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  • this is going to be a video about chess openings  and how you should approach them it does not  

  • matter what your level is you will absolutely  learn something from this video if you're  

  • beginner intermediate or advanced i've split it  into three parts in the first part we'll talk  

  • about different openings like theoretical and  setup based ones and what things like theory and  

  • novelty mean in the second part we are going to  talk about databases how do you use an openings  

  • database how do you break down the branches  how do you prepare for opponents and so on  

  • and in the third part we're gonna look at  how to analyze your own games you can feel  

  • free to jump around i've put timestamps on the  video player let's go okay what is the opening  

  • in the opening stage of the game we obviously  develop our pieces and we give the uni the the  

  • game its unique flair it means that sometimes we  already on the first move decide are we playing  

  • the king's pawn or the queen's pawn theory  in openings is a position that's already been  

  • explored by grandmasters by computers it's in  a database somewhere it is recorded a novelty  

  • then is the first move out of theory novelties  can be good and bad if you hang a queen it's bad  

  • make a new move new idea could be good and then  people start to kind of flock in that direction  

  • the opening for many beginners let's say  after e4 and then black you know plays e5  

  • it's it's it's a time to just develop your pieces  safely and make sure that everybody's getting a  

  • turn and that's good that is a very good way  to start learning chess to keep your pieces  

  • safe follow the rules but then you need to start  realizing that chess is a competitive game i mean  

  • for some it's war you know um and you you're  already making decisions immediately move by  

  • move of what your opponent is doing so for example  against e5 we can play very traditional knight f3  

  • knight c6 both targeting this pawn and then  play four knights right and then develop our  

  • bishop because this is what the golden rules of  chess say two knights two bishops fight for the  

  • center but you can also play something like f4  which is called the king's gambit and a gambit  

  • in chess is when you sacrifice a pawn or two in  the beginning and you get all your pieces out  

  • faster and you get better control of the center  because that's where the game flows through  

  • this weakens the king but now black has doubled  pawns and you're gonna get two pawns in the center  

  • and a gambit there's many types of gambits  can throw your opponent off because they're  

  • not very popular right you also can play one of  my favorites the vienna which is non-traditional  

  • this is not something that people learn and then  there's like things like cheesing you know like  

  • going for the scholars mate the wayward queen  attack and these are things that you have to know  

  • what to do against the difference in openings  between theory and setup is that in a theory  

  • based opening when you play e4 you cannot play  the same way against everything that black does  

  • what does that mean so if black plays a sicilian  defense for example you can't really play the same  

  • way as you would against the the kara khan like  the kara khan defense right so you've gotta know  

  • different things against different things that's  the best way to put it but a setup based opening  

  • is like for example the london where after d4 it  really doesn't matter what black plays as long as  

  • they don't target this pawn with like you knowwing attack they play d5 you'll play bishop to f4  

  • they play knight f6 you'll play e3 and you'll go  for a setup that pretty much always resembles this  

  • i'll say this a little pyramid structure the  two knights like this the bishop and this bishop  

  • black has a lot of different things that they  can do and you'll kind of always go for this  

  • and it's good because it's easy to learn asbeginner you don't really need to think about  

  • what black is doing but then you're not really  always putting pressure on black right if that  

  • makes sense like what i always tell london  players is that if they're gonna play d4  

  • they gotta they gotta look what is black doing  knight f6 bishop f4 they go for g6 now the g6  

  • lines here are called king's indian positions  when the bishop goes to g7 and d6 and castles  

  • right that's called the king's indian there  are ways for london players to mix it up to  

  • not go the same way and maybe put their knight out  here remember last time they put the knight on d2  

  • and then i'm going to put my queen there and  castle the other way which is non-standard but  

  • you're observing what your opponent is doing onmove by move basis and then you are adapting to it  

  • kind of the advanced beginners and intermediate  players need to start understanding that they  

  • can't just pre-move the opening it's it's also  about what the opponent is doing they need weapons  

