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  • - [Narrator] Did you know that up to 40%

    - [旁白]你知道嗎,高達40%的

  • of the population is introverted?

    的人口是內向的?

  • According to a study by a professor at McGill University,

    根據麥吉爾大學的一位教授的研究。

  • introversion has many features that are seen in depression,

    內向性有許多特點,在抑鬱症中也能看到。

  • like a limited need for socialization,

    如對社會化的需求有限。

  • tendency to be alone, and an aversion to events.

    傾向於獨處,並厭惡活動。

  • However, depression and introversion

    然而,抑鬱症和內向性

  • are two very different concepts

    是兩個非常不同的概念

  • that are often mixed together.

    經常混在一起。

  • People who are introverted

    性格內向的人

  • may mistakenly be labeled as depressed,

    可能被誤認為是抑鬱症。

  • while someone who is depressed

    而有抑鬱症的人

  • may be labeled as introverted.

    可能會被貼上內向的標籤。

  • While it's true that many people are both,

    雖然很多人確實是兩者都有。

  • in this video will be looking

    在這個視頻中,我們將看到

  • at how you can tell the difference between the two.

    在你如何分辨兩者之間的區別。

  • Definitions.

    定義。

  • Introversion is a trait involving your preferences

    內向是一種涉及你的偏好的特質

  • with other people.

    與其他人的關係。

  • As an introvert, you may find that you enjoy being

    作為一個內向的人,你可能會發現,你喜歡被人

  • by yourself more than being with other people.

    自己一個人比和其他人在一起更有意義。

  • You may find that social situations,

    你可能會發現,社交場合。

  • while at times fun, drain you,

    雖然有時很有趣,但會耗盡你的精力。

  • and that you need time alone to recharge.

    而且你需要單獨的時間來重新充電。

  • Depression is the type of disorder

    抑鬱症是一種紊亂的類型

  • that affects your mood and ability to function.

    影響你的情緒和功能的能力。

  • Depression is most commonly diagnosed

    抑鬱症最常被診斷為

  • as major depressive disorder,

    為重度抑鬱症。

  • which this video will focus on,

    本視頻將重點討論這個問題。

  • but can show itself in other conditions

    但可以在其他情況下表現出來

  • like persistent depressive disorder,

    如持久性抑鬱症。

  • seasonal effective disorder,

    季節性有效紊亂。

  • and bipolar disorder, among others.

    和雙相情感障礙等。

  • When dealing with depression,

    在處理抑鬱症時。

  • you may notice a lasting sad feeling,

    你可能會注意到一種持久的悲傷感覺。

  • feelings of numbness,

    麻木的感覺。

  • a lack of interest in doing things you used to enjoy,

    對做你過去喜歡的事情缺乏興趣。

  • feelings of hopelessness or worthlessness,

    無望或無價值的感覺。

  • and difficulties carrying out tasks.

    和執行任務的困難。

  • With that, here are some signs that you're depressed

    有了這些,以下是一些表明你患有抑鬱症的跡象

  • and not an introvert.

    而不是一個內向的人。

  • You lack energy and motivation.

    你缺乏能量和動力。

  • One of the most common hallmarks of depression,

    抑鬱症的最常見標誌之一。

  • according to the American Psychiatric Association,

    根據美國精神病學會的說法。

  • is a lack of energy and motivation.

    是缺乏能量和動力。

  • Having depression can make even small tasks feel impossible

    患有抑鬱症會讓人覺得即使是小事也無法完成

  • and taking a nap feel much more desirable.

    和打盹的感覺要好得多。

  • Things that you normally would enjoy doing

    你通常會喜歡做的事情

  • are just too hard,

    只是太難了。

  • so you may find yourself sitting out

    所以你可能會發現自己坐在外面

  • of activities much of the time.

    大部分時間都在進行活動。

  • This is not usually the case for introverts.

    對於內向的人來說,通常不是這種情況。

  • Introverts may find social activities draining

    內向的人可能會發現社交活動使人疲憊

  • and need recharge time later,

    並需要以後的充電時間。

  • however, they will likely have the energy

    然而,他們可能會有精力

  • to go out beforehand.

    要事先出去。

  • A person who is introverted and not depressed

    一個性格內向且不抑鬱的人

  • will likely not struggle with feeling overly exhausted

    很可能不會與過度疲憊的感覺作鬥爭

  • and unmotivated all the time.

    而且一直沒有動力。

  • You used to enjoy going out.

    你以前很喜歡出去玩。

  • Another big sign of depression is losing interest

    抑鬱症的另一個重要標誌是失去興趣

  • in activities that were previously enjoyed.

    在以前喜歡的活動中。

  • According to Crystal Raypole,

    據Crystal Raypole說。

  • a psychology writer from "Healthline,"

    來自 "健康熱線 "的心理學作家,"。

  • people with depression may find

    抑鬱症患者可能會發現

  • that going out with friends is not as fun as it used to be.

    與朋友出去玩不像以前那麼有趣了。

  • This is different from introversion

    這與內向性不同

  • as introverts generally do not undergo

    因為內向的人一般不會經歷

  • a sudden shift in their preference.

    他們的偏好突然轉變。

  • If you are an introvert,

    如果你是一個內向的人。

  • you likely never really enjoy going out,

    你可能從未真正享受過外出的樂趣。

  • no matter your mood.

