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  • Do you prefer late night or early mornings.

    你是喜歡深夜還是清晨。

  • One of those choices could be bad for your health.

    其中一個選擇可能對你的健康不利。

  • This is News Review from BBC

    這是BBC的新聞評論

  • Learning English. I'm Neil...

    學習英語。我是Neil...

  • And I'm Sian. Make sure you watch to the end to learn vocabulary, about today's story.

    我是Sian。請確保你看完後能學到詞彙,關於今天的故事。

  • And don't forget to subscribe to our channel,

    不要忘記訂閱我們的頻道。

  • 'like' this video and try the quiz on our website.

    喜歡 "這段視頻並嘗試我們網站上的測驗。

  • Now, our story.

    現在,我們的故事。

  • Staying up late into the night. For some people,

    熬夜到深夜。對某些人來說

  • it's just the way they prefer to live.

    這只是他們喜歡的生活方式。

  • But it may be affecting their health.

    但這可能會影響他們的健康。

  • New research from the US found

    美國的新研究發現

  • that night owls may be more likely to develop heart disease and diabetes.

    夜貓子可能更容易患心臟病和糖尿病。

  • It's because people who get up early, burn fat for energy more easily.

    這是因為早起的人,更容易燃燒脂肪作為能量。

  • You have been looking at the headlines,

    你一直在看頭條新聞。

  • Sian, what's the vocabulary?

    希安,有什麼詞彙?

  • We have 'night owl', 'chronic' and 'prone to'.

    我們有 "夜貓子"、"慢性 "和 "容易"。

  • This is News Review from BBC Learning English.

    這是BBC學習英語的新聞評論。

  • Let's have a look at our first headline.

    讓我們看一下我們的第一個標題。

  • OK, this one is from Sky News.

    好吧,這個是來自天空新聞。

  • So, the headline asks what kind of sleep pattern you have?

    所以,標題問的是你有什麼樣的睡眠模式?

  • Do you prefer to stay up late?

    你喜歡熬夜嗎?

  • Or, do you like getting up early? And there are two expressions in there

    或者,你喜歡早起嗎?而這裡面有兩個表達方式

  • for those two situations.

    對於這兩種情況。

  • What are they?

    它們是什麼?

  • OK, so the one we're going to look at is 'night owl'. What can you tell me about owls, Neil?

    好的,那麼我們要看的是'夜貓子'。關於貓頭鷹,你能告訴我什麼,尼爾?

  • Well, owls are a type of bird and they stay up late.

    好吧,貓頭鷹是一種鳥,它們會熬夜。

  • They stay up all night and they are very active at night.

    他們整夜不睡,在夜間非常活躍。

  • That's when they do their work, which is hunting in this case.

    那是他們做工作的時候,在這種情況下就是打獵。

  • Exactly. And so we call people who stay up late 'night owls'.

    正是如此。所以我們把熬夜的人稱為 "夜貓子"。

  • It means they stay up late,

    這意味著他們熬夜。

  • but also they are mentally or physically active at night.

    但他們也在夜間進行精神或身體上的活動。

  • What about the opposite Neil?

    相反,尼爾呢?

  • Well, we can also see in the headline the expression.

    那麼,我們也可以在標題中看到這樣的表述。

  • 'early bird' which comes from the saying 'the early bird catches the worm'.

    早起的鳥兒 "來自於 "早起的鳥兒有蟲吃 "這句話。

  • And it describes someone who likes to get up early.

    而且它描述了一個喜歡早起的人。

  • There are other ways of saying that as well.

    也有其他的說法。

  • You can call someone 'an early riser' or 'a morning person'.

    你可以稱某人為 "早起的人 "或 "早晨的人"。

  • Which one are you, Sian?

    你是哪一個,Sian?

  • I used to be a night owl and I think, naturally,

    我曾經是個夜貓子,我想,自然而然。

  • I'm a night owl, but I wanna be a morning person,

    我是個夜貓子,但我想成為一個早晨的人。

  • so I've made myself become one. How about you?

    所以我已經讓自己成為一個人。你呢?

  • Well the same. I like staying up late, but it's never a good idea.

    嗯,一樣的。我喜歡熬夜,但這絕不是一個好主意。

  • Let's have a look at that again.

    讓我們再看一下。

  • Let's have our next headline.

    讓我們來看看下一個頭條新聞。

  • This one is from CNN:

    這張是來自CNN。

  • The headline is saying that night owls -

    標題是說,夜貓子------。

  • that's the expression

    就是這個意思

  • we just looked at - are at a higher risk

    我們剛才看了一下,他們的風險較高

  • of developing chronic diseases. And that's the word

    的慢性疾病。而這句話是

  • we're looking at - 'chronic'.

    我們正在看的是--'慢性'。

  • And if we use 'chronic' to describe an illness

    而如果我們用'慢性'來描述一種疾病

  • It means it's long lasting,

    這意味著它是持久的。

  • so it doesn't go away. For example, if I hurt my back in an accident

    所以它不會消失。例如,如果我在一次事故中傷害了我的背部

  • and the pain lasts forever,

    而痛苦永遠持續下去。

  • I can say I have chronic pain or a chronic backache.

