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  • Have you ever had a really bad day and  think the whole universe is against you?

    您是否曾經經歷過非常糟糕的一天,並認為整個宇宙都在跟你作對?

  • Here’s the good news, The universe likely couldn't  care less about you! Because Cosmo is indifferent.

    好消息是,宇宙可能不在乎你!因為宇宙是冷漠的。

  • But wait, it gets even better! There's this thing  called the Anthropic Shadow, which basically says  

    等等,我還有另一個好消息!有一種叫做「人類黑區」的東西,它基本上是說

  • we're just lucky to be alive because we've  dodged all these cosmic disasters by chance.

    我們能活著很幸運,因為我們偶然躲過了所有這些宇宙災難。

  • It's like the universe has been  playing an epic game of dodgeball,  

    就好像宇宙正在玩一場史詩般的躲避球遊戲,

  • and we're somehow still standing.

    而我們不知何故仍然站著。

  • And then there's the Fermi Paradox, asking  why we haven't bumped into any aliens yet.  

    然後是費米悖論,問為什麼我們還沒遇到任何外星人。

  • Maybe they're just avoiding us like we're  the weirdos of the universe's block party.

    也許他們只是在躲避我們,就像我們是宇宙街區派對上的怪人一樣。

  • Anyway, I don’t know about you, but  these three concepts actually give  

    不管怎樣,我不了解你,但這三個概念實際上給了

  • me quite a bit of existential dreadso let’s talk about them one by one.

    我相當多的存在性焦慮,所以讓我們一一談談。

  • Ok, let’s start with the first one:

    好吧,讓我們從第一個開始:

  • 1.Anthropic Shadow

    1.人類黑區

  • Imagine you're in a dark  room playing hide and seek,  

    想像你在一個黑暗的房間裡玩捉迷藏,

  • and you've found what you  think is a really good spot.

    並且你已經找到了你認為非常好的地方。

  • You start to think this spot is so  good that nobody could ever find you.

    你開始認為這個地方太好了,沒人能找到你。

  • But in reality, the only reason that nobody has  

    但實際上,還沒有人

  • found you yet is just that…  they haven’t, but they will.

    找到你的唯一原因是……他們沒有,但他們會的。

  • That is Anthropic Shadow.

    那是人類黑區。

  • We're all here alive, living our livesbecause we've managed to avoid the big,  

    我們都還活著,過著自己的生活,因為我們成功地避免了 那些可能讓我們滅亡的

  • bad events that could have wiped us out.

    重大、 糟糕的事件。

  • But just because we've been lucky so far doesn't  mean those scary things aren't out there.

    但僅僅因為到目前為止我們很幸運並不代表那些可怕的事情不存在。

  • The concept of the "Anthropic Shadowis a critical and thought-provoking idea  

    「人類黑區」的概念是

  • introduced by Nick Bostrom. It refers to  an observation selection effect that skews  

    尼克·博斯特羅姆提出的一個批判性且發人深省的想法。它指的是一種觀察選擇效應,它扭曲了

  • our understanding of catastrophic  events' frequency and severity.

    我們對災難性事件發生頻率和嚴重程度的理解。

  • Essentially, it suggests that humanity's current  existence imposes a bias on our ability to observe  

    從本質上講,它表明人類當前的存在對我們觀察

  • and evaluate the true likelihood of  existential or catastrophic events.

    和評估存在或災難性事件的真實可能性的 能力產生了偏見 。

  • To understand this concept,  

    為了理解這個概念,

  • I think it will be helpful to talk  about what the term"Anthropic" means.

    我認為談談「Anthropic」一詞的意思會有所幫助。

  • The term "Anthropic" comes from the Greek  word "anthropos," meaning "human." It is  

    “Anthropic”一詞源自希臘語“anthropos”,意思是“人類”。它

  • often used in philosophical and  scientific discussions to refer  

    經常用於哲學和科學討論中,指

  • to anything related to human  beings or the human condition.

    與人類或人類狀況有關的任何事物。

  • In broader contexts, it's also related  to the observation and understanding  

    在更廣泛的背景下,它也與

  • of the universe from a human-centered perspective.

    以人類為中心的視角對宇宙的觀察和理解有關。

  • This concept is foundational in various  discussions, including the Anthropic Principle,  

    這個概念是各種討論的基礎,包括人擇原理,

  • which argues that the universe's  laws and constants appear finely  

    它認為宇宙的定律和常數似乎經過精心

  • tuned to support life because only  a universe capable of eventually  

    調整以支持生命,因為只有一個能夠最終

  • supporting observers (like humanswould be observed in the first place.

