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  • Sometimes, a new exciting opportunity presents itself when we are completely happy about our existing life situation.


  • If that happens, we are forced to think about opportunity costs.


  • This is because when we look at the new opportunity


  • we compare it with our current situation and think about what is at stake if we would go for it.


  • This often happens without us being able to see the full picture.


  • Economists define opportunity cost as the benefit we forgo as we trade off one alternative for another, hoping we make the best choice.


  • Although they are often less obvious and sometimes speculative, opportunity costs can be huge; therefore, learning about them makes sense.


  • Imagine that we are trying to calculate the true cost of going to college.


  • One factor can be tuition, which, in our case, is $10,000.

    一個因素可能是學費,在我們假設的情況下是 1 萬美元。

  • Since that's our only cost, you might conclude that the cost of college is $10,000 a year.

    既然那是我們的唯一成本,你可能會有一個結論,也就是讀大學的成本是每年 1 萬美元。

  • But to economists, that's not quite right.


  • Because we have to add the money we could've earned by working instead of attending college.


  • Let's say that by working full-time in a local restaurant, you can earn $20,000 a year.

    假設在一間當地餐廳全職工作,你每年可以賺到 2 萬美元.

  • The true costs of going to college are, therefore, $10,000 tuition plus $20,000 in opportunity costs.

    那麼上大學的真正成本就會是 1 萬美元的學費加上 2 萬美元的機會成本。

  • By studying for a degree, we trade off $30,000 a year.

    選擇攻讀學位,我們每年以 3 萬美元作為交易。

  • Although that's only half the story because it also goes the other way around.


  • Assuming we go to college for 4 years, we trade off $120,000 for an education that leaves us with empty pockets, many ideas, and a degree.

    假設我們上了 4 年大學,以 12 萬美元換取了空空如也的口袋、許多想法和一個學位。

  • However, once we are better educated, we might be able to make $40,000 as a manager instead of the $20,000 in service.

    然而,一但受過更好的教育,我們或許就能夠擔任經理獲得 4 萬美元,而不是在服務業中賺取 2 萬美元。

  • In such a case, not going to college ends up being much more expensive.


  • Do you understand the concept?


  • Show us!


  • Calculate the opportunity costs of a high school student who drops the idea of earning a degree in medicine and, instead, chooses to help in the family business.


  • The cost for tuition and living is $2,000 a month.

    學費和生活費平均每個月是 2 千美元。

  • It takes a total of 6 years to finish university.

    完成大學學業總共需要 6 年的時間。

  • After obtaining her degree, she works in the field of medicine for 34 years, earning $10,000 a month and spending $3,000 on monthly living expenses.

    她取得學位後,在醫學領域工作 34 年,月薪 1 萬美元且每月生活開銷為 3 千美元。

  • If she is entering the family business, she earns $3,500 right away for the next 40 years with zero living expenses.

    如果她是進入家族企業,可以立刻開始賺取 3 千 5 百美元的月薪並持續 40 年且不需支付任何生活費。

  • What's, financially, the better choice?


  • Post your calculations in the comments below.


  • This and all other Sprouts videos are licensed under creative commons.

    本部影片以及其它 Sprouts 的所有影片都受創用 CC 保護。

  • That means teachers from all around the world can use them in classrooms, online courses, or to start projects.


  • And today, thousands already do.


  • To learn how it works and download this video without ads or background music, check out our website or read the description below.


  • If you want to support our mission and help change education, visit our Patreon.

    如果你想要支持我們的任務並協助改變教育,請前往我們的 Patreon 頁面。

  • That's


Sometimes, a new exciting opportunity presents itself when we are completely happy about our existing life situation.


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A2 初級 中文 美元 成本 大學 賺到 學位 學費

機會成本:每件事背後的隱藏成本 (Opportunity Cost: The Hidden Cost of Everything)

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    Summer 發佈於 2022 年 09 月 26 日