來看看單字,如果要熟悉一個單字,有四件事情需要完成

  • so this vocabulary belongs to me, okay. Now the number one thing we are going to look at is understand it

    所以現在這個是這個單字,好,現在我們要做的第一件事情是了解他

  • well what do I mean by understand. Many students open a dictionary, look at a word, look at the definition

    什麼是了解他呢?很多同學會翻開字點,查單字,查意思

  • one definition, and then sayokay I know’, or they look at the four, that’s not it

    一個意思,然後他們就會說,好了我知道了,也可能他們看全部四個意思,不過不是這樣

  • when I say understand it, take that definition, write it out, take a dictionary--ary aryary. special sound effects

    當我說了解他,意思是看定義、寫下來、拿出字典典…典…特殊音效

  • and write out that definition, then what I suggest is you write one, two or three sentences,

    寫下單字的定義,然後我建議你寫下一個、兩個或三個句子

  • right, showing your usage of that word in the proper context.

    沒錯,用這個字造出適當的句子

  • If it has three definitions well guess what, son, bub, you have to do three words,

    如果單字有三個意思,你就要寫三次

  • so that means making nine sentences, this sounds like a lot of work,

    代表著你要造出九個句子,這聽起來有很多功課要做

  • I want you to remember something, don’t do the work now, you have to learn it again later.

    我希望你記住,如果你現在不做,過一陣子你還是要再學一次

  • And what’s worse is if it took, if it takes five minutes to do what I am describing

    更慘的是,如果你馬上做我告訴你的事,可能需要花五分鐘

  • it will take you 20 to 30 minutes to do it later, that’s six times the amount of time because it is hard to do

    但是如果你過了二、三十分鐘後再做,你就會花六倍的時間去完成,因為會更難完成

  • No one said learning a language is easy

    沒有人說學習一個語言是簡單的

  • but it can be fun and it’s very productive and there is something nice about having new vocabulary and having it

    但是它可以是很好玩的,而且是很有效率的,學習新的單字、記憶他是很有趣的

  • learning quickly and keeping it. So first thing to understand, write out the definition

    很快又很有效的學習他,所以第一件事情是了解他,寫下他的定義

  • alright, write out the definition, and when you have the definition then write example sentences, your example sentences, alright

    好的,寫出意思,當你知道它的意思之後,寫下例句,你自己的造句

  • Let’s go with the word ceiling for instance, there are two definitions to the word ceiling, number one

    拿”天花板”Ceiling這個字為例子,這個單字有兩個意思,第一

  • ceiling is the top of a room, the top part, there is the floor, there is the ceiling,

    天花板式房間的頂端,最上面的部分,這裡有地板,這裡有天花板

  • the ceiling is inside the building, roof is on top of the building

    天花板是在建築物的裡面,屋頂是在建築物的外面

  • A second definition for ceiling is the limit of something, the ceiling, you cannot go any higher than this;

    天花板的第二個意思是某個東西的極限,界限,你不能在到達更高的地方

  • in business we talk about a glass ceiling, alright, let me talk about, you can only go so far and then no more.

    在商業上,我們說”透明天花板”,好的,讓我跟你說,你只能到達這邊,不能在更高了

  • I will give you an example, so how would I use it to make sure I understand it,

    我給你一個例子,所以我要怎麼確定我了解單字了呢?

  • well my first sentence might be for ceiling and a roof, I will paint the walls blue and the ceiling yellow, ceiling yellow,

    我的第一個句子可能是天花板和屋頂,我會把牆壁漆成藍色,天花板黃色、黃色的天花板

  • oh god look it is like the sun, got it ceiling is inside, you don’t paint your roof yellow, it’s inside yellow

    噢!天啊!看起來就像陽光一樣,天花板是在室內,你不會在屋頂上刷油漆,刷黃色的屋頂,這是房子裡面的顏色

  • what about the second one, okay, like what the second one is, the limit of something

    第二個意思呢?好,第二個意思是某件事的極限

  • For a salary for instance, so I’d say the ceiling, for my salary at work is $20,000

    以薪水為例子,我功做薪水的天花板是兩萬元

  • they will not pay me more than that so I need to get a new job, that’s the limit

    他們不會再付我更多錢了,所以我需要找個新的工作,那是極限了

  • So I’ve written out these definitions, it gives me an understanding and maybe even where I should use it.

    所以我寫出這些意思,這幫助我了解單字甚至如何使用之

  • What about the next one, the next one we are going to do is pronounce. Well how do you pronounce something?

