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  • "Upon this battle depends the survival of Christian civilization.

  • Upon it depends our own British life, and the long continuity of our institutions and our empire.

  • The whole fury and might of the enemy must very soon be turned on us.

  • Hitler knows that he will have to break us in this island or lose the war.

  • If we can stand up to him, all [of] Europe may be free,

  • and the life of the world may move forward into broad sunlit uplands,

  • but if we fail, then the whole world, including the United States,

  • including all that we have known and cared for, will sink into the abyss of a new dark age made more

  • sinister and perhaps more protracted by the lights of perverted science.

  • Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties and so bear ourselves

  • that if the British Empire and it's commonwealth lasts for a thousand years, men will still say this was their finest hour."

  • Winston Churchill uttered those words on June 18, 1940.

  • 3 weeks later the Battle of Britain would begin, and it truly was their finest hour.

  • One small Island stood together against the greatest military force the world had ever known. One last light of

  • democracy stood burning against the fascist darkness and as the darkness closed in they fought to keep it burning with a resolve a tenacity that

  • No one in the world expected and though the heroism of those

  • exhausted Air crews that day and night served as the steel wall of england deserve all the credit we can give them this was a

  • Battle won by a nation it was not only one in the sky over the English channel

  • [it] was one in the radar stations that dotted the coast it was one in the munitions

  • Factories and on the Tarmacs it was one in the research labs and in the code breaking facilities

  • It was one by a people not just a military and everybody thought that those people would break

  • someday I would love to dig into the full story of the battle of britain as it is one of the most powerful stories of

  • Modern history

  • but today we want to tell it [from] a point at which it turned from the point at which it stopped being a battle between

  • two military forces a battle which the fascist might have been able to win - a battle of a military against a people a

  • battle the Nazis never had a chance at it's the night of August 25th nineteen [forty] a

  • German bomber Crew is flying over the English Countryside

  • They've been tasked with taking out oil tanks at Rochester and at thames Haven, but something's wrong

  • They've been flying too long their fuel is low

  • And they still haven't seen their target should they press on they've already passed the terrifying cordon of British air defense

  • They can't turn back now, but still they see nothing. No no wait there

  • There's something buildings an urban area this must be it they opened their bomb Bay doors and their bombs drop

  • But it wasn't the fuel reserves at Rochester and thames haven [that] bomber crew was flying over those bombs fell on

  • London they had bombed the biggest Civilian Centre in the uk there was outrage

  • Winston Churchill assuming it was a deliberate attack ordered a retaliatory strike on Berlin these raf bombers were supposed to Target

  • Commercial and industrial targets, but they too missed their targets at the cost of German civilian lives and like that the gloves were off

  • Hitler who had previously ordered the luftwaffe not to intentionally target Civilians now

  • Rescinded that command and on september 7th one of the largest coordinated bombing raids with nearly a thousand bombers spread out over

  • 32 kilometres commenced their target London the heart of the British Empire

  • The idea was that if they could break the people of London maybe they could break the empire itself?

  • the Battle of Britain raged for months

  • German losses were mounting

  • But the raf was also on the ropes the hope of the german side was that this would be the knockout blow

  • That without enough [airpower] to defend their major cities the average citizen would lose faith in the government's ability to protect them and break under

  • the constant threat

  • The truth though was that if the luftwaffe ever had a real chance of winning the battle of britain

  • it was right there on the week of the [7th] by not attacking the Populace the

  • Raf was exhausted and worn down to the point where another week of concerted attack might might have broken them

  • But instead this massive diversion of [resources] to attack targets that didn't really reduce the raf capacity to fight gave them

  • Just the space they needed to come [back] and then smash the raids on London on September 15th

  • Germany made one last push to break London and instead was herself broken in the massive Air battle that ensued with nearly

  • Thousand planes in the Air over London the Germans were repelled and reeling from recent defeats canceled their planned invasion of Britain

  • They came up with a new plan one which doubled down [on] the strategy of breaking the civilian Populace

  • They would abandon the struggle for control of the air and focus on a campaign of terror that

  • every night when British air defenses were far less effective sent waves of German bombers to deliver a payload of

  • destruction to the Streets of London

  • but in the end this massive diversion of resources

  • Took more away from the Nazi war effort than it ever did from the allies which historically is actually almost always what happens with [air-based]

  • Campaigns since the Dawn of aviation it's been the dream of military strategists to win wars without ever putting troops on the [ground]

  • but short of the use of Nuclear arms

  • it's

  • practically never worked

  • Whether it be the early attempts with zeppelin's and world war one the axis blitz or the allied bombings of places like Dresden during world?

  • war two the [napalm] campaigns of Vietnam or the modern conflict in the middle East and the Blitz makes this fact clear as

  • The Germans pursued this strategy further and further it became increasingly evident that the cost and men and Materiel to the German forces

  • exceeded the actual economic damage they were inflicting even when their goal was primarily to just grind the British economy to a halt as

  • Soon as the goal shifted Toward breaking the will of the populace the effect on wartime production became marginal at best

  • month after month British War production Rose and

  • enlistment never slackened and

  • although nothing is as simple or as clear-cut as myth making tends to make it this also brought together the British people as

  • German bombs fell on London and

  • Casualties mounted those with parents siblings and friends whose lives were cut short by the attacks didn't lose the will to fight

  • Quite the opposite they instead became determined to never surrender

  • They threw themselves into the defense of britain with a resolve that only comes from the deepest loss and were prepared to make sacrifices

  • That an unscarred population might never accept you see that's the thing about

  • Strategic bombing even when the objective is [to] strike industry or leadership targets each civilian casualty each incident of collateral damage

  • Rather than breaking the enemy just creates new groups who will forever oppose surrender and the blitz also created a sense of national

  • unity through shared Struggle

  • Everybody who lived through the blitz rich and poor shared a commonality that crossed many previous divides and whether it was spending nights?

  • Huddled together in a shelter manning a civil defense gun or working together on a volunteer fire crew the blitz

  • literally brought people together [it] made them understand each other and rely on each other as they'd never done before and

  • again although nothing's ever as rosy as we remember in the end the blitz did more to unify britain than to divide it and

  • I think that concludes this look back at world war two for now anyway. I hope you folks enjoyed it

  • We'll see you all on Saturday for the regular extra history episodes

  • and thanks again to Paradox for making these bonus episodes possible we wish them the best with hearts of iron for

"Upon this battle depends the survival of Christian civilization.

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WW2: The Resource War - Strategic Bombing - Extra History - #4(WW2: The Resource War - Strategic Bombing - Extra History - #4)

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    香蕉先生 發佈於 2022 年 06 月 25 日
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