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  • Hello! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish and in this lesson, we're focusing on adjectives.

    哈囉!我是 mmmEnglish的 Emma。這堂課我們將著重於形容詞。

  • But not just any adjectives! Pairs of adjectives that can end in either ED or ING.

    但不是任何形容詞,而是 -ed 或 -ing 結尾的形容詞。

  • Because you might be a little confused about when you can use each type of adjective!

    你可能對於何時該用哪一個會有點困惑 。

  • Am I embarrassed?


  • Or am I embarassing?


  • Is he bored?


  • Or is he boring?


  • Lots of these english adjectives are made by adding ED or ING to a verb.

    許多英語形容詞都是透​​過在動詞後面加上 ED 或 ING 來構成的。

  • For example, the verb 'frustrate' can become an adjective by adding ED - 'frustrated' or ING 'frustrating'.

    例如,動詞「挫敗」可以透過加上 ED -「挫敗」或 ING「挫敗」變成形容詞。

  • These endings are called suffixes and when we add them to the end of a verb they transform our verb into an adjective.


  • But you need to know how to use each of these types of adjectives and we're going to do that right now, right here in this lesson!


  • An adjective that ends in ING is used to describe the characteristics of something the characteristics of a person or a place or a thing or a situation.

    以 ING 結尾的形容詞用來描述某物的特徵、人、地方、事物或情況的特徵。

  • Adjectives that end in ED are used to describe an emotion or a feeling and it's usually a temporary thing something that only people can have generally, only people have feelings, most of the time.


  • But some animals can also have feelings.


  • But you can't use ED adjectives to describe the feelings of a thing or of the situation because they don't have feelings!

    但你不能用 ED 形容詞來描述對事物或情況的感受,因為它們沒有感受!

  • If you say that something or someone is boring, they or it makes you feel bored.


  • So, the thing or the person that is boring is what makes you feel bored. It bores you.

    所以,無聊的事或人會讓你感到無聊。 它讓你厭煩。

  • OK, there's our verb!


  • If you say that something is exciting, it makes you feel excited. it excites you.

    如果你說某件事令人興奮,它會讓你感到興奮。 它讓你興奮。

  • Did you notice any patterns in those examples?


  • If you're talking about a temporary feeling or an emotion then use the ED form of the adjective.

    如果你談論的是暫時的感覺或情緒,請使用形容詞的 ED 形式。

  • If you're describing the thing or the person that caused those feelings, then use the ING form of the verb.

    如果你要描述引起這些感覺的事物或人,請使用動詞的 ING 形式。

  • For example, that movie was strange!


  • Let's look at the difference again.


  • He's bored. So, he's not interested in what's happening, he's not having a good time.

    他感到無聊。 所以,他對正在發生的事情不感興趣,他玩得不開心。

  • If he's at a party, perhaps he doesn't like the music or he doesn't really know anyone and he's got no one to talk to.


  • He's bored. He feels bored.

    他很無聊。 他覺得很無聊。

  • But if you say he's boring, it means he's not an interesting person, that you don't enjoy talking to him.


  • He's never got anything interesting to say. He's boring.

    他從來沒有什麼有趣的話可說。 他很無聊。

  • He makes me feel bored.


  • Alright, it's time to practice a little now.


  • I'm going to read out a few sentences for you and I want you to try to choose if the adjective in each sentence is the correct adjective or not.


  • Ready?


  • I'm very exciting to see my sister.


  • What do you think?


  • It's a "no"! Incorrect answer!


  • I am very excited to see my sister.


  • It's how I feel. I'm excited. I feel excited to see my sister.

    這是我的感覺。 我很興奮。 見到姐姐我感到很興奮。

  • I don't understand these instructions - thery're so annoying!

    我不明白這些說明 - 它們太煩人了!

  • Correct!


  • The instructions are annoying. They're making me feel annoyed.

    這些說明很煩人。 他們讓我感到惱火。

  • I'm so boring. I have got nothing to do.


  • I'm bored because I've got nothing to do. I feel bored.

    應該要用 bored,我很無聊,因為我無事可做。 我覺得很無聊。

  • I felt so embarassing when I spilled tomato sauce down my dress on a date!


  • I felt so embarrassed! I felt embarrassed when I spilled tomato sauce down my dress on a date!

    我感覺好尷尬啊! 約會時番茄醬灑在裙子上,我感到很尷尬!

  • I hate being the centre of attention! It was so embarrassing when they called my name and I had to go up on stage!

    我討厭成為關注的焦點! 當他們叫我的名字時,我不得不上台,真是太尷尬了!

  • It was embarrassing. The experience was embarrassing. I felt embarrassed.

    很尷尬。 這段經歷很尷尬。 我感到很尷尬。

  • Ugh! This coffee is disgusting! I can't drink it!

    啊! 這咖啡真噁心! 我不能喝!

  • OK, I've made a worksheet for you so you can keep practicing these adjectives after this lesson finishes you can download it for free right here!


  • I want you to practice using these adjectives when you're speaking when you're writing and when you're listening to other people.


  • Listen to how they're used.


  • I'm also going to send you the answers to the worksheet so that you know what you got right what you need to improve.


  • I hope that you enjoyed this lesson and if you are a subscriber to the mmmEnglish Channel, it's awesome to see you again!

    我希望您喜歡這堂課,如果您是 mmmEnglish 頻道的訂閱者,很高興再次見到您!

  • If you are not a subscriber yet then just click that red button right there and join me for the next lesson.


  • You can also find me on Facebook.

    您也可以在 Facebook 上找到我。

  • You can check out some of my other videos right here, especially this one, my imitation lessons, which are a really fun and easy way to practice your English speaking skills.


  • That's all from me today! I'm glad you joined me and I'll see you next time. Bye for now!

    這就是我今天的全部內容! 我很高興你能加入我,下次再見。 暫時再見!

Hello! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish and in this lesson, we're focusing on adjectives.

哈囉!我是 mmmEnglish的 Emma。這堂課我們將著重於形容詞。

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