    無論你的心情如何。

  • Of course, it is natural to change preferences over time,

    當然,隨著時間的推移,偏好的改變是很自然的。

  • and things that were interesting at one time

    以及那些曾經很有趣的事情

  • may not be later.

    可能不會晚。

  • This becomes problematic, however,

    然而,這變得很有問題。

  • when you find that nothing gives you any enjoyment anymore.

    當你發現沒有什麼能給你帶來任何樂趣了。

  • You have problems eating, sleeping, or working.

    你的飲食、睡眠或工作都有問題。

  • Depression comes with a lot more than a low mood.

    抑鬱症帶來的遠不止是情緒低落。

  • You may find that with it other areas of your life change.

    你可能會發現,你生活的其他領域也隨之改變。

  • You may find yourself overeating or undereating,

    你可能發現自己暴飲暴食或不食。

  • that you sleep too much or too little,

    你睡得太多或太少。

  • and that work is impossible.

    而這項工作是不可能的。

  • As an introvert, you may find that this is not the case.

    作為一個內向的人,你可能發現情況並非如此。

  • Psychology writer Jenn Granneman

    心理學作家Jenn Granneman

  • from "Psychology Today" in 2017 states

    來自《今日心理學》2017年的文章指出

  • that introversion is related to your personality,

    內向性與你的個性有關。

  • and you likely wouldn't experience

    而且你很可能不會經歷

  • a sudden shift in any of these areas because of it.

    這些領域中的任何一個突然轉變都是因為它。

  • You feel worthless.

    你覺得自己毫無價值。

  • Depression comes with a lot

    抑鬱症伴隨著很多

  • of feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness.

    的無望感和無價值感。

  • That it is not necessarily the case with introversion.

    這不一定是內向的情況。

  • As an introvert, you may find that you're optimistic

    作為一個內向的人,你可能會發現,你是樂觀的

  • and have a strong sense of self and hope for the future.

    並有強烈的自我意識和對未來的希望。

  • Again, as introversion is your personality,

    同樣,由於內向性是你的個性。

  • it'll not have such a drastic effect on your emotions.

    它不會對你的情緒產生如此劇烈的影響。

  • According to the American Psychiatric Association,

    根據美國精神病學協會的說法。

  • feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness

    無價值感和無望感

  • are telltale signs of depression

    是抑鬱症的預兆

  • and should not be taken lightly.

    而且不應該被輕視。

  • While introverts may present as quiet, reserved, or humble,

    而內向的人可能表現為安靜、矜持或謙虛。

  • they do not have a bleak outlook on life

    他們沒有悲觀的人生觀

  • that is seen with depression.

    這是在抑鬱症中看到的。

  • On the contrary, someone who is depressed

    相反,有抑鬱症的人

  • can outwardly show extroversion and confidence,

    可以向外展示外向性和自信。

  • but deep down feel gloomy.

    但內心深處卻感到陰鬱。

  • And finally, you isolate, but not to recharge.

    最後,你隔離,但不是為了充電。

  • It's common with depression

    這在抑鬱症中很常見

  • to self isolate from the outside world.

    與外部世界自我隔離。

  • It's also common to do this as an introvert.

    作為一個內向的人,這樣做也很常見。

  • While this is the same activity,

    雖然這是同一個活動。

  • they're done for different reasons.

    他們是出於不同的原因。

  • Psychology writer Jenn Granneman explains

    心理學作家Jenn Granneman解釋說

  • that with depression, you may isolate yourself

    患有抑鬱症時,你可能會把自己孤立起來

  • because of feelings of unworthiness, hopelessness,

    因為有不值得、無望的感覺。

  • or lack of energy and motivation.

    或缺乏能量和動力。

  • With introversion,

    具有內向性。

  • you may keep to yourself just out of personal preference

    出於個人喜好,你可以自己留著。

  • and not because of emotional distress.

    而不是因為情感上的痛苦。

  • So while introversion and depression

    是以,雖然內向性和抑鬱症

  • are often lumped together,

    往往被混為一談。

  • they're two very different things.

    它們是兩件非常不同的事情。

  • Some people simply enjoy their own company,

    有些人只是喜歡自己的公司。

  • and there's nothing wrong with that.

    而這並無不妥。

  • If you feel however that you're struggling with depression,

    如果你覺得然而你正在與抑鬱症作鬥爭。

  • please know that there are resources

    請知道,有一些資源

  • and there's help out there.

    而且外面還有幫助。

  • Getting in touch with the right professional

    與正確的專業人士取得聯繫

  • can be a great first step

    可以是一個偉大的第一步

  • to getting your life back on track.

    以使你的生活回到正軌。

  • Thank you for watching this video.

    謝謝你觀看這個視頻。

  • If you enjoyed it, please give it a like

    如果你喜歡它,請給它一個贊

  • and share with someone who you think will benefit from it.

    並與你認為會從中受益的人分享。

  • Let us know your thoughts on it in the comment section.

    請在評論區告訴我們你的想法。

  • Remember to subscribe to Psych2Go

    記得訂閱Psych2Go

  • to keep up with our uploads, and take care.

    以跟上我們的上傳內容,並請注意。

- [Narrator] Did you know that up to 40%

- [旁白]你知道嗎,高達40%的

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B2 中高級 中文

內向還是抑鬱?五大區別 (Introversion or Depression? The 5 Differences)

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    Summer 發佈於 2023 年 01 月 17 日
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