Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this vocabulary lesson on:

    嗨,又見面了,我是 Alex,歡迎你的收看,今天要帶來的課程是:

  • "5 Verbs to Sound Smart". Now, you may have already checked out my lesson on five nouns

    「5 個讓你聽起來很聰明的動詞」,你們可能已經過同系列的 「5 個名詞...」

  • to sound smart, five adjectives to sound smart; and today, we're looking at the verbs.

    或 「5個形容詞...」,而現在我們要講動詞了

  • So, from the top, we have the verb: "ostracize". All right? So repeat it after me: "ostracize".

    好,從最上面開始,第一個動詞是 "ostracize",跟著我念一次:"ostracize"

  • Okay. So what "ostracize" means is to exclude someone, generally from a social group like

    "ostracize" 代表把一個人,從一個社群團體中排除在外

  • a family, or a team, or any kind of religious group as well. So to exclude, shun, or snub

    像是家庭、團隊或者是一些宗教,把他排除在外、避開或冷落

  • them from a specific group. So, for example: "He was ostracized for his beliefs." So this

    舉例來說:"He was ostracized for his beliefs."

  • person had different beliefs than the other people in his social group, and the other

    代表這個人有著跟團體中其他人不一樣的信仰,而其他人就

  • people in his social group basically pushed him away and didn't allow him to return. They

    把他排擠出社團,並不讓他回來

  • looked at... They looked down on him like he was less than them. He was ostracized;

    他們看不起他,就好像覺得他比他們低一階的樣子,他被放逐、排斥了

  • he was excluded from the group. So, again, you can be ostracized for your beliefs, you

    他被逐出團體,再一次,你可以因為你的信仰被排斥

  • can be ostracized for something you say, you can be ostracized for something you do. So,

    你也可以因為你說的話被排斥,你也可以因為你做的事而被排斥

  • for example, if you follow, you know, a system of faith, a religion that tells you that you

    舉例來說,如果你遵循、明白一個信念或一個宗教

  • have to act a certain way, if a person doesn't act that way, they could be ostracized by

    教你應該怎麼去做,如果有一個人不去那麼做,你可能就會被教團的其他成員

  • members of their religious community. Okay?

    排斥、放逐在外,了解了嗎?

  • The next one: "garner". So think... Look at my hands. "Garner", which means to get, to

    下一個 "garner",想一下,看我的手,"Garner" 代表去獲得

  • acquire, to earn. You can also think of it as to collect. So, the example we have on

    去得到、去掙得,你也可以把他想成收集,在黑板上的例子有:

  • the board is: "They garnered a poor reputation." So this group of people basically acquired

    "They garnered a poor reputation." 所以這個團體基本上信譽很差

  • a poor reputation for their beliefs or their actions. You can also, for example, garner

    可能是因為他們的理念或者是行為舉止,你也可以造句像:garner evidence 蒐集證據

  • evidence. Like if you're a police officer, you can also garner information. So you can

    如果你是一個警察,你也可以說蒐集消息

  • say: "We have been trying to garner, collect, or get, or acquire as much information as

    像:「我們正盡可能去獲得、蒐集、取得或獲取更多的消息」

  • possible." Or: "The police haven't garnered enough evidence to, you know, send the suspect

    或是「警方並沒有去取得足夠的證據讓那個嫌犯能被關進去」

  • to jail."

  • Next, we have: "contemplate". Now, some of you might be familiar with this word because

    下一個是"contemplate",你們也許對這個字有點印象

  • it's similar to something, you know, in a Spanish language, for example. And: "to contemplate"

    因為這個字有些字很像,像西班牙文類的,"to contemplate"

  • means to consider or to think about something. So, for example: "We have contemplated moving

    代表你去考慮或思考某樣東西,舉例:"We have contemplated moving to a new city."

  • to a new city." So this could be a family or a boyfriend and girlfriend, or a couple

    這有可能是一個家庭或者一對男女朋友

  • and, you know, they have: "Hmm, okay, we have talked about it, we have thought about it,

    意思就是說他們會:應該談談、應該想一想

  • we have considered, contemplated moving to a new city." So if you're having a difficult

    應該仔細考慮一下搬進新的城市,所以你如果在做決定時遇到困難

  • time making a decision or it takes you a long time to think about the process of decision

    或者你花了很久的時間去做決定

  • making, you can use the word: "contemplate". Okay?