    接下來呢?接下來我們要唸他,你要怎麼唸出一個字呢?

  • Well here is what I usually say, the best way to learn pronunciation is to do phonetics, simple phonetics, break it down.

    我通常會這麼做,最好的發音方式就是先拆音節,簡單的音節,把它拆開

  • Let’s go back to the word ceiling again, okay, ceiling okay, I would have done this

    讓我們回到ceiling這個字,好的,ceiling,我會這樣子做

  • see ling - by the way you spell ceiling like this, but I do not care about how I spell it

    See ling,順便說一下,你會這樣拼ceiling這個字,但是我不在意我怎麼拼他

  • it is how do I say it, you say see-ling

    重點是你怎麼說,你會說see ling

  • if you are nautical, you like water you might put, sea-ling. Phonetics, how do you say it?

    如果你是個航海家,你喜歡水,你可能會這樣寫 sea ling,音節,你怎麼說

  • These are completely different, but who cares how you spell it,

    這是完全不一樣的,但是誰在你怎麼拼字呢?

  • how do I say it because once I get the phonetics for it I can pronounce it, alright

    我怎麼說他?一旦我知道它的音節,我就可以唸他

  • Or big C-ling, you get the picture, we can just keeping going, get the phonetics?

    或大寫C ling,你就有個畫面了,我們可以一直這樣持續進行,你有掌握到音節了嗎?

  • Do it slowly one part at a time, because if you go see-see-see ling-ling-ling, ceiling

    每個部份都放慢速度唸,你可以這樣see-see-see ling-ling-ling, ceiling

  • then you can put it together and pronounce it properly like a native speaker, you like that, I do

    然後你把他湊再一起,然後正確的唸他,好像母語一樣,你喜歡這樣嗎?我喜歡

  • I teach my students that all the time, break it down, master each point, put them together only at the end

    我都這樣教我的學生,拆解他,了解每個音,最後再把它放在一起

  • Third, spell it, okay. Spelling is easy, that’s part of vocabulary, right

    第三,拼字,好的,拼字很簡單,這是單字的一部分對吧

  • because we have to do vocabulary we both say it and we both write it or

    當我們單字的時候我們要說也要寫

  • I am sorry - we say it, we hear it, we write it, or we read it

    抱歉,我們說、聽、寫、讀單字

  • Spelling, I have many students from parts of the world who cannot spell, so my suggestion is this.

    拼字,我有許多來自世界各地的學生不會拼字,所以我的建議是

  • Look at the word, you are already looking at the definition, write it out, ten times, write it out and look at it, then go away

    看著單字,我們已經知道它的意思也寫出來了,這樣做十次,寫下來、看著他,然後離開

  • yes I said it, go away, relax, have a beer, no beer, have a tea, we need you smart right, have a tea

    對,我是這樣講,離開,放鬆,喝杯啤酒,不要啤酒,喝杯茶,我們需要你的頭腦清醒,對,喝杯茶

  • talk to your friends come back and then spell it out again.

    跟你的朋友聊個天,再回頭來拼出這個字

  • Look what mistakes you made, why did you make those mistakes,

    看看你哪裡拼錯了,為什麼會出現這樣的錯誤

  • there may be grammar rules that will help you with those mistakes, such as I before E, except after C, right.

    可能有一些文法的規則,幫助你釐清這些錯誤,像是I不在E之前,但C可以在他之前

  • Or when you hadn't, add a letter E after a consonant usually it actually affects the sound of the word inside

    或是當你沒有這樣做的時候,加一個字母E在子音之後,就會改變一個字的念法

  • like fat and fate, becomes long, that’s another rule for another day

    像是fat和fate,音會變長,但是另外一個規則了,改天再說

  • But the point is check your spelling, so write it out ten times come back later write it out

    但是重點是看你的拼字,重複寫10次,過一下子再回來寫一次

  • It will help facilitate or help your memory, alright.

    這會幫助你去記憶,好的

  • And finally recognize it, if somebody says to you, ‘oh that ceiling looks really oldand you are going,

    最後是認得他,如果有人對你說,’喔那個天花板看起來很老’,你可能會想

  • what is ceiling, I've not heard of this ceiling before’, it’s no good to you, I mean if you can’t pronounce it

    Ceiling是什麼?我從來沒聽過這個字,如果你不能唸這個字,就不會是件好事

  • nobody understands you and you can’t recognize it when someone says it,

    沒人可以聽懂你說的,當別人說這個字時,你也無法認得

  • you don’t know what they are talking about, so how do we do that?

