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  • Hello. This is 6 Minute English from

    你好。這裡是6分鐘英語,來自

  • BBC Learning English. I'm Sam.

    BBC學習英語。我是山姆。

  • And I'm Neil.

    而我是尼爾。

  • That's a tasty chocolate bar you're

    你的巧克力棒真好吃

  • munching on there, Neil.

    在那裡咀嚼,尼爾。

  • Tasty but maybe not healthy.

    味道不錯,但可能不健康。

  • But at least on the wrapper there's a

    但至少在包裝紙上有一個

  • label to tell you about its sugar,

    標籤來告訴你它的糖分情況。

  • fat and calorie content.

    脂肪和卡路里含量。

  • Yes, the little coloured guide on the

    是的,小的彩色指南上的

  • wrapper allows consumers to compare

    封裝器使消費者能夠比較

  • the healthiness of different things.

    不同事物的健康性。

  • Well, in this programme, we'll be

    那麼,在這個節目中,我們將

  • looking at an idea to add a label

    看一個想法,添加一個標籤

  • showing the carbon footprint of a

    表明了一個人的碳足跡。

  • product, and talking about some

    產品,並談及一些

  • vocabulary used around this subject.

    圍繞這一主題使用的詞彙。

  • By carbon footprint we mean how

    我們所說的碳足跡是指如何

  • much carbon is used through the

    許多碳是通過以下方式使用的

  • activities of a person, company or

    個人、公司或企業的活動

  • country. This new system sounds

    國。這個新系統聽起來

  • like a good idea, Sam.

    這是個好主意,山姆。

  • Yes - but as normal, we still have

    是的--但和平常一樣,我們仍然有

  • a question for you to answer first.

    一個問題,請你先回答。

  • I think we all agree we want to

    我想我們都同意,我們希望

  • reduce our carbon footprint

    減少我們的碳足跡

  • somehow - but according to the

    不知何故--但根據

  • Centre for Research into Energy

    能源研究中心

  • Demand Solutions, how many tonnes

    需求解決方案,多少噸

  • of CO2 equivalent per person annually

    每人每年的二氧化碳當量

  • could be reduced by living car-free?

    可以通過無車生活來減少?

  • Is it: a) Around 1 tonne,

    是不是:a) 1噸左右。

  • b) Around 2 tonnes, or

    b) 約2噸,或

  • c) Around 3 tonnes?

    c) 大約3噸?

  • I'm sure living without a car would

    我相信沒有汽車的生活會

  • reduce CO2, so I'll say

    減少二氧化碳,所以我說

  • c) around 3 tonnes.

    c) 約3噸。

  • OK, Neil, we'll find out if that's

    好的,尼爾,我們會發現,如果這是

  • right at the end of the

    的末尾,就在

  • programme. But let's talk

    節目。但是,讓我們來談談

  • more about carbon labelling.

    更多關於碳標籤的資訊。

  • Listing the carbon dioxide

    列出二氧化碳

  • emissions of a product on the

    產品的排放量在

  • packaging may encourage us

    包裝可以鼓勵我們

  • to make greener choices.

    做出更環保的選擇。

  • It's not a new idea but it's

    這不是一個新的想法,但它是

  • something that's never caught on -

    沒有想到的事

  • become popular or fashionable.

    成為流行或時尚。

  • Until now. The idea now seems to

    直到現在。現在的想法似乎是

  • have returned, and it's something

    已經回來了,而且這是件

  • the BBC World Service programme

    英國廣播公司的世界服務節目

  • The Climate Question has been

    氣候問題一直是

  • looking into. They've been speaking

    查的。他們一直在說

  • to business leaders about adding

    向企業領導人介紹增加

  • labelling to their products.

    在他們的產品上貼上標籤。

  • Such as Marc Engel, Chief Supply

    如首席供應官Marc Engel

  • Chain Officer at Unilever. Let's hear

    聯合利華的連鎖店負責人。讓我們來聽聽

  • why he thinks the idea is

    為什麼他認為這個想法是

  • growing in popularity.

    越來越受歡迎。

  • What we are seeing is Generation Z

    我們所看到的是Z世代

  • and Millennials, are much much

    和千禧一代,是多多

  • more willing to make choices,

    更願意做出選擇。

  • informed choices, about

    做出明智的選擇,關於

  • responsible products and brands,

    負責任的產品和品牌。

  • so that's also why we're also

    所以這也是為什麼我們也在

  • doing it. At the end of the day,

    做到這一點。在一天結束的時候。

  • we're doing it because we believe

    我們這樣做是因為我們相信

  • that this is what consumers will

    這就是消費者將

  • ask from business - this is not

    向企業詢問--這並不是

  • something that we

    的東西,我們

  • made up ourselves.

    自己編造的。

  • So, in this case, it seems it's people

    是以,在這種情況下,似乎是人們

  • buying Unilever products who are

    購買聯合利華產品的人是

  • driving this change - particularly

    推動這一變化--特別是

  • younger people from Gen Z.

    來自Z世代的年輕人。

  • So people born towards the end

    是以,出生在末期的人

  • of the 20th Century or the

    20世紀末或20世紀初的

  • beginning of the 21st Century,

    21世紀初。

  • or slightly older Millennials.

    或年齡稍大的千禧一代。

  • They want to make 'informed choices'

    他們希望做出 "知情選擇"。

  • about what they buy - so, making

    談到他們購買的東西 - 所以,使

  • decisions based on good and

    決策的基礎是良好的和

  • accurate information. Carbon

    準確的資訊。碳

  • labelling is part of that information.

