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  • March 8th is International Women's Day.

    3 月 8 日是國際婦女節。

  • The day when we jump on social media to celebrate ourselves, send shout-outs to our mothers, sisters, daughters, aunties and best friends.


  • International Women's Day is a day when social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women all over the world are celebrated.


  • But how much do we really know about this special day?


  • Throughout history, women have had to fight for the freedoms and rights that we enjoy today.


  • This is a history of protests, strikes, imprisonment and loss of life, as women struggle to gain equality over the years.


  • To understand just how significant some of these breakthroughs were in different countries and how we got to where we are today, we need to rewind over a century ago.


  • In the 1900s, the fight for women's suffrage began to gain momentum in Britain.


  • Women were sick of not having a political voice and having decisions being made about them without their input or control.


  • Continuous failed attempts to achieve suffrage led Emmeline Pankhurst to form Women's Social and Political Union in 1903.


  • In 1908, women in America also felt the burden of inequality,


  • so 15,000 vocal women got together to campaign for voting rights, better pay and shorter working hours by marching down the streets of New York City.


  • This continued into the next year.


  • In 1909, with the help of the Socialist Party of America, the very first National Women's Day was observed on February 28th and the last Sunday of the month.


  • This was also the year that Russia observed its first International Women's Day.


  • Now, let's not forget this was just 'observed,' not officially declared and recognized.


  • So when did it officially become International Women's Day?


  • In many ways, it was through a collaborative effort.


  • But to be specific, the original idea to make the day international came in 1910 from a woman named Clara Zetkin at an International Conference of Working Women in Copenhagen.


  • 100 women from 17 countries agreed with her suggestion to proclaim International Women's Day to commemorate the ongoing struggles of women to improve their lives.


  • Although back then, it was celebrated on March 19, the first countries to recognize International Women's Day include Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland in 1911.


  • That year, just under a week after the first ever International Women's Day, the tragic Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire broke out in New York.


  • It claimed the lives of 146 garment workers, 123 of whom were women and girls.


  • The tragedy brought attention to labor conditions and working rights in the US.


  • This led to many changes in working conditions, and the memory of the women that died in the incident became hugely significant into the history of International Women's Day.


  • Fast forward now to World War I, where some substantial changes took place.


  • In 1914, the start of the war led to the recruitment of many women into jobs at munition factories as railway guards, ticket collectors, tram conductors, police officers and firefighters.


  • Why the sudden change in all these fields?


  • With so many men being away at war, the need for women workers became urgent.


  • In fact, munition factories became the largest single employer of women in 1918.


  • It was during this time that attitudes towards women in the workforce began to actually change.


  • In the same year in Britain, some privileged women were allowed to start voting.


  • And by 1928, all women above 21 were entitled to vote.

    到 1928 年,所有 21 歲以上的女性都有選舉權。

  • Milestones like this snowballed into more changes.


  • Women soon became part of parliament were able to join sports and win gold, and earn fairer pay and working rights.


  • In 1973, Billie Jean King defeated Bobby Rigg in the Battle of the Sexes, ending the exclusive media attention on male tennis players and the most obvious, gender gap.


  • In 1974, Isabel Martinez de Peron became the first female president in the world.


  • She served as the president of Argentina from 1974 to 1976.

    1974 年至 1976 年,她擔任阿根廷總統。

  • In 1975, the United Nations recognized and celebrated International Women's Day.

    1975 年,聯合國承認並慶祝了國際婦女節。

  • And in 1979, Britain had its first female Prime Minister.

    1979 年,英國誕生了第一位女首相。

  • Barbara Walters made history for women like me in 1976 when she was hired as a first female anchor on a nightly newscast by ABC Evening News.


  • In 1979, women's rights activist, Susan B. Anthony was the first woman to ever appear on a US coin in circulation.


  • The list goes on and on.


  • And now we've reached a point in time where the success of women across industry and in public life is commonplace.


  • We are grateful and today we salute the 'sheroes' who came before us to make these things possible.


  • And now that you know what it took to get us here. Have your views on international Women's Day changed?


March 8th is International Women's Day.

3 月 8 日是國際婦女節。

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