字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 It's home to one of the biggest contemporary nature conservation efforts. Sir Bani Yas — a desert island packed with wildlife. Animals from multiple continents roam freely on the island. Sir Bani Yas is part of Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates, or UAE. The reserve was established by Shaikh Zayed Al Nayhan, who created a kind of Noah's Ark for one of the rarest species at the time, the Arabian oryx. This “Island of the White Antelope” became “Abu Dhabi's Natural Oasis”. The emirates have seen development at break-neck speed. A dhow against the modern backdrop of Abu Dhabi symbolizes the rapid growth from fishing settlement to booming metropolis. The UAE is a record breaker when it comes to the consumption of energy, resources and water. So even in my own lifetime it got difficult to keep up with the — with the changes that we're seeing. You know I can point at something unique and beautiful and enormous and tell you that this was desert five years ago. So I can - I can't even imagine what it's like for my father or his father before him to see where we were and what we've become. It began in the oases of Rub al-Khali, the largest uninterrupted sand desert in the world. It brought the Arab Bedouin Federation of the Bani Yas to the glass palaces of Abu Dhabi and Dubai. The name Sir Bani Yas — the island of the Bani Yas — harks back to the political union from which the ruling families of Abu Dhabi and Dubai came. The first recorded mention of the Liwa Oasis dates to the 17th century. It's located in the part of the Rub al-Khali that borders Saudi Arabia and now belongs to the UAE. In the desert, water is the most precious commodity. Only in places where there is enough water can settlements develop and people survive. But locating it isn't easy. Luckily, people in the region had some outside help? The Arabian oryx, which is, is the white one, is the best one — best animal to find the water source in the desert, so in the past people that would follow the tracks of oryx, went on the wild they find the water source so maybe that could be a reason why they choose Arabian oryx as a national animal of the UAE. It's no coincidence that the name Abu Dhabi means “father of the gazelle”. During a hunting trip in the 18th century, a gazelle led the Liwa Oasis Bedouins to a freshwater spring. There they established a fishing village. According to legend, it was the dawn of a new era. In the mid-19th century, the coastal settlement experienced its first boom through the pearl fishery. It exists somewhere between tradition and modernity. The visible contradictions are proof of the rapid changes the emirate has gone through. Abu Dhabi has long outgrown its geographic area. Its skyscrapers and other magnificent buildings require a lot of space, which is reclaimed from the sea. The Shaikh Zayed Grand Mosque, the city center around the Etihad Towers, and the Qasr al Watan Presidential palace, are statements in the global contest for influence and prestige. Even the locals gaze on with astonishment. The main island on which Abu Dhabi is located has more than doubled in size over the past 50 years, thanks to land reclamation concepts. For a long time, the race into the future knew no bounds — until climate change began to demand otherwise. There are many way to express luxury. But here, one thing takes center-stage is water. The desert's most precious commodity has become a symbol of excess. One of Shaikh Zayed's many achievements is free access to water, which according to the Koran, every Muslim is entitled to. But climate change is making the desert ever harsher. So it makes sense to limit private water use in favor of irrigation. When Sheik Zayed was ascended to be ruler of Abu Dhabi he was having big vision in his mind, which he started at from Al Ain, which is the greening of the desert and then he moved it here in 1971, which means he started planting trees on the island and preparing a nice environment for the animals. Many species of animals from different regions of the world have found a home here. For one particular species from the Arabian Peninsula, the wildlife refuge was a matter of life and death. At the time when Sir Bani Yas was established, the Arabian oryx was one of the very endangered species, Sheikh Zayed basically decided to allocate this island, which is a huge island, for protection of this species. Almost 40 years later from the establishment of this island, today the Arabian oryx is no longer an endangered species. For the Arabian oryx, Sir Bani Yas became a safe haven, paving the way for an amazing comeback. The desert is considered to be Allah's garden, from which he removed everything that was superfluous. But wild animals were by no means a part of that. Sir Ban Yas island is 87 square kilometers and half of all land is nature resort, animals free roaming inside. There are mountains, grass patches areas on the plantations, on the trees, yeah. The island reserve also provides protection for eland antelopes? Barbary sheep from North Africa? and blackbuck antelopes during mating season. Unlike elsewhere, the animals here don't face poaching or other harmful human influences. That's reflected in their relaxed demeanor. We do have different species in the island, mostly from like Africa, middle east asian or likely from India, most of the animals are gifted or donated to the Sheikh Zayed, because he used to save his own species at the beginning and neighbor countries realize — why don't we ask him to take our species. It's no secret that striped hyenas and cheetahs are severely threatened. But it's less well-known that giraffes are also endangered. In some countries, even gazelles have died out. The biggest challenge is the harsh climate. High temperatures and then humidity. Apart from these natural challenges we have the challenges of different species which are not from this region. Providing them with the ecological requirements that they need to survive here on the island. The abilities of wild animals to learn and adapt can be studied here. It's not only the herbivores that wait for