    支持觀察者(如人類)的宇宙首先才會被觀察到。

  • This principle highlights the  interconnectedness between the  

    這原理強調了 觀察者的存在與他們所處的宇宙類型

  • existence of observers and the type  of universe they find themselves in.

    之間的相互關聯 。這種效應表明,人類可能低估了

  • This effect suggests that humans  might underestimate the frequency  

    能夠消滅人類生命的災難性事件的

  • of catastrophic events capable of wiping  out human life because, by necessity,  

    頻率 ,因為 人類必然沒有觀察到此類事件-如果

  • humans have not observed such an eventthey  wouldn't be here to make the observation if  

    這樣的事件發生在他們附近或他們存在期間,

  • such an event had occurred in their  vicinity or during their existence.

    他們就不會在這裡進行觀察 。

  • The Anthropic Shadow can apply to various  scales and types of catastrophic events,  

    人擇陰影可以適用於各種規模和類型的災難性事件,

  • from asteroid impacts to volcanic eruptionspandemics, or even broader cosmological phenomena  

    從小行星撞擊到火山爆發、流行病,甚至更廣泛的宇宙現象,

  • like the collapse of vacuum states, gamma-ray  bursts, and nearby supernova explosions. Each of  

    如真空態崩潰、伽馬射線暴和附近的超新星爆炸。 這些現像 中的每一種都

  • these phenomena represents a significant, though  varying, existential threat to life on Earth.

    對地球上的生命構成了重大但各不相同的生存威脅。

  • Since these events are, by their naturecapable of eliminating observers,  

    由於這些事件本質上能夠消除觀察者,因此

  • there is a built-in bias in the  data humans can collect about them.

    人類收集到的有關它們的數據存在固有的偏見。

  • The anthropic shadow has significant  implications for the assessment of human  

    人為陰影對於評估人類

  • extinction risks and suggests directions  for future research into understanding  

    滅絕風險具有重要意義,並為未來研究了解

  • these biases and their impact on  estimating catastrophic risks​​.

    這些偏差及其對估計災難性風險的影響提供了方向。

  • The concept of the Anthropic Shadow raises  existential concerns by pointing out our  

    人類黑區的概念指出了我們

  • blind spots to potential extinction-level events.

    對潛在滅絕等級事件的盲點,引發了人們對存在的擔憂。

  • The reasoning behind it suggests we  might be living in a misleadingly safe  

    背後的推理表明,我們可能生活在一個誤導性的安全

  • period—a "shadow"—because  we've not yet encountered,  

    時期——一個「陰影」——因為我們還沒有遇到,

  • nor could we observe, events that  could wipe out human existence.

    也無法觀察到可能消滅人類存在的事件。

  • This perspective induces a kind of existential  dread by highlighting a twofold ignorance:

    這種觀點透過強調雙重無知而引發了一種存在主義的恐懼:

  • Not only are we unaware of the true frequency  of these catastrophic events, but our very  

    我們不僅不知道這些災難性事件發生的真實頻率,而且我們的

  • existence might be contingent on the improbable  absence of such events in our recent past.

    存在可能取決於最近發生的此類事件不太可能發生。

  • It's akin to walking through  a minefield blindfolded,  

    這就像蒙著眼睛走過雷區,

  • blissfully unaware of the dangers  we've luckily avoided so far.

    幸福地沒有意識到我們迄今為止幸運地避免了危險。

  • This can lead to a false sense of security about  the future and perhaps a failure to take adequate  

    這可能會導致對未來產生錯誤的安全感,並且可能無法對

  • precautions against existential threats that  have not yet occurred but might be overdue.

    尚未發生但可能早就發生的生存威脅採取足夠的預防措施。

  • Moreover, the Anthropic Shadow can  contribute to existential dread  

    此外,人類黑區會讓

  • by making us question the stability and  longevity of our existence in the cosmos.

    我們質疑自己在宇宙中存在的穩定性和壽命,從而加劇恐懼。

  • The idea that our survival might hinge  on sheer luck or rare conditions rather  

    我們的生存可能取決於純粹的運氣或罕見的條件,而不是

  • than robust safety from existential  threats can be deeply unsettling.

    免受生存威脅的強大安全,這種想法可能會令人深感不安。

  • It challenges the assumption that humanity will  

    它挑戰了人類將

  • continue to progress or even survive  in the long term, injecting a note of  

    繼續進步甚至長期生存的 假設 ,

  • fragility and precariousness into  our conception of human destiny.

    為我們的人類命運觀念注入了脆弱性和不穩定的色彩。

  • The existential dread stirred by  the Anthropic Shadow is not just  

    人類黑區所激起的生存恐懼不僅在於

  • about the fear of unknown threatsit's also about the realization of  

    對未知威脅的恐懼;還在於對未知威脅的恐懼。它也涉及我們認識到

  • our limitations in understanding  and preparing for these threats.