  • they need a way to challenge each thing that their  opponent plays okay and you could study openings  

  • in videos books courses i have many openings  courses and i get this question all the time  

  • how do i study like what do i do how do i look  at databases how do i know what's the best thing  

  • well i mean hopefully that was a pretty good  introduction because uh we are about to jump in  

  • to uh to database study okay i've pulled  up the chess.com database now i personally  

  • at the master level have always used  the program called chess base right  

  • chess base is very expensive uh it's the most  extensive program uh that uh that exists uh for  

  • for like master level players and it's not very  pretty it looks like this this is chess base  

  • um it's got all these things down here and  i will show you how to read them in a second  

  • um now if you want to use chess.com and obviously  leaches has their own database and they oftentimes  

  • compile what's known as master games and even like  amateur games games that are 1600 1800 2000 rating  

  • of course it's better to learn from masters right  so when we look at the database we see the first  

  • move second move so let's play e4 and then we see  sicilian has been played half a million times and  

  • most databases will have some sort of percentages  you know 34 black wins 37 white wins 29 uh is a  

  • draw you know the further you go down let's say we  go for a vienna and then we go for a vienna gambit  

  • look how little games are remaining right  because we've gone deeper and deeper  

  • and the way you study this is you really should  choose the one that's played the most or second  

  • most and is significant i mean if a move has been  played two times in a position that's been reached  

  • 1400 times it's probably not the best move but  you would combine this with a computer evaluation  

  • which i will show you all afterward now chess  base is a little bit more extensive and as i  

  • said leaches has one of their own but you got to  be careful because things that are being played a  

  • lot at 15 1600 level will not always be playedlot at the advanced level so if we look at one of  

  • eric rosen's favorite openings the stafford gambit  look how few games this gets featured in right  

  • that's because the truth is masters kind of know  how to deal with it a little bit better at least  

  • in longer games in blitz and and blitzen bullet  not not really i mean you've seen eric's streams  

  • uh he beats many many good players but in  classical the stafford gambit at master level  

  • is rarely seen but you you at home should  be doing things practically just because  

  • grandmasters don't play this in the world  championship doesn't mean it won't work for you  

  • so always remember that simple fact now for the  next portion of this database study um i was  

  • gonna pull up some subscribers who volunteered to  be in this video and i'm doing this for a reason  

  • because i want to show you the power of playing  things that are not considered the top move  

  • like the second most popular move for example so  here's an example i pulled up steven0396 his most  

  • popular move that he plays according to chess.com  explorer feature is the move e4 he plays it a lot  

  • and he gets e5 450 times then he plays knight f3  and then knight c6 is the most popular but look  

  • at how many times he's faced the stafford gambit  knight f6 knight e5 and knight c6 just 20 games  

  • of how many games of e4 e5 450 right so it shows  you the power of taking someone out of what  

  • they're comfortable in into a position that they  might not know so it's good to play these things  

  • that are non-standard right because if we just  follow his most popular move every single time  

  • looks like he plays the scotch i'll  give you another example in the scotch  

  • take take there's a tricky move here queen  h4 how many times has he faced it once  

  • queen h4 is not a great move according to computer  but it's a very tricky move in the scotch and he's  

  • only faced it one time ever according to his  database right and he blundered he actually  

  • blundered queen takes e4 check which is the whole  point so it shows you the value right of playing  

  • these tricks and if we go to the masters database  let's let's go back to this master's database and  

  • pull up that same position all right just to  show you kind of the effect look at queen h4  

  • here it's the fifth most popular move according  to the masters database right it does get played  

  • it does get played according to the masters  database but this gentleman had never faced  

  • it ever before which is quite interesting and  if you play the kara khan against e4 um then c6  

  • right how many games of c6 has he had fifth most  41 out of like 700 right so again kara khan is a  

  • is a great thing that i recommend for many players  against e4 rather than just playing standard stuff  