    你不知道他們在說什麼,所以我們要怎麼解決呢?

  • Easy, another lesson is, speak slowly, do this, see-ling, we go slowly to get the stress

    簡單,另外一個技巧是,慢慢的說,像這樣see ling,我們念得很慢就可以抓到重音

  • where is the stress, is it c-ling or see-ling learning the stress we are able to

    重音是什麼,是c ling還是see ling,學好重音

  • when people speak faster pick it up, because when I say, look at the ceiling, it’s C-ling

    當人們講話速度很快的時候也可以聽懂,因為當我說,看天花板,是C ling

  • you need those stresses to catch the word, then your brain will catch it

    你需要重音去辨認一個字,然後你的大腦會認得

  • So once again I suggest you say it very slowly at least four or five times very

    所以我再一次的建議,慢慢的說,至少用四次到五次

  • very slowly and elongate that word and in the next five times say as fast as you possibly can

    非常非常慢的說,拉長那個字,接下來,再用很快的速度唸五次

  • and say as fast as you possibly can - ceiling, ceiling, ceiling, ceiling

    用你最快的速度唸 ceiling ceiling ceiling ceiling

  • because then you are going to get the sounds that you must say in other words the sounds I must say so that you can hear it.

    因為當那個字跟別的聲音、別的字一起出現,你也可以認得他

  • If you can do that, when someone saysCeilingyou will know it’s different than I am going seeing

    如果你可以做到那樣,當別人說ceiling的時候你知道,他和seeing是不一樣的字

  • going to see something or you are seeing, not seeing, ceiling, you will catch it because you will know there was no ‘L’ stress

    去看某件事情或是看著某個東西,seeing還是ceiling,你就可以分辨得出來,因為你知道沒有L的重音

  • it must be a different word, you like that, I like it too.

    一定是個不同的單字,你喜歡嗎?我喜歡

  • So, how to master grammar, that’s the first mistake, this has nothing to do with grammar, son. This is how to master vocabulary

    所以要怎麼熟悉文法呢?這是第一個錯誤,這跟文法完全沒有關係!這是如何熟悉單字

  • So if you've been paying attention you will notice that, but it will stick in your mind

    所以你如果有注意的話,才會看到這個錯誤,他會停留在你的腦海裡

  • see youll recognize it was a mistake and you will understand it’s my fault, okay, but I think it’s a great lesson

    看吧!你會認得他,這是個錯誤,而且你知道這是我的錯誤,好,不過這還是一堂有用的課

  • please take it to heart, try it out, you will be surprised.

    請放在心上,試試看,你會很驚訝的

  • Actually get off right now, write down five words you've had problems with, go through what I've told you

    現在就離開,寫下五個困擾你的單字,完成我剛剛告訴你的步驟

  • go take the test, because I actually gave a test on this word, ceiling, yeah that’s what I did, ceiling, it’s not only here

    去測驗一下,我會真的考驗這個單字,ceiling,不只在這邊

  • it’s at the engVid website, so go there, check it out, do what I said, see if you remember what this word means, alright, anyway

    在engVid網站上面也有,你可以去網站上看看,照著我告訴你的做,看看你是否還記得這個字的意思,好的

  • it’s been fun, with our vocabulary, not grammar lesson.

    很好玩的,學習單字,不是文法課啊!

  • Go to www.engvid.com eng as English, vid as video where you can learn this lesson on vocabulary

    上www.engvid.com網站,eng就是英文vid就是影片,你可以學習這堂有關單字的課程

  • and I have grammar lessons, reading and writing tips the whole kit and caboodle

    同時也有文法課、閱讀課、寫作技巧,整套有用的課程

  • it’s an English idiom for everything. Myself or five other teachers god knows

    還有各種英文片語,我自己還有其他五個老師,說不定

  • by now maybe 20,000 teachers, go, get there before it’s gone, alright, plenty of vocabulary

    現在已經有兩萬個老師了,去吧!在她不見之前趕快去看,好,學習新單字

  • Ciao!

    掰!

Oh! Hi James from engVid.

噢!嗨!我是engVid的詹姆士

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 單字 天花板 重音 音節 寫下 屋頂

如何掌握你的詞彙量 (How to MASTER your vocabulary)

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    Go Tutor 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字