    我可以說我有慢性疼痛或慢性背痛。

  • Yeah, and in a medical sense the opposite of that is 'acute'.

    是的,在醫學意義上,與此相反的是 "急性"。

  • So, if you hurt your back,

    所以,如果你的背部受傷。

  • but you get better after a couple of weeks,

    但幾周後你就會好轉。

  • that is not chronic pain,

    這不是慢性疼痛。

  • that is acute pain.

    這就是急性疼痛。

  • We use this word, though,

    不過,我們使用這個詞。

  • chronic, for more than just illnesses, don't we Sian?

    慢性病,不僅僅是疾病,我們不是嗎?

  • That's right. We can use it to describe situations which are long lasting and bad.

    這是對的。我們可以用它來描述那些長期存在的、不好的情況。

  • So, for example, we can talk about chronic unemployment,

    是以,例如,我們可以談論長期失業問題。

  • or we can say there is a chronic shortage of doctors.

    或者我們可以說長期缺乏醫生。

  • Yeah, and as you said that is for bad situations and in fact,

    是的,正如你所說,那是針對不好的情況,事實上也是如此。

  • in slang, you can use the word

    在俚語中,你可以用

  • 'chronic' on its own

    自身的 "慢性"。

  • just to mean bad. So, for example,

    就是指壞。是以,舉例來說。

  • did you see that new detective drama on TV?

    你看到電視上的新偵探劇了嗎?

  • It was chronic! Acting was terrible.

    這是個慢性病!演技很糟糕。

  • And one more thing to note about the pronunciation,

    還有一件事要注意,就是關於發音的問題。

  • so the spelling and pronunciation, are a bit tricky.

    所以拼寫和發音,都有點棘手。

  • Normally, when we see c-h

    通常情況下,當我們看到c-h

  • it's pronounced 'ch' like cheese.

    它的發音是 "ch",像奶酪。

  • But here it's 'k', so 'chronic'.

    但這裡是'k',所以是'慢性'。

  • Let's take a look at that one more time.

    讓我們再看看這個問題。

  • Our next headline, please.

    我們的下一個頭條新聞,請。

  • This one's from the Guardian.

    這篇來自《衛報》。

  • So, in this headline

    是以,在這個標題中

  • we see that word 'night owls' again,

    我們又看到 "夜貓子 "這個詞。

  • and it's saying that people who stay up late,

    並說熬夜的人。

  • are more likely to develop diseases and

    更有可能患上疾病和

  • we're looking at the expression 'prone to'.

    我們看的是 "容易 "這個表述。

  • That's right. So, if you're prone to something

    這就對了。所以,如果你容易出現某種情況

  • it means you are likely to be affected by something bad.

    這意味著你可能會受到一些壞事的影響。

  • So, for example.

    是以,舉例來說。

  • smokers are prone to lung disease or professional footballers

    吸菸者容易患肺部疾病或職業足球運動員

  • are prone to leg injuries.

    很容易出現腿部受傷。

  • So, the structure is 'prone to' followed by something bad.

    所以,結構是 "容易",後面是不好的東西。

  • Yeah, and we also use this expression 'prone to' to describe

    是的,我們也用這種表達方式'容易'來描述

  • certain negative types of behaviour that people have in their personality.

    人們性格中的某些負面行為類型。

  • So, for example, if someone doesn't tell the truth a lot,

    所以,比如說,如果有人不經常說實話。

  • We can say they are prone to lying.

    我們可以說他們很容易撒謊。

  • Or someone that exaggerates a lot, can be prone to exaggeration.

    或者一個經常誇大其詞的人,會容易出現誇張的情況。

  • And we have another phrase which is 'accident prone'.

    我們還有一個短語,就是 "容易發生事故"。

  • So, if someone is accident prone then they tend to have a lot of accidents.

    是以,如果有人容易發生事故,那麼他們往往會有很多事故。

  • Yeah, but be careful,

    是的,但要小心。

  • you can't just create an adjective like that

    你不能隨便創造一個這樣的形容詞

  • by adding 'prone' at the end. Accident prone is a set expression.

    通過在末尾添加'prone'來實現。容易發生事故是一個集合表達。

  • We wouldn't say, 'lying prone'.

    我們不會說,'俯臥撐'。

  • OK, let's have a look at that again.

    好吧,讓我們再看看這個。

  • We've had 'night owls', people who stay up late

    我們有 "夜貓子",那些熬夜的人

  • and are active at night.

    並在夜間活動。

  • 'Chronic' - it's bad

    慢性"--這很糟糕

  • and it lasts a long time.

    而且它能持續很長時間。

  • And 'prone to' - likely to be affected by something bad.

    而'容易'--可能會受到一些壞事的影響。

  • Don't forget there's a quiz on our website at bbclearningenglish.com

    不要忘記我們的網站bbclearningenglish.com上有一個小測驗。

  • Thank you for joining us

    感謝你加入我們

  • and goodbye. Goodbye.

    和告別。再見。

Do you prefer late night or early mornings.

你是喜歡深夜還是清晨。

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熬夜。對健康有害? (Late nights: Bad for health?)

  • 26 5
    林宜悉 發佈於 2022 年 09 月 22 日
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