  • with e5 that's in my opinion what i think is  the best i think gambit's kara khan is the way  

  • to go challenging the opponent early on in the  game um now another person this person is 1500  

  • kind of pink jig so jake is uh he's a long  long longtime supporter of the stream he's also  

  • uh enjoyed my youtube content since i only had  like 200 subscribers so i got to feature him he  

  • always used to play e5 against e4 over a thousand  one hundred games if you play the vienna against  

  • jake look at where that takes you 82 out of  thousand games and then against knight f6  

  • one vienna gambit three three vienna gambits ever  to his credit he did play two wins but one of them  

  • this is a bad move but he still won the game  so vienna gambit takes a person who's played  

  • a position a thousand times into three three  times ever that's huge that is the benefit  

  • of of playing things that are not just  copying your opponent to actually learning  

  • something specific like a caracon defense orvienna system uh so that's one thing that i wanted  

  • to pull up another person this one's interesting  because this person is 1900 this next person uh gm  

  • uh 500. i've played this person many times  and this person plays d4 i wanted to look at  

  • it from white's perspective this person plays d4  a lot it's their most popular move of almost 2  

  • 000 games now look at this if you play  the dutch defense against this person  

  • that takes you down 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 35 games out  of nearly 2 000 that this person has to deal with  

  • the dutch defense another idea for some of you  dutch defense go check it out right um dutch  

  • defense is event is a great defense i mean it's  it's wonderful and you see that it can take even  

  • the strongest of players out of positions that  they've seen one more the budapest gambit look c4  

  • 400 games here how many games of e5 which is the  budapest game but 25 25 out of like five or 600  

  • games that is how you would apply the usage of an  openings database right to scan against certain  

  • players or just explore positions that are not  so theoretical you know things that i recommend  

  • for example in my uh in my kara con course  uh sorry in my in not in my course with the  

  • white pieces so just one thing that i wanted  to show in my course for the white pieces  

  • against the karakan i recommend the advanced karo  khan which is very trendy now second most popular  

  • move and against bishop f5 i recommend not knight  f3 which has 7 500 games and probably even more  

  • but the second most popular move right which has  only three thousand and now when players go h6  

  • right we go g4 and now we're down to about two  three hundred games out of a position which has  

  • been reached how many thousands of times right  so we go lower and lower and this position will  

  • appear later in the next part of this video we are  going to show how to analyze the games you play  

  • okay the games you yourself play uh and uh how to  learn from those games and how to incorporate the  

  • use of a computer to analyze games after they're  done we'll go all the way back to the beginning  

  • and for this next portion we will go back and  start to analyze games that i played against  

  • subscribers so we'll start with this one okay this  is a game i played actually in the most recent  

  • video i uploaded on youtube which is how to winchess it's a playlist i started to play 10 minute  

  • games against my subscribers and i was blackwas playing against um a 1059 rated player uh and  

  • he played the vienna gambit against me i played d5  which is the main line he took i took he went here  

  • i took he took so far so good this is all known  and here i played the move c5 which i believe is  

  • the most popular move in this position and here my  opponent played d4 which is not correct and a few  

  • moves later actually ended up losing his bishop by  virtue of a fork so let's say you have a game like  

  • this with white let's say you play this with white  you blunder a piece how do you learn from a game  

  • like this okay uh well here you go we're gonna  have to go back to our handy dandy database right  

  • and we say well what happened you know i was  playing my vienna gambit what did i do wrong  

  • how did it go so wrong for me so far so good  take take and here my opponent played c5 right  

  • oh i mean i played a move that's that's basically  not in the database at all uh and if we go to the  

  • even more uh robust uh chess-based database  right uh what whatever it is that you are  

  • using i'll pull up the chess-based database  just for instructional purposes um watch this  

  • so look take take right and black play c5 which is  one of the main lines look at this how many games  

  • of d4 in this position like 13 and the score is  34 which means that 34 of the time white wins and