    標籤是該資訊的一部分。

  • And Marc Engel mentioned consumers

    而Marc Engel提到了消費者

  • wanting to buy 'responsible' products

    希望購買 "負責任的 "產品

  • or brands. Here, that means 'rusted'

    或品牌。在這裡,這意味著'生鏽的'。

  • or 'reliable' with less

    或 "可靠 "的少

  • environmental impact.

    環境影響。

  • That all makes sense, and it's

    這一切都很有意義,而且它是

  • why Unilever recently announced

    為什麼聯合利華最近宣佈

  • it's committed to putting carbon

    它致力於將碳

  • footprint information on

    關於腳印的資訊

  • 70,000 products. The Climate

    70,000件產品。氣候

  • Question programme also spoke

    問題節目還談到

  • to Dr Zaina Gadema-Cooke - an expert

    向Zaina Gadema-Cooke博士--一位專家--提問。

  • in supply chain management at

    供應鏈管理方面,在

  • Northumbria University. What does she

    諾森比亞大學。她是做什麼的?

  • call measuring a product's

    稱為測量產品的

  • carbon footprint?

    碳足跡?

  • The problem with footprinting is it's

    腳印的問題在於它是

  • almost impossible to include the

    幾乎不可能包括

  • consumption stage associated with

    的消費階段,與

  • the consumer because we all deal

    因為我們都在和消費者打交道

  • with the products that we purchase

    與我們購買的產品

  • and dispose of differently. So, it's

    並以不同的方式進行處置。是以,它是

  • very difficult to include that - so

    非常難以包括這一點 - 所以

  • 'farm-to-fork' calculations tend to

    '從農場到餐桌'的計算方法往往是

  • really be 'farm-to-retail-shelf' calculations

    真正的 "從農場到零售貨架 "的計算方法

  • of carbon footprint loadings.

    的碳足跡負荷。

  • So, Dr Zaina Gadema-Cooke describes

    是以,Zaina Gadema-Cooke博士介紹說

  • the measurement of a product's carbon

    衡量一個產品的碳含量

  • footprint as 'footprinting'. And this, she

    腳印為'footprinting'。而這一點,她

  • says, is difficult to measure because we

    說,很難衡量,因為我們

  • don't know what people do with the stuff

    不知道人們用這些東西做什麼

  • after they have bought it.

    在他們購買之後。

  • Yes, so for example, a carbon label

    是的,是以,例如,一個碳標籤

  • might show an estimate of the carbon

    可能會顯示一個估計的碳

  • footprint of milk from the cow to

    牛奶的足跡到

  • the consumer - what Dr Zaina

    消費者--Zaina博士的觀點

  • Gadema-Cooke calls 'farm to fork' but

    加德馬-庫克稱 "從農場到餐桌",但

  • after it leaves the supermarket shelf,

    在它離開超市貨架後。

  • we don't know how efficiently it is

    我們不知道它的效率如何

  • stored, how much is wasted and

    儲存,有多少被浪費了,以及

  • what happens to the packaging.

    包裝會發生什麼。

  • It's all food for thought - something

    這都是值得思考的問題--一些

  • to think seriously about.

    要認真思考。

  • And, Sam, what did you think about

    還有,山姆,你怎麼看

  • my answer to your question earlier?

    我之前對你的問題的回答?

  • Ah yes, I asked you - according to the

    啊,是的,我問你--根據

  • Centre for Research into Energy

    能源研究中心

  • Demand Solutions, how many

    需求解決方案,有多少

  • tonnes of CO2 equivalent per

    每噸二氧化碳當量

  • person annually - could be

    每年的人 - 可能是

  • reduced by living car-free?

    因無車生活而減少?

  • And I said around 3 tonnes.

    而我說的是3噸左右。

  • Which was actually, a bit too much.

    實際上,這有點太多了。

  • Research found living car-free

    研究發現無車生活

  • reduces a person's annual CO2

    減少一個人每年的二氧化碳排放量

  • production by an

    產量由一個

  • average of 2.04 tonnes.

    平均為2.04噸。

  • Anyway, let's briefly recap some

    總之,讓我們簡要地回顧一下一些

  • of the vocabulary we've

    的詞彙,我們已經

  • mentioned today.

    今天提到的。

  • Yes, we've been talking about

    是的,我們一直在談論

  • measuring our carbon footprint - that's

    測量我們的碳足跡 - 這就是

  • how much carbon is used through the

    有多少碳是通過

  • activities of a person, company or country.

    一個人、公司或國家的活動。

  • And footprinting is an informal way of

    而腳印是一種非正式的方式

  • saying measuring the carbon

    說的是測量碳

  • footprint of something.

    某個東西的腳印。

  • When something has caught on it

    當有東西被抓到時

  • means it has become popular or

    意味著它已經成為流行或

  • fashionable. And, making informed

    時髦的。而且,做出知情

  • choices means making decisions

    選擇意味著做出決定

  • based on good and

    基於良好的和

  • accurate information.

    準確的資訊。

  • Buying something that is

    購買的東西是

  • responsible means that it is

    負責任的意思是,它是

  • trusted or reliable. And, the phrase

    可信賴或可靠。而且,這句話

  • from farm to fork describes the

    從農場到餐桌》描述了

  • processes involved from

    所涉及的過程,從

  • agricultural production

    農業生產

  • to consumption.

    到消費。

  • We're out of time now, but thanks

    我們現在沒有時間了,但是謝謝你

  • for listening. Bye for now.

    聆聽。暫時再見。

  • Goodbye.

    再見。

Hello. This is 6 Minute English from

你好。這裡是6分鐘英語,來自

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Do consumers care about carbon footprints? - 6 Minute English

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2022 年 02 月 26 日
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