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  • I'm from National Tsing Hua University,

    好!所以我是清華大學,

  • Lin Hsiu Hau, who's pretty sick today.

    重感冒中的林秀豪。

  • Sorry but my voice is very attractive today.

    很抱歉今天聲音非常有磁性

  • Today what I'm going to talk about is:

    我今天要跟大家講的是,

  • "Open creativity, Leap Pondering"

    「打開創意,跳躍思考」

  • This is an easy theme, really easy.

    這個題目說好講,很好講

  • Besides, since you won't understand,

    就隨便亂講,

  • I can say whatever.

    反正你們也聽不懂。

  • But then you guys will want ticket refund.

    可是最後你們就會想去退票。

  • So for this,

    所以為了這個呢,

  • the main reason for coming here today,

    基本上其實今天我們主要的目的來這邊,

  • is to share with everyone,

    是跟大家分享一下

  • that last year we recieved

    我們去年拿到一個

  • a major international education award.

    世界級的教學的大獎。

  • Of course this isn't just me,

    當然得獎不是一個人的功勞。

  • it's the efforts of a whole team.

    在這邊可以看到我們所有的團隊,

  • You can see our core members are all here today!

    包含我們的Core Member(重要成員)都在這邊。

  • I'm very glad.

    所以很高興。

  • Remember one thing:

    要記得一件事情就是說

  • Later on what I speak about,

    下面我要講的所有事情

  • isn't just my own actions.

    都不是我一個人的做為。

  • If you think my speech is bad,

    所以如果你覺得講得很爛的話,

  • everyone in the team is to be blamed!

    這上面每一個人都有份。

  • So actually last year,

    所以我們去年事實上

  • we gained a major award

    拿到了世界開放式課程聯盟,

  • for globally open education

    由MIT發行目前是全世界最大的一個

  • by MIT.

    世界開放式課程聯盟的大獎。

  • They only give 5 awards every year!

    他其實一年只給出五個課程。

  • So you can see,

    所以各位其實可以想像一下,

  • I mean, hear you can see

    就是說,在最又邊你看到得是

  • a little classroom where our lessons take place.

    我們上課的一個小小的教室。

  • In a small classroom like this in Tsing Hua University,

    所以在清華這樣一間小小教室,

  • how do we,

    我們是怎麼樣,

  • that is, using what kind of effort,

    就是藉由什麼樣的努力,

  • and what type of creativity,

    或是什麼樣得創意,

  • what type of knowlegde,

    怎麼樣深刻的思考,

  • so that we can stand on the top of international-leveled education?

    所以我們課以站上世界級的教學舞台,

  • And gain this award?

    然後拿到這個獎。

  • Actually, when recieving this award,

    事實上被這個獎砸到的是,

  • all of us were very surprised.

    我想我們的團謉都非常的驚訝,

  • It's like we didn't know what happened.

    就完全不知道該怎麼接受。

  • So the secret to getting this award is:

    所以我們拿到這個獎的訣竅是:

  • "I don't know."

    「I don't know. 」(我不知道)

  • Okay now that you hear this you're thinking:

    如果你聽到這個就想到說

  • "What? I'm going to get ticket refund."

    「誒我要去退票了」

  • So what I'm really going to talk about today is,

    所以我今天其實是要跟大家講

  • "A longer version."

    「a longer version」

  • This is what we wanted to share

    這個是想了很久之後

  • after a long discussion and deep thoughts,

    我們決定在我們準備整個課程裡面,

  • about what is something special

    到底有什麼樣特別的一件事情

  • to share with you all?

    是值得跟大家分享的?

  • The reality is:

    事實上就是

  • "Open to refocus."

    「Open to refocus」

  • So for example if today,

    譬如說我們今天其實事實上在

  • we were to newly create a new class,

    接受一門課新的設計得時候,

  • what I'm asking myself

    其實常常問我問我自己的

  • is not tweaking. (Changing a little bit)

    不是在做微調。

  • If you want to do some

    你如果人生中想要做一些

  • meaningful things in life,

    有質感的東西,

  • you will realize tweaking

    你就會常常發現微調

  • doesn't help innovate ideas.

    是沒有辦得到什麼樣創新的結果。

  • So what's the easiest result?

    所以最簡單的結果事實上是什麼?

  • The easiest is to not plan and expect anything.

    其實事實上就不要預設任何東西。

  • So here I am going to share,

    所以我在這邊跟大家分享

  • is not just what I feel when preparing for classes,

    不只是備課的一個心情,

  • but what attitude I learned

    也是活到現在40幾歲,

  • throughout my life till 40.