    我們在理解和應對這些威脅方面的局限性。

  • It confronts us with the profound  uncertainty of our place in the universe,  

    它使我們面臨著我們在宇宙中的位置的巨大不確定性,

  • suggesting that our continued  existence may depend more on  

    這表明我們的持續存在可能更多地取決於

  • chance than on our ability to control  or even perceive the risks we face.

    機會,而不是我們控制甚至感知我們所面臨的風險的能力。

  • 2.Fermi Paradox and the Great Filter

    2.費米悖論和大過濾器理論

  • The Fermi Paradox is named after physicist Enrico  Fermi and highlights the contradiction between  

    費米悖論以物理學家恩里科·費米的名字命名,它強調了

  • the high probability of extraterrestrial life  existing in the universe, given the vast number  

    宇宙中存在外星生命的可能性很高(考慮到

  • of stars and planets, and the complete  lack of evidence for such civilizations.

    恆星和行星數量巨大,而完全缺乏證據)之間的矛盾。文明。

  • In 1950, Fermi famously questioned,  "Where is everybody?" reflecting on why,  

    1950 年,費米提出了著名的問題:“每個人都在哪裡?”反思一下,

  • if the universe is teeming with life, we  have not yet encountered any signs of it​​.

    如果宇宙充滿生命,為什麼我們還沒有遇到它的任何跡象。

  • The Great Filter theory offerspotential resolution to the Fermi Paradox.

    大過濾器理論為費米悖論提供了一個潛在的解決方案。

  • It suggests that there is a significant barrier  or set of barriers in the development of life,  

    它表明, 從最簡單的形式到成為

  • from its simplest form to becomingtechnologically advanced civilization  

    能夠進行星際通訊或旅行 的技術先進的文明

  • capable of interstellar communication or travel.

    ,生命的發展存在一個或一組重大障礙

  • This filter could be so insurmountable that  it prevents civilizations from reaching a  

    。 這個過濾器可能是如此難以克服,以至於它阻止文明達到

  • stage where they can make their  presence known across the cosmos.

    可以讓整個宇宙知道其存在的階段。

  • The Great Filter could be behind us,  

    大過濾器可能已經過去,

  • suggesting humanity has already passed  the most significant hurdles to existence.

    這表明人類已經跨越了生存的最重大障礙。

  • Alternatively, it might still lie aheadposing unknown challenges that could  

    或者,它可能仍然在前方,帶來未知的挑戰,可能

  • prevent us from advancing further  or even lead to our extinction​​​​.

    阻止我們進一步前進,甚至導致我們的滅絕。

  • Several stages have been proposed as  potential points for the Great Filter,  

    人們提出了幾個階段作為大過濾的潛在點,

  • ranging from the emergence of  life from non-life (abiogenesis),  

    從非生命生命的出現(自然發生)、

  • the development of multicellular lifethe rise of technologically advanced  

    多細胞生命的發展、技術先進

  • civilizations, to the ability of such  civilizations to avoid self-destruction.

    文明的興起,到這些文明避免自我毀滅的能力。破壞。

  • The exact nature of the Great Filter remains  speculative, with hypotheses including the  

    大過濾器的確切性質仍然是推測性的,假設包括

  • rarity of life's emergence, the difficulty  of transitioning to multicellular organisms,  

    生命出現的稀有性、過渡到多細胞生物體的困難

  • or self-destructive tendencies  of advanced civilizations​​​​.

    或先進文明的自我毀滅傾向。

  • Astrobiology research and the search  for technosignatures or biosignatures  

    天體生物學研究以及對技術特徵或生物特徵的探索

  • continue to refine our understanding  of where the Great Filter might lie.

    繼續完善我們對大過濾器可能所在位置的理解。

  • If evidence of simple life forms is found to  be common in the galaxy but technosignatures  

    如果發現簡單生命形式的證據在銀河系中很常見,但技術特徵

  • are rare, it could indicate that the  Great Filter lies in the development  

    很少見,這可能表明大過濾在於

  • of technological civilizations rather  than the emergence of life itself​​.