their daily feeding? ?so do the predators. Once in the day the truck going to pass, they drop of the food in the feeding stations, the animals they do know what time or when they get their food. So, they do more on pretty much the mornings quite active in the feeding sessions. And water, we don't want to make a big pond, then animals get to lay on that water, then they need water all the time kind of. We want animals to roam around on the island, to look for the water from the grass patches area. African cheetahs have been known to incorporate safari vehicles and even airplanes into their hunting strategies. So knowing daily feeding times is child's play. Still, not every hunt ends in success. All around the world, most of the conservation plans on conservation reintroduction fail because the animals were directly taken from an institution that is extensively taking care of the animals and then immediately releasing them to the wild. So, they don't survive there because they don't have the — the skills to survive in the wild. Sir Bani Yas is the result of extensive landscape planning based on scientific research. The same can be said for urban planning in Abu Dhabi. The architecture reflects the idea of harmoniously combining the past, present and future — following the notion of “Etihad,” the Arabic word for community. And the animal depicted on the UAE's emblem reflects that too. Falcons are a big part of Emirati heritage and tradition. And that can be seen on our crests. And having a falcon hospital just shows you how serious we are about protecting this heritage that goes hand in hand with the nature that this heritage is tied to as well. The head doctor at this unique animal clinic is a German veterinarian. She was awarded the highest civilian distinction by the Crown Prince himself. With over 11,500 falcons per year, we're the largest falcon hospital in the world. Falcons have a different significance here. In Europe, falconry was the sport of kings in the Middle Ages. It was for the aristocracy. Here, falconry has a completely different background. Just 40, 50, or 60 years ago, most Emiratis were Bedouins living in the desert. They used falcons to hunt for meat for their families. They couldn't have survived without falcons. The birds were never just a piece of sporting equipment. They were integrated into the family. Falcons had the status of a family member, and that's still the case today. We're not just caring for birds here. We're caring for the children of the Bedouins. Because that's how falcons are still seen today. The UAE was the first Arab state to make private ownership and trade in wild animals punishable by law. The move was all the more significant because big cats, in particular, were considered status symbols. Genuine efforts to stop illegal wildlife trade, as well as an international commitment to species conservation, are showing clear signs of success. We have Scimitar Horned Oryx, which was declared as extinct in the wild in 2000 and we have around more than a thousand individuals herd of Scimitar Horn Oryx on the island — we see that our success is very good for captive breeding and preparing a population for future reintroductions. The environment agency of Abu Dhabi they took up a project of reintroducing them in wilding Chad by contributing a breeding herd. The project is basically going very successful and they have been able to revert the status from extinct to critically endangered. So, it's a big success story. The repopulation in Chad shows that Sir Bani Yas is much more than a safari park where peacocks walk side-by-side with cheetahs. The scimitar oryx — not to be confused with the Arabian oryx — was once widespread throughout the Sahara. It was later eradicated from its last refuge, in Chad. There still seems to be little concern among people that up to a million species are on the brink of extinction. They include the East African or Beisa oryx, one of four species of oryx on Sir Bani Yas. Here on the island we have multiple species and we have species that can interbreed and we don't want hybrid so we have separated them in different zones and then we have some enclosures that have different sexes, because we need to control the population, to maintain quality rather than going for the quantity. Sir Bani Yas is now home to some 16,000 wild animals. The reserve's management cooperates closely with international conservation organizations. That's one of the reasons why the successes and setbacks experienced here provide valuable information for wildlife parks around the world. That also applies to the elaborate system of hoses used for irrigation. We aim to have a genetically viable population that is not the victim of gene deficiency and we are processing this strategy through blood line exchange and then we are doing some rewilding projects where we start modifying the behavior of animals. The white antelopes don't actually need any fencing to protect them from the cheetahs. The purpose of the fences is to separate an older pair of brothers from their own offspring. Otherwise there would be fights over territory and prey. The Oryx have no reason to fear the cheetahs. Nor does the ranger, who accompanies them on their daily hunt for food. It's his job to observe whether they catch prey and get enough to eat. The older they get, the more difficult hunting becomes. Peacocks and cheetahs once shared the same habitat — until cheetahs became victims of human activity in Asia. Not only were they hunted excessively for their beautiful coats; they were also captured and trained to hunt. The pair of brothers on Sir Bani Yas came from a zoo. They had no experience with either peacocks or giraffes. After some training from humans, they learned to hunt. They've now been self-sufficient for nearly a decade. Our three cheetahs at the present, they can't really make — control the number of animals but it can make a difference, so cheetahs can keep our animals in natural fear. Cheetahs -- and probably striped hyenas as well — are extinct on the Arabian Peninsula. Giraffes and Beisa oryx face a similar fate in some of their native African habitats.