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  • On the 28th of November 1919 in Washington, the first international labor standard of the ILO was adopted.

    1919年11月28日於華盛頓,第一條由國際勞工組織訂定的國際勞動基準被採納。

  • The Hours of Work (Industry) Convention 001 limited working time to 8 hours a day and 48 hours a week.

    工作時間行業公約001限制工作時間為每天八小時,每週四十八小時。

  • An average work week for a full-time manufacturing employee in the United States in 1890 was 100 hours.

    1980年,在美國,一個全職製造業僱員的平均工作時間是100小時。

  • The origins of the movement for an 8-hour day began with the Industrial Revolution in Britain.

    八小時工作制運動起源於英國的工業革命。

  • In 1817, British textile manufacturer Robert Owen raised the demand and coined the phrase: 8 hours labor, 8 hours recreation, 8 hours rest.

    1817年,英國紡織品製造商羅伯特・歐文提出了這一要求並創造了這一說法:8小時勞動, 8小時休閒, 8小時休息。

  • The first piece of British legislation governing work hours was the Factory Act of 1833, limiting the workday for children in factories.

    英國的第一條立法管制工作時數的條款為1833年的《工廠法》,其法條限制了工廠裡童工的工作時間。

  • In the United States, the Labor Reform Association founded in 1864 and the Grande 8-Hour League of Massachusetts formed a year later became the centers of the American movement.

    在美國,創立於1864年的勞動改革以及一年後成立的麻州大八小時協會,成為美國運動的中心。

  • Meanwhile, in Australia, trade unionist James Stephens led stonemasons in Melbourne to agitate for an 8-hour working day, which they eventually won.

    同時,在澳洲,工會成員詹姆斯・斯蒂芬斯帶領著石匠們在墨爾本鼓吹八小時工作制,他們最終贏得了這一勝利。

  • With the growing integration of the world economy and the development of the global trade union movement, the call for an 8-hour working day became global.

    隨著世界經濟的日益一體化和全球工會運動的發展,要求實行八小時工作制的呼聲遍佈全球。

  • By the start of the 20th century, the 8-hour workday was becoming a reality for more and more people, and at the end of the First World War, 8-hour laws of varying scope had been enacted across Europe.

    到了20世紀初,8小時工作制已經成為一種趨勢,在第一次世界大戰結束時,歐洲各地都頒佈了不同範疇的八小時法。

  • In the meantime, the social situation was explosive, and labor unrest widespread.

    在此期間,社會形勢呈現爆炸性增長,勞工騷亂普遍存在。

  • "Unrest so great that the peace and harmony of the world are imperiled."

    「動亂如此之大,以至於世界的和平與和諧受到威脅。」

  • To face this challenge, the International Labor Organization was created in 1919 as part of the Treaty of Versailles.

    為了應對這一挑戰,國際勞工組織於1919年成立,也作為《凡爾賽條約》的一部份。

  • The peace treaty included the declaration that "the adoption of an 8-hours day or a 48-hours week as the standard to be aimed at" was of "special and urgent importance".

    該和平條約包括宣佈 「採用一天八小時工作制或一週四十八小時工作制作為標準」是有「特別以及緊迫重要性」的。

  • This urgent call was soon met at the first session of the International Labor Conference in Washington in 1919, with the adoption of convention 001.

    這一緊急呼籲很快的在第一屆於1919年華盛頓舉行的勞工大會會議上得到響應,第001號公約通過了。

  • A landmark for workers' rights, the convention has had far-reaching impact on normalizing the 8-hour workday, and has been an enduring pillar of modern working life.

    作為工人權利的里程碑,該公約深遠的影響了八小時工作制,使之常態化,並一直是現代工作生活經久不衰的支柱。

On the 28th of November 1919 in Washington, the first international labor standard of the ILO was adopted.

1919年11月28日於華盛頓,第一條由國際勞工組織訂定的國際勞動基準被採納。

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8小時工作制如何在1919年成為全球勞工標準 (How the 8-hour working day became a global labour standard in 1919)

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    Elise Chuang 發佈於 2022 年 04 月 15 日
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