    做事的一個態度。

  • That is "Open to refocus."

    就是「Open to Refocus」

  • What is "Open to refocus?"

    那什麼叫做「Open to refocus」?

  • "Open to refocus" is

    「Open to refocus」就是說

  • if you want to complete something,

    你今天如果需要完成一件事情,

  • if you need to accomplish something important,

    需要完成一項任務的時候,

  • when you're planning earlier on,

    你在前期規劃的時候

  • you should open your heart.

    應該把你的心胸完全地打開來。

  • Listen to all kinds of different suggestions,

    去聽各式各樣不同得意見。

  • process the suggestions,

    然後消化他們的意見,

  • and complete all the tasks.

    跟做所有的事情。

  • When you are in this "Open period",

    等到你在這個「Open period」,

  • in this period where your heart is open,

    在你所謂開放的期間,

  • gathering all the information,

    把所有的資訊讀進來得時候,

  • you must remember one thing:

    你要記得一件事情:

  • Anything that is good in quality,

    任何有質感的事情,

  • when you have completed a certain amount

    在某一個程度上你做完了之後,

  • there will always be people against you.

    一定會有雜音的。

  • If you don't want to offend anyone,

    如果你不想得罪任何人的話,

  • just don't do it then.

    你就不要做任何的事就好了。

  • Everyone can do "Open",

    所以有人做得到Open,

  • but not everyone can "refocus".

    卻做不到Refocus。

  • Something even worse is

    那還有更糟糕的做事方法就是,

  • working all the way from the beginning on your own,

    一開始的時候就一意孤行,

  • and in the middle you realize

    做到一半之後,

  • that you can't stand the pressure others are putting on you,

    沒辦法承受其他人的壓力,

  • so you start to change your path.

    就開始轉向。

  • If it's like that,

    那如果是這樣得話,

  • I really advice to rather just quit.

    真的奉勸,乾脆就不要做就好了。

  • I think the reason why our course

    所以在這邊其實我覺得我們的課程

  • can have different qualities from others,

    之所以可以跟別人有一點點不一樣的質感,

  • an important reason is because:

    很重要的一件事情是:

  • At the very beginning<

    我們在一開始時,

  • we accepted all ideas.

    廣納所有的意見進來。

  • After working through all the suggestions,

    消化了所有意見後,

  • we actually put in effort

    我們其實會很認真地用一種

  • to use a new perspective,

    非常展新的角度,

  • to present something we value.

    去詮釋我們自己覺得是有價值的東西。

  • For example:

    譬如說我們就舉一個例子,

  • in physics,

    我們在物理借裡面,

  • or so we call in the science world,

    或著說我們在科學界裡面,

  • actually things will start to change.

    其實事實上東西會開始變化,

  • This is very important.

    是非常非常重要的一件事情。

  • Which means as time goes by,

    也就是說隨著時間的不同,

  • how does an object change?

    一個東西怎麼轉換?

  • If you think about it,

    那你去想想看,

  • professionally we call it "dynamics"

    這個在專業上我們把它叫做Dynamics。

  • So how can you describe what "dynamics" is?

    那你怎麼去描述Dynamics?

  • Here, we can see that cute

    在這邊就可以看到很可愛的

  • daddy Newton is grinning.

    牛頓阿爸在那邊笑,

  • Why?

    為什麼?

  • Because he's been in books for over hundreds of years.

    因為他盤踞書本已經幾百年了。

  • Think about it,

    去想一下,

  • if you were to teach kids

    如果你今天要去教一些小朋友,

  • how this world changes?

    就是說世界怎麼改變的?

  • You would say, "oh it's easy!"

    那你就像說很簡單,

  • "Just connect cause and effect!"

    就是因跟果要連接在一起。

  • An object recieves a force,

    所以這個東西受到一個力,

  • therefor it has an acceleration.

    所以才有一個加速度,

  • This is why.

    才可以怎麼樣。

  • Think about it, this makes sense.

    你仔細想一想這是很有道理的。

  • Every text book starts from here,

    就是說所有的課本會從這邊講起,

  • it makes sense!

    是很有道理的。

  • But let's ponder further in depth.

    可是你仔細再想一下,

  • Newton has already been important for hundreds of years.

    就是說牛頓已經重要了幾百年了,

  • Why can't he give the spotlight to someone else?

    你就不能偶爾讓別人重要一下嗎?

  • So here,

    所以在教這個的時候呢,

  • I decided.