    你就可以用 "contemplate"

  • Next one is: "differentiate". So you might already see the word or hear the word: "difference".

    下一個是 "differentiate",你應該已經知道 "difference" 這個字(差異)

  • Right? In this word. "Differentiate" is the verb form of: "difference". So to be able

    而 "Differentiate" 就是動詞版的 "difference"

  • to tell the difference, you can differentiate between two or more things, or people, or

    意思就是去分辨出兩件或多件人、事、物的差異

  • objects. For example: "I can't differentiate between my twin cousins." An important thing

    舉例說明"I can't differentiate between my twin cousins."

  • to remember about differentiate is if you want to talk about and mention the two things

    有一件重要的事是當你使用 differentiate 去說你要比較的兩件事物時

  • you are comparing, you can use the preposition: "between", so you differentiate between "A"

    你可以用介系詞 "between",所以你可以說 differentiate between "A" or "B"

  • or "B", or "A" and "B". Okay? So to be able to tell the difference. My twin cousins look

    或是 differentiate between "A" and "B",你可以造句說:

  • the same, I can't differentiate between the two of them.

    “My twin cousins look the same, I can't differentiate between the two of them.”

  • And finally, we have the verb: "fluctuate". This comes from the noun: "fluctuation". So

    最後是 fluctuate,它是名詞 "fluctuation" 的動詞形態

  • "to fluctuate" is to change or vary, usually at regular intervals. So the sentence we have

    "to fluctuate" 就是去改變或變動,一般來說都是在一定的區間內,而我們在白板上的例句是

  • on the board relates to the stock market. For example: "The dollar has been fluctuating"-has

    跟股票市場有關的:美元的幣值正在上下動盪

  • been going up, going down, changing, hasn't been stable-"a lot this month." So if something

    在升值、在貶值、正在變動,好幾個月都不太穩定,所以如果有東西

  • is constantly changing; going up, going down, going left, going right - it is fluctuating.

    正在持續變動;往上、往下、往左、往右,它就是在「波動」

  • So what are some things that can fluctuate? We can talk about the economy, you can also

    所以有什麼東西是會波動的呢?我們可以說經濟

  • talk about the weather. So you can say: "The weather has been fluctuating a lot this week."

    也可以是天氣,你可以說「這幾個禮拜的天氣變動很大」

  • You can also talk about, you know, your beliefs or the things you say if they're inconsistent

    你也可以說,你的所知、你的信念,或者其他前後不太一致的事物

  • with one another.

  • Okay, guys, so from the top, let's just listen and repeat for the pronunciation of these

    好的,讓我們來重複念一遍這些字

  • words. "Ostracize", "garner", "contemplate", "differentiate", and "fluctuate".

    "Ostracize", "garner", "contemplate", "differentiate", 和 "fluctuate"

  • Okay, guys, so again, if you want to test your understanding of how to use these words

    好的,再一次提醒大家,如果你希望做個小測驗或者學習如何運用這些生字

  • in a sentence, how to spell them correctly, and just, well, how to use them correctly...

    如何正確拼它們,和如何正確使用它們

  • I mean even if you know what the word is, it's a different story to be able to use it

    畢竟知道跟實際用起來是兩回事

  • and incorporate it into your everyday vocabulary. All right, guys, as always, check out the

    你可以像以往一樣,上 www.engvid.com 去獲得一切資訊

  • quiz on www.engvid.com and don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel. I'll see

    還有別忘了去訂閱我們的 youtube 頻道

  • you guys later. Take care.

    下次見啦

Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this vocabulary lesson on:

嗨,又見面了,我是 Alex,歡迎你的收看,今天要帶來的課程是:

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 動詞 團體 蒐集 代表 信念 名詞

英語詞彙:5個動詞讓你聽起來很聰明。 (English Vocabulary: 5 verbs to make you sound smart)

  • 7257 435
    chang 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字