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  • Hi, I'm Carl Azuz; it's good to see you, as always.

    嗨,我是 Carl Azuz;,很高興和往常一樣見到各位。

  • A dramatic increase in violent crime is challenging American cities from coast to coast.


  • In early December, ABC News reported that at least 12 US cities saw more murders in 2021 than they'd ever seen before.

    在 12 月初時,ABC新聞報導指稱至少有 12 個美國城市在 2021 年時發生的謀殺案比以往任何時候都多。

  • That number rose to at least 13 cities after Milwaukee, Wisconsin joined the list.

    而這個數字在威斯康辛州的米爾瓦基也加入行列之後,增加到了 13 個城市。

  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Portland, Oregon; Louisville, Kentucky; Austin, Texas; Albuquerque, New Mexico; the problem was all over the map.


  • Experts and government officials have cited several reasons for it.


  • Problems rippling from the COVID pandemic, underfunded and understaffed police forces, not enough crime-fighting resources.

    問題的根源來自 COVID 疫情大流行、資金與人手不足的警隊、打擊犯罪的資源不足等。

  • The US government has set aside hundreds of millions of dollars for law enforcement and community programs aimed at curbing crime.


  • And state, city, and community officials have promised action locally.


  • There were cities whose murder rate actually decreased last year, according to the Washington post.


  • They included Boston, Massachusetts and Dallas, Texas.


  • Pharmacies in those cities and all across the country are expecting shipments of face masks from the federal government; specifically, these are N95 masks.

    在這些城市與全國各地的藥店都在期待由聯邦政府捐贈的口罩;確切來說是 N-95 口罩。

  • Health officials say they give the best protection against the spread of disease.


  • 400 million of them are being distributed; the Biden administration says it's the largest deployment of personal protective equipment in US history.

    政府正在分發 4 億個此類口罩;拜登政府表示,這是美國歷史上最大規模的個人防護用具部署計畫。

  • There's no charge for them, though critics say this is a government program and would be funded by tax revenue.


  • Some health officials have said the Biden administration needs to do more to make COVID tests and masks available, that it's been too focused on vaccines.


  • President Joe Biden says the N95 masks are an important tool to stop the contagious Omicron variant of COVID.

    喬·拜登總統說,N95 口罩是防堵極具傳染性的 Omicron COVID 變異株的重要工具。

  • There are indications that it's slowing down in some places; infections and hospitalizations are decreasing.


  • And while it's infected both the unvaccinated and the vaccinated, some health experts are hopeful that Omicron might leave people with immunity to COVID in the future.

    而儘管無論是否接踵了疫苗都依舊有病患感染到了病毒,一些健康專家認為 Omicron 有希望使人們在未來對於 COVID 產生免疫力。

  • Across the Atlantic, the future is uncertain for the nation of Ukraine.


  • There's been a conflict taking place there in the eastern part of the country since 2014.

    自 2014 年以來,該國的東部地區便一直發生著衝突。

  • People who want closer ties to neighboring Russia have been fighting against the Ukrainian government, which wants closer ties to other European countries.


  • Russia supports the side that wants independence; NATO and alliance of European and north American countries support the Ukrainian government.


  • So you can see how there's international interest in what happens here.


  • Russia has gathered tens of thousands of troops near its western border with Ukraine, and though Russia says it has no plans to invade, the Ukrainian government and its allies are concerned that Russia will.


  • The US has sent weapons and military equipment to the Ukrainian government.


  • In December, President Biden said he had ruled out sending American troops into a potential conflict there.


  • But last week, the US leader said if Russia moved against Ukraine, the US would send troops into the region.


  • And this week, America told non-essential staff and family members at a US Embassy in Ukraine to leave.


  • All sides involved have been holding meetings to try to calm down the situation.


  • Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelinski says everything is under control, but at the same time, his government is also building up its military presence in Eastern Ukraine.


  • The Ukrainians don't want to, uh, contribute in any way, shape, or form to panic.


  • They're worried that the local population here will get nervous if they see that the US is starting to evacuate some non-essential personnel and family members.


  • They're worried that that projects, uh, an image, potentially, that there really is Russian aggression expected imminently.


  • But, uh, while everyone is waiting for the diplomatic process to play out and... and hoping that it bears some fruit, there's no question that very real preparations are being made on all sides for the possibility of a military conflict.


  • NATO has just announced that it will be sending, uh, additional resources, ships, fighter jets to deployments of NATO in eastern Europe; that has already been greeted, uh, by the Kremlin with a negative tone saying that this is increasing tensions.


  • The Kremlin [is] also grousing about what they called "informational hysteria" and accusing the Ukrainians of building up, uh, military personnel and hardware along the border with the Donbas region, which is where those pro Russian separatists are based.


  • It would come as no surprise to many, though, that, of course, the Ukrainians are building up their presence along their border there because that is exactly where many fear some type of incursion may occur, if and when it does so.


  • So I think it's a sense of people still hoping that the diplomatic efforts might bear some fruit, but preparing, in the meantime, for the worst as well.


  • 10-second trivia: Which of these inventions was developed for the space program in the 1960s?

    10 秒小知識:下列何者是在 1960 年代的太空計畫發展下所發明出的物品?

  • Floppy disc, memory foam, Explorer 1 satellite, or Carbon water filter?

