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  • Hey guys! I just learned about a dog named Chaser.

    嘿各位!我剛得知有隻名為 Chaser 的狗狗。

  • Chaser is a border collie who has a vocabulary of more than 1,000 words, that's like the same as a 4-year-old child.

    Chaser 是一隻邊境牧羊犬,他能夠分辨超過 1000 個單字,相當於一名4歲幼童。

  • But what makes Chaser even more special, is that he can even separate nouns from verbs.

    但讓 Chaser 更顯特別的是他甚至能夠區分名詞與動詞。

  • Take lips. Take lips. Do it girl, do it! Good girl, good girl.


  • Paw lamb. Paw lamb, paw lamb, Chaser. Good girl, good girl!


  • Nose ABC, nose ABC. Good girl, good girl!


  • This is Oliver. Oliver, you think you're smarter than Chaser? What do you say? What do you say?

    這是 Oliver。Oliver 你覺得你有比 Chaser 聰明嗎?你覺得怎麼樣?怎麼樣?

  • Yeah, let's go find out. Come on!


  • Get your ball. Where's your ball?


  • Get your bone. Where's your bone? Nope, that's your ball.


  • Where's your bone? Bone. Bone. Nope.


  • Find your bone? Where's your bone?


  • Okay, so maybe Oliver's not that good at this particular test, but the fact that we even try to communicate with dogs, and that they communicate back with us,

    好吧,或許 Oliver 在這個測驗的表現沒那麼好,但光是我們試著想與狗溝通,而他們也想和我們溝通這點,

  • means that the human-dog relationship is truly something special.


  • Who's the best boy? Who's the best boy?


  • I… have been known to talk to dogs a little.


  • Who's the good boy? Who's the good boy?


  • Or... a lot.

    或者說... 經常。

  • Who is the smartest doggy in the world?


  • It's hard to know if they're responding to the words, or just the emotion in my voice, or the fact that I sound ridiculous.


  • Well, one recent study suggests it's both...or all three.


  • Researchers at the University of Sussex played sounds out of speakers on both sides of a dog.


  • When dogs heard commands stripped of their emotional context, they turned their head to the right, suggesting they process verbal meaning in their left hemisphere.


  • And when they heard the emotional sounds in the voice, but the words were jumbled, they turned to the left, suggesting they process emotional sounds on the right.


  • These experiments show that dogs can definitely separate the meaning of words from the emotions attached.


  • But how much information do they take from each?


  • When I ask my dogs "Do you want to go for a walk?" they aren't processing the real meaning of that sentence the way we do, like


  • Hmm, let me see, do I want to go for a walk right now? Get some exercise? Maybe I'm not feeling it today.


  • But I'm a dog, what does it even mean to want something?


  • As good as dogs are with words, in many of our interactions there's probably a good amount of Clever Hans at play.


  • In the early 1900's a horse named Hans was said to be able to solve simple math problems by tapping his hoof to represent numbers. 2 + 3?

    在 20 世紀初,有一匹叫做漢斯的馬據說可以解開簡單的數學問題,並藉由踩踏的次數來做答。2 + 3 等於?

  • Smart horse! It was later found, though, that Hans couldn't do math at all.


  • He was just responding to tiny cues from his handlers, maybe their facial expressions would tense as he got close to the right answer,


  • or they would exhale when he tapped the right number.


  • Clever Hans demonstrates that while we might think of language as something we experience mainly through our ears, we communicate meaning using more than just sound frequencies.


  • In his book The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, Charles Darwin argued that the way that we outwardly express and interpret emotions evolved from animals,


  • and that our ability to recognize fear, happiness, sadness, even across species, is universal, and innate. It's something that we're born with.


  • Today, scientists are still debating whether Darwin was right, but recent research suggests that we do share one special bit of emotional intuition with our canine companions.


  • Dogs are the only non-primate animals that seek out eye contact with humans.


  • Their wolf ancestors, even tame ones, although they're close enough genetically to interbreed with dogs, won't look us in the eyewhich is why you can never, ever trust a wolf.

    他們的狼類祖先雖然與家犬的基因型接近到能到繁衍子孫,但就算經過了馴服後仍不會與人類有眼神接觸... 這就是你永遠,永遠都不該相信一匹狼的原因。

  • How am I doing?


  • When reading emotions in other people we tend to look disproportionately and unconsciously to the right side of their face.


  • The dogs share this so-called left-gaze bias, but only when looking at human faces, not when they look at other dogs.


  • It seems like they genuinely want to understand what we're telling them and what it means.


  • And we seem to understand them too, or at least we think we do.


  • Researchers in Hungary tested people's ability to interpret the meaning of recorded dog barks, and found that many people really can speak dog.


  • What do you think this bark means?


  • Okay, that dog's angry. That's pretty easy.


  • What about this one?


  • Do you want to go for a walk?


  • Okay, that dog wants to go for a walk. One more.


  • I have no idea what that means.


  • If you think about it, this dog-human language connection makes a lot of sense.


  • We've co-evolved with these creatures for the past 10,000 years or so.

    我們與這些生物們一起演化了 10,000 年以上。

  • We've molded them from wolves into puppies with our hands and our brains, and our voices.


  • Even if we don't always understand each other, well, they're always there to listen, and that's the real meaning of a best friend. Isn't it buddy?


  • Wait a second. Sorry.


  • Hello? Um, yeah, sure. It's for you.


  • Hello? This is Oliver.

    哈囉?我是 Oliver。

  • Hello. This is dog.


  • Oh, hey Luna!

    噢,嘿 Luna!

  • Have you seen Vanessa? She's been out for hours! I miss her.

    你有看到 Vanessa 嗎?她已經出去好幾小時了!我好想她。

  • Ruh roh!


  • Um, thanks Luna! If you want to find out more about dog behavior, head on over to BrainCraft and find out if they really miss us when we're gone. Stay curious.

    呃,謝謝你 Luna!如果你想要知道更多有關狗狗的行為舉止,那就前往 BrainCraft 並了解他們在我們離開的時候會不會真的在思念我們吧。保持好奇。

  • Good boy. Oh, and special thanks to Oliver.

    好孩子。噢,還有特別感謝 Oliver。

Hey guys! I just learned about a dog named Chaser.

嘿各位!我剛得知有隻名為 Chaser 的狗狗。

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2022 年 01 月 02 日