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  • Experienced language learners accept uncertainty, except that they don't

  • fully understand and yet they keep going.

  • Hi there Steve Kaufmann here today, and today I wanna talk about comprehension.

  • To understand more don't try to understand too much and I'll explain,

  • but first of all, if you enjoy my, uh, videos, please subscribe, click

  • on the bell for notifications.

  • And if you follow me on a podcast, please leave a review.

  • I do appreciate it.

  • So to...

  • I mean, listening comprehension, reading comprehension, comprehension to me is the

  • most important goal in language learning.

  • If we understand well, we will eventually speak well, eventually,

  • as we have more opportunity to speak.

  • If we don't understand very well, we can't have meaningful conversations, we can't

  • enjoy movies, we can't enjoy books, we can't do all of the things that are going

  • to improve our skills in the language.

  • Of course, we all wanna speak well, but we need to speak a lot in order to speak

  • well, but that comprehension is so key.

  • And I know a lot of people struggle with comprehension.

  • So, um, I want to give you a hint, a tip about comprehension, and that

  • is don't try too hard to understand.

  • In other words, accept the fact that as you are progressing in the

  • language, there are a lot of times when you are not going to understand,

  • and you still have to keep going.

  • And don't try to nail down what it is you're studying, say a lesson.

  • Accept The fact that it's 60%, 40% comprehension and move on to the next.

  • Uh, and I, I often mention Manfred Spitzer, the German neuroscientist,

  • who said the brain needs repetition, but the brain needs novelty.

  • And I was talking to my brother who I gave an iPad to and who's working on

  • LingQ and he, he says, I always forget, I study this sentence and I keep on

  • forgetting and I thought to myself, yeah, you're not supposed to try to totally

  • understand and remember that sentence.

  • You're supposed to just allow the language to kinda enter your brain

  • and let the brain get used to it.

  • And so my brother said, it's a bit like mowing a lawn.

  • If the grass is high, then you have to set the lawn mower at a higher

  • level in order to have an easier first pass through mowing the lawn.

  • The second time through, you can set the blades a little lower.

  • If you try to force yourself to push that lawnmower into very high grass,

  • uh, you're not gonna get there.

  • It's gonna be very hard work and you won't, you won't be able to,

  • to get the job done depending on how long the grass is.

  • Now, in theory, if you have to mow the lawn twice, you would think

  • it's gonna take you twice as long.

  • But if in fact there's just too much resistance and you can't mold the lawn,

  • you're not gonna get the job done.

  • So it's far easier and I've had this experience and I'll show you the picture

  • of my lawn and my lawn mower and how I adjust it and it's much easier for me,

  • particularly, we've had a lot of rain I haven't been able to mold the lawn.

  • And so when I go in there, I have a first pass at a higher level, and then

  • I have a second pass at a lower level.

  • Every pass I pick up a little bit more.

  • It's the same with the content that I learn from, listen to, read.

  • First time I go through, I don't fully understand it.

  • I may listen a second time.

  • I may move on to other lessons and then I come back and even on something

  • as basic as the mini stories, I always pick up something the

  • second, third, fourth time through.

  • So every time I mow that lawn, even...

  • I'm, I'm flowing through it, I'm pushing the mower through it easily, but I'm

  • getting a few more blades of grass.

  • And on...

  • in that way, we will gradually enable our brains to get used to the language.

  • Don't force yourself to try to understand.

  • If you can't understand, move on to new material, bringing in new words,

  • bringing in new context, some of which again, which you will understand

  • some of which you won't understand.

  • And I think it's very important that we have that sort of an attitude I've

  • said in other videos, uh, experienced language learners accept uncertainty,

  • accept that they don't fully understand and yet they keep going.

  • Push yourself forward.

  • And then you can come back again for a second pass with the lawn mower.

  • But I think very often the, the attempt to nail things down to fully

  • understand is a major obstacle to comprehension, whether it be listening

  • comprehension or reading comprehension, and the two do reinforce each other

  • as does the study of vocabulary.

  • The goal of course is to understand everything or as much as possible, but

  • before we get to that perfectly mown lawn, uh, we have to make quite a few passes.

  • And so we should be easy on ourselves and not be too demanding, you know,

  • not expect perfect comprehension.

  • And if we keep moving forward, we will eventually have better

  • comprehension understand more.

  • And if we have good comprehension, we will eventually have good speaking skills.

  • So thank you for listening.

  • And I have spoken before about comprehension.

  • So I'm gonna leave a couple of videos here that I did earlier on the same subject.

  • Bye for now.

Experienced language learners accept uncertainty, except that they don't

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为了提高英文理解力,不要试图去理解(To Improve Comprehension DON'T Try to Understand)

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