    磁片、記憶泡棉、探險者 1 號衛星,還是活性碳濾水器?

  • American engineer Charles Yost developed memory foam for NASA Astronauts in the 1960s.

    美國工程師查爾斯·約斯特在 1960 年代時為美國太空總署的太空人們開發了記憶泡棉。

  • Freeze-dried foods, portable hand vacuums, scratch-resistant lenses, smoke detectors.


  • Not all of these inventions were created for space exploration, but they all saw improvements under space programs that eventually made their way to store shelves.


  • Flash forward a few decades; the International Space Station cost $150 billion to build and it takes several billion dollars to maintain it every year.

    稍微快進個幾十年;國際太空站的建造費用為 1500 億美元,且每年需要幾十億美元的維護費用。

  • Critics say it hasn't yielded enough scientific advancements to justify its cost.


  • But a European astronaut has been working to apply the research it has conducted to modern life on Earth.


  • When you look at the Earth from the Space Station, it's... it's absolutely magical; it glows in blue and it's the most beautiful scenery you could possibly imagine.

    當你從太空站看向地球時,它... 它看起來神奇無比。它閃耀著藍色的光芒,並且是你所能想像到最為美麗的景色。

  • When you take a step back and you see the Earth in its entirety, you understand it is just an oasis, uh, in the cosmos.


  • All... all around, there's nothingno life, just blackness, emptiness.


  • And there's this... this blue ball with everything we need to sustain human life and life in general, which is absolutely fragile, and it makes you want to cherish the Earth.


  • I'm Thomas Pesquet; I'm an astronaut for the European Space Agency.

    我是所屬於歐洲太空總署的太空人 Thomas K.。

  • I'm coming back for my second mission to space, all on board the International Space Station; it's a permanent laboratory that orbits the Earth.


  • Just like us on the... onboard the space station, the Earth is a spaceship and... and we are its crew.


  • It flies around the sun, it has limited resources, it has some protection means, but that can be overcome.


  • You don't control the amount of resources that you have onboard, but you have to manage them.


  • And what you can control: the way you care about the spaceship, the way you maintain it, because you want the flight to be as long and peaceful as possible.


  • I'm an ambassador for the Food and Agricultural Organization of [the] United Nations.


  • During my mission on the Space Station, we had a lot of research done on plants because space is a harsh environment for plants.


  • By studying plants in the environment of space, then we can study how they can resist to a drought or water scarcity, and then we can feed all those results, uh, to research being made on earth and to create some more resistant crops, the crops that will resist to climate change.


  • We've also worked a lot on all our packaging, just like on earth.


  • We're trying to limit the production... the use of plastic, the production of waste, and, so, we came up with edible packaging, which is just a... such a fantastic and simple concept.

    我們正努力限制生產... 限制塑膠的使用、限制垃圾的產生。因此我們使用了可食用包裝,而這是個相當傑出且單純的概念。

  • We need foam to protect everything from shocks during launch into space; so, what we did is, we turned that foam into food and it's like gingerbread.


  • Now our packaging is, at the same time, our source of food.


  • It reduces the need to send cargo up; it reduces the production of trash.


  • It's... it's brilliant.

    它... 真是太棒了。

  • So, hopefully, that technology can also transfer to packaging on the ground, and then we can reduce our environmental footprint every time we go buy something in the supermarket.


  • If we set ourselves on the right path, there's nothing we cannot do.


  • We built that unbelievable facility in space; we're using it every day.


  • Peaceful cooperations between countries that were not always friends.


  • And, so, if we can transfer that model to the way we deal with the environment, I think we'll get there.


  • I'm optimistic for the future.


  • If we can make a space station fly, then we can save the planet


  • Ice bites, ice jams, and ice pancakes sound like new menu items at "Icehop".


  • But these unique formations recently appeared in Lake Michigan, not far from Chicago, Illinois, and meteorologists say they're of the ice pancake variety.


  • They form when chunks of ice start bumping into each other as they float on the waves.


  • Eventually they get these round, raised edges andvoila! Ice pancakes.


  • Mother Nature commonly serves these up in the Arctic, but it takes several days of subfreezing temperatures for them to form in the lower 48 states.

    這種現象通常會在北極地區自然出現,但在偏南方的美國 48 州的,要連續好幾天的零下低溫才會形成。

  • For "coniceours", they sound like an "ice" addition to a dessert menu.


  • It might include "icebox" cookies, apple "pice", pumpkin "ice" latte, "cold-cross" buns.


  • Unless you're a snowbird, everyone loves "frosting", so let's go ahead and set the table with some fresh "picetries" or chocolate chip "cookice", 'cause that would be the "icing" on the "crepe".


  • From Springfield, Tennessee, we heard from Springfield High School on our YouTube channel.

    我們在我們的 YouTube 頻道上聽到了來自田納西州春田市的春田高中的鼓勵。

  • Thank you for your comment on Monday's show.


  • I'm Carl Azuz.

    我是 Carl Azuz。

Hi, I'm Carl Azuz; it's good to see you, as always.

嗨,我是 Carl Azuz;,很高興和往常一樣見到各位。


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【CNN10】烏克蘭局勢、太空材料新展望 | 2022年1月25日 (Lessons From Space | January 25, 2022)

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