    我決定了,

  • There are so many changing things in our daily life,

    我們日常生活中有那麼多東西在變化,

  • why must it be "F=ma"?

    為什麼一定要叫F=ma呢?

  • I decided to tell my student:

    所以我決定跟我的學生講說:

  • Come! I'll teach you about cram schools in Taiwan!

    來!我們來教一下台灣的補習業。

  • Cram schoolsafter school classes outside of school) in Taiwan are very fascinating.

    台灣的補習業非常的神奇,

  • We probably have the most educational revolutions

    我們可能是全世界最常

  • in the world.

    嘗試各式各樣不同教育改革的社會。

  • We change this and that.

    隔一陣子又試一下

  • Whether we are ready

    準備好的改

  • or not.

    沒準備好的改。

  • Anyways! We just change everything!

    反正什麼就一直改!

  • And then you realize,

    然後你發現,

  • we are actually not aware of the students.

    學生怎麼樣我們不是很清楚。

  • This is why there's

    今天找了那麼多人來關心教育,

  • so many people worried about our education.

    可能就是後遺症之一吧。

  • However, cram schools don't pray,

    可是,補習班都不用拜拜,

  • but yet they are able to keep up good business.

    他們還是一樣很興旺。

  • This is something worthy of discussion.

    這是很值得研究的一個課題。

  • Okay!

    OK!

  • So in this situation,

    那再這樣的一個東西底下,

  • lets see what educationalists say?

    我們現在看一下,教育學家的呼籲是怎麼樣?

  • This is what they are saying:

    教育學家的呼籲是這樣:

  • Don't go to cram schools! If everyone doesn't cram,

    大家不要去補習,大家如果不去補習的話,

  • the competitive ability of each child is "1".

    小孩競爭力都是「1」嘛!

  • Alternatively, if everyone goes to cram school,

    那大家全部都去補習之後

  • it becomes impossible to learn in depth knowledge.

    就沒有辦法學到有質感深刻的知識了!

  • So everyone's competitive ability drops to "0.8"

    所以大家的競爭力就變0.8

  • This sounds reasonable right?

    這個聽起來非常合理對不對?

  • But if it's reasonable,

    可是他這麼的合理,為什麼

  • why doesn't it change the cram school situation in Taiwan?

    完全沒有改變台灣補習現況?

  • We can view this in a scientific perspective.

    所以我們試著用科學的角度來看一下,

  • Let's pull away from cram schools for a second,

    稍稍把鏡頭拉離非常深刻的補習的地方。

  • and look at

    我們來看一下,

  • the "bubbles" in our bubble tea.

    珍珠奶茶裡有看得到的珍珠。

  • There are many.

    一顆一顆的。

  • Many you cannot see in the drink,

    有你看不到的珍珠

  • those are like this long rectangular thing.

    就是這個圖中一根長長桿子的東西,

  • This is called E. coli.

    這個叫大腸桿菌,

  • And you can see there's a lot of

    這些小珍珠事實上比大珍珠

  • small round "bubbles" around it.

    來的多很多很多。

  • If you think that these small bubbles have no worries,

    那如果你以為那這些小珍珠都沒有憂鬱的話,

  • you're wrong!

    你就錯了!

  • On the small bubbles,

    小珍珠上面還有一堆一堆

  • there's a bunch of small tiny things,

    小小的東西,那叫:

  • called bacteriophage.

    噬菌體。顧名思義噬菌體就是

  • Bacteriophage of course, eats up bacteria.

    吃細菌的東西。

  • So they eats up the E. coli.

    所以他們會吃大腸桿菌。

  • The way they eat, is very hollywood. (Dramatic)

    他們吃的方法,非常的好萊烏。

  • They insert their DNA into the bacteria,

    他們就是把自己的DNA打進去,

  • and start developing heads,

    然後開始在裡面製造個頭啊,

  • legs,

    腳啊,

  • and more and more,

    越來越多,越來越多,

  • Until it fills up the whole bacteria,

    多到不行時就怎樣?

  • the E. coli explodes!

    把大腸桿菌爆開了!

  • And then the bacteriophages move our,

    然後他們救出來,

  • and continue to the next E. coli.

    繼續感染下一個大腸桿菌。

  • Disgusting right?

    大家聽到這麼噁心的東西就想到異型是從這裡來的!

  • So you would now think:

    所以呢你如果以為說:

  • when we drink bubble tea,

    我喝的珍珠奶茶有我看不到的珍珠,

  • there are bubbles we can't see,

    就是長得像桿狀的,

  • and those are like E. coli, and they worry,

    這些感狀還有他們的憂慮,

  • because bacteriophages will eat them up.