    技術文明的發展,而不是生命本身的出現。

  • The implications of the Great Filter are  profound. If the Filter is behind us,  

    大過濾器的影響是深遠的。如果過濾器在我們身後,

  • it suggests that humanity is among  the rare instances of life that have  

    那就表示人類是 成功應對生存最重大挑戰

  • successfully navigated the most significant  challenges to existence. If it lies ahead,  

    的罕見生命實例之一 。 如果它位於前方,

  • it could mean that the development of  advanced, space-faring civilizations  

    則可能意味著先進的太空文明的發展

  • is exceedingly rare, possibly due to inherent  self-destructive tendencies or insurmountable  

    極為罕見,可能是由於固有的自我毀滅傾向或無法克服的

  • technological challenges​​. 3.Cosmic Indifference

    技術挑戰。 3.宇宙冷漠論和宇宙主義 宇宙

  • Cosmic Indifference, closely related to  the concept of Cosmicism, is a literary  

    冷漠與宇宙主義概念密切相關,是一種

  • and philosophical idea most prominently associated  with the work of American writer H.P. Lovecraft.

    與美國作家洛夫克拉夫特的作品最相關的文學和哲學思想。

  • This concept posits that the  universe is vast, ancient,  

    這個概念假定宇宙是廣闊的、古老的、

  • and indifferent to the existence of humanityIt suggests that human achievements, struggles,  

    並對人類的存在漠不關心。 它表明, 在宇宙的背景下看待

  • and emotions are ultimately meaningless when  viewed against the backdrop of the cosmos.

    人類的成就、鬥爭 和情感最終毫無意義。

  • Lovecraft's stories often feature cosmic  entities that exist beyond human comprehension,  

    洛夫克拉夫特的故事常以超越人類理解範圍的宇宙實體為特色,它們

  • neither good nor evil, existing inrealm of indifference towards humanity.

    既不善也不惡,存在於對人類漠不關心的境界中。

  • This makes human endeavors seem trivial and  

    這使得人類的努力

  • insignificant in the grand  scheme of the universe​​​​.

    在宇宙的宏偉計劃中 顯得微不足道和

  • Cosmicism has influenced not only literature  but also modern pop culture and philosophy,  

    微不足道。 宇宙主義不僅影響了文學,也影響了現代流行文化和哲學,

  • evolving beyond Lovecraft’s original works.

    其發展超越了洛夫克拉夫特的原創作品。

  • It is recognized as an influential movement,  

    它被認為是一場有影響力的運動,

  • impacting authors, filmmakersand game developers who continue  

    影響著不斷

  • to explore themes of cosmic indifference and  the incomprehensible nature of the universe.

    探索宇宙冷漠和宇宙難以理解的本質主題的作家、電影製作人和遊戲開發者。

  • The core principles of Cosmicism include  the vast and indifferent universe,  

    宇宙主義的核心原則包括浩瀚而冷漠的宇宙、

  • incomprehensible cosmic entitiesand the human fear of the unknown.

    難以理解的宇宙實體以及人類對未知的恐懼。

  • These ideas challenge our human-centric worldview  

    這些想法挑戰了我們以人為中心的世界觀

  • and encourage a reevaluation of  our place within the cosmos​​.

    ,並鼓勵我們重新評估我們在宇宙中的地位。

  • Moreover, Cosmicism shares philosophical ground  with nihilism and existentialism, in that it  

    此外,宇宙主義與虛無主義和存在主義有著共同的哲學基礎,即它

  • questions the significance of human existence and  achievements in the face of an indifferent cosmos.

    質疑人類在冷漠的宇宙面前存在和成就的意義。 它提供了一種

  • It offers a perspective that contrasts sharply  

    與傳統的以人為中心的觀點和傳統宗教信仰

  • with traditional human-centric views  and conventional religious beliefs,  

    形成鮮明對比的視角 ,

  • promoting a humbler view of  humanity's place in the universe​​.

    並提倡以一種更謙遜的方式看待人類在宇宙中的地位。

  • This exploration of Cosmic Indifference and  Cosmicism reveals a philosophical stance  

    這種對宇宙冷漠和宇宙主義的探索揭示了一種哲學立場

  • that underscores the insignificance of human  concerns in the face of the cosmos's vast,  

    ,強調在宇宙的浩瀚、冷漠面前,人類的擔憂是微不足道的

  • indifferent expanse. It invites reflection  on our understanding of existence,  

    。它引發我們對存在的理解、

  • our quest for meaning, and how we  relate to the universe at large.

    對意義的追求以及我們與整個宇宙的關係的反思。

  • So here you go, If you want to learn  more about the topics I shared today,  

    那麼就到這裡吧,如果你想了解更多我今天分享的主題,

  • you can check out the further reading list in  the description, and if you want to learn more  

    可以查看說明中的延伸閱讀列表,如果你想了解更多

  • random knowledge, please subscribe. I am Shao  from What People Also Ask, see you next time.

    隨機知識,請訂閱。我是《人亦問》的邵,下次見。

Have you ever had a really bad day and  think the whole universe is against you?

您是否曾經經歷過非常糟糕的一天,並認為整個宇宙都在跟你作對?

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