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  • Sometimes, a new exciting opportunity presents itself when we are completely happy about our existing life situation.

    有時候,在我們對生活現狀完全滿意時,會出現一個令人興奮的嶄新機會。

  • If that happens, we are forced to think about opportunity costs.

    如果發生那種情況,我們就不得不考慮機會成本。

  • This is because when we look at the new opportunity

    這是因為當我們審視新機會時,

  • we compare it with our current situation and think about what is at stake if we would go for it.

    我們會把它與現況做比較,並思考我們如果接受機會,可能有什麼風險。

  • This often happens without us being able to see the full picture.

    這通常發生在我們無法看到全局的情況。

  • Economists define opportunity cost as the benefit we forgo as we trade off one alternative for another, hoping we make the best choice.

    經濟學家將機會成本定義為我們在希望做出最佳選擇得前提下,因為選擇一個方案而不選另一個所放棄的利益。

  • Although they are often less obvious and sometimes speculative, opportunity costs can be huge; therefore, learning about them makes sense.

    雖然它們通常較不明顯且有時具推測性,但機會成本可能很巨大,所以學習相關知識是有意義的。

  • Imagine that we are trying to calculate the true cost of going to college.

    設想我們正試圖計算上大學的真實成本。

  • One factor can be tuition, which, in our case, is $10,000.

    一個因素可能是學費,在我們假設的情況下是 1 萬美元。

  • Since that's our only cost, you might conclude that the cost of college is $10,000 a year.

    既然那是我們的唯一成本,你可能會有一個結論,也就是讀大學的成本是每年 1 萬美元。

  • But to economists, that's not quite right.

    但對經濟學家而言,那不完全正確。

  • Because we have to add the money we could've earned by working instead of attending college.

    因為我們還必須加上如果不去大學而直接工作可能賺到的錢。

  • Let's say that by working full-time in a local restaurant, you can earn $20,000 a year.

    假設在一間當地餐廳全職工作,你每年可以賺到 2 萬美元.

  • The true costs of going to college are, therefore, $10,000 tuition plus $20,000 in opportunity costs.

    那麼上大學的真正成本就會是 1 萬美元的學費加上 2 萬美元的機會成本。

  • By studying for a degree, we trade off $30,000 a year.

    選擇攻讀學位,我們每年以 3 萬美元作為交易。

  • Although that's only half the story because it also goes the other way around.

    雖然那也只是故事的一半,因為它也可以反著推論。

  • Assuming we go to college for 4 years, we trade off $120,000 for an education that leaves us with empty pockets, many ideas, and a degree.

    假設我們上了 4 年大學,以 12 萬美元換取了空空如也的口袋、許多想法和一個學位。

  • However, once we are better educated, we might be able to make $40,000 as a manager instead of the $20,000 in service.

    然而,一但受過更好的教育,我們或許就能夠擔任經理獲得 4 萬美元,而不是在服務業中賺取 2 萬美元。

  • In such a case, not going to college ends up being much more expensive.

    在這種情況下,不上大學的代價反而要超出許多。

  • Do you understand the concept?

    你理解這個概念嗎?

  • Show us!

    展示給我們看吧!

  • Calculate the opportunity costs of a high school student who drops the idea of earning a degree in medicine and, instead, chooses to help in the family business.

    計算一下這個機會成本:一位高中生放棄攻讀醫學系學位的念頭,選擇幫忙家族事業。

  • The cost for tuition and living is $2,000 a month.

    學費和生活費平均每個月是 2 千美元。

  • It takes a total of 6 years to finish university.

    完成大學學業總共需要 6 年的時間。

  • After obtaining her degree, she works in the field of medicine for 34 years, earning $10,000 a month and spending $3,000 on monthly living expenses.

    她取得學位後,在醫學領域工作 34 年,月薪 1 萬美元且每月生活開銷為 3 千美元。

  • If she is entering the family business, she earns $3,500 right away for the next 40 years with zero living expenses.

    如果她是進入家族企業,可以立刻開始賺取 3 千 5 百美元的月薪並持續 40 年且不需支付任何生活費。

  • What's, financially, the better choice?

    那就財務角度來看,哪個才是更好的選擇?

  • Post your calculations in the comments below.

    把你的計算結果寫在下方留言區吧。

  • This and all other Sprouts videos are licensed under creative commons.

    本部影片以及其它 Sprouts 的所有影片都受創用 CC 保護。

  • That means teachers from all around the world can use them in classrooms, online courses, or to start projects.

    那表示世界各地的老師都可以在課堂裡、線上課程利用這些影片,或用它們啟動課堂作業。

  • And today, thousands already do.

    截至今日,數千名老師也已經在這麼做。

  • To learn how it works and download this video without ads or background music, check out our website or read the description below.

    想了解其運作原理並下載無廣告或背景音樂的影片,請參考我們的網站或閱讀影片下方敘述。

  • If you want to support our mission and help change education, visit our Patreon.

    如果你想要支持我們的任務並協助改變教育,請前往我們的 Patreon 頁面。

  • That's patreon.com/sprouts.

    網址是:patreon.com/sprouts。

Sometimes, a new exciting opportunity presents itself when we are completely happy about our existing life situation.

有時候,在我們對生活現狀完全滿意時,會出現一個令人興奮的嶄新機會。

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A2 初級 中文 美元 成本 大學 賺到 學位 學費

機會成本:每件事背後的隱藏成本 (Opportunity Cost: The Hidden Cost of Everything)

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    Summer 發佈於 2022 年 09 月 26 日
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