    就是怕被細菌感染,

  • You might feel that bacterias are pretty simple.

    你會覺得細菌體就一定很簡單,

  • Wrong.

    沒有。

  • There are 2 types of bacteria.

    細菌還分兩種。

  • One type is "good", and they go like:

    有一種就是很好的細菌體,

  • "Huh? you're missing a head? Here! take mine."

    「哎?你缺個頭?那頭借體」

  • "Missing legs? I'll lend you legs."

    「你缺腳?腳借你」

  • So everyone helps each other.

    然後就大家彼此幫忙。

  • You can imagine how the adaptability of these bacterias are.

    所以大家可以猜想這種細菌體的適應力怎樣?

  • Pretty good.

    比較好。

  • And what's the other type of bacteria?

    有另外一類細菌體它是什麼?

  • The other type is like this:

    有另外一類細菌體是這樣:

  • "Ah! He's almost done but missing a head!"

    「哎!他快做好了,他缺個頭...」

  • Quietly heads the head in secret/

    默默地把他的頭藏起來。

  • I don't know,

    我不知道你在成長的過程,

  • if you have ever met this kind of person while growing up?

    有沒有碰過這種細菌體?

  • or say "Oh, he's just missing a leg."

    或是說,「哎呀他就缺一隻腳」

  • or "He's done?"

    或是說「誒?他已經快好了」

  • and sticks an extra leg so he can't move.

    幫他多裝一隻腳,它就不能動了。

  • He's stuck.

    他就卡住了。

  • So this is the more evil bacteria.

    所以這種是比較壞的細菌體。

  • So comparing these two types of bacteria,

    所以如果在這輛種細菌體直接比較的話,

  • you will find that

    你就會發現

  • the good bacteria have better adaptability.

    好的細菌體,其實它適應力比較強。

  • They grow faster.

    他們長得比較快。

  • And the bad ones have bad adaptability.

    壞的細菌體,適應路比較差。

  • They grow slower.

    長得比較慢。

  • Now we can conclude that

    現在可以稍稍的看一下,

  • in a cup of bubble tea,

    一杯珍珠奶茶裡面,就有我們

  • we can see our cram schools in it!

    台灣補習業的縮影啊!

  • Moving on,

    所以我們現在來看一下。

  • in The University of Maryland,

    可是美國麻里蘭大學,

  • they grew a bunch of these "bubbles".

    他們就養了這一堆小珍珠,

  • And when putting them together

    然後再養了這些細菌體。

  • they suddenly discover

    把他們養在一起後,突然發現,

  • something extraordinary.

    一件很神奇的事情。

  • The bad selfish bacterias win!

    他發現自私型的細菌大獲全勝!

  • And what happens is that the whole cup

    也就是說最後那一整杯裡面,

  • is filled with the bad ones!

    全部都是爛人。

  • Why is this?

    那為什麼會發生這種事情?

  • We should think about this

    所以我們要稍稍來思考一下。

  • in deep thoughts.

    這是非常值得思考的事情。

  • The main reason is because

    主要的原因是這樣:

  • when the bad bacterias meet the good ones,

    自私的細菌體碰到正常的細菌體的時候,

  • their adaptability becomes "2".

    它的適應力是「2」。

  • On the other hand,

    反過來呢?

  • when the good meets the bad,

    如過是正常的細菌體碰到自私的細菌體,

  • the good bacteria's adaptability becomes "0.6."

    它的適應力突然就變成只有「0.6」。

  • So now we can see that

    我們今天來看一下,

  • even if today here most people are "normal",

    假設今天在一開始的狀況底下,

  • under this situation

    我們其實幾乎全部都是正常人。

  • if there is 1 bad bacteria,

    只有一個自私的細菌體。

  • and that bad bacteria had an adaptability of "2",

    結果那個自私的細菌體它的適應力是二,

  • while all of us normal people is "1",

    正常的話是一。

  • what can it do?

    於是他就可以怎樣?

  • It's adaptability is better, so it grows into more,

    它適應力比較好,他就越長越多。

  • and more. Until when the population reaches 1:1,

    然後一直長,長到一半的時候,

  • look at it again.

    你現在再去看它,

  • The population of bacteria is

    細菌體的體口裡面,

  • half, is good.

    有一半,是好的。

  • Half, is bad.

    有一半,是自私的。

  • So now you can see that

    